United States House of Representatives elections in Pennsylvania, 1828

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United States House of Representatives elections in Pennsylvania, 1828
Pennsylvania
1826 ←
October 14, 1828 → 1830

All 26 Pennsylvania seats to the United States House of Representatives
  Majority party Minority party Third party
 
Party Jacksonian Anti-Jacksonian Anti-Masonic
Last election 20 6 0
Seats won 24 1 1
Seat change Increase 4 Decrease 5 Increase 1

Elections to the United States House of Representatives in Pennsylvania for the 21st Congress were held October 14, 1828. Members of three different parties were elected to the 21st Congress, the first time in US history that a third party won seats. The new Anti-Masonic Party won a total of 5 seats, 1 of which was in Pennsylvania.

Background[edit]

In the previous election, 20 Jacksonians and 5 Anti-Jacksonians had been elected with one vacancy, which was filled in a special election by an Anti-Jacksonian, for a total of 20 Jacksonians and 6 Anti-Jacksonians.

Congressional districts[edit]

Pennsylvania was divided into 18 districts, 6 of which were plural districts

Note: Several of these counties covered larger areas than today, having since been divided into smaller counties

Election results[edit]

20 incumbents (15 Jacksonians and 5 Anti-Jacksonians) ran for re-election, of whom 12 (all Jacksonians) were re-elected. The incumbents Charles Miner (AJ) of the 4th district, George Kremer (J), Espy Van Horne (J), and Samuel McKean (J) of the 9th district, John Mitchell (J) of the 12th district and Robert Orr, Jr. (J) of the 16th district did not run for re-election.

A total of 8 seats changed paries. One seat changed from Jacksonian control to Anti-Masonic control, one changed from Jacksonian to Anti-Jacksonian, and six changed from Anti-Jacksonian to Jacksonian, for a net change of five seats lost by the Anti-Jacksonians, four gained by the Jacksonians, and one gained by the Anti-Masonics.

1828 United States House election results
District Jacksonian Anti-Jacksonian Other
1st Joel B. Sutherland (I) 3,072 74.7% Peter A. Browne 1,038 25.3%
2nd Joseph Hemphill 3,569 54.2% John Sergeant (I) 3,012 45.8%
3rd Daniel H. Miller (I) 4,497 68.3% Samuel Harvey 2,090 31.7%
4th
3 seats
James Buchanan (I) 10,004 17.6% Samuel Anderson (I) 9,023 15.9%
Joshua Evans, Jr. 9,932 17.5% Townsend Haines 9,006 15.9%
George G. Leiper 9,538 17.4% William Hiester 8,957 15.8%
5th John B. Sterigere (I) 3,275 56.9% Joseph Royer 2,484 43.1%
6th Innis Green (I) 3,129 72.0% Valentine Hummel 1,214 28.0%
7th
2 seats
Joseph Fry, Jr. (I) 4,750 31.1% Henry King 3,118 20.4%
Henry A. P. Muhlenberg 4,391 28.8% William Addams[1] (I) 2,994 19.6%
8th
2 seats
George Wolf (I) 6,736 30.6% James M. Porter 4,387 20.0%
Samuel D. Ingham 6,591 30.0% Thomas G. Kennedy 4,273 19.4%
9th
3 seats
Philander Stephens 9,331 26.9% John Murray 2,944 8.5%
James Ford 9,244 26.6% Chauncey Alford 2,583 7.4%
Alem Marr 8,999 25.9% George M. Hollenback 1,632 4.7%
10th Adam King (I) 2,514 63.2% William McIlvine 1,463 36.8%
11th Thomas H. Crawford 6,792 29.9% James Wilson (I) 4,657 20.5%
William Ramsey (I) 6,667 29.3% George Chambers 4,635 20.4%
12th John Scott 3,203 44.3% William P. Maclay 2,265 31.3%
David H. Huling 1,768 24.4%
13th Chauncey Forward (I) 2,934 51.9% William Piper 2,722 48.1%
14th Thomas Irwin 3,247 56.3% Andrew Stewart (I) 2,523 43.7%
15th William McCreery 2,689 64.8% Joseph Lawrence (I) 1,461 35.2%
16th
2 seats
John Gilmore 6,172 29.6% Robert Moore 3,813 18.3% William Wilkins[2] 5,133 24.7%
James S. Stevenson (I) 4,947 23.8% William Ayers[3] 752 3.6%
17th Richard Coulter (I) 4,770 100%
18th Stephen Barlow (I) 3,128 45.7% Thomas H. Sill 3,718 54.3%

Special elections[edit]

Two special elections were held in 1829 for the 21st Congress. The first was held on October 13, 1829 in the 8th district to fill two vacancies caused by the resignations of Samuel D. Ingham (J) and George Wolf (J) before the first meeting of the 21st Congress. Wolf's resignation was due to his having been elected Governor of Pennsylvania.[4] The second was held on December 15, 1829 in the 16th district, to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of William Wilkins (AM) on November 9, 1829, before the first session of the 21st Congress began.

1828 Special elections results
District Jacksonian Anti-Masonic
8th
2 seats
Peter Ihrie, Jr. 5,602 27.2%
Samuel A. Smith 5,168 25.1%
Nathaniel B. Eldred 4,993 24.3%
George Harrison 4,822 23.4%
16th James S. Stevenson 3,090 42.3% Harmar Denny 4,208 57.7%

No seat changed parties after these special elections.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Changed parties
  2. ^ Anti-Masonic
  3. ^ Party affiliation unknown
  4. ^ 21st Congress membership roster