Trussville, Alabama

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Location in Jefferson County and the state of Alabama
Location in Jefferson County and the state of Alabama
Coordinates: 33°37′18″N 86°35′47″W / 33.62167°N 86.59639°W / 33.62167; -86.59639
Country United States
State Alabama
Counties Jefferson, St. Clair
 • Mayor Gene Melton
 • Total 22.3 sq mi (57.6 km2)
 • Land 22.2 sq mi (57.4 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 699 ft (213 m)
Population (2014)
 • Total 20,702
 • Density 897.9/sq mi (347.3/km2)
ZIP code 35173
Area code(s) 205
FIPS code 01-76944
GNIS feature ID 0153729

Trussville is a city in Jefferson and St. Clair counties in the State of Alabama. A suburb of Birmingham, Trussville's estimated 2014 population was 20,702.[1]

Trussville has been recognized as one of the most liveable cities in the state and country. It was named one of the ten best towns in Alabama for young families,[2] listed among the five best Birmingham suburbs,[3] and included in Money magazine's list of 100 best places to live in America.[4]


Trussville is located at 33°37′18″N 86°35′47″W / 33.62167°N 86.59639°W / 33.62167; -86.59639 (33.621623, -86.596404).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.2 square miles (57 km2), of which 22.2 square miles (57 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.27%) is water.


Early Settlement[edit]

The first European settler to establish residence in the area was Warren Truss, who entered the area with his brothers and constructed a grist mill on the Cahaba River in 1821. Truss was a North Carolina man of English descent.[6] Trussville remained an agricultural community until after the Civil War, when the Alabama-Chattanooga Railway was built through the city. By 1886 a blast furnace was built on what is now the site of the new Cahaba Elementary School.

Cahaba Project[edit]

Much of Trussville's growth and development came from the Cahaba Project, a planned development of over 250 homes constructed by Franklin D. Roosevelt's Government Resettlement Administration during the 1930s. The Cahaba Project was originally planned by staff at the Alabama Polytechnic Institute to be a rural community of small farmsteads raising potatoes and vegetables. By the middle of the decade it was decided to locate the community close enough to Birmingham to commute by public transit, so the site in Trussville was chosen. About 60 existing houses were demolished, with white residents moved to the Roper Hill community and cottages for African-Americans built on a 40-acre tract northwest of the Cahaba Project called "Washington Heights" or, more commonly, "The Forties".

Local landscape architect W. H. Kestler designed a relatively dense suburban layout with 400 houses on 1/2 to 3/4 acre lots encircling a central green space called "The Mall". The design was approved in 1936 and constructed over the following two years. In all, 243 single-family houses and 44 duplexes were constructed at a total cost of $2,661,981.26. They were rented to approved lower-middle-income families for $14-$23 per month. The village featured paved streets, sidewalks and landscaped park areas. An entrance gateway with a covered gazebo was built at the corner of Main Street and Parkway Drive to serve as the community's "front door".

Most of the one- and two-level homes were constructed in the American four-square style with brick and wood siding, pine floors and metal roofs. Each house had electricity, hot-and-cold running water, and a sewer connection. Two oak saplings were given to each household to beautify their yards. During World War II many families planted Victory Gardens to supplement their grocery rations.

Oak furnishings and appliances were also available to renters at a nominal cost from the government. A back porch was supplied with a hose for a wringer-type washer. A communal washer was also available in a separate building on the mall. Other community facilities included a swimming pool, an elementary school and a high school, all built near the mall. A co-op store was erected near the high school, serving as a general store and lending library. Several churches were founded, including the Holy Infant of Prague Catholic Church.

The Cahaba Association, the Village residents' organization, elected community leaders, raised funds for civic projects, and published the Cahaba Hub newspaper. Many residents participated in an amateur softball league which made use of a lighted field on the mall. Resentment over the privileges given to residents of the government-funded Cahaba Project resulted in tensions between them and the "Old Trussville" families, many of whom lacked electricity and indoor plumbing. The presence of so many community facilities within the project limited interactions between the project's residents and their neighbors.

After World War II the government made plans to sell the houses to residents. It also offered undeveloped parcels for sale, giving veterans the first option at 10 percent down. The Cahaba Project was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2002.

Incorporation & Growth[edit]

On June 10, 1947, Trussville was incorporated as a town, and on May 31, 1957, the town officially became a city. It was on this date the City of Trussville was adopted as the official name.[7]

Today Trussville is one of the Birmingham region's most rapidly growing areas. In the 30-year period between 1980 and 2010, the city grew by over 500%. It has seen much residential and retail construction, with two major shopping centers built during the early 2000s: the Colonial Promenade at Trussville on its western side and both the Colonial Promenade Tutwiler Farm and Pinnacle at Tutwiler Farm along Highway 11 at the I-59/I-459 interchange.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1950 1,575
1960 2,510 59.4%
1970 2,985 18.9%
1980 3,507 17.5%
1990 8,266 135.7%
2000 12,924 56.4%
2010 19,933 54.2%
Est. 2014 20,702 [8] 3.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
2013 Estimate[10]

In 2010 the United States Census Bureau listed the Trussville population as 19,993, making it one of the fastest growing cities in Jefferson County and Alabama. There were 19,933 people, 7,325 households, and 5,809 families residing in the city. The population density was 897.9 people per square mile (346.1/km²). There were 7,667 housing units at an average density of 345.4 per square mile (133.1/km²).

The racial makeup of the city was 90.3% White, 6.6% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.5% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. 1.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,325 households out of which 35.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.0% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.7% were non-families. 18.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 30.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.5 years. For every 100 females there were 91.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males.


Trussville City Schools serve 4,233 students[11] and are ranked among the top 10 districts in the state of Alabama by both Niche[12] and School Digger.[13] The mascot is the Husky, and team colors are red and gray.

Trussville schools were part of the Jefferson County School System until 2005. In 2000, a financial crisis forced the county to reduce funding for teachers, and when the city of Trussville was not allowed to offset these reductions with its own funds, it began to explore the possibility of creating a separate system. In 2004, the city council passed a resolution that created the Trussville Board of Education, and in 2005, Trussville City Schools officially separated from the Jefferson County School System.[14]

The system consists of four schools:

Two additional schools are currently under construction: Cahaba Elementary School and Magnolia Elementary School, both slated to serve grades K-5 and scheduled to open for the 2016-17 school year.[15] Paine Primary and Intermediate Schools will combine to form Paine Elementary School, which will also serve grades K-5.


The 2014 median family income was $94,875, with 1.1% of families living below the poverty line. The unemployment rate was 5.8%, and the city's future job growth is predicted to be 32.3%. The city's sale tax rate is 10% and the income tax rate is 5%.[16]

Approximately 88% of Trussville residents are employed in white collar occupations.[17] The most popular jobs in Trussville are in sales and administration, which account for 28% of all positions.[16] Management, business, and finance positions made up 24% of all jobs, followed by healthcare professionals at 9% and educators at 8%.

Trussville has seen extensive retail development over the past twenty years, especially along Highway 11 by the I-459 exit and along Chalkville Mountain Road by the I-59 exit.


The local newspaper is The Trussville Tribune. The Tribune, which covers crime, government, sports and community events in Trussville, Clay and Pinson, is published each Wednesday and provides news online.[18]

Notable People[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ "Alabama (USA): State, Major Cities & Places - Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". Retrieved 2015-09-06. 
  2. ^ "Best Cities for Young Families". Retrieved August 19, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Best Birmingham Suburbs". Retrieved August 19, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Money Magazine Best Places to Live". Retrieved August 19, 2015. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ Trussville, Alabama: A Brief History By Gary Lloyd page 11
  7. ^
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved August 10, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Niche Best School Districts Trussville". 
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^ "voicesfromtheschoolhouse - Brief history of education in Trussville, Alabama.". Retrieved 2015-08-27. 
  15. ^ "New Trussville elementary schools officially named". The Trussville Tribune. Retrieved 2015-09-06. 
  16. ^ a b "Trussville, Alabama Economy". Retrieved 2015-09-13. 
  17. ^ "Trussville AL Real Estate Information - NeighborhoodScout". Retrieved 2015-09-13. 
  18. ^ "The Trussville Tribune". The Trussville Tribune. Retrieved 2015-09-13. 

Coordinates: 33°37′18″N 86°35′47″W / 33.621623°N 86.596404°W / 33.621623; -86.596404