Tin(II) sulfide

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Tin(II) sulfide[1]
Names
IUPAC name
Tin(II) sulfide
Other names
Tin monosulfide
Herzenbergite
Identifiers
1314-95-0 YesY
EC Number 215-248-7
Jmol 3D model Interactive image
PubChem 426379
Properties
SnS
Molar mass 150.775 g/mol
Appearance dark brown solid
Density 5.22 g/cm3
Melting point 882 °C (1,620 °F; 1,155 K)
Boiling point about 1230 ˚C
Insoluble
Structure
GeS type (orthorhombic), oP8
Pnma, No. 62
a = 11.18 Å, b = 3.98 Å, c = 4.32 Å[2]
asymmetric 3-fold (strongly distorted octahedral)
Hazards
Main hazards Irritant
Related compounds
Other anions
Tin(II) oxide
Tin selenide
Tin telluride
Other cations
Carbon monosulfide
Silicon monosulfide
Germanium monosulfide
Lead(II) sulfide
Related compounds
Tin(IV) sulfide
Tributyl tin sulfide
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
N verify (what is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Tin(II) sulfide is a chemical compound of tin and sulfur. The chemical formula is SnS. Its natural occurrence concerns herzenbergite, a rare mineral.

Synthesis[edit]

Tin(II) sulfide can be prepared by reacting tin with sulfur, or tin(II) chloride with hydrogen sulfide.

Sn + S → SnS
SnCl2 + H2S → SnS + 2HCl

Properties[edit]

Tin(II) sulfide is a brown solid, insoluble in water, but soluble in concentrated hydrochloric acid. Tin (II) sulfide is soluble in (NH4)2S. It has a layer structure similar to that of black phosphorus.[3] As per black phosphorus, tin(II) sulfide can be ultrasonically exfoliated in liquids to produce atomically thin semiconducting SnS sheets that have a wider optical band gap (>1.5 eV) compared to the bulk crystal.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Record of Tin(II) sulfide in the GESTIS Substance Database of the IFA, accessed on 4/9/2007
  2. ^ del Bucchia, S.; Jumas, J.C.; Maurin, M. (1981). "Contribution a l'etude de composes sulfures d'etain (II): Affinement de la structure de Sn S". Acta Crystallogr. B 37: 1903. doi:10.1107/s0567740881007528. 
  3. ^ Greenwood, Norman N.; Earnshaw, Alan (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2nd ed.). Butterworth-Heinemann. p. 1233. ISBN 0-08-037941-9. 
  4. ^ Brent et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2015, 137 (39), pp 12689–12696