Obrenovac

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Obrenovac

Обреновац
Obrenovac orthodox church.jpg
Обреновац 30.JPG
Обреновац 15.JPG
Sokolski dom Obrenovac.jpg
Библиотека у Обреновцу 02.jpg
From top: Obrenovac orthodox church, The main bus station, The main post building, The Fallen Heroes Home, Vlad Aksentijević Library
Coat of arms of Obrenovac
Coat of arms
Location of Obrenovac within the city of Belgrade
Location of Obrenovac within the city of Belgrade
Coordinates: 44°39′N 20°12′E / 44.650°N 20.200°E / 44.650; 20.200Coordinates: 44°39′N 20°12′E / 44.650°N 20.200°E / 44.650; 20.200
Country Serbia
DistrictBelgrade Belgrade
Settlements29
Area
 • Urban9.47 km2 (3.66 sq mi)
 • Municipality409.83 km2 (158.24 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 census)[3]
 • Urban
24,568
 • Urban density2,600/km2 (6,700/sq mi)
 • Municipality
71,419
 • Municipality density170/km2 (450/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
11500
Area code+381 11
Car platesBG
Websitewww.obrenovac.rs

Obrenovac (Serbian Cyrillic: Обреновац, pronounced [obrěːnoʋat͡s]) is a municipality of the city of Belgrade. According to the 2011 census results, the municipality has a population of 71,419 inhabitants, while the urban area has 24,568 inhabitants.

The largest Serbian thermal power plant TPP Nikola Tesla is located on the outskirts of the municipality. Obrenovac was also submerged and completely evacuated during the 2014 Southeast Europe floods.

Geography[edit]

Obrenovac is situated 30 km south-west of central Belgrade near bends of the river Sava to the north. The river Kolubara flows to the east of the town on its way to join the Sava.

Total land area of the municipality of Obrenovac is 411 km2 (159 sq mi). Apart from the town, it consists of the following villages:[3]

Some of the neighborhoods in the town are Topolice, Rojkovac, Dudovi, Rvati, Muzička kolonija,Sljivice, Belo polje, Gaj and Stočnjak.

History[edit]

In the Middle Ages, the area was part of Serbian states. King of Srem Dragutin Nemanjić ruled it between 1282 and 1319, and established monasteries in Grabovac and Mislođin. In 1521, it was conquered by the Ottoman Empire, who ruled it for the next 300 years. Subsequently, it was site of numerous battles in frequent Ottoman–Habsburg wars and often changed hands. Austrian Regent of Serbia Charles Alexander, Duke of Württemberg built a summer house in nearby village of Stubline (then Neudorf). During a period of Austrian rule, between 1688. and 1717, the town was called Zweibrücken ('two bridges'), and during the Turkish rule it was called Palež ('arson'), possibly as a reference to frequent looting and fires it was subjected to.[4]

On 11 April 1815, during the Second Serbian Uprising, the town was burned to the ground by Serbian forces in a battle against Ottomans. It was restored in 1859 by prince of Serbia Miloš Obrenović, after whom it was named. The Municipality of Obrenovac was incorporated within community of Belgrade municipalities in 1957.[4][5]

The Day of the Municipality is December 20, the date of the decree of Prince Miloš Obrenović by which the name of Obrenovac was instituted, and its patron day is the Holy Trinity.[4]

Obrenovac was Serbian town which suffered the greatest damage by the unprecedented floods in May 2014. Most of the population has been evacuated to safety. Sudden surge of water from Kolubara river on May 15 devastated the town, killing at least 14 persons, with several persons still missing.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194841,024—    
195344,484+1.63%
196148,288+1.03%
197153,260+0.98%
198162,612+1.63%
199170,234+1.16%
200270,975+0.10%
201172,524+0.24%
Source: [7]

According to the 2011 census results, the municipality of Obrenovac has a population of 72,524 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups[edit]

The ethnic composition of the municipality:[8]

Ethnic group Population
Serbs 67,185
Romani 1,574
Montenegrins 200
Macedonians 138
Croats 106
Yugoslavs 99
Muslims 73
Romanians 43
Hungarians 37
Russians 31
Bulgarians 26
Others 3,012
Total 72,524

Economy[edit]

The largest Serbian thermal power plant TPP Nikola Tesla is located on the outskirts of the town; its chimney is widely visible as the surrounding area is generally flat.

Touristic facilities include the Zabran forest on the right bank of the Sava. It is located outside of the urban zone of Obrenovac, northeast of the town and west of the Kolubara's mouth into the Sava. It is also accessible by boat as it has a peer. The forest has a 1.5 km (0.93 mi) long trim trails and arranged excursion sites. The pathways and bicycle path connect Zabran and the beach Perilo on the Sava. Under the name Obrenovački Zabran, the area is protected as the natural monument. The forest is one of the rare remaining autochthonous high forests in the floodplains of the Sava and Kolubara river. It influences the microclimate and mitigates the bad aftermaths of the Obrenovac's high level of industrialization.[9][10][11]

The area was protected on 29 November 2013 and covers 47.77 ha (118.0 acres) and is separated from Sava by the embankment (dolma) with promenade. Present forests developed after the area was cut clean in 1941 and 1942, and are mostly short-lived sprout forests of low quality. More quality groves of pedunculate oak and narrow-leafed ash, once omnipresent and dominant in the entire Sava valley, are preserved for its genetic importance. Also dwindling is the presence of other species of higher quality, like silver poplar, grey poplar, European white elm, field elm and European wild pear. Autochthonous species are threatened by the later introduced and fast spreading species, like American ash, Canadian poplar, box elder, common milkweed, common ragweed, annual fleabane and, especially invasive, desert false indigo. They are gradually being replaced with the older species.[12]

Not far from the Zabran is the hotel "Obrenovac", located at the entry into the town from the Belgrade direction. The hotel has thermal springs, outdoor and indoor Olympic swimming pools, aqua park and sports complex. The spa with sulfuric water is active since c.1900. In the village of Skela, in the western section of the municipality, there is a popular attraction of ethno-yard which includes the mini-zoo. Other green areas include another protected natural monument, "Group of pedunculate oaks at Jozić cabin", which are over 200 years old, Arboretum with exotic and autochthonous plants, and the Natural History Home.[9][11] There is also a game hunting ground "Posavina" in the municipality.[13]

There is a green market in the centre of the town, and also flea market (as of August 2006) to the south of the town on the Valjevo road. The most famous football club from Obrenovac is FK Radnički Obrenovac; its stadium is beside the Belgrade road. The oldest school in the town is found next to Topolice. It carries the name of Jovan Popović. The school was built by Miloš Obrenović.

The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018):[14]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 17
Mining and quarrying 13
Manufacturing 3,226
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 1,925
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 302
Construction 692
Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 2,330
Transportation and storage 1,118
Accommodation and food services 386
Information and communication 155
Financial and insurance activities 187
Real estate activities 40
Professional, scientific and technical activities 366
Administrative and support service activities 2,661
Public administration and defense; compulsory social security 569
Education 967
Human health and social work activities 949
Arts, entertainment and recreation 194
Other service activities 255
Individual agricultural workers 596
Total 16,948

Education[edit]

Public transport[edit]

Three bus lines connect Obrenovac with Belgrade: 860, 860E and 861A.

International cooperation[edit]

Obrenovac is twinned with following cities and municipalities:[15]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
  2. ^ "Насеља општине Обреновац" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 22 October 2019.
  3. ^ a b "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  4. ^ a b c Istorija Obrenovca [History of Obrenovac] (in Serbian), archived from the original on 2014-05-21
  5. ^ Obrenovac, Official page of the city of Belgrade
  6. ^ Poplave (UŽIVO): Zabranjen ulaz u Obrenovac, počeli da iznose žrtve. Trodnevna žalost u zemlji, archived from the original on 2014-05-23, retrieved 2014-05-20
  7. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  8. ^ "ETHNICITY Data by municipalities and cities" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  9. ^ a b "Turistički prsten na sat od kruga "dvojke"", Politika (in Serbian), 26 March 2011
  10. ^ Vladimir Vukasović (9 June 2013), "Prestonica dobija još devet prirodnih dobara", Politika (in Serbian)
  11. ^ a b Branka Vasiljević, Ana Vuković (31 May 2020). Живописна природа, пецање, шетња, богата историја... [Colorful nature, fishing, walking, rich history...]. Politika (in Serbian).
  12. ^ Slavica Stuparušić (13 November 2020). Драгоценост "Обреновачког Забрана" [Preciousness of "Obreniovac's Zabran"]. Politika (in Serbian). p. 34.
  13. ^ Branka Vasiljević (5 August 2018). "Lovci u Beograd stižu porodično" [Hunters travel to Belgrade with their families]. Politika (in Serbian).
  14. ^ "MUNICIPALITIES AND REGIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA, 2019" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. 25 December 2019. Retrieved 28 December 2019.
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2009-06-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Stalna konferencija gradova i opština. Retrieved on 2007-06-18.

External links[edit]