Transverse cervical artery

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Transverse cervical artery
Thyrocervical trunk.png
Superficial dissection of the right side of the neck, showing the carotid and subclavian arteries (transverse cervical artery is labeled, branching from the thyrocervical trunk)
Superficial and deep branches.png
Superficial and deep branches from the transverse cervical artery
Latin Arteria transversa cervicis,
arteria transversa colli
Source Thyrocervical trunk
Branches Superficial branch
Dorsal scapular artery (Deep Branch)
Transverse cervical veins
Supplies The trapezius and Sternocleidomastoid muscles
Gray's p.82
TA A12.2.08.053
FMA 10664
Anatomical terminology

The transverse cervical artery (transverse artery of neck or transversa colli artery) is an artery in the neck and a branch of the thyrocervical trunk, running at a higher level than the suprascapular artery.


It passes transversely above the inferior belly of the omohyoid muscle to the anterior margin of the trapezius, beneath which it divides into a superficial and a deep branch.

It crosses in front of the phrenic nerve and the scalene muscles, and in front of or between the divisions of the brachial plexus, and is covered by the platysma and sternocleidomastoid muscles, and crossed by the omohyoid and trapezius.


The transverse cervical artery splits into two branches, a superficial one and a deep one:

Additional images[edit]


This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

External links[edit]

  • Anatomy photo:01:04-0100 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center – "Muscles of the Back: Spinal Accessory Nerve (CN XI) and Transverse Cervical Vessels"
  • Anatomy figure: 26:03-04 at Human Anatomy Online, SUNY Downstate Medical Center – "Branches of the first part of the subclavian artery."