|Studio album by The Doors|
|Released||April 19, 1971|
|Recorded||December 1970 – January 1971 at The Doors Workshop in Los Angeles, CA|
|Producer||The Doors, Bruce Botnick|
|The Doors chronology|
|Singles from L.A. Woman|
L.A. Woman is the sixth studio album by the American rock band the Doors, and was released on April 19, 1971 on Elektra Records (see 1971 in music). The album was the last to feature the group's lead singer, Jim Morrison, who unexpectedly died at the age of 27 three months after the album's release. It saw the band continue to integrate elements of blues back into their music, a direction that they had begun with their previous album, Morrison Hotel. In addition, it saw long-time record producer Paul A. Rothchild depart, after a fallout involving the band's musical direction. After his departure, the band would co-produce the album with sound engineer, Bruce Botnick.
Upon release, the album peaked at number nine on the Billboard 200 and reached number 28 on the UK Albums Charts It was preceded by "Love Her Madly" single in March 1971, which reached the Top 20 in the Billboard Hot 100. An additional single in support of the album, "Riders on the Storm", was also released to success on the Billboard singles charts, and managed to chart in the UK Singles Chart. Music critics Richie Unterberger and David Quantick have both noted that L.A. Woman is arguably one of the Doors' best albums, citing Morrison's unwavering enthusiasm in his vocal performance, and the band's stripped-down return to their blues rock roots.
In November 1970, shortly after the conclusion of Jim Morrison's controversial trial for indecent exposure, the Doors entered Sunset Sound Recorders in Los Angeles to record early versions of "L.A. Woman", "Riders on the Storm", and "Love Her Madly", three new songs they had recently composed. The new songs were a departure from the overly orchestrated pieces, evident in The Soft Parade, that burdened the group with long, drawn-out recording sessions. The simplified and straightforward style, manifesting from Morrison Hotel, was well-received, noted by Jazz & Pop magazine as "A return to the tight fury of early Doors' music". However, the band ran into trouble with their record company, Elektra Records, which released the Doors' first compilation album, 13, to have a product for the Christmas market. It was released without the band's input, and featured a larger-than-life image of Morrison, which upset him enough to threaten signing with another label after their contractual obligations were met. With one more album entailed in the Doors' contract, the band could do little to protest, but continue rehearsing their material.
However, while hearing previews of the new songs, producer Paul A. Rothchild, who had worked with the band on their previous five albums, was critical and soon quit the sessions. The departure of Rothchild was marked by his dissatisfaction with the group's recording sessions that covered their newly penned material, particularly Robby Krieger's "Love Her Madly", which, according to Rothchild, "was the song that drove me out of the studio". Furthermore, Rothchild felt that The Doors were not executing the recordings with any sincerity, and was agitated by Morrison, who regularly clashed with Rothchild's stern leadership. John Densmore later admitted that the group performed poorly in the rehearsals, but felt that they later improved upon their issues when Rothchild left. From that point on, The Doors co-produced the album along with their longtime sound engineer, Bruce Botnick.
The Doors and Botnick continued without Rothchild by organizing a makeshift recording studio at their private rehearsal space, The Doors' Workshop, located in a two-story building at 8512 Santa Monica Boulevard, in Los Angeles. This enabled the band to record in a more comfortable and relaxed setting, while at the same time avoiding the expenses of a professional studio. A mixing console, previously owned by Elektra, was installed into the upstairs of the Workshop, while studio monitors, microphones, and keyboards were set downstairs. To compensate for the lack of an insolated vocal booth, Morrison recorded within the facility's bathroom with the same microphone used on the Doors' latest tour. The band initiated the sessions lacking much prepared material, and were required to compose some of the tracks on the spot, often through jam sessions and conferencing in the studio. A common theme within the compositions pertained to life in Los Angeles, and, by extension, the United States in general. Morrison, unlike on past recording sessions, appeared on time, and reduced his alcohol consumption. However, he had to treat a lingering cough, a symptom from a persistent case of pneumonia that arose in the spring of 1970.
For recording, the Doors hired Elvis Presley's bassist Jerry Scheff and rhythm guitarist Marc Benno to round out their sound. Scheff, in particular, became a staple in the studio as he performed on every track except "L'America". The songs were completed, almost spontaneously, in a few takes on 8-track, and the album was finished within six days. The change in pace served well for Morrison, who disliked having to conduct several takes, an issue that plagued the band's last two albums. With vocals being recorded simultaneously with the instrumentals, Morrison was consistently involved. Most of the album had a raw, live sound with few overdubs, aside from the keyboards played by Ray Manzarek. Botnick explained, "The overall concept for the recording session was to go back to our early roots and try to get everything live in the studio with as few overdubs as possible". Mixing for the album was completed at Poppy Studios between February and March 1971, by which time Morrison had relocated to Paris, France.
In the final stages of recording, the Doors embarked on a brief tour that included two scheduled performances, highlighted by their L.A. Woman material. On December 12, 1970, the band was fronted by Morrison for the last time in New Orleans, Louisiana at a venue called The Warehouse. The previous concert, in Dallas, had been completed without difficulty, and the band was encouraged that this show would have the same trouble-free outcome. However, midway through the set, Morrison started to erratically banter with the audience, just as the group Kansas joined the Doors on stage. As the concert neared its conclusion, Morrison failed to recall the lyrics to the final song of the set list, "The End", and, in frustration, left the mic stand to sit on the drum set. After a nudging by Densmore, Morrison walked to the microphone, but then repeatedly smashed it onto the stage until it splintered and abruptly left. Morrison, before going on stage, had reportedly drank a whole case of beer and ingested opium. Following the abbreviated performance, the band mutually decided further touring was impractical, and reiterated a focus on studio work. A manager and accountant of the venue, George Freidman, claims to be in possession of a two-track soundboard recording of the concert, and plans to eventually release the recordings at an unspecified time.
L.A. Woman was released on April 19, 1971 on the Elektra label (catalogue item EKS 75011 in stereo). It peaked at number nine on the Billboard 200, during a stay of 36 weeks and reached number 28 in the UK, spending four weeks on the UK Albums Charts. Initially, the album's front cover was released in the US and UK with a burgundy-colored, curved-corner cardboard cutout sleeve, framing a clear embossed cellophane insert, glued in from behind. Photography was credited to Wendell Hamick. According to Jac Holzman, then the chief executive officer of Elektra Records: "I wasn't sure there would be another album ever, so I had Bill Harvey create a collector's cover. The Doors' faces were printed on clear film. The backing color of the inner sleeve could be changed and would affect the mood of the package. This is the first album in which Jim is bearded [on the cover]. His photo is on the right, no bigger, no smaller than the others, just another guy in the band."
Three months following the album's release, Morrison was found dead on July 3, 1971. There had been discussions between Morrison and the band for future recording; however, he never had the opportunity to return to the US to take part in possible developments. The album was preceded by the "Love Her Madly" single, which was released in March 1971 and charted at number 11 on the Billboard Hot 100 for a stay of 11 weeks, but failed to chart in the UK. An additional single taken from the album, "Riders on the Storm", was released in June 1971, and reached number 14 on the Billboard chart, while managing to peak at number 22 in the UK chart.
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
|Virgin Encyclopedia of Popular Music|||
The album received mostly positive reviews. Robert Meltzer of Rolling Stone, in his 1971 review, was impressed by the sense of fun and the togetherness of the band and claimed that this was "the Doors' greatest album" and the best album of the year. In more recent years, Richie Unterberger, writing for the AllMusic website, described L.A. Woman as "uneven", but noted that the album contains compositions that "rate among their finest and most disturbing work". Rock critic J.D. Cook wrote that "the album strikes the rare balance of going back to basics while still exploring uncharted territory in the initial, pioneering journey of rock n roll", and concluded by saying, "every track is musically crafted to near perfection without being over-produced nor overdone". Critic Sal Cinquemani, reviewing the album for Slant Magazine, considers L.A. Woman to be "the sound of a band in perfect harmony". He describes the material as being "disturbing and cynical over the years, and these songs were no exception". Stephen Dalton of Classic Rock, reviewing the 40th Anniversary Edition of the album, remarks how "the original L.A. Woman still stands proud, an all-time classic journey into bright shining darkness."
Although Morrison's vocals are critqued, L.A. Woman is today regarded as a successful connection between blues, and The Doors' mystifying rock sound. In his 1994 book The Complete Guide to the Music of The Doors, Peter K. Hogan describes the album as an expansion on the style from Morrison Hotel, but in a more coherent form. The author goes on to say that L.A. Woman is a fitting swan song for Morrison, who was pleased to finally record a blues-oriented album.
In 2003, L.A. Woman was ranked at 362 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time. When the list was revised in 2012, to accommodate a number of albums released since 2003, the album was repositioned at number 364.
Botnick later produced and mixed a new 5.1 Surround version of the album, which was released on DVD-Audio on December 19, 2000. It was produced from the original eight-track analog 1" master tapes. L.A. Woman was digitally remastered as a part of "The Years of the Doors" series. It was reissued in an expanded format on January 24, 2012 by Elektra and Rhino Records, with seven alternate versions of songs, and three previously unreleased tracks, "Orange County Suite", "She Smells So Nice" and "Rock Me". To correlate with the release, a documentary titled Mr. Mojo Risin': The Story of L.A. Woman was distributed. The film includes interviews between Krieger and Densmore, as well as live and studio performances.
|1.||"The Changeling"||Jim Morrison||4:21|
|2.||"Love Her Madly"||Robby Krieger||3:20|
|3.||"Been Down So Long"||Jim Morrison||4:41|
|4.||"Cars Hiss by My Window"||Jim Morrison||4:12|
|5.||"L.A. Woman"||Jim Morrison||7:49|
|7.||"Hyacinth House"||Ray Manzarek, Jim Morrison||3:11|
|8.||"Crawling King Snake"||Anon, arr John Lee Hooker||5:00|
|9.||"The WASP (Texas Radio and the Big Beat)"||Jim Morrison||4:16|
|10.||"Riders on the Storm"||Jim Morrison, Ray Manzarek, Robby Krieger, John Densmore||7:09|
|40th Anniversary edition bonus tracks|
|11.||"Orange County Suite"||Jim Morrison||5:45|
|12.||"(You Need Meat) Don't Go No Further"||Willie Dixon||3:41|
|40th Anniversary edition bonus disc|
|1.||"The Changeling (Alternate Version)"||4:45|
|2.||"Love Her Madly (Alternate Version)"||3:59|
|3.||"Cars Hiss by My Window (Alternate Version)"||4:42|
|4.||"L.A. Woman (Alternate Version)"||8:50|
|5.||"The WASP (Texas Radio and the Big Beat) (Alternate Version)"||5:37|
|6.||"Been Down So Long (Alternate Version)"||4:53|
|7.||"Riders on the Storm (Alternate Version)"||9:11|
|8.||"She Smells So Nice"||4:41|
|iTunes bonus tracks|
|10.||"L.A. Woman (Take 1)"|
|11.||"Crawling King Snake (Run-Through and Studio Chatter)"|
|Amazon bonus tracks|
|10.||"Love Her Madly (Take 1)"|
|11.||"The Changeling (Take 9)"|
|Spotify bonus track|
|10.||"The Wasp (Texas Radio and the Big Beat) (Instrumental)"|
- "Love Her Madly" b/w "(You Need Meat) Don't Go No Further" (Elektra 45726) March 1971 (US #11)
- "Riders on the Storm" b/w "The Changeling" (Elektra 45738) June 1971 (US #14, UK #22)
- The Doors
- Jim Morrison – Lead vocals, percussion, piano on "Orange County Suite", production
- Ray Manzarek – Hammond organ on tracks 1, 7, 9 and 11, tack piano on tracks 2 and 5, Vox Continental on track 2, rhythm guitar on track 3, Gibson G-101 on track 6, Wurlitzer electric piano on track 8, Rhodes piano on tracks 5, 10 and 12, lead vocals on "(You Need Meat) Don't Go No Further", production
- Robby Krieger – Guitar, production
- John Densmore – Drums, production
- Additional musicians
- Bruce Botnick – Production engineering
- Doug Sax - Mastering engineer
- Carl Cossick – Sleeve art concept and design
- Wendell Hamick – Sleeve photography and visual effects
- Bill Siddons – Personal management
- Billboard Music Charts (North America)
|1972||L.A. Woman / Riders on The Storm||USA||Position|
|1971||"Love Her Madly"
B-side: "(You Need Meat) Don't Go No Further"
|1971||"Riders on the Storm"
B-side: "The Changeling"
|United States (RIAA)||2× Platinum||2,000,000^|
|Canada (Music Canada)||3× Platinum||300,000^|
|France (SNEP)||2× Platinum||600,000*|
|Australia (ARIA)||4× Platinum||280,000^|
|Austria (IFPI Austria)||Gold||25,000x|
|Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)||Gold||25,000x|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Gold||100,000^|
*sales figures based on certification alone
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