Tricolored big-eared bat

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Tricolored big-eared bat
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Phyllostomidae
Genus: Glyphonycteris
Species: G. sylvestris
Binomial name
Glyphonycteris sylvestris
Thomas, 1896
Distribution of Glyphonycteris sylvestris.png

The tricolored big-eared bat (Glyphonycteris sylvestris) is a bat species from South and Central America.

Description[edit]

Individuals weigh 7–11 g (0.25–0.39 oz) and have forearm lengths of 37–42 mm (1.5–1.7 in). The fur on its back is long, woolly, and dark brown. Individual hairs are tricolored, with a dark basal band, lighter middle band, and dark distal band. Its dental formula is 2.1.2.32.1.3.3 for a total of 34 teeth.[2]

Biology and ecology[edit]

It is likely insectivorous and frugivorous. It is nocturnal, roosting in sheltered places during the day such as hollow trees and caves. These roosts consist of a colonies of up to 75 individuals.[2]

Range and habitat[edit]

It is found in several countries in Central and South America. Its range includes: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, French Guiana, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. It is generally found at elevations lower than 800 m (2,600 ft) above sea level, but has been documented up to 1,100 m (3,600 ft).[1]

Conservation[edit]

As of 2008, it is considered a least-concern species by the IUCN. It meets the criteria for this assessment because it has a wide geographic range, its population is presumably large, and it can persist in a variety of habitats.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Zortea, M.; Sampaio, E.; Lim, B.; Peters, S.; Arroyo-Cabrales, J. (2008). "Glyphonycteris sylvestris". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2008: e.T13384A3879030.
  2. ^ a b Medellín, Rodrigo (2014). Ceballos, G., ed. Mammals of Mexico. JHU Press. p. 682. ISBN 1421408430.