L.A. Woman

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L.A. Woman
The Doors - L.A. Woman.jpg
Studio album by The Doors
Released April 19, 1971 (1971-04-19)
Recorded December 1970 – January 1971 at The Doors Workshop in Los Angeles, CA
Genre
Length 48:24
Label Elektra
Producer The Doors, Bruce Botnick
The Doors chronology
Morrison Hotel
(1970)
L.A. Woman
(1971)
Other Voices
(1971)
Singles from L.A. Woman
  1. "Love Her Madly"
    Released: March 1971
  2. "Riders on the Storm"
    Released: June 1971

L.A. Woman is the sixth studio album by the American rock band The Doors, and was released on April 19, 1971 on Elektra Records. The album was the last to feature the door's lead singer, Jim Morrison, who unexpectedly died at the age of 27 three months following the album's release. It saw the band continue to integrate elements of blues back into their music, a direction that they had begun with their previous album, Morrison Hotel. In addition, it saw long-time record producer Paul A. Rothchild depart, after a fallout involving the band's musical direction. After his departure, the band would co-produce the album with sound engineer, Bruce Botnick.[1]

Upon release, the album peaked at number nine on the Billboard 200[2] and reached number 28 on the UK Albums Charts[3] It was preceded by "Love Her Madly" single in March 1971, which reached the Top 20 in the Billboard Hot 100. An additional single in support of the album, "Riders on the Storm", was also released to success on the Billboard singles charts, and managed to chart in the UK Singles Chart. Music critics Richie Unterberger and David Quantick have both noted that L.A. Woman is arguably one of the Doors' best albums, citing Morrison's unwavering enthusiasm in his vocal performance, and the band's stripped-down return to their blues rock roots.[4][5]

Background[edit]

In November 1970, shortly after the conclusion of Jim Morrison's controversial trial for indecent exposure,[6] the Doors entered Sunset Sound Recorders in Los Angeles to record early versions of "L.A. Woman", "Riders on the Storm", and "Love Her Madly", three new songs they had recently composed.[7] The new songs were a departure from the overly orchestrated pieces, evident in The Soft Parade, that burdened the group with long, drawn-out recording sessions.[8] The simplified and straightforward style, manifesting from Morrison Hotel, was well-received, noted by Jazz & Pop magazine as "A return to the tight fury of early Doors' music".[9][10] However, the band ran into trouble with their record company, Elektra Records, who released the Doors' first compilation album, 13, to have a product for the Christmas market. It was released without the band's input, and featured a larger-than-life image of Morrison, which upset him enough to threaten signing with another label after their contractual obligations were met. With one more album entailed in the Doors' contract, the band could do little to protest, but continue rehearsing their material.[11]

However, while hearing previews of the new songs, producer Paul A. Rothchild, who had worked with the band on their previous five albums, was critical and soon quit the sessions.[12] The departure of Rothchild was marked by his dissatisfaction with the group's recording sessions that covered their newly penned material, particularly Robby Krieger's "Love Her Madly", which, according to Rothchild, "was the song that drove me out of the studio".[11] Furthermore, Rothchild felt that the Doors were not executing the recordings with any sincerity, and was agitated by Morrison, who regularly clashed with Rothchild's stern leadership. John Densmore later admitted that the group performed poorly in the rehearsals, but felt that they later improved upon their issues when Rothchild left.[10] From that point on, the Doors co-produced the album along with their longtime sound engineer, Bruce Botnick.[13]

The Doors and Botnick continued without Rothchild by organizing a makeshift recording studio at their private rehearsal space, the Doors' Workshop, located in a two-story building at 8512 Santa Monica Boulevard, in Los Angeles.[14] This enabled the band to record in a more comfortable and relaxed setting, while at the same time avoiding the expenses of a professional studio. A mixing console, previously owned by Elektra, was installed into the upstairs of the Workshop, while studio monitors, microphones, and keyboards were set downstairs. To compensate for the lack of an insolated vocal booth, Morrison recorded within the facility's bathroom with the same microphone used on the Doors' latest tour.[15] The band initiated the sessions lacking much prepared material, and were required to compose some of the tracks on the spot, often through jam sessions and conferencing in the studio. A common theme within the compositions pertained to life in Los Angeles, and, by extension, the United States in general. Morrison, unlike on past recording sessions, appeared on time, and reduced his alcohol consumption. However, he had to treat a lingering cough, a symptom from a persistent case of pneumonia that arose in the spring of 1970.[13]

Jim Morrison recording at the Doors' Workshop. Both the fewer takes and the change of scenery served well for Morrison.

For recording, the Doors hired Elvis Presley's bassist Jerry Scheff and rhythm guitarist Marc Benno to round out their sound.[13] Scheff, in particular, became a staple in the studio as he performed on every track except "L' America". The songs were completed, almost spontaneously, in a few takes on 8-track, and the album was finished within six days. The change in pace served well for Morrison, who disliked having to conduct several takes--an issue that plagued the band's last two albums. With vocals being recorded simultaneously with the instrumentals, Morrison was consistently involved. Most of the album had a raw, live sound with few overdubs, aside from the keyboards played by Ray Manzarek. Botnick explained, "The overall concept for the recording session was to go back to our early roots and try to get everything live in the studio with as few overdubs as possible".[10][16] Mixing for the album was completed at Poppy Studios between February and March 1971, by which time Morrison had relocated to Paris, France.[17]

Live performances[edit]

In the final stages of recording, the Doors embarked on a brief tour that included two scheduled performances, highlighted by their L.A. Woman material. On December 12, 1970, the band was fronted by Morrison for the last time in New Orleans, Louisiana at a venue called The Warehouse.[18] The previous concert, in Dallas, had been completed without difficulty, and the band was encouraged that this show would have the same trouble-free outcome. However, midway through the set, Morrison started to erratically banter with the audience, just as the group Kansas joined the Doors on stage. As the concert neared its conclusion, Morrison failed to recall the lyrics to the final song of the set list, "The End", and, in frustration, left the mic stand to sit on the drum set. After a nudging by Densmore, Morrison walked to the microphone, but then repeatedly smashed it onto the stage until it splintered and abruptly left.[19] Morrison, before going on stage, had reportedly drank a whole case of beer and ingested opium.[20] Following the abbreviated performance, the band mutually decided further touring was impractical, and reiterated a focus on studio work.[19] A manager and accountant of the venue, George Freidman, claims to be in possession of a two-track soundboard recording of the concert, and plans to eventually release the recordings at an unspecified time.[20][21]

Release[edit]

I'm glad that L.A. Woman was our last album ... It really captured what we were all about. The first record did, too, but L.A. Woman is more loose, it's live – it sounds almost like a rehearsal. It's pure Doors.

– Robby Krieger reflecting on the album during a 2012 interview[22]

L.A. Woman was released on April 19, 1971 on the Elektra label (catalogue item EKS 75011 in stereo).[23] It peaked at number nine on the Billboard 200, during a stay of 36 weeks and reached number 28 in the UK, spending four weeks on the UK Albums Charts.[2][3] Initially, the album's front cover was released in the US and UK with a burgundy-colored, curved-corner cardboard cutout sleeve, framing a clear embossed cellophane insert, glued in from behind.[24] Photography was credited to Wendell Hamick. According to Jac Holzman, then the chief executive officer of Elektra Records: "I wasn't sure there would be another album ever, so I had Bill Harvey create a collector's cover. The Doors' faces were printed on clear film. The backing color of the inner sleeve could be changed and would affect the mood of the package. This is the first album in which Jim is bearded [on the cover]. His photo is on the right, no bigger, no smaller than the others, just another guy in the band."[25]

Three months following the album's release, Morrison was found dead on July 3, 1971. There had been discussions between Morrison and the band for future recording; however, he never had the opportunity to return to the US to take part in possible developments.[26][27] The album was preceded by the "Love Her Madly" single, which was released in March 1971 and charted at number 11 on the Billboard Hot 100 for a stay of 11 weeks, but failed to chart in the UK. An additional single taken from the album, "Riders on the Storm", was released in June 1971, and reached number 14 on the Billboard chart, while managing to peak at number 22 in the UK chart.[2][3]

Critical reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
AllMusic 4.5/5 stars[4]
Down Beat 3.5/5 stars[28]
MusicHound 4/5[29]
PopMatters 8/10 stars[30]
Q 3/5 stars[28]
Rolling Stone 4.5/5 stars[28]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide 4/5 stars[31]
Slant Magazine 3.5/5 stars[32]
Uncut 5/5 stars[28]
Virgin Encyclopedia of Popular Music 5/5 stars[33]

In more recent years, Richie Unterberger, writing for the AllMusic website, has described L.A. Woman as "uneven", but notes that the album contains compositions that "rate among their finest and most disturbing work".[4] Rock critic J.D. Cook wrote "The album strikes the rare balance of going back to basics while still exploring uncharted territory in the initial, pioneering journey of rock n roll", and concluded by saying, "Every track is musically crafted to near perfection without being over-produced nor overdone".[34] Critic Sal Cinquemani, reviewing the album for Slant Magazine, considers L.A. Woman to be "the sound of a band in perfect harmony". He describes the material as being "disturbing and cynical over the years, and these songs were no exception".[32]

Although Morrison's vocals are critqued, L.A. Woman is today regarded as a successful connection between blues, and The Doors' mystifying rock sound.[5][30] In his 1994 book The Complete Guide to the Music of The Doors, Peter K. Hogan describes the album as an expansion on the style from Morrison Hotel, but in a more coherent form. The author goes on to say that L.A. Woman is a fitting swan song for Morrison, who was pleased to finally record a blues-oriented album.[35]

In 2003, L.A. Woman was ranked at 362 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.[36] When the list was revised in 2012, to accommodate a number of albums released since 2003, the album was repositioned at number 364.[37]

CD reissues[edit]

Botnick later produced and mixed a new 5.1 Surround version of the album, which was released on DVD-Audio on December 19, 2000. It was produced from the original eight-track analog 1" master tapes.[38] L.A. Woman was digitally remastered as a part of "The Years of the Doors" series. It was reissued in an expanded format on January 24, 2012 by Elektra and Rhino Records, with seven alternate versions of songs, and three previously unreleased tracks, "Orange County Suite", "She Smells So Nice" and "Rock Me".[39] To correlate with the release, a documentary titled Mr. Mojo Risin': The Story of L.A. Woman was distributed. The film includes interviews between Krieger and Densmore, as well as live and studio performances.[40]

Track listing[edit]

Side A
No. Title Writer(s) Length
1. "The Changeling"   Jim Morrison 4:21
2. "Love Her Madly"   Robby Krieger 3:20
3. "Been Down So Long"   Jim Morrison 4:41
4. "Cars Hiss by My Window"   Jim Morrison 4:12
5. "L.A. Woman"   Jim Morrison 7:49
Side B
No. Title Writer(s) Length
6. "L'America"   Jim Morrison 4:37
7. "Hyacinth House"   Ray Manzarek, Jim Morrison 3:11
8. "Crawling King Snake"   Anon, arr John Lee Hooker 5:00
9. "The WASP (Texas Radio and the Big Beat)"   Jim Morrison 4:16
10. "Riders on the Storm"   Jim Morrison, Ray Manzarek, Robby Krieger, John Densmore 7:09

Singles[edit]

  1. "Love Her Madly" b/w "(You Need Meat) Don't Go No Further" (Elektra 45726) March 1971 (US #11)
  2. "Riders on the Storm" b/w "The Changeling" (Elektra 45738) June 1971 (US #14, UK #22)

Personnel[edit]

The Doors
Additional musicians
Technical

Chart positions[edit]

Album
Year Chart Position
1971 Pop Albums 9
Singles
1972 L.A. Woman / Riders on The Storm USA Position
1971 "Love Her Madly"
B-side: "(You Need Meat) Don't Go No Further"
Pop Singles 11
1971 "Riders on the Storm"
B-side: "The Changeling"
Pop Singles 14

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Sales/shipments
United States (RIAA)[41] 2× Platinum 2,000,000^
Canada (Music Canada)[42] 3× Platinum 300,000^
France (SNEP)[43] 2× Platinum 600,000*
Australia (ARIA)[44] 4× Platinum 280,000^
Spain (PROMUSICAE)[45] Platinum 100,000^
Austria (IFPI Austria)[46] Gold 25,000x
Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)[47] Gold 25,000x
Germany (BVMI)[48] Gold 250,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[49] Gold 100,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone
xunspecified figures based on certification alone

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Discography – L.A. Woman". thedoors.com. Retrieved April 12, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c "The Doors – Chart Positionings". billboard.com. Retrieved April 12, 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c "DOORS – Official Charts". officialcharts.com. Retrieved April 12, 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c Richie Unterberger. "L.A. Woman – Review". AllMusic. Retrieved April 12, 2015. 
  5. ^ a b David Quantick. "The Doors L.A. Woman – 40th Anniversary Edition Review". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved April 12, 2015. 
  6. ^ "The Miami Incident". doors.com. Retrieved May 10, 2015. 
  7. ^ "The Doors Studio Sessions". thedoorsguide.com. Retrieved May 11, 2015. 
  8. ^ Richie Unterberger. "The Soft Parade - Review". allmusic.com. Retrieved May 10, 2015. 
  9. ^ Densmore, John (2009). "Riders on the Storm: My Life with Jim Morrison and the Doors". Random House Publishing Group. ISBN 9780307429025. 
  10. ^ a b c Weldman, Rick (2011). "The Doors FAQ: All That's Left to Know About the Kings of Acid Rock". Backbeat Books. ISBN 1617130176. 
  11. ^ a b Riordan, James; Prochnicky, Jerry. "Break On Through: The Life and Death of Jim Morrison p. 420-423". 
  12. ^ "Robby Krieger reopens the door to the L.A. Woman sessions". goldminemag.com. Retrieved May 10, 2015. 
  13. ^ a b c Jeff Giles. "44 Years Ago: The Doors Release L.A. Woman". ultimateclassicrock.com. Retrieved April 22, 2015. 
  14. ^ Hoskyns, Barney (2009). "Waiting for the Sun: A Rock 'n' Roll History of Los Angeles". Backbeat Books. p. 189. ISBN 0879309431. 
  15. ^ Davis, Stephen (2005). "Jim Morrison: Life, Death, Legend". Gotham Publisher. pp. 395–396. ISBN 9781592400997. 
  16. ^ Marcus, Grell (2013). "The Doors: A Lifetime of Listening to Five Mean Years". Public Affairs Publishing. p. 16. ISBN 1610392361. 
  17. ^ "The Doors Studio Sessions". thedoorsguide.com. Retrieved April 15, 2015. 
  18. ^ "New Orleans, LA Warehouse". thedoors.com. Retrieved May 11, 2015. 
  19. ^ a b Sterling Whittaker. "44 Years Ago: Jim Morrison Plays Final Show With the Doors". ultimateclassicrock.com. Retrieved April 12, 2015. 
  20. ^ a b "December 12, 1970 (Saturday) Warehouse New Orleans, Louisiana". thedoorsguide.com. Retrieved May 1, 2015. 
  21. ^ "A Warehouse in New Orleans". mildequator.com. Retrieved May 1, 2015. 
  22. ^ Joe Busso. "Interview: Robby Krieger on The Doors' LA Woman, Jim Morrison and Skrillex". musicradar.com. Retrieved May 26, 2015. 
  23. ^ "The Doors Studio Albums". thedoorsguide.com. Retrieved April 15, 2015. 
  24. ^ "L.A. Woman 1971 vinyl release, front cover". 
  25. ^ Holzman, Jac; Daws, Gavan. "Follow the Music: The Life and High Times of Elektra Records in the Great Years of American Pop Culture". 
  26. ^ Broadus, Ray; Browne, Pat. "The Guide to United States Popular Culture". google.com. Retrieved April 15, 2015. 
  27. ^ "Jim Morrison - Biography". biography.com. Retrieved April 22, 2015. 
  28. ^ a b c d "The Doors – L.A. Woman CD Album". CD Universe/Muze. Retrieved August 31, 2015. 
  29. ^ Graff, Gary; Durchholz, Daniel (eds) (1999). MusicHound Rock: The Essential Album Guide. Farmington Hills, MI: Visible Ink Press. p. 358. ISBN 1-57859-061-2. 
  30. ^ a b Nathan Wisnicki (May 6, 2012). "L.A. Woman (40th Anniversary Edition)". popmatters.com. Retrieved May 26, 2015. 
  31. ^ "The Doors: Album Guide". rollingstone.com. Archived from the original on January 13, 2013. Retrieved August 31, 2015. 
  32. ^ a b Sal Cinquemani (April 17, 2007). "Album Review". slantmagazine.com. Retrieved May 26, 2015. 
  33. ^ "The Doors L.A. Woman". Acclaimed Music. Retrieved August 31, 2015. 
  34. ^ J.D. Cook. "L.A. Woman by The Doors". classicrockreview.com. Retrieved May 28, 2015. 
  35. ^ Hogan, Peter; Charlesworth, Chris. "The Complete Guide to the Music of The Doors". Google.com. Retrieved May 26, 2015. 
  36. ^ "Rolling Stone: 500 Greatest Albums Of All Time". rockonthenet.com. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  37. ^ "L.A. Woman entry on The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time". rollingstone.com. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  38. ^ L.A. Woman (DVD-A booklet). The Doors. Elektra. 2000. 62612-9. 
  39. ^ Stephen Thomas Erlewine. "L.A. Woman [40th Anniversary Edition] - Review". allmusic.com. Retrieved May 16, 2015. 
  40. ^ "The Doors announce the 40th anniversary release of L.A. Woman". consequencesofsound.net. Retrieved May 16, 2015. 
  41. ^ "American album certifications – The Doors – L.A. Woman". Recording Industry Association of America.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
  42. ^ "Canadian album certifications – The Doors – L.A. Woman". Music Canada. 
  43. ^ "French album certifications – Doors – L.A. Woman" (in French). InfoDisc.  Select DOORS and click OK
  44. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2001 Albums". Australian Recording Industry Association. 
  45. ^ "Solo Exitos 1959–2002 Ano A Ano: Certificados 1991–1995". Solo Exitos 1959–2002 Ano A Ano. ISBN 8480486392. 
  46. ^ "Austrian album certifications – The Doors – L.A. Woman" (in German). IFPI Austria.  Enter The Doors in the field Interpret. Enter L.A. Woman in the field Titel. Select album in the field Format. Click Suchen
  47. ^ "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (The Doors; 'L.A. Woman')". Hung Medien. 
  48. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (The Doors; 'L.A. Woman')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. 
  49. ^ "British album certifications – Doors – L.A. Woman". British Phonographic Industry.  Enter L.A. Woman in the field Keywords. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Select Gold in the field By Award. Click Search

External links[edit]