Types of swords

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This is a list of types of swords.

The term sword used here is a narrow definition. This is not a general list of bladed weapons and does not include the machete or similar "sword-like" weapons.


European swords[edit]

Ancient history[edit]

Post-Classical history[edit]

Main article: Oakeshott typology

Modern history[edit]

16th and 17th centuries[edit]

18th and 19th centuries[edit]

African swords[edit]

Sub-Saharan African swords[edit]

Asian swords[edit]

West Asian and North African swords[edit]

Main article: Scimitar

All of the Islamic world during the 16th to 18th century, including the Ottoman Empire and Persia were influenced by the saif or "scimitar" type of single-edged curved sword. Via the Mameluke sword this also gave rise to the European cavalry sabre.

Terms for the "scimitar" curved sword:

East Asian swords[edit]

Main article: Chinese sword
Main article: Japanese sword
Main article: Korean sword

South and Southeast Asian swords[edit]

Swords and knives found in Southeast Asia are influenced by Indian, Far Eastern (Chinese) as well as Near Eastern (Muslim) and European (Spanish) forms.

  • Balisword: an exceptionally large balisong knife. Similar to a balisong, two hilts cover the blade of a balisword
  • Bolo: a large cutting tool of Filipino used in their revolutions
  • Buntot Pagi: Stingray tails used as a weapon of Filipino origin
  • Dahong Palay: a Filipino machete-like sword with capability for thrusting
  • Dha: single-edged Burmese sword, perhaps influenced by the Chinese Dao (For Thai : Daab)
  • Kalis: double-edged "wavy" Filipino sword, similar to the Kris dagger
  • Kampilan: large single-edged Filipino sword
  • Klewang: single-edged Indonesian sword similar to the Filipino Kampilan
  • Krabi: Thai sabre used in Krabi krabong
  • Pinuti: Filipino sword influenced by the West and used also as a farm tool


See also[edit]