The Skeleton Dance

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The Skeleton Dance
Silly Symphony series
The Skeleton Dance (1929).jpg
Directed by Walt Disney
Produced by Walt Disney
Music by
Animation by
Layouts by
  • Ub Iwerks
Backgrounds by
  • Ub Iwerks
Studio Walt Disney Productions
Distributed by
Release date(s)
  • August 22, 1929 (1929-08-22)
Running time 5:31
Country United States
Language English
Followed by El Terrible Toreador

The Skeleton Dance is a 1929 Silly Symphony animated short subject produced and directed by Walt Disney and animated by Ub Iwerks. In the film,[1] four human skeletons dance and make music around a spooky graveyard—a modern film example of medieval European "danse macabre" imagery. It is the first entry in the Silly Symphony series. In 1994, it was voted #18 of the 50 Greatest Cartoons of all time by members of the animation field.


While many claim that the musical score was adapted from the Saint-Saëns composition Danse Macabre, Carl Stalling explained, in a 1969 interview, that it was actually a foxtrot set in a minor key. Stalling suggested the idea for a series of musical one-shot cartoons to Disney and also proposed the idea for this inaugural entry at a gag meeting in 1929.[2] Stalling also adapts Edvard Grieg's "The March of the Trolls" for part of the skeleton dance music.

The skeletons dance in various ways and play makeshift musical instruments. In one scene, all four skeletons hold hands and dance in a circle, akin to schoolchildren dancing "Ring a Ring O'Roses". In another scene, a skeleton pulls the thigh bones off another and plays the thighless skeleton like a xylophone. A skeleton also plays a cat like a double bass, using a bow and the cat's tail as the strings. One skeleton dances part of the Charleston.

It is notable for being the first animated cartoon to use non-post-sync sound. Animation from this short was later reused in the Mickey Mouse short Haunted House, in which Mickey, having taken shelter in a haunted house, is forced to play music for the dancing skeletons.

The cartoon was created in black and white on standard 1.33:1 35mm film. The original release had silent head and end titles, so music (and sounds) from later Mickey Mouse short The Mad Doctor and the ending music of Mickey Mouse shorts of the early 1930s were used respectively in its home media releases.

The film had a budget of $5,386.[citation needed]

Contemporary references and usage[edit]

In 1931, A Merrie Melodies cartoon Hittin' the Trail for Hallelujah Land had 3 skeletons that resemble those from The Skeleton Dance. In 1982, The Skeleton Dance was featured in a colorized version during the credits of the television Halloween episodes "Disney's Halloween Treat" and "A Disney Halloween". Clips from the original black-and-white version were used in Disney's "DTV Monster Hits" Halloween special (1987). It was included on the 1983 Disney compilation tape, Scary Tales.

It was used in the Disney Sing-a-Long videos during the montage "Grim Grinning Ghosts".

It was used in the film Ghost Rider (2007), as a cartoon Johnny Blaze (Nicolas Cage) is watching not knowing he will become a skeleton-like supernatural being at night in the presence of evil. The Skeleton Dance was also referenced to in the episode "Hill Billy" of The Grim Adventures of Billy and Mandy, where Grim, having been turned into a silent era cartoon character, leads several other skeletons in dance, and even mimics their actions. A similar thing happens during the choreography of the music "Remains of the Day", from Tim Burton's Corpse Bride.

It was also featured in the music video "Yang Yang" by Anika in 2010.

The skeleton dancers make cameo appearances in various episodes of Disney's House of Mouse.

The cartoon was included as a bonus in Epic Mickey 2: The Power of Two. It also appears in the form of several transition levels.

The cartoon was featured in a Have a Laugh "Re-Micks" video (produced by The Walt Disney Company) featuring the song, Ghosts 'n' Stuff by Deadmau5.

The cartoon was featured in the music video for Charli XCX's You're the One Odd Future's The Internet.

In a deleted scene of Hotel Transylvania Johnny leads a hiphop song with zombies dancing the skeleton dance in the background

Note: In 1937, during a brief stint at Columbia, Iwerks remade it in color as Skeleton Frolics. It is one of the very few Columbia cartoons to be widely seen today, as it was attached to the theatrical release of the 2004 feature The Lost Skeleton of Cadavra, and also included on the DVD version.

Some parts of the cartoon are included in the music video O.P.P from rapper CHYNO. [3]


  1. ^
  2. ^ "Funnyworld Revisited: Carl Stalling". 29 October 2007. Retrieved 11 August 2010.  External link in |work= (help)
  3. ^ "O.P.P.". 

External links[edit]