Televisão Independente

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Televisão Independente
TVI logo 2017.png
CountryPortugal
Broadcast areaPortugal
SloganEstá nas nossas vidas.
("It's in our lives")
HeadquartersQueluz de Baixo (Oeiras)
Programming
Picture formatResolution:
576i (SDTV)
1080i (HDTV)
Aspect Ratio:
16:9
Ownership
OwnerMedia Capital
Sister channelsTVI 24
TVI Ficção
TVI Reality
TVI Internacional
TVI África
History
Launched20 February 1993; 28 years ago (1993-02-20)
Former names4 (1993–1995)
Links
Websitewww.tvi.pt
Availability
Terrestrial
TDTChannel 4
Cable
NOSChannel 4
NowoChannel 4
Satellite
NOSChannel 4 (HD)
MEOChannel 4 (SD)
IPTV
MEOChannel 4
VodafoneChannel 4

TVI - initialism for Televisão Independente ("Independent Television") - is Portugal's fourth terrestrial television channel, launched in 1993. It was the most watched channel in Portugal from 2005 to 2019.[1] It competes directly with SIC and RTP1. It is one of the two private free-to-air channels in Portugal, among the seven terrestrial free-to-air channels broadcasting from the country.

History[edit]

TVI was the second private Portuguese TV channel to be launched, SIC having been launched five months before, and the fourth channel in all. Already under the name TVI, but marketed as 4, in which the '4' was the sole element in its logo, TVI was initially owned by some prominent Catholic Church institutions, including Rádio Renascença, RFM, Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Público, Editorial Verbo and União das Misericórdias; Antena 3 Televisión (which consisted of La Vanguardia, ABC-Prensa Española, Manuel Martín Ferrand (4,3%), Rafael and Manuel Jiménez de Parga, Europa Press and Grupo Zeta), the Luxembourgish Compagnie Luxembourgeoise de Télédiffusion, (CLT, now RTL Group), Sonae, the Scandinavian SBS Broadcasting Group and ITV contractor Yorkshire Television were minor stakeholders of TVI.[2] This majority-Catholic ownership pushed TVI's programming in the direction of Christian values. In the first years of its existence, TVI assumed the role of an 'alternative' television broadcaster, dedicating segments of its airtime to distinct target audiences, with part of the morning dedicated to housewives and the elderly and part of the afternoon to the young. Broadcasts were initially experimental, before upgrading to regular status in October the same year.

During this period, TVI was known for its American series and movies, including X-Files and Baywatch, and most notably the Spanish show El gran juego de la oca (translated as O Jogo do Ganso) imported from Antena 3. TVI also brought in some prominent names in Portuguese television, including Manuel Luís Goucha and Artur Albarran, but the viewing figures had were always lower than expected – higher than RTP2 but lower than the top 2 channels then, SIC and RTP1 – and it entered into deep financial crisis.

TVI's recovery happened when it was totally acquired by Media Capital in 1999, one of the most important media conglomerates in Portugal, whereupon it started broadcasting more Portuguese-produced programs, including soap operas. This helped to increase its audience significantly, but it was in September 2000, when Big Brother started, that the channel gained a boost in popularity. The once 3rd-ranked (by 2000) TVI went on to surpass RTP1 for second place in 2001 and four years later, defeated SIC to take first place, which it maintained for 14 consecutive years before losing it once more to SIC in 2019.

Currently, TVI is known for having a large number of national reality shows and soap operas. It broadcasts a mix of local productions, such as soap operas, family series and reality shows, news programs and international movies and series (mostly American). It is currently owned by Media Capital, which is owned by Grupo Prisa. Until February 2007, Media Capital was co-owned by RTL Group and Grupo Prisa. The station works with Media Capital-owned production company Plural Entertainment to produce its national fictional content.

Like public service broadcaster RTP and unlike commercial rival SIC, which have always shown foreign programs in the original language with subtitles, TVI tried, unsuccessfully, to dub foreign programs into Portuguese after achieving marginal success with Latin American Spanish-language soap operas dubbed in Brazilian Portuguese. Experiments of dubbing included the US series Dawson's Creek and other shows directed at younger audiences.

Criticism[edit]

In July 2010, TVI censored a kiss between two male characters on the youth TV series Morangos com Açúcar, due to pressure by a fundamentalist far-right organization, "National Resistance".[3] This cut has led to a major outcry, and has been widely perceived as an occurrence of homophobia. At least 10 civil society organizations called for the reinstatement of the cut scene.[4] As of 2015, TVI no longer censors homosexual scenes and has become an important symbol of it in Portugal.[5][6]

TVI had still broadcast in 4:3 as of 2015, even though, on its early days, it received European funds to promote and broadcast in 16:9 PAL-plus.[7][8] However, the network's board of directors announced in September 2015 that its channels will move to the widescreen format, starting with the premiere of Santa Bárbara on 28 September[9] and finalizing the move on 3 October, one day before the general elections.

Some viewers criticized the channel as it broadcasts US television series after midnight. TVI's prime time is reserved for in-house programming, mainly soap operas, viewer-participation quizzes and reality shows, in a similar manner to its direct competitor SIC.[citation needed]

Programs[edit]

Regular[edit]

All times are WET.

Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday
06:30 Diário da Manhã (Breaking News)

Esta Manhã (Breakfast News Show)

  1. Esta Manhã (Morning Diary) – Breakfast News Show
07:00 Portuguese TV series – children's programming
07:45 Esta Manhã (Morning Diary) - Breakfast New Show
10:10 Dois às 10 (Two at Ten) – Talk Show 10:30 Inspetor Max (Inspector Max) – Portuguese Series Querido, Mudei a Casa! - Show
11:10 Sunday Eucharist - religious programming
12:15
12:30 Querido, Comprei um Casa! - show
13:00 Jornal da Uma (News at One) – afternoon newscast
14:30 Destinos Cruzados – Portuguese Telenovela – [reairing] 14:20 Conta-me (Tell me) – interviews Somos Portugal (We're Portugal) – entertainment
16:15 Goucha – Talk Show 15:00 VivaVida - magazine
15:35 Em Família (In Family) - entertainment
18:00 Big Brother: Duplo Impacto (Última hora) - Show
19:15 Big Brother: Duplo Impacto (Diário) - Show
20:00 Jornal das 8 (News at Eight) – TVI's flagship newscast
21:50 Bem me Quer (Beloved)- Portuguese Telenovela 21:35 Mental Samurai - show Big Brother: Duplo Impacto (Gala) – Show
23:00 Amar Demais (Love Too Much) – Portuguese Telenovela
23:00 Amar Demais (Love Too Much) – Portuguese Telenovela 00:00 Big Brother: Duplo Impacto (A semana) – Show
00:00 Big Brother: Duplo Impacto (Extra) – Show
01:45 GTi - sports
02:05 Havai: Força Especial - Serie
02:25 LOL - Serie
02:47 Olhos nos Olhos
02:00 Big Brother: Duplo Impacto (Ligação à Casa) – Show
02:30 Havai: Força Especial - Serie
03:30 Santa Bárbara (Bárbara Saint)- Portuguese Telenovela
04:00 Olhos nos Olhos
04:30 TV Shop – infomercials

National[edit]

Soap operas currently airing[edit]

Recently previous soap operas[edit]

TV Series[edit]

News[edit]

TVI cameraman
  • Diário da Manhã – Morning Diary
  • Jornal da Uma – News at One
  • Jornal das 8 – News at Eight

Talent shows[edit]

Reality shows[edit]

Talk shows[edit]

  • A Tarde é Sua – The Afternoon is Yours
  • Você na TV – You, on TV
  • Somos Portugal – We're Portugal

International[edit]

Series currently airing[edit]

Movies[edit]

Movies from the following studios/distributors:

Sports[edit]

Other[edit]

  • Sunday Eucharist and 8° Dia (8th Day) – Sunday Christian Catholic mass and religious show broadcast on Sundays, before the lunchtime news block.
  • Cartaz das Artes (Arts' Poster) – weekly cultural agenda show, displayed in the first hours of Friday, hosted by João Paulo Sacadura.
  • EuroMillions – the lottery draw that gives its name to the show, is broadcast on Tuesdays and Fridays after News at Eight.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.mediacapital.pt/contentBusinessT1.aspx?hMenuID=25&id=1
  2. ^ Esfera Pública e Escândalo Político – A Face Oculta do Poder
  3. ^ "TVI cuts gay kiss". Jornal de Notícias.
  4. ^ "TVI enquired for cutting gay kiss scenes". Jornal de Notícias.
  5. ^ "Pedro Carvalho: "As pessoas têm a mente mais aberta do que se pensa"". Jornal de Notícias.
  6. ^ "Nova novela da TVI, "O Beijo do Escorpião", inclui personagem homossexual". Dezanove.
  7. ^ "TVI broadcasting "Home Alone" in PAL-plus". YouTube.
  8. ^ "European Union Decision for implementing Advance Television Broadcasting Systems". European Union.
  9. ^ ""Santa Bárbara" vai ser emitida em formato 16:9". Notícias TV.

External links[edit]