United States Senate elections, 1922 and 1923

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United States Senate elections, 1922
United States
← 1920 / 1921 November 7, 1922
(September 11, 1922 in Maine)
1924 →

36 of the 96 seats in the United States Senate
49 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Henry Cabot Lodge c1916.jpg Joseph T. Robinson cropped.jpg
Leader Henry Cabot Lodge
(Unofficial)
Joseph Robinson
Party Republican Democratic
Leader's seat Massachusetts Arkansas
Last election 59 seats 37 seats
Seats before 59 36
Seats won 53 42
Seat change Decrease 6 Increase 6

  Third party
 
Party Farmer–Labor
Last election 0 seats
Seats before 0
Seats won 1
Seat change Increase 1

US 1922 senate election map.svg
Results including special elections
     Democratic gains      Republican gains      Farmer-Labor gains
     Democratic holds      Republican holds      Farmer–Labor holds

Majority Leader before election

Henry Cabot Lodge
Republican

Elected Majority Leader

Henry Cabot Lodge
Republican

The United States Senate elections of 1922 and 1923 was an election which occurred in the middle of Republican President Warren G. Harding's term. With the Republicans divided between conservative and progressive factions, the Democrats gained six net seats from the Republicans while the Farmer-Labor party gained one. The Republicans retained their Senate majority.

Gains and losses[edit]

Republicans gained two seats, defeating defeated incumbent Democrats Gilbert M. Hitchcock (Nebraska) and Atlee Pomerene (Ohio).

Democrats took one open seat in Indiana and defeated seven Republican incumbents:

In Minnesota, the Farmer-Labor Party gained its first U.S. Senator, when Henrik Shipstead defeated incumbent Republican Frank B. Kellogg.

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Before the elections
D D D D D D D V
D D D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D R
R R R R R R R R R R
R
R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R
Beginning of the next Congress
D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
R R R R R F D D D D
R
R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R
Key:
D = Democratic
F = Farmer-Labor
R = Republican
V = Vacant
Majority
divider

Race summaries[edit]

Special elections during the 67th Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winner were seated during 1922 or before March 4, 1923; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Delaware
(Class 1)
T. Coleman du Pont Republican 1921 (Appointed) Interim appointee lost election.
New senator elected November 7, 1922.
Democratic gain.
Winner also elected to the next term, see below.
Thomas F. Bayard, Jr. (Democratic) 49.7%
T. Coleman du Pont (Republican) 49.6%
Georgia
(Class 3)
Rebecca Latimer Felton Democratic 1922 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected November 7, 1922.
Democratic hold.
Walter F. George (Democratic) unopposed
Iowa
(Class 2)
Charles A. Rawson Republican 1922 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected November 7, 1922.
Republican hold.
Smith W. Brookhart (Republican) 63.1%
Clyde L. Herring (Democratic) 36.9%
Pennsylvania
(Class 1)
David A. Reed Republican 1922 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected November 7, 1922.
Winner also elected to the next term, see below.
David A. Reed (Republican) 86.1%
Rachel C. Robinson (Prohibitionist) 6.0%
William J. VanEssen (Socialist) 5.6%
Pennsylvania
(Class 3)
George W. Pepper Republican 1922 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected November 7, 1922. George W. Pepper (Republican) 57.6%
Fred B. Kerr (Democratic) 32.9%

Elections leading to the 68th Congress[edit]

In these general elections, the winners were elected for the term beginning March 4, 1923; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 1 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Arizona Henry F. Ashurst Democratic 1912
1916
Incumbent re-elected. Henry F. Ashurst (Democratic) 65.0%
James H. McClintock (Republican) 35.0%
California Hiram W. Johnson Republican 1916 Incumbent re-elected. Hiram W. Johnson (Republican) 62.2%
William J. Pearson (Democratic) 23.8%
H. Clay Needham (Independent) 7.8%
Upton Sinclair (Socialist) 6.3%
Connecticut George P. McLean Republican 1911
1916
Incumbent re-elected. George P. McLean (Republican) 52.3%
Thomas J. Spellacy (Democratic) 45.5%
Delaware T. Coleman du Pont Republican 1921 (Appointed) Interim appointee lost election.
Democratic gain.
Thomas F. Bayard, Jr. (Democratic) 49.8%
T. Coleman du Pont (Republican) 49.4%
Florida Park Trammell Democratic 1916 Incumbent re-elected. Park Trammell (Democratic) 88.0%
W. C. Lawson (Independent) 11.7%
Indiana Harry S. New Republican 1916 Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Samuel M. Ralston (Democratic) 50.9%
Albert J. Beveridge (Republican) 47.8%
Maine Frederick Hale Republican 1916 Incumbent re-elected September 11, 1922. Frederick Hale (Republican) 57.5%
Oakley C. Curtis (Democratic) 42.5%
Maryland Joseph I. France Republican 1916 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
William Cabell Bruce (Democratic) 52.6%
Joseph I. France (Republican) 45.6%
Massachusetts Henry Cabot Lodge Republican 1893
1899
1905
1911
1916
Incumbent re-elected. Henry Cabot Lodge (Republican) 47.6%
William A. Gaston (Democratic) 46.8%
Michigan Charles E. Townsend Republican 1911
1916
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Woodbridge N. Ferris (Democratic) 50.6%
Charles E. Townsend (Republican) 48.4%
Minnesota Frank B. Kellogg Republican 1916 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Farmer-Labor gain.
Henrik Shipstead (Farmer-Labor) 47.1%
Frank B. Kellogg (Republican) 35.0%
Anna D. Olesen (Democratic) 17.9%
Mississippi John S. Williams Democratic 1908 (Early)
1916
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Hubert D. Stephens (Democratic) 92.8%
John C. Cook (Republican) 5.3%
Missouri James A. Reed Democratic 1910
1916
Incumbent re-elected. James A. Reed (Democratic) 51.9%
R. R. Brewster (Republican) 47.3%
Montana Henry L. Myers Democratic 1911
1916
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected in 1922.
Democratic hold.
Burton K. Wheeler (Democratic) 55.4%
Carl W. Riddick (Republican) 43.6%
Nebraska Gilbert M. Hitchcock Democratic 1911
1916
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Robert B. Howell (Republican) 56.8%
Gilbert M. Hitchcock (Democratic) 38.2%
Nevada Key Pittman Democratic 1913 (Special)
1916
Incumbent re-elected. Key Pittman (Democratic) 62.8%
Charles S. Chandler (Republican) 37.2%
New Jersey Joseph S. Frelinghuysen Republican 1916 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Edward I. Edwards (Democratic) 54.9%
Joseph S. Frelinghuysen (Republican) 44.1%
New Mexico Andrieus A. Jones Democratic 1916 Incumbent re-elected. Andrieus A. Jones (Democratic) 55.2%
S. B. Davis, Jr. (Republican) 44.1%
New York William M. Calder Republican 1916 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected in 1922.
Democratic gain.
Royal S. Copeland (Democratic) 52.6%
William M. Calder (Republican) 41.0%
North Dakota Porter J. McCumber Republican 1899
1905
1911
1916
Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
Lynn J. Frazier (Republican) 52.28%
J. F. T. O'Connor (Democratic) 47.72%[1]
Ohio Atlee Pomerene Democratic 1911
1916
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Simeon D. Fess (Republican) 50.9%
Atlee Pomerene (Democratic) 47.7%
Pennsylvania David A. Reed Republican 1922 (Appointed)
1922 (Special)
Interim appointee elected.
Winner was also elected to finish the current term, see above.
David A. Reed (Republican) 55.6%
Samuel L. Schull (Democratic) 30.1%
William J. Burke (Progressive) 8.8%
Rhode Island Peter G. Gerry Democratic 1916 Incumbent re-elected. Peter G. Gerry (Democratic) 52.2%
R. Livingston Beeckman (Republican) 43.4%
Tennessee Kenneth D. McKellar Democratic 1916 Incumbent re-elected. Kenneth D. McKellar (Democratic) 68.0%
Newell Sanders (Republican) 32.0%
Texas Charles A. Culberson Democratic  ? Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Earle B. Mayfield (Democratic) 66.6%
George E. B. Peddy (Republican) 33.4%
Utah William H. King Democratic  ? Incumbent re-elected. William H. King (Democratic) 48.6%
Ernest Bamberger (Republican) 48.2%
Vermont Caroll S. Page Republican  ? Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
Frank L. Greene (Republican) 67.9%
William B. Mayo (Democratic) 32.1%
Virginia Claude A. Swanson Democratic 1910 (Appointed)
1911 (Appointed)
1912 (Special)
1916
Incumbent re-elected in 1922. Claude A. Swanson (Democratic) 71.9%
J. W. McGavock (Republican) 26.5%
Matt N. Lewis (Independent) 1.62%
Washington Miles Poindexter Republican  ? Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Clarence C. Dill (Democratic) 44.2%
Miles Poindexter (Republican) 43.0%
James A. Duncan (Farmer-Labor) 12.0%
West Virginia Howard Sutherland Republican  ? Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Matthew M. Neely (Democratic) 51.2%
Howard Sutherland (Republican) 47.6%
Wisconsin Robert M. La Follette Sr. Republican 1905
1911
1916
Incumbent re-elected in 1922. Robert M. La Follette Sr. (Republican) 80.6%
Jesse J. Hooper (Independent) 16.6%
Adolph R. Bucknam (Prohibitionist) 2.3%
Wyoming John B. Kendrick Democratic  ? Incumbent re-elected. John B. Kendrick (Democratic) 57.3%
F. W. Mondell (Republican) 42.7%

Elections during the 68th Congress[edit]

In this special election, the winner was seated after March 4, 1923.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Minnesota
(Class 2)
Knute Nelson Republican 1895
1901
1907
1913
1918
Incumbent died April 28, 1923.
New senator elected July 16, 1923.
Farmer-Labor gain.
Magnus Johnson (Farmer-Labor)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

See also[edit]

References[edit]