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Coat of arms of Tomohon
Coat of arms
Tomohon is located in Sulawesi
Location in North Sulawesi, Indonesia
Coordinates: 1°15′N 124°50′E / 1.250°N 124.833°E / 1.250; 124.833
Country Indonesia
Province North Sulawesi
Established February 25, 2003
Inauguration August 4, 2003
 • Mayor Jimmy Feidy Eman, SE.Ak
 • City Council Andi Sengkey
 • Total 147.11 km2 (56.80 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Total 93,857
 • Density 640/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Time zone WITA (UTC+8)

Tomohon is a city in North Sulawesi Province (Sulawesi Utara), in central Indonesia. Tomohon was a part of the Minahasa Regency in North Sulawesi. There was a time when the inhabitants felt the necessity of upgrading the status of their residence into an autonomous city on behalf of its approach to community service. Tomohon officially became a city in 2003 by the passage of the Act of Republic Indonesia No. 10 of 2003 about the establishment of South Minahasa Regency and Tomohon city within North Sulawesi Province and was inaugurated on August 4, 2003. Tomohon is known for flower planting at people's homes. Nearby is the volcano Gunung Lokon or Mount Lokon and Mount Empung. Tomohon is also known for wooden-house production, palm-sugar (aren ) production, vegetable agriculture, as a center of Christian Ministry, and as a student town. Tomohon also has a local TV station, TV 5 Dimensi, with services available to 2.5 million viewers in North Sulawesi.

Geographic location, altitude and temperature[edit]

Mt. Lokon

Tomohon itself is located on the mountainous area of North Sulawesi, so by its location, Tomohon has a cooler temperature than Manado (Tomohon's neighbor city) which is at a lower land nearby the sea. Tomohon locates in 1°15' North and 124°50' East. Tomohon broad based decision-Law No. 10 of 2003 is approximately 11,420 hectares (28,200 acres) with population of 87,719 inhabitants. Tomohon is situated at an altitude of about 700–1,000 metres (2,300–3,300 ft) above sea level (asl), flanked by two active volcanoes, those are Mount Lokon (1,689 m or 5,541 ft) and Mount Mahawu (1,311 m or 4,301 ft). Temperatures in Tomohon in the daytime are between 17–30 °C (63–86 °F) and 16–24 °C (61–75 °F) at night.


Tomohon has been written of in several historical records. One of them was found in the ethnographic works of Reverend Nicholaas Graafland, written on Queen Elizabeth Ships on January 14, 1864. He described a heart-capturing country on the Minahasa highland in Northern Celebes (Sulawesi) called Tomohon that he had visited in 1850. The development of civilization and the dynamics of development and social implementation from year to year made Tomohon one of the capital districts in the Minahasa regency.

In the early decades of the 2000s, people in some parts of the Minahasa regency bore inspiration and aspirations of the strategic environmental trends both internally and externally for regional expansion. Efforts at reformation and the implementation of regional autonomy had been accelerating the process of accommodation people's aspirations for the expansion of the region. Through a long legal process and mature consideration in order to accelerate national development for the welfare of society, then the Minahasa regency government along with the Regional Representatives Council (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah - DPRD) of Minahasa Regency recommended the aspirations for the establishment of South Minahasa Regency, Tomohon and North Minahasa Regency; which was also supported by The Provincial Government of North Sulawesi. The formation of South Minahasa Regency and Tomohon was established by the Central Government by issuing the Act No. 10 of 2003 and the establishment of the North Minahasa Regency through Act No. 33 of 2003.

The establishment of the legislative institution of Tomohon came as election results of 2004, resulting in Tomohon Regional Regulation Number 22 Year 2005 about Regional Symbol and Regulations of Tomohon and No. 29 of 2005 about the Anniversary of Tomohon. Tomohon inaugurated the Minister of Home Affairs Hari Sabarno on behalf of the President of the Republic of Indonesia on August 4, 2003.


The city is divided into five districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their 2010 Census population:[3]

Name English name Population
Census 2010
Tomohon Selatan (South Tomohon) 21,062
Tomohon Tengah (Central Tomohon) 20,156
Tomohon Timur (East Tomohon) 10,269
Tomohom Barat (West Tomohon) 14,160
Tomohon Utara (North Tomohon) 25,906

Community based ecotourism[edit]

In general, Community Based Eco-Tourism (CBET) is tourism that is managed by the community for the tourist destinations. With general tourism, tourist visits are often marketed and organised by private travel companies and government-protected areas where the bulk of the profits go to the private companies and government enterprises. In contrast, CBET is managed and run by the community itself, management decisions are made by local people and profits directly go to the community. CBET itself, is a part of sustainable tourism development, because it is meets the needs of the present tourists and host regions while protecting and enhancing the opportunity for the future. It is envisaged as leading to management of all resources in such a way that economic, social and aesthetic needs can be fulfilled, while maintaining cultural integrity, essential ecological processes, biological diversity and life support systems(World Tourism Organisation in Bhoj Raj K Hanal, 2007)In order for community based ecotourism to be successful (sustainable), there are many questions that need to be asked and answered in the planning process through implementation stages. One problem of participatory approaches must be pointed out - what defines “community” and “local” in terms of participation? Communities are not free of conflict, nor they are homogeneous. This fact can complicate any development plans for local communities — communities must agree on representatives for decision-making. According to the Quebec Declaration on ecotourism, ecotourism embraces the principles of sustainable tourism. The following principles distinguish it from the wider concept of sustainable tourism:

  1. Contributes actively to the conservation of natural and cultural heritage;
  2. Includes local and indigenous communities inits planning, development and operation contributing to their well-being;
  3. interprets the natural and cultural heritage of the destination to the visitor; and
  4. lends itself better to independent travelers, as well as organizes tours for small sized groups.

Distinctive features[edit]

There are several colorful parks in the center of the city with various flowers. The local government of Tomohon City routinely holds an annual flower festival which is able to attract many tourists to come to Tomohon. Other tourism destinations include Lake Linow, waruga (sarcophagus), Tinoor waterfall, Doahill, agritourism in Rurukan, wooden house craft center in Woloan, and amphitheater in Woloan.

Some other tourism destinations nearby Tomohon City are Bunaken sea park, Lake Tondano, Mount Klabat, Mount Soputan, and Kali Waterfall. The 'Visit Tomohon 2008' campaign promoted tourist visits Tomohon. Some of the agendas on Visit Tomohon 2008 were a cultural and music festival, flower exhibition, photography competition, fashion style, and a seminar on flower cultivation.



  • North Tomohon
  • East Tomohon
  • Center Tomohon
  • West Tomohon
  • South Tomohon

Natural resource[edit]


Population In Tomohon, Indonesia is 27,624[4]

Art and culture[edit]

Tombulu language is spoken in and around Kota Tomohon.



Such tourism attractions in Tomohon are suitable to visit, like the volcanoes Mount Lokon and Mount Empung, which were both active volcanoes until now. Also once a year, Tomohon commences a parade with the Tomohon Flower Festival, and Cap Gomeh, which is a Buddhist Chinese ritual also done in the parade. The parade commences from the northern part of Tomohon which is Kakaskasen through the main city road, until the end of the parade, which usually stops at the "Tololiu Statue" at the center of the city. For better tourism atmosphere through Tomohon, using a traditional horse cart or locally called Bendi, Andong, or Delman runs through the city streets and roads.


Tomohon itself is usually called "Kota Siswa" which means "City of Students" after then it was changed to "Kota Bunga" meaning "City of Flowers". Tomohon itself provides schools starting from Kindergarten to University education centres; there are also many educational centres in Tomohon for student and school needs.


The most popular forms of transportation in Tomohon are:

  1. Mikrolet/Angkutan Umum
  2. Bendi/Delman

These are the best types of transportation for the city.


  1. ^ North Sulawesi in Figures 2013. Badan Pusat Statistik Sulawesi Utara, 2013, p. 52.
  2. ^ North Sulawesi in Figures 2013. Badan Pusat Statistik Sulawesi Utara, 2013, p. 52.
  3. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  4. ^ "Geonames". Retrieved 9 June 2013. 

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Tomohon.

Coordinates: 1°19′N 124°50′E / 1.317°N 124.833°E / 1.317; 124.833