The Ring (franchise)

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Ring
Ring (film franchise logo).png
Created byKoji Suzuki
Original workNovel
Print publications
Novel(s)
Comics
  • Ring (1996)
  • Ring – Volume 1 (1999)
  • Ring – Volume 2 (1999)
  • Ring 2 (1999)
  • Spiral (1999)
  • Birthday (1999)
  • Ring 0: Birthday (2000)
Films and television
Film(s)
Short film(s)Rings (2005)
Television series
Games
Video game(s)
Audio
Radio program(s)
  • Ring (1996)
  • Birthday (2000)
  • Ring (2015)
Soundtrack(s)
  • Ring (1998)
  • Rasen (1998)
  • Ring 2 (1999)
  • Ring: The Final Chapter (1999)
  • The Ring Virus (1999)
  • Spiral (1999)
  • Ring 0: Birthday (2000)
  • The Ring (2002)
  • The Ring Two (2005)
  • Rings (2017)

Ring (Japanese: リング, romanizedRingu), also known as The Ring, is a Japanese horror media franchise, based on the novel series of the same name written by Koji Suzuki. The franchise includes eight Japanese films, two television series, six manga adaptations, five international film remakes, and two video games; The Ring: Terror's Realm and Ring: Infinity.

The films revolve around a cursed videotape that kills anyone who watches it seven days later. It was created by psychic Sadako Yamamura, who was murdered by her adoptive father and thrown into a well. After her supposed death, she returned as a ghostly serial killer, killing anyone who fails to copy and then send the videotape to someone else under a 7 day deadline.

Novels[edit]

The franchise began with Koji Suzuki's 1991 novel Ring. It was the first of a trilogy, with two sequels: Spiral (1995) and Loop (1998).[1] Several later novels based on Ring were released: Birthday (1999), S (2012), and Tide (2013).

Japanese films[edit]

The first adaption was the Japanese television film Ring (titled Ring: Kanzenban for home video release), released in 1995. This remained the closest to the book but didn't have the success and recognition of the later films.

In 1998, Hideo Nakata made a new Japanese adaptation of the book in his film Ring, initiating the franchise. The original sequel to this was Rasen, an adaptation of Spiral (Suzuki's sequel to his first Ring book). However, due to poor reception, a new sequel, Ring 2, was released in 1999 which continued the storyline of Ring, but was not based on Suzuki's books. This was followed by a 2000 prequel, Ring 0: Birthday, which was based on the short story "Lemon Heart" from Suzuki's 1999 book, Birthday. These films delved into a uniquely different mythos surrounding Sadako and the cursed videotape. These changes led the franchise to attain a cult status, both domestically and internationally, popularizing the Japanese horror genre as a whole and the stringy black-haired yūrei trope.

In 2012, Sadako 3D was released, adapted from Suzuki's book S, and in and 2013 Sadako 3D 2 was released.

Hideo Nakata Timeline Rasen Timeline
Ring 0: Birthday (2000)
Ring (1998)
Ring 2 (1999) Rasen (a.k.a. Spiral, 1998)
Sadako 3D (2012)
Sadako 3D 2 (2013)
Sadako (2019)

In 2016, Sadako vs. Kayako, directed by Kōji Shiraishi, was released. It is a crossover of the Ju-on and Ring series of horror films. It features Sadakaya, a ghost that resulted from the fusion of Sadako and the Ju-on antagonist Kayako Saeki. Sadako was released on May 24, 2019, with Hideo Nakata returning as director. This marks the first entry in his timeline since Ring 2 20 years prior.

Korean remake[edit]

The Ring Virus was the first remake to be made, in 1999, where the killer is renamed as Park Eun-suh, who is a hermaphrodite, unlike the biologically female Sadako in the films. Though the film copied multiple scenes from Ring, it is, like Ring: Kanzenban, very faithful to the original novel series.

American films[edit]

In 2002, an American remake was made, titled The Ring, where the killer is renamed as Samara Morgan, who is a preteen instead of an adolescent woman. The Ring was one of the highest-grossing horror remakes, its box office gross surpassing that of Ring. Two sequels were made, including a short film.

The Ring (2002)[edit]

Rachel Keller is a journalist investigating a videotape that may have killed four teenagers (including her niece). There is an urban legend about this tape: the viewer will die seven days after watching it. If the legend is correct, Rachel would have to run against time to save her son's and her own life.

Rings (short film)[edit]

Jake Pierce, a young teenager watches a cursed video tape after joining a teen cult named "Rings".

The Ring Two (2005)[edit]

A high school student named Jake Pierce tries to make his girlfriend Emily watch the cursed videotape. But then Jake finds out that Emily covered her eyes and didn't watch the tape, and then Jake is killed by Samara Morgan from the first film. Rachel Keller learns of Jake's death and realizes she has to save her son Aidan from Samara.

Rings (2017)[edit]

Julia becomes worried about her boyfriend when he explores a dark subculture surrounding a mysterious videotape said to kill the watcher seven days after he has viewed it. She sacrifices herself to save her boyfriend and in doing so makes a horrifying discovery: there is a "movie within the movie" that no one has ever seen before.

TV series[edit]

In 1999, Ring: The Final Chapter was made in Japan. It takes place after the 1998 Japanese film and there are a total of 12 episodes. In the same year, a sequel TV series called Rasen was made, consisting of 13 episodes.

American cast and crew[edit]

Cast[edit]

Key
  • A Y indicates the actor portrayed the role of a younger version of the character.
  • A V indicates the actor or actress lent only his or her voice for his or her film character.
  • A P indicates the actor or actress portrayed their film character as possessed by another.
  • An A indicates an appearance through archival footage.
  • A C indicates a cameo appearance.
  • A dark gray cell indicates the character was not in the film.
Characters Main films Short film
The Ring The Ring Two Rings Rings
2002 2005 2017 2005
Samara Morgan Daveigh Chase Daveigh ChaseA Kelly Stables
David DorfmanP Bonnie Morgan
Kelly Stables Kelly Stables Zoe PessinV
Matilda LutzP
Caitlin MavromatesY Caitlin MavromatesA
Anna Morgan Shannon Cochran Shannon CochranA
Rachel Keller Naomi Watts   Mentioned
Aidan Keller David Dorfman  
Noah Clay Martin Henderson  
Richard Morgan Brian Cox  
Ruth Embry Lindsay Frost  
Katherine "Katie" Embry Amber Tamblyn  
Rebecca "Becca" Kotler Rachael Bella  
Evelyn   Sissy Spacek
Mary Elizabeth WinsteadY
Kayli Carter
Mary Elizabeth WinsteadA
 
Jake Pierce   Ryan
Merriman
  Ryan Merriman
Emily   Emily VanCamp   Emily VanCamp
Eddie   Justin AllenVC   Justin Allen
Max Rourke   Simon Baker  
Dr. Emma Temple   Elizabeth Perkins  
Galen Burke   Mentioned Vincent D'Onofrio  
Julia   Matilda Lutz  
Holt Anthony   Alex Roe  
Gabriel Brown   Johnny Galecki  
Skye Johnston   Aimee Teegarden  
Carter   Zach Roerig  
Faith   Laura Slade Wiggins  
Kelly   Lizzie Brocheré  
Vanessa   Alexandra Breckenridge
Timothy "Tim" Rivers   Josh Wise

Crew[edit]

Crew/Detail Film
The Ring The Ring Two Rings
2002 2005 2017
Director Gore Verbinski Hideo Nakata F. Javier Gutiérrez
Producer(s) Walter F. Parkes
Laurie MacDonald
Writer(s) Screenplay by
Ehren Kruger
Based on
Ring
by Koji Suzuki
Ehren Kruger Screenplay by
David Loucka
Jacob Aaron Estes
Akiva Goldsman
Story by
David Loucka
Jacob Aaron Estes
Based on
Spiral
by Koji Suzuki
Composer Hans Zimmer Henning Lohner
Martin Tillman
Matthew Margeson
Director of photography Bojan Bazelli Gabriel Beristain Sharone Meir
Editor(s) Craig Wood Michael N. Knue Jeremiah O'Driscoll
Steve Mirkovich
Production companies BenderSpink
Parkes/MacDonald Productions
Parkes/MacDonald + Imagenatation
Distributor DreamWorks Pictures Paramount Pictures
Release date October 18, 2002 March 18, 2005 February 3, 2017
Running time 115 minutes 110 minutes 102 minutes

Reception[edit]

The original 1991 novel Ring sold 500,000 copies by January 1998, and 1.5 million copies by July 2000.[1]

Box office performance[edit]

Japanese films
Film Release date Box office gross Budget
Japan South Korea Other territories
Ring January 31, 1998 ¥1,000,000,000[2] ₩341,970,000[3][4] $6,247,335[a] $1.5 million[1]
Rasen January 31, 1998 ¥1,000,000,000[2] ₩25,482,000[11][12] N/A ?
Ring 2 January 23, 1999 ¥2,100,000,000[13] ₩771,180,000[11][12] $117,493[14][7][8]
Ring 0: Birthday January 22, 2000 ¥1,600,000,000[15] ₩40,642,000[11][16] N/A
Sadako 3D May 12, 2012 ¥1,350,000,000[17] ₩1,128,635,032[11] $3,486,438[b]
Sadako 3D 2 August 30, 2013 ¥688,494,993[20] ₩92,668,200[11] $1,375,682[21]
Sadako vs. Kayako June 18, 2016 ¥1,000,000,000[22] ₩202,716,000[11] $704,922[23]
Sadako May 24, 2019 ¥164,000,000[24] N/A N/A
Regional total ¥8,902,494,993 ($106,125,236) ₩2,603,293,232 ($2,454,552) $11,931,870 $1.5 million+
Worldwide total $120,511,658
American films
Film Release date Box office gross Budget Reference
North America Other territories Worldwide
The Ring October 18, 2002 $129,128,133 $120,220,800 $249,348,933 $48 million [25]
The Ring Two March 18, 2005 $76,231,249 $85,220,289 $161,451,538 $50 million [26]
Rings February 3, 2017 $27,793,018 $55,287,872 $83,080,890 $25 million [27]
Total $233,152,400 $260,728,961 $493,881,361 $123 million [28]
South Korean film
Film Release date Box office gross (South Korea) Budget
The Ring Virus June 12, 1999 ₩1,994,124,000[11][4] ($1,689,326)[8] ?

Critical and audience response[edit]

Film Rotten Tomatoes Metacritic CinemaScore
Ring 97% (38 reviews)[29] N/A N/A
Ring 2 0% (13 reviews)[30] N/A N/A
The Ring 71% (206 reviews)[31] 57 (36 reviews)[32] B–[33]
The Ring Two 20% (188 reviews)[34] 44 (37 reviews)[35] C+[36]
Sadako vs. Kayako 50% (20 reviews)[37] N/A N/A
Rings 8% (111 reviews)[38] 25 (23 reviews)[39] C–[40]
Sadako 25% (20 reviews)[41] N/A N/A

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ring (1998) overseas box office:
    • Chile – $44,598[5]
    • France – €506,160[6][7] ($452,737)[8]
    • Hong Kong – HK$31.2 million (US$4.03 million)[9]
    • Taiwan – NT$50.83 million[10] (US$1.72 million)
  2. ^ Sadako 3D (2012) overseas box office:
    • Hong Kong, Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan – US$2,263,295[18]
    • Russia, Thailand – $1,223,143[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "The "Ring" Master: Interview With Hideo Nakata". Offscreen. July 21, 2000. Retrieved February 10, 2001.
  2. ^ a b "1998年(1月~12月)". Eiren (in Japanese). Motion Picture Producers Association of Japan. Retrieved October 13, 2015.
  3. ^ "영화정보". KOFIC. Korean Film Council. Retrieved February 1, 2019. The Ring
  4. ^ a b Park, Seung Hyun (2000). "Average Ticket Prices in Korea, 1974–1997". A Cultural Interpretation of Korean Cinema, 1988–1997. Indiana University. p. 119. 1997 [...] Foreign [...] 6,000
  5. ^ "Ringu". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved February 1, 2019.
  6. ^ "Ring (1998)". JP's Box Office. Retrieved February 1, 2019.
  7. ^ a b "Dissemination of European cinema in the European Union and the international market" (PDF). Jacques Delors Institute. UniFrance. November 2014. p. 28. Retrieved February 11, 2019.
  8. ^ a b c "Official exchange rate (LCU per US$, period average)". World Bank. Retrieved February 11, 2019.
  9. ^ Ma, Kevin. "Doraemon sets box office record in Hong Kong". Film Business Asia. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved March 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "破鬼后貞子17年紀錄 《你的名字》稱霸台北日片票房 – 自由娛樂". Liberty Times. November 4, 2016. Retrieved February 1, 2019.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g "영화정보". KOFIC. Korean Film Council. Retrieved February 1, 2019.
  12. ^ a b "Korean Film Newsletter #7". KoreanFilm.org. August 7, 2000. Retrieved February 11, 2019.
  13. ^ "1999年(1月~12月)". Eiren (in Japanese). Motion Picture Producers Association of Japan. Retrieved February 1, 2019.
  14. ^ "Ring 2 (1999)". JP's Box-Office. Retrieved February 1, 2019.
  15. ^ "2000年(平成12年)興収10億円以上番組" (PDF). Eiren (in Japanese). Motion Picture Producers Association of Japan. Retrieved February 1, 2019.
  16. ^ "Screen Industry Snapshot Korea". Austrade. Government of Australia. September 26, 2017. p. 49. Retrieved February 11, 2019.
  17. ^ "2012". Eiren. Motion Picture Producers Association of Japan. Retrieved February 1, 2019.
  18. ^ "Sadako 3D (2012) - International". The Numbers. Retrieved February 1, 2019.
  19. ^ "Sadako 3D (2012)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved February 1, 2019.
  20. ^ "Japanese Box Office, September 28–29". Anime News Network. October 6, 2013. Retrieved October 30, 2013.
  21. ^ "Sadako 2 3D". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved February 1, 2019.
  22. ^ "2016". Eiren. Motion Picture Producers Association of Japan. Retrieved February 1, 2019.
  23. ^ "Sadako vs. Kayako". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved February 1, 2019.
  24. ^ Komatsu, Mikikazu (May 28, 2019). "Japan Box Office: Aircraft Carrier Ibuki Debuts at 2nd with Modest 246 Million Yen". Crunchyroll. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
  25. ^ "The Ring". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
  26. ^ "The Ring". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
  27. ^ "Rings". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
  28. ^ "The Ring series". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
  29. ^ "Ringu (Ring) (1998)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved February 1, 2019.
  30. ^ "Ringu 2 (Ring 2) (2005)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved February 1, 2019.
  31. ^ "The Ring". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
  32. ^ "The Ring". Metacritic. Retrieved July 19, 2007.
  33. ^ "CinemaScore". cinemascore.com. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  34. ^ "The Ring Two". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
  35. ^ "The Ring Two Reviews, Ratings, Credits". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved November 6, 2012.
  36. ^ "CinemaScore". cinemascore.com. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  37. ^ "Sadako Vs Kayako (2016)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved November 7, 2019.
  38. ^ "Rings (2017)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
  39. ^ "Rings reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved February 10, 2017.
  40. ^ "CinemaScore". cinemascore.com. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  41. ^ "Sadako (2019)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved November 7, 2019.