The Beatles at the Hollywood Bowl
|The Beatles at the Hollywood Bowl|
|Live album by The Beatles|
|Released||4 May 1977|
|Recorded||23 August 1964, 29 and 30 August 1965, Hollywood Bowl, Hollywood, California|
|Genre||Rock and roll|
|Label||Capitol (US) /Parlophone (UK)|
|Producer||Voyle Gilmore (original recordings)
George Martin (cleanup and mixing for release)
|The Beatles chronology|
The Beatles at the Hollywood Bowl is a live album released in May 1977 featuring songs by The Beatles compiled from two live performances at the Hollywood Bowl during August 1964 and August 1965. The album was released by Capitol Records in the United States and Canada and on Parlophone in the United Kingdom. The album has not been released on the Compact Disc (CD) format.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (June 2014)|
Initially, Capitol Records considered recording the Beatles' February 1964 concert at Carnegie Hall in New York, but it could not obtain the necessary approval from the American Federation of Musicians to record the performance. Six months later, KRLA DJ Bob Eubanks booked the band's 23 August performance at the Hollywood Bowl in Los Angeles, where Capitol recorded their performance with the aim of releasing a live album in America. The sound quality of the tapes proved to be inadequate for commercial release, however, although Capitol utilised a 48-second excerpt of "Twist and Shout" from the concert on the 1964 documentary album The Beatles' Story. When the Beatles returned to the Hollywood Bowl a year later during their 1965 American tour, Capitol recorded two performances by the group at the same venue. The sound quality of the 1965 recordings was equally disappointing, however.
The Beatles were among the few major recording artists of the 1960s not to have issued a live album. Consequently, among Beatles fans, pent-up demand for a concert album continued to build. In fact, John Lennon set off a minor frenzy when, in a 1971 Rolling Stone interview, he incorrectly identified an obscure Italian compilation album, The Beatles in Italy, as a live recording ("There's one in Italy apparently, that somebody recorded there"). Despite the obvious demand for a live album, the tapes from the three Hollywood Bowl performances continued to sit untouched in a Capitol vault. In 1971, following his salvaging of the "Get Back" tapes, which was released as the group's Let It Be album, the Hollywood Bowl tapes were given to American record producer Phil Spector to see if he could fashion an album out of the material. Either Spector did not complete the job or his production was unsatisfactory, and the tapes continued to sit unreleased for another six years. Finally, with a rival record label's impending release of the Live! at the Star-Club in Hamburg, Germany; 1962 album consisting of a fifteen-year-old, poor-quality mono concert recording of the group performing in the Star Club in Hamburg, Capitol Records' president, Bhaskar Menon, decided to revisit the Hollywood Bowl recordings. Beatles' producer George Martin was handed the tapes and asked to compile a listenable "official" live album.
When Martin was asked by Menon to hear the tapes he was impressed with the performances, but disappointed in the sound quality. In working on the three-track Hollywood Bowl concert tapes, Martin discovered quite a challenge. The first difficulty was finding a working three-track machine with which to play back the master tapes. Once he found one, he discovered that the machine overheated when it was running, melting the magnetic tape. Martin and recording engineer Geoff Emerick came up with the solution of blowing cold air from a vacuum cleaner to keep the tape deck cool whilst the recordings were transferred to 16-track tape for filtering, equalisation, editing, and mixing. Martin found the 29 August 1965 recording virtually useless, and, except for a few dubs taken from the 29 August performance to augment other performances, the album compiled by Martin consisted entirely of songs recorded on 23 August 1964 and 30 August 1965. (The album cover mistakenly showing the almost completely unused 29 August recordings as the second date used.)
Even though the recordings on The Beatles at the Hollywood Bowl were between 12 and 13 years old, the album reached number one on the New Musical Express chart in the United Kingdom and number two on the Billboard chart in the United States. The album has yet to be released on compact disc in either country. Bootleggers do circulate transfers of the LP as well as complete outtakes from the three concerts across the internet.
Because The Beatles at the Hollywood Bowl included songs from two shows recorded a year apart, a number of songs performed at the two concerts were not included on the album. Songs from the 1964 show not included on the album are: "Twist and Shout", "You Can't Do That", "Can't Buy Me Love", "If I Fell", "I Want to Hold Your Hand", and "A Hard Day's Night". Songs from the 1965 show not included on the album are: "I Feel Fine", "Everybody's Trying to Be My Baby", "Baby's in Black", "I Wanna Be Your Man", and "I'm Down". "Baby's in Black", from the 1965 Hollywood Bowl concert, however, was issued as the B-Side of the 1996 "Real Love" single, and "I Want to Hold Your Hand" from the 1964 concert was mixed into the studio version of the song for the 2006 Love album.
One unintended consequence of the mixing of dates is the inconsistent dialogue between songs, in which band members recorded a year apart refer to both A Hard Day's Night (1964) and Help! (1965) as their latest album. This then gives just cause to believe the recording of "A Hard Day's Night" on this album was actually recorded on 23 August 1964.
Even though the album sleeve says that the recordings were all made on 23 August 1964 or 30 August 1965, "Ticket to Ride" and "Help" were recorded on 29 August 1965, and "Dizzy, Miss Lizzy" is a composite using parts from both nights in 1965.
Bootleg CDs of The Beatles at the Hollywood Bowl appear regularly without an official release. Bootlegs also include 'Baby's In Black' lifted from the Real Love Single CD.
In New Zealand, it was to be pressed and released locally with the catalogue number PCS 6130 (the 6000 series was designated for EMI (NZ) only releases), but this did not occur. Instead New Zealand pressed this record and used the Australian catalogue number PCSO 7577.
|Encyclopedia of Popular Music|||
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
|The Village Voice||A|
The Beatles at the Hollywood Bowl was voted the 26th best record of 1977 in the Pazz & Jop, an annual poll of American critics published by The Village Voice. Robert Christgau, the poll's supervisor, ranked it 12th on his own year-end list, and in a review for the newspaper, he wrote:
A tribute not only to the Beatles (which figured) but to George Martin and Capitol (which didn't necessarily figure at all). The sound rings clearly and powerfully through the shrieking: the segues are brisk and the punch-ins imperceptible; and the songs capture our heroes at their highest. Furthermore, though the musicianship is raw, the arrangements are tighter (faster, actually) than on record.
In The Rolling Stone Album Guide (2004), Rob Sheffield said called the record "a loving tribute to the screaming girl fans who drown out the band in these 1964–65 shows; those girls were heroes on the rock & roll frontier, and they deserve to be the lead instrument on a Beatles album of their own." AllMusic critic Richard S. Ginell was impressed the Beatles' performances under the chaotic circumstances, although he lamented the sound quality and separation from the crowd noise, citing it as a possible reason for the record remaining out of print.
All tracks written by John Lennon and Paul McCartney, except where noted.
|1.||"Twist and Shout" (Phil Medley and Bert Russell)||30 August 1965||1:32|
|2.||"She's a Woman"||30 August 1965||2:53|
|3.||"Dizzy, Miss Lizzy" (Larry Williams)||29/30 August 1965||3:37|
|4.||"Ticket to Ride"||29 August 1965||2:51|
|5.||"Can't Buy Me Love"||30 August 1965||2:16|
|6.||"Things We Said Today"||23 August 1964||2:20|
|7.||"Roll Over Beethoven" (Chuck Berry)||23 August 1964||2:28|
|1.||"Boys" (Luther Dixon and Wes Farrell)||23 August 1964||2:12|
|2.||"A Hard Day's Night"||30 August 1965 (poss. 23 August 1964)||3:15|
|3.||"Help!"||29 August 1965||2:46|
|4.||"All My Loving"||23 August 1964||2:14|
|5.||"She Loves You"||23 August 1964||2:31|
|6.||"Long Tall Sally" (Enotris Johnson, Richard Penniman, and Robert Blackwell)||23 August 1964||2:53|
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