From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ontario electoral district
Trinity Spadina.png
Trinity—Spadina in relation to the other Toronto ridings (2003 boundaries)
Defunct federal electoral district
LegislatureHouse of Commons
District created1987
District abolished2013
First contested1988
Last contested2014[1]
District webpageprofile, map
Population (2011)[2]144,733
Electors (2011)96,793
Area (km²)[2]18.55
Census division(s)Toronto
Census subdivision(s)Toronto
Map of Trinity-Spadina

Trinity—Spadina was a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada, that was represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1988 to 2015.

It generally encompassed the western portion of Downtown Toronto.

Its federal Member of Parliament (MP) was Olivia Chow of the New Democratic Party. She defeated Tony Ianno of the Liberal Party of Canada in the January 23, 2006 election. On March 12, 2014, Chow resigned from her seat in order to run for the 2014 Toronto mayoral election, and the seat was won by Adam Vaughan, in a by-election. The riding has long been a battle ground between the NDP and the Liberals, with the Liberals recently winning both federally and provincially.

Major landmarks within the riding included the western portion of the University of Toronto, the CN Tower, Rogers Centre (formerly Skydome), Air Canada Centre, the Canadian Broadcasting Centre, 299 Queen Street West, the Toronto Eaton Centre, the Metro Toronto Convention Centre, Toronto City Hall, Kensington Market, Chinatown, Christie Pits, Trinity Bellwoods Park, the southern portion of Bay Street and Palmerston Boulevard.

The riding contained Toronto's Chinatown, Koreatown, Little Italy, and Little Portugal. The northern section of the riding was the Annex district, while the eastern edge contained part of the University of Toronto and thousands of students.


According to the Canada 2011 Census
Average household income (2010): $86,895
Median household income (2010): $60,659
Median income (2010): $34,761
Unemployment: 7.3%
Language, mother tongue (2011): English 61.2%, Chinese 13.0%, Portuguese 4.4%, French 2.8%, Spanish 2.1%, Italian 1.8%, Korean 1.4%, Arabic 1.4%
Religion (2011): Christian 42.9% (Catholic 24.4%, Anglican 3.6%, Christian Orthodox 2.5%, United Church 2.5%, Presbyterian 1.3%, Other 8.3%), Muslim 4.2%, Jewish 4.1%, Buddhist 3.4%, Hindu 1.8%, No religion 42.5%.
Ethnic groups (2011): White 61.8%, Chinese 16.0%, South Asian 5.1%, Black 3.6%, Korean 1.8%, Filipino 1.8%, Latin American 1.7%, Southeast Asian 1.7%, Arab 1.6%, West Asian 1.1%


It consists of the Toronto Islands and the part of the City of Toronto bounded on the south by Toronto Harbour, and on the west, north and east by a line drawn from the harbour north on Spencer Avenue, east along the Gardiner Expressway, north on Dufferin, east on Queen Street West, southeast along the Canadian Pacific Railway line, north along Dovercourt Road, east along Dundas Street West, north along Ossington Avenue, east along the Canadian Pacific Railway situated north of Dupont Street, south along Avenue Road and Queens Park Crescent West, east along College Street and south along Yonge Street to the Harbour.

These borders were somewhat changed in the 2004 redistribution. The northwestern corner, a somewhat pro-NDP area was lost to Davenport. A large, but mostly business area of Toronto Centre—Rosedale between University Avenue and Yonge St. was given to the riding. This region tends to support the Liberals. The Toronto Islands were also added to the riding from Toronto Centre—Rosedale. This area is very strongly NDP and has a highly activist population that provides many campaign workers for the New Democrats.


The riding was created in 1987 from Trinity and Spadina, and smaller parts of Toronto Centre—Rosedale and Parkdale—High Park.

It consisted initially of the part of the City of Toronto bounded on the south by Toronto Harbour, on the east by Avenue Road, Queen's Park Crescent West, University Avenue and York Street, and on the west and north by a line drawn from the harbour north along Spencer Avenue, east along the Gardiner Expressway, north along Atlantic Avenue, southeast along the Canadian National Railway line, north along Dovercourt Road, east along Bloor Street West, north along Ossington Avenue, and east along the Canadian Pacific Railway line to Avenue Road.

In 2003, it was given its current boundaries as described above.

As per 2012 federal electoral boundaries redistribution and the 2013 representation order, Trinity—Spadina will be dissolved following the conclusion of the next general election to be called after May 1, 2014. The area south of Dundas Street will be transferred to the new electoral district of Spadina—Fort York, the area north of Dundas and west of a line following Bay Street and Front Street will be transferred to the new electoral district of University—Rosedale while the area east of Bay Street and north of Front Street will be transferred to Toronto Centre.[3]

Trinity—Spadina from when it was first created to 1996
The boundaries in place from 1996 to 2003

Members of Parliament[edit]

This riding has elected the following members of the House of Commons of Canada:

Parliament Years Member Party
Riding created from Trinity, Spadina, Toronto Centre—Rosedale,
and Parkdale—High Park
34th  1988–1993     Dan Heap New Democratic
35th  1993–1997     Tony Ianno Liberal
36th  1997–2000
37th  2000–2004
38th  2004–2006
39th  2006–2008     Olivia Chow New Democratic
40th  2008–2011
41st  2011–2014
 2014–2015     Adam Vaughan Liberal
Riding dissolved into Spadina—Fort York,
University—Rosedale, and Toronto Centre

The seat became vacant on March 12, 2014, when Olivia Chow resigned in order to run in the Toronto mayoral election.[4]

Election results[edit]

2014 by-election[edit]

Canadian federal by-election, June 30, 2014
Resignation of Olivia Chow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Adam Vaughan 18,547 53.66 +30.27
New Democratic Joe Cressy 11,802 34.14 −20.37
Conservative Benjamin Sharma 2,022 5.85 −10.96
Green Camille Labchuk 1,880 5.43 +1.05
Christian Heritage Linda Groce-Gibbons 174 0.50 – 
Independent John "The Engineer" Turmel 141 0.41 – 
Total valid votes/Expense limit 34,566 100.00 – 
Total rejected ballots 111 0.32 −0.12
Turnout 34,677 31.78 −37.02
Eligible voters 110,252
Liberal gain from New Democratic Swing +25.32
By-election due to the resignation of Olivia Chow to run in the 2014 Toronto mayoral election.
Source: Elections Canada[5]

2011 election[edit]

The 2011 election was not the expected close race between the incumbent NDP MP Olivia Chow and Liberal candidate, Toronto lawyer Christine Innes (wife of former MP Tony Ianno), that some observers predicted. The Liberals did not make gains here, which were anticipated by those who believed that the number of condominiums along the Toronto waterfront would bring in more centrist and right leaning voters.

2011 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
New Democratic Olivia Chow 35,601 54.51 +13.67
Liberal Christine Innes 15,276 23.39 -11.63
Conservative Gin Siow 10,976 16.81 +3.03
Green Rachel Barney 2,861 4.38 -4.67
Libertarian Chester Brown 456 0.70 -0.12
Marxist–Leninist Nick Lin 140 0.21
Total valid votes/Expense limit 65,310 100.00
Total rejected ballots 301 0.46
Turnout 65,611 68.80
Eligible voters 95,363
New Democratic hold Swing +12.65

2008 election[edit]

2008 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
New Democratic Olivia Chow 24,442 40.88 −5.15 $87,231
Liberal Christine Innes 20,967 35.06 −5.08 $68,343
Conservative Christine McGirr 8,220 13.75 +4.74 $53,815
Green Stephen LaFrenie 5,383 9.00 +5.16 $12,333
Libertarian Chester Brown 490 0.82 $0
Independent Carlos Santos Almeida 164 0.27 $541
Independent Val Illie 130 0.22 $580
Total valid votes/Expense limit 59,796 100.00 $94,303
Total rejected ballots

2006 election[edit]

A third battle between NDP challenger Olivia Chow and longtime Liberal incumbent Tony Ianno took place in the 2006 election. Ianno's narrow victory over Chow in 2004 had surprised most observers. Immediately after the writ was dropped for the federal election, Chow resigned her City Hall seat and vowed not to return to her previous job as municipal councillor. Chow ran a more disciplined campaign than in 2004, focusing on winning her own seat rather than lending her support to the national campaign of her husband, NDP leader Jack Layton. Ianno suffered from the broader decline in Liberal fortunes across Canada, ultimately losing to Chow by nearly six percentage points, the largest margin of victory in any of their three electoral encounters.

The strongest areas for the NDP were the Annex, Seaton Village, the University of Toronto area, Sussex-Ulster and Kensington Market. The Liberals narrowly carried Little Italy, and won the waterfront condo belt by a very wide margin.

2006 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
New Democratic Olivia Chow 28,748 46.03 +3.99 $78,702
Liberal Tony Ianno 25,067 40.14 −3.41 $66,373
Conservative Sam Goldstein 5,625 9.01 +0.36 $22,879
Green Thom Chapman 2,398 3.84 −0.40 $165
Progressive Canadian Asif Hossain 392 0.63 −0.37 $257
Marxist–Leninist Nick Lin 138 0.22 +0.03
Canadian Action John Riddell 82 0.13 −0.04 $25
Total valid votes 62,450 100.00
Total rejected ballots 278 0.44 −0.17
Turnout 62,728 70.9 +7.2

2004 election[edit]

In the 2004 election, New Democrat city councillor Olivia Chow took on Tony Ianno again in what was expected to be a very competitive election. Additionally, Conservative David Watters, Green Anna Costa, Progressive Canadian Party Asif Hossain, Canadian Action Party Tristan Downe-Dewdney and Daniel Knezetic for the Popular Democratic Party contested the election.

The Popular Democratic Party was a social democratic and populist political party formed in 2003. It did not register as a political party with Elections Canada, and closed down after the 2004 election. The PDP proposed decentralization and community involvement in the political process through the creation of community councils to which any elected PDP representative would relinquish all decision making power. The party was anti-war, opposed globalization, was environmentalist, and supported full employment. Its only electoral activity was to run Daniel Knezetic, a University of Toronto student, in this election.

Unlike the 1997 battle between Chow and Ianno, this campaign largely remained civil.[citation needed] Chow was outside of the riding much of the time, campaigning in other ridings due to her national prestige. Many had pegged her to win because of her high profile as the wife of NDP leader Jack Layton. On election night, most were expecting Chow to win, but Ianno won a close but certain victory.

The results surprised many. Chow captured Little Italy, long Ianno's main bedrock of support and an area that polling and sign numbers showed as going strongly for Ianno. The reverse was true of the Annex which was expected to solidly vote for Chow but did so by a fairly small margin.

Ianno won on strong turnout from the waterfront condominiums that voted overwhelmingly in favour of him.

2004 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Liberal Tony Ianno 23,202 43.55 −3.86 $68,821
New Democratic Olivia Chow 22,397 42.04 +3.87 $77,070
Conservative David Watters 4,605 8.64 −2.15 $34,598
Green Mark Viitala 2,259 4.24 +2.91 $1,330
Progressive Canadian Asif Hossain 531 1.00 $24
Marxist–Leninist Nick Lin 102 0.19 −0.06 $164
Canadian Action Tristan Alexander Downe-Dewdney 91 0.17 N/A
Independent Daniel Knezetic 89 0.17 $3,103
Total valid votes 53,276 100.00
Total rejected ballots 329 0.61
Turnout 53,605 63.7
Note: Conservative vote is compared to the total of the Canadian Alliance vote and Progressive Conservative vote in 2000 election.

Prior elections[edit]

2000 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Tony Ianno 19,041 47.41 +2.11
New Democratic Michael Valpy 15,332 38.17 -2.64
Progressive Conservative John E. Polko 2,199 5.47 -1.48
Alliance Lee Monaco 2,135 5.32 +1.22
Marijuana Paul Lewin 640 1.59
Green Matthew Hammond 533 1.33 +0.36
Marxist–Leninist Nick Lin 101 0.25 -0.10
Natural Law Ashley Deans 96 0.24 -0.24
Communist Jesse Benjamin 88 0.22
Total valid votes 40,165
Note: Canadian Alliance vote is compared to the Reform vote in 1997 election.
1997 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Tony Ianno 18,215 45.30 −5.84
New Democratic Olivia Chow 16,413 40.81 +13.83
Progressive Conservative Danielle Wai Mascall 2,793 6.95 −1.15
Reform Nolan Young 1,649 4.10 −3.73
Green Sat Singh Khalsa 392 0.97 −0.64
Natural Law Ashley Deans 194 0.48 −0.53
Independent John Roderick Wilson 159 0.40
Marxist–Leninist J.-P. Bedard 140 0.35 +0.16
Canadian Action Thomas P. Beckerle 130 0.32
Independent Roberto Verdecchia 129 0.32
Total valid votes 40,214 100.00
1993 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Tony Ianno 19,769 51.14 +13.79
New Democratic Winnie Ng 10,430 26.98 -11.57
Progressive Conservative Lee Monaco 3,129 8.09 -13.25
Reform Peter Loftus 3,027 7.83
National Patrick Kutney 881 2.28
Green Chris Lea 623 1.61
Natural Law Ashley James Deans 391 1.01
Libertarian Paul Barker 283 0.73 -0.49
Marxist–Leninist Fernand Deschamps 74 0.19
Abolitionist Robert Martin 52 0.13
Total valid votes 38,659
1988 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes %
New Democratic Dan Heap 15,565 38.55
Liberal Tony Ianno 15,082 37.35
Progressive Conservative Joe Pimentel 8,618 21.34
Libertarian Paul Barker 494 1.22
Rhinoceros John Douglas 444 1.10
Independent Sukhdev S. Grewal 127 0.31
Independent Charles Shrybman 49 0.12
Total valid votes 40,379

See also[edit]


  • "(Code 35095) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012. Retrieved 2011-03-03.


  1. ^ By-elections to the 41st Canadian Parliament#Trinity.E2.80.94Spadina
  2. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 2012
  3. ^ Canada, Elections. "Redistribution of Federal Electoral Districts".
  4. ^ "Olivia Chow resigns seat, set to launch Toronto mayoral bid". Globe and Mail. March 12, 2014. Retrieved March 12, 2014.
  5. ^ "Elections Canada". Elections Canada. October 3, 2014. Retrieved October 12, 2014.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°39′00″N 79°24′22″W / 43.650°N 79.406°W / 43.650; -79.406