Marquess of Waterford
|Marquessate of Waterford|
Quarterly, 1st and 4th, argent crusilly fitchce, three fleurs- de-lis within a bordure engr. sable (Beresford); 2nd and 3rd, argent a chief indented sable, (La Poer)
|Creation date||19 August 1789|
|Peerage||Peerage of Ireland|
|First holder||George Beresford, 2nd Earl of Tyrone|
|Present holder||Henry Beresford, 9th Marquess of Waterford|
|Heir apparent||Richard John de la Poer Beresford, Earl of Tyrone|
|Subsidiary titles||Earl of Tyrone
Baron La Poer
The Beresford family descends from Tristram Beresford, who originated from Kent but settled in Ireland in the 17th century. His eldest son Tristram Beresford sat as a member of the Irish House of Commons. On 5 May 1665 he was created a baronet, of Coleraine in the County of Londonderry, in the Baronetage of Ireland. His great-grandson (the title having descended from father to son), the fourth Baronet, married Lady Catherine, oldest daughter of James de la Poer, 3rd Earl of Tyrone (see Earl of Tyrone). In 1720 he was raised in the Peerage of Ireland as Baron Beresford, of Beresford, in the County of Cavan, and Viscount Tyrone. He was further honoured when he was made Earl of Tyrone in the Peerage of Ireland in 1746. In 1767, four years after his death, the Dowager Countess of Tyrone was confirmed with the hereditary peerage title Baroness La Poer in the Peerage of Ireland (created by writ ca. 1650). Lord Tyrone was succeeded by his fourth but eldest surviving son, the second Earl, who also inherited the title Baron La Poer from his mother in 1769. In 1786 he was created Baron Tyrone, of Haverfordwest in the County of Pembroke, in the Peerage of Great Britain. Three years later he was made Marquess of Waterford in the Peerage of Ireland. The titles descended in the direct line until the death of his grandson, the third Marquess, in 1859. The late Marquess was succeeded by his younger brother, the fourth Marquess. As of 2015[update] the titles are held by the latter's great-great-great-grandson, the ninth Marquess, who succeeded his father in 2015.
Several other members of the Beresford family have also gained distinction. John Beresford, fifth son of the first Earl, was an influential statesman. Marcus Beresford, eldest son of John Beresford, represented Dungarvan in the Irish Parliament. His second son was the Conservative politician William Beresford, who was the father of Mostyn Beresford (1835–1911), a Lieutenant-General in the Army, and of Edward Marcus Beresford (1836–1896), a Major-General in the Army. The Right Reverend George Beresford, second son of John Beresford, was Bishop of Kilmore. His son the Most Reverend Marcus Beresford was Archbishop of Armagh. He was the father of George Beresford, a politician, and of Major Henry Marcus Beresford, who was the father of the photographer George Charles Beresford. John Claudius Beresford, third son of John Beresford, was a politician. William Beresford, seventh son of the first Earl, was Archbishop of Tuam and was created Baron Decies in 1812. Lord John Beresford, second surviving son of the first Marquess, was Archbishop of Armagh. Lord George Beresford, younger son of the first Marquess, was a politician. William Beresford, illegitimate son of the first Marquess, was a Field Marshal in the British Army and was created Viscount Beresford in 1823. John Beresford, illegitimate son of the first Marquess, was a soldier and politician and was created a baronet in 1814 (see Beresford-Peirse baronets). Lord Charles Beresford, second son of the fourth Marquess, was a naval commander and politician and was created Baron Beresford in 1916. Lord William Beresford, third son of the fourth Marquess, was a soldier and recipient of the Victoria Cross. Lord Marcus Beresford, fourth son of the fourth Marquess, was a courtier.
Beresford baronets, of Colerain (1665)
- Sir Tristram Beresford, 1st Baronet (died 1673)
- Sir Randal Beresford, 2nd Baronet (died 1681)
- Sir Tristram Beresford, 3rd Baronet (1669–1701)
- Sir Marcus Beresford, 4th Baronet (1694–1763) (created Viscount Tyrone in 1720 and Earl of Tyrone in 1746)
Earls of Tyrone (1746)
- Marcus Beresford, 1st Earl of Tyrone (1694–1763)
- George de La Poer Beresford, 2nd Earl of Tyrone (1735–1800) (created Marquess of Waterford in 1789)
Marquesses of Waterford (1789)
- George de La Poer Beresford, 1st Marquess of Waterford (1735–1800)
- Henry de La Poer Beresford, 2nd Marquess of Waterford (1772–1826)
- Henry de La Poer Beresford, 3rd Marquess of Waterford (1811–1859)
- John de La Poer Beresford, 4th Marquess of Waterford (1814–1866)
- John Henry de La Poer Beresford, 5th Marquess of Waterford (1844–1895)
- Henry de La Poer Beresford, 6th Marquess of Waterford (1875–1911)
- John Charles de La Poer Beresford, 7th Marquess of Waterford (1901–1934)
- John Hubert de La Poer Beresford, 8th Marquess of Waterford (1933–2015)
- Henry Nicholas de la Poer Beresford, 9th Marquess of Waterford (born 1958)
Coat of Arms
The armorial achievement of the Marquess of Waterford is as follows:
Arms: Quarterly, 1st and 4th, argent crusilly fitchce, three fleurs- de-lis within a bordure engr. sable (Beresford); 2nd and 3rd, argent a chief indented sable, (La Poer).
Crests: 1. A dragon's head erased azure pierced through the neck with a broken spear or, the broken point argent, thrust through he upper jaw (Beresford), 2. A stag's head cabossed proper attired or, between the horns a crucifix of the last, thereon the resemblance of Jesus proper (La Poer) (not shown)
Supporters: Two angels proper vested argent crined and winged or, each holding in the exterior hand a sword erect proper pommel and hilt or.
Motto: NIL NISI CRUCE (Nothing unless by the Cross)
- The London Gazette: . 14 June 1720. Retrieved 11 November 2009.
- The London Gazette: . 1 July 1746. Retrieved 11 November 2009.
- The London Gazette: . 5 August 1786.
- Henry Nicholas de la Poer Beresford, Earl of Tyrone – website The Peerage
- Richard John of la Poer Beresford, lord le Poer – website GeneAll.net
- Cokayne, George Edward (1898). Complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant. VIII. London: G. Bell & sons. pp. 70–73. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- About – Richard John De La Poer Beresford – website Le Poer Polo
- Burke, Bernard (1864). The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales. London: Harrison & Sons. p. 73. Retrieved 8 June 2015.