Tour de la Bourse
|Tour de la Bourse|
|Alternative names||Place Victoria
Stock Exchange Tower
|Location||800 Square Victoria
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
|Roof||194 m (636 ft)|
|Floor area||95,026 m2 (1,022,850 sq ft)|
|Design and construction|
Greenspoon, Freedlander, Dunne, Plachta & Kryton
La Tour de la Bourse (English: Stock Exchange Tower) is a 48-storey skyscraper in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It is located at the intersection of Victoria Square and Saint Jacques Street in the International Quarter. It is connected by the underground city to the Square-Victoria-OACI Metro Station.
When completed in 1964, the tower was the tallest building in Canada, a title it held until surpassed by the Toronto-Dominion Centre in 1967. It is currently the third tallest in Montreal and the twenty-fifth tallest building in the country. The Tour de la Bourse was designed by Luigi Moretti and Pier Luigi Nervi and is considered to be of the International Style.
History and development
The original project, conceived during the Expo 67-era economic boom, called for three identical towers arrayed in a triangle. It was scaled back to two towers flanking each side of the central core. Ultimately a single tower was built, due to financial constraints; the Hôtel Delta Centre-Ville was later built on the site of what was to be the second identical tower thus forming Place Victoria. Following the improvement and restoration of Square Victoria to its original configuration in 2002, Place Victoria is now a centrepiece of the new Quartier International downtown area.
The tower itself is considered by many to be a masterpiece of the International style of skyscraper design. Its façade, fully renovated in 1995, features a bronze-tinted anodized aluminium curtain wall, forming a strong contrast with the slightly slanted pre-cast concrete columns at the four corners, giving the whole a subtly convex aspect. It is divided into three roughly equal blocks by mechanical floors whose corners are recessed in an octagonal shape, creating small open-air interstices behind the columns at these levels. One couple of peregrine falcons has been nesting inside the 32nd floor recess since 1984.
This 190 m (620 ft), 48-story building was the world's tallest reinforced concrete tower until the completion of Lake Point Tower in Chicago in 1968, and the tallest building in Canada until the completion of Toronto-Dominion Centre in 1967.
The building's anchor tenant is still the Montreal Exchange on floors 3 and 4. The national and international law firm Fasken Martineau occupies six floors as well as space for services on the rez de chaussée. The building is managed by Magil Laurentian Realty Corporation. In August 2004 Jolina Capital, owned by Lino Saputo who is also head of foodmaker Saputo Foods, acquired a majority stake in the building. Property management is still handled by Magil Laurentian, who retains a minority stake.
- On February 13, 1969, the Front de libération du Québec set off a bomb at the Stock Exchange, injuring twenty-seven people. No one was killed.
- On April 7, 2005, around 150 students occupied the ground floor of the building to block access to the elevators, as part of a strategy of economic disruption during the 2005 Quebec student strike. They were scattered by riot police two hours later; one arrest was made.
- In March 2010, the Tour de la Bourse was used by artist Aude Moreau for her work Sortir, in which the room lights in the upper levels of the tower were used to spell out the word "Sortir" across its façades.
- Airports Council International
- Autorité des marchés financiers
- Royal Bank of Canada
- Export Development Canada.
- Fasken Martineau
- TMX Group Montreal Exchange
- Tour de la Bourse at Emporis
- Tour de la Bourse at SkyscraperPage
- Tour de la Bourse at Structurae
- Rémillard, Francois (1990). Montreal architecture: A Guide to Styles and Buildings. Montreal: Meridian Press. p. 191. ISBN 978-0-929058-02-3.
- "The Montreal High Lights Festival". Festival Montréal en lumière. 2009. Retrieved 6 October 2010.
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