Varusham 16

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Varusham 16
Varusham 16.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byFazil
Written byGokula Krishnan (dialogues)
Screenplay byFazil
Story byFazil
Produced byOusepachan Vaalakuzhy
Edited byT. R. Sekar
Music byIlaiyaraaja
Ganga Chithra Productions
Release date
  • 18 February 1989 (1989-02-18)

Varusham 16 (read as "Varusham Padhinaaru"; transl. Year 16) is a 1989 Indian Tamil-language film, directed by Fazil. The film stars Karthik and Khushbu, with Sukumari, V. K. Ramasamy, Janagaraj, Charle and Vadivukkarasi in supporting roles.[1] It is a remake of Fazil's own Malayalam film Ennennum Kannettante.[2][3] Karthik won the Filmfare Award for Best Actor – Tamil for his performance in the film. It was dubbed into Telugu as Premanjali and released on 21 April 1989.[4]


Kannan, a convict, is released from prison after sixteen years. Rajamani, his grandfather's servant is there to receive him. Kannan enquires Rajamani about the past sixteen years. After entering into the house, he recollects his memories. Kannan is the eldest grandson of the family. Kannan arrives at the village for his family temple festival. Kannan is loved by all the family members. Kannan's maternal uncle's daughter also arrived for the festival after sixteen years. In the beginning, both of them tease each other but later both of them fall in love. This is opposed by her maternal grandmother and cousin. On the day of festival, in a fight between Kannan and Moorthy, Radhika was shot dead by her cousin. An enraged Kannan get into a brawl with Moorthy and in that, Moorthy dies. Kannan was imprisoned for sixteen years. Kannan asked Rajamani to inform his arrival to his family and the ritual has to be performed every year.



The role of the lead actress was offered to Nirosha; due to her clash of dates, the director choose to cast Khushbu.[5]


The music was composed by Ilaiyaraaja, with lyrics by Vaali.[6][7] The song "Gangai Karai Mannanadi" is set in Todi, a Hindustani raga,[8] "Hey Aiyasamy" is set in Dharmavati, a Carnatic raga,[9] "Karayatha Manamum" is set to Hema Bhushani,[10] "Pazhamuthir Cholai" is set in Harikambhoji,[11][12] and "Poo Pookum Masam" is set in Keeravani.[13]

Tamil track list
1."Pazhamuthir Cholai"K. J. Yesudas4:36
2."Hey Aiyasamy"S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, K. S. Chithra4:31
3."Poo Pookum Masam"P. Susheela4:45
4."Gangai Karai Mannanadi"K. J. Yesudas5:40
5."Karayatha Manamum"K. J. Yesudas, K. S. Chithra4:29
Total length:24:01
Telugu track list (Premanjali)[4]
1."Brundaavaname Naakosame"RajasriS. P. Balasubrahmanyam4:31
2."Hey Chitti Naannaa"RajasriS. P. Balasubrahmanyam, P. Susheela4:29
3."Koothaku Vacchenu"RajasriP. Susheela4:34
4."Raagaale Paadedhane"RajasriS. P. Balasubrahmanyam4:11
Total length:17:45

Release and reception[edit]

Varusham 16 was released on 18 February 1989.[14] N. Krishnaswamy of The Indian Express wrote that Karthik "puts much life and energy into his role", Khushbu "looks just out of school" and Viswanathan was "great as the head of the family", while also appreciating Jayabharathi, Vadivukkarasi and Charle's performances.[15] P. S. S. of Kalki said the film could be watched for the cast performances.[16] Karthik won the Filmfare Award for Best Actor – Tamil.[17]


  1. ^ Arvind, T. (2 November 2017). "The numbers game: Tamil cinema's numerical titles". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 3 December 2017. Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  2. ^ Menon, Neelima (18 January 2018). "Telling the tales of lonesome souls: Fazil's filmography in retrospect". Archived from the original on 13 February 2018. Retrieved 27 October 2021.
  3. ^ Umashanker, Sudha (2 May 1998). "Penchant for riveting romances". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 27 April 2008. Retrieved 6 June 2022.
  4. ^ a b "Premanjali". Retrieved 16 November 2021.
  5. ^ ஆனந்தராஜ், கு. (24 December 2019). "80'ஸ் எவர்கிரீன் நாயகிகள் - 10 - காதல் கொடுத்த துணிச்சலால் தப்பிச்சு வந்தேன்!". Ananda Vikatan (in Tamil). Archived from the original on 3 November 2021. Retrieved 3 November 2021.
  6. ^ "Varusham 16 (1989)". Archived from the original on 23 February 2014. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
  7. ^ "Varusham 16 Tamil Film LP VInyl Record by Ilayaraaja". Mossymart. Archived from the original on 27 October 2021. Retrieved 27 October 2021.
  8. ^ Mani, Charulatha (21 December 2012). "Towering Todi". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 28 January 2021. Retrieved 27 October 2021.
  9. ^ Sundararaman 2007, p. 131.
  10. ^ Sundararaman 2007, p. 137.
  11. ^ "Positively tranquil". The Hindu. 7 December 2013. Archived from the original on 27 October 2021. Retrieved 27 October 2021.
  12. ^ Sundararaman 2007, p. 153.
  13. ^ Sundararaman 2007, p. 154.
  14. ^ "வருஷம்.16". The Indian Express (in English and Tamil). 18 February 1989. p. 3. Retrieved 27 October 2021.
  15. ^ Krishnaswamy, N. (17 March 1989). "Varusham 16". The Indian Express. p. 5. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  16. ^ பி.எஸ்.எஸ். (12 March 1989). "வருஷம்.16". Kalki (in Tamil). p. 17. Archived from the original on 31 July 2022. Retrieved 28 October 2021.
  17. ^ "Double honour for Kamal". The Indian Express. Express News Service. 14 June 1990. p. 3. Retrieved 15 May 2021.


  • Sundararaman (2007) [2005]. Raga Chintamani: A Guide to Carnatic Ragas Through Tamil Film Music (2nd ed.). Pichhamal Chintamani. OCLC 295034757.

External links[edit]