Vinaya Patrika

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Picture of Tulsidas published in the Ramcharitmanas, 1949.

Vinaya Patrika (Letter of petition[1]) is a devotional poem composed by the 16th-century Indian poet, Goswami Tulsidas (c. 1532 – c. 1623), containing hymns to different Hindu deities especially to Lord Rama in extreme humility (Vinaya).[2]

The language of the text is Braj Bhasha.[1]

Vinaya Patrika is an important work of medieval Hindi Literature and Bhakti movement.

Origin[edit]

According to Swami Yatiswarananda, when Kaal—the embodiment of evil—threatened to devour Tulsidas, he prayed to Hanuman who appeared to him in a dream. Hanuman advised him to file a petition to Rama to remedy the evil, and that was the origin of the Vinaya-Patrika.”[3]

Structure[edit]

Vinaya Patrika has been written as a petition against the six passions (Lust, Wrath, Greed, Inebriation, Attachments, Ego) and nine vices (Violence, Falsehood, Pride, Envy, Strife, Suspicion, Jealousy, Rivalry and Covetousness) of Kal Yuga, the plaintiff is Tulsidas himself, though he represents the entire humanity. The judges addressed are Lord Rama, Sita, Lakshmana, Bharat and Shatrughan.[4]

It also comprises popular devotional hymns (Stutis) to various Hindu Gods, like Ganesha, Surya, Devi, Ganga, Hanuman, Sita, Rama and also the city of Kashi.[5] The book has now been translated into many languages, including English (Translator: F. R. Allchin) [6] Hindi translation (Translator: Gita Press) you can read at vedicaim [7]

Popular hymns from Vinaya Patrika[edit]

  • Shri Ramchandra Kripalu Bhajman (Rama)
  • Gaiye Ganpati Jagbandan (Ganesha)
  • Jai Jai Jagjanani Devi (Kali)
  • Jai Jai Bhagrathnandini (Ganga)[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lochtefeld 2002, p. 754.
  2. ^ "The Poet Saint Tulsidas Upendra Chandra Dutta". Archived from the original on 2007-08-11. Retrieved 2007-10-25. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  3. ^ "Tulsidas by Swami Yatiswarananda". Archived from the original on 2007-08-11. Retrieved 2007-10-25. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  4. ^ "GENESIS OF THE PLAINT". Archived from the original on 2008-08-07. Retrieved 2007-10-25. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  5. ^ "Stuti Vinay Patrika". Archived from the original on 2006-11-28. Retrieved 2007-10-25. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  6. ^ "Petition to Ram - Unesco". Archived from the original on 2016-07-16. Retrieved 2019-04-28. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  7. ^ "Vinay Patrika". Archived from the original on 2018-07-17. Retrieved 2019-04-28. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  8. ^ "Vinay Patrika website, Kashi Hindu Vishwavidhyalaya". Archived from the original on 2006-11-28. Retrieved 2007-10-25. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]