Victory (The Jacksons album)
|Studio album by The Jacksons|
|Released||July 2, 1984|
|Recorded||November 1983 – May 1984 at A&R Recording, New York City, Can-Am Recorders, Evergreen Studios, Hog Manor Studios, Image Recorders, The Ponderosa Studio, Record One Studio, Soundcastle Studios, Sunset Sound, The Villa; Westlake Audio; Bill Schnee Studio; Hollywood Sound; Ocean Way Studios, Sunset Sound & The Village Recorders, Los Angeles|
|The Jacksons chronology|
|Singles from Victory|
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
Victory is the 16th studio album by The Jacksons. It was released on July 2, 1984 by Epic Records. The album was the only album to include all six Jackson brothers together as an official group; also, it was the last album entirely recorded with lead singer Michael Jackson. The album sold over seven million copies worldwide, peaking at No. 4 on the US Billboard 200. On July 17, 1984, the album was certified Gold by the BPI for the sales of at least 100.000 copies in the United Kingdom. On October 30, 1984, the album was certified 2× Platinum by RIAA for the sales of over 2 million copies in the United States.
Victory was supported by the Victory Tour, with lead singer Michael Jackson, who had recently released the world's all-time best-selling album, Thriller, prominently featured. Shortly after the tour ended, Michael and Marlon Jackson quit the group. Jermaine, Tito, Randy and Jackie Jackson continued on as the Jacksons, and releasing one more album, 1989's 2300 Jackson Street (whose title track did feature all six Jackson brothers, along with their sisters Janet and Rebbie) before splitting up.
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After a successful reunion on the Motown 25 television special in 1983, Jermaine Jackson decided to return to the group, having left Motown after nine years as a full-fledged soloist. His brothers had left Motown for Epic in 1975, but despite the reunion, the brothers rarely worked together on the album; it was mainly composed of solo songs the brothers had each worked on during that time. Each brother had a solo song on the album: Michael on "Be Not Always", Randy on “One More Chance” and “The Hurt", Tito on “We Can Change the World", Jackie on “Wait" and Marlon on “Body.” Jermaine only sings co-lead vocals with Michael on "Torture". He also performs ad-libs on "Wait" and is additionally named as a background vocalist on "One More Chance" and "The Hurt". "Torture" was originally planned to be a duet between Michael and Jackie (the song's writer), but when Jermaine officially re-joined the group, he took over the parts intended for Jackie (who can still be heard during the song's chorus and ad-libs).
The album only had two videos — for the songs "Torture" and "Body" — and neither Jermaine nor Michael appeared in either one. A wax dummy of Michael acted as a stand in for the "Torture" video.
Michael recorded "State of Shock", a duet originally recorded with Queen lead vocalist Freddie Mercury. The duo were unable to finish the track, so Michael ended up recording a second version of the track with Rolling Stones frontman Mick Jagger.
Tensions reportedly grew between the brothers during the recording sessions and as a result, minimal publicity photography was done.
The album cover art was commissioned from famed illustrator Michael Whelan. On the first release of the record there was a white dove on Randy's shoulder (third from left). On later issues the bird was removed.
|1.||"Torture" (recorded November 11, 1983 – May 7, 1984, at the Soundcastle Studios)||Jackie, Kathy Wakefield||Jermaine, Michael, Jackie||4:53|
|2.||"Wait" (recorded 1983, at the Record One, Sunset Sound, The Villa & Hog Manor Studios)||Jackie, David Paich||Jackie, Michael, Jermaine||5:25|
|3.||"One More Chance" (recorded at the Soundcastle Studios)||Randy||Randy, Jermaine||5:06|
|4.||"Be Not Always" (recorded 1984, at the Image Recorders & Evergreen Studios)||Michael, Marlon||Michael||5:36|
|5.||"State of Shock" (recorded 1983–1984, at the Westlake Audio & A & R Recording (N.Y.))||Michael, Randy Hansen||Michael, Mick Jagger||4:30|
|6.||"We Can Change the World" (recorded at the Soundcastle Studios and The Ponderosa Studio)||Tito, Wayne Arnold||Tito||4:45|
|7.||"The Hurt" (recorded at the Soundcastle Studios, Can-Am Recorders & Hog Manor Studio)||Michael, Randy, David Paich, Steve Porcaro||Randy||5:26|
|8.||"Body" ((recorded November 11, 1983 – May 7, 1984, at the Soundcastle Studios)||Marlon||Marlon||5:06|
- Produced by: Jackie Jackson (track 1), David Paich, Steve Porcaro & Jackie Jackson (track 2), Randy Jackson (track 3), Michael Jackson (tracks 4 & 5), Tito Jackson (track 6), The Jacksons, David Paich & Steve Porcaro (track 7), Marlon Jackson (track 8)
- Engineers: Brent Averil, Bill Bottrell, Tito Jackson, Tom Knox, Bruce Swedien
- Assistant engineers: Niko Bolas, Ollie Cotton, Paul Erickson, Bino Espinoza, Matt Forger, Stuart Furusho, Mitch Gibson, Mike Hatcher, Shep Longsdale, Brian Malouf, Terry Stewart, John Van Nest
- Mixing: Niko Bolas, Bill Bottrell, Greg Ladanyi, Bruce Swedien
- Randy Jackson: vocals, keyboards, synthesizers, percussion
- Jackie Jackson: vocals, horn arrangements
- Michael Jackson: vocals, Linn LM-1 programming, handclaps
- Marlon Jackson: vocals, keyboards, Linn LM-1 programming
- Tito Jackson: vocals, guitars, keyboards, synthesizers, drum programming
- Jermaine Jackson: vocals
- John Barnes, Michael Boddicker, David Ervin, Derek Nakamoto, David Paich, Steve Porcaro: keyboards and synthesizers
- Lenny Castro, Paulinho da Costa: percussion
- Jonathan Moffett, Jeff Porcaro: drums
- Nathan East, Louis Johnson: bass
- Steve Lukather, Greg Poree, Jack Wargo, David Williams, Greg Wright: guitars
- Gayle Levant: harmonica
- Murray Adler: concertmaster
- Jerry Hey: trumpet, string and horn arrangements
- Mick Jagger: vocals on "State of Shock"
- Robin Renee Ross: viola
The song "State of Shock" peaked at No. 3 on the Billboard Hot 100. The second single, "Torture", reached No. 17, and "Body", the third single, became a moderate hit peaking at No. 47. The album debuted at No. 4 on the Billboard 200 in the week of August 4, 1984.
|Australian Albums (Kent Music Report)||9|
|Austrian Albums (Ö3 Austria)||2|
|Canadian Albums (RPM)||1|
|Dutch Albums (MegaCharts)||2|
|Finnish Albums (Suomen virallinen lista)||1|
|German Albums (Offizielle Top 100)||5|
|Italian Albums (AFI)||12|
|Japanese Albums (Oricon)||5|
|New Zealand Albums (RMNZ)||19|
|Norwegian Albums (VG-lista)||6|
|Spanish Albums (AFE)||4|
|Swedish Albums (Sverigetopplistan)||7|
|Swiss Albums (Schweizer Hitparade)||4|
|UK Albums (OCC)||3|
|US Billboard 200||4|
|Zimbabwean Albums (ZIMA)||2|
|United States (RIAA)||2× Platinum||2,000,000^|
|Canada (Music Canada)||2× Platinum||200,000^|
*sales figures based on certification alone
A remastered version was released in July 2009 in Japan only, with cardboard sleeve (mini LP) packaging. It was part of a six-album The Jacksons cardboard sleeve (mini LP) reissue series, featuring the albums The Jacksons, Goin' Places, Destiny, Triumph, The Jacksons Live!, and Victory.
- William Ruhlmann. "Victory". Allmusic. Retrieved 2012-01-11.
- Brackett, N.; Hoard, C.D. (2004). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide. Simon & Schuster. p. 410. ISBN 9780743201698. Retrieved 2014-12-10.
- Chery, Carl: XXL: Michael Jackson Special Collecters Edition, page 100. American Press.
- "Certified Awards". bpi.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-12-10.
- "Recording Industry Association of America". RIAA. Retrieved 2012-01-12.
- Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (doc). Australian Chart Book, St Ives, NSW. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
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- "RPM: The Jacksons (albums)". RPM Magazine. Retrieved April 12, 2017.
- "Dutchcharts.nl – The Jacksons – Victory" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved April 12, 2017.
- Pennanen, Timo (2006). Sisältää hitin - levyt ja esittäjät Suomen musiikkilistoilla vuodesta 1972 (in Finnish) (1st ed.). Helsinki: Kustannusosakeyhtiö Otava. p. 263. ISBN 978-951-1-21053-5.
- "Longplay-Chartverfolgung at Musicline" (in German). Musicline.de. Phononet GmbH. Retrieved April 12, 2017.
- "Hit Parade Italia - Gli album più venduti del 1984" (in Italian). hitparadeitalia.it. Retrieved 2011-10-03.
- Oricon Album Chart Book: Complete Edition 1970-2005. Roppongi, Tokyo: Oricon Entertainment. 2006. ISBN 4-87131-077-9.
- "Charts.org.nz – The Jacksons – Victory". Hung Medien. Retrieved April 12, 2017.
- "Norwegiancharts.com – The Jacksons – Victory". Hung Medien. Retrieved April 12, 2017.
- Salaverri, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2.
- "Swedishcharts.com – The Jacksons – Victory". Hung Medien. Retrieved April 12, 2017.
- "Swisscharts.com – The Jacksons – Victory". Hung Medien. Retrieved April 12, 2017.
- "The Jacksons Chart History". Official Charts Company. Retrieved April 12, 2017.
- "The Jacksons US Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved April 12, 2017.
- * Zimbabwe. Kimberley, C. Zimbabwe: albums chart book. Harare: C. Kimberley, 2000
- "American album certifications – The Jacksons – Victory". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
- "Canadian album certifications – The Jacksons – Victory". Music Canada.