Viv Richards

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Sir Viv Richards
Vivian richards crop.jpg
Personal information
Full name Sir Isaac Vivian Alexander Richards
Born (1952-03-07) 7 March 1952 (age 65)
St. John's, Antigua and Barbuda
Nickname Viv, Master Blaster[1]
Height 5 ft 10 in (1.78 m)
Batting style Right-handed
Bowling style Right-arm medium/off-break
Role Batsman
International information
National side
Test debut (cap 151) 22 November 1974 v India
Last Test 8 August 1991 v England
ODI debut (cap 14) 7 June 1975 v Sri Lanka
Last ODI 27 May 1991 v England
Domestic team information
Years Team
1990–1993 Glamorgan
1976–1977 Queensland
1974–1986 Somerset
1971–1991 Leeward Islands
1971–1981 Combined Islands
Career statistics
Competition Test ODI FC LA
Matches 121 187 507 500
Runs scored 8,540 6,721 36,212 16,995
Batting average 50.23 47.00 49.40 41.96
100s/50s 24/45 11/45 114/162 26/109
Top score 291 189* 322 189*
Balls bowled 5,170 5,644 23,226 12,214
Wickets 32 118 223 290
Bowling average 61.37 35.83 45.15 30.59
5 wickets in innings 0 2 1 3
10 wickets in match 0 n/a 0 n/a
Best bowling 2/17 6/41 5/88 6/24
Catches/stumpings 122/– 100/– 464/1 238/–
Source: cricketarchive.com, 18 August 2007

Sir Isaac Vivian Alexander Richards, KNH, OBE (born 7 March 1952), known as Viv Richards, is a former Antiguan cricketer, who represented the West Indies at test and international levels. He is regarded as one of the greatest batsmen of all time.[2][3][4][5] Richards was voted one of the five Cricketers of the Century by a 100-member panel of experts in 2000, along with Sir Donald Bradman, Sir Garfield Sobers, Sir Jack Hobbs and Shane Warne.

In one-day cricket, Richards was judged by Wisden Cricketers' Almanack to have played the best ODI innings of all time.[6] In December 2002, he was chosen by Wisden as the greatest One Day International (ODI) batsman of all time, as well as the third greatest Test batsman of all time, after Sir Don Bradman and Sachin Tendulkar.[7] His consistent batting ability can be highly rated, where he is the first cricketer in ODI history to achieve 20 Man of the Match awards as well.

Overall, Richards scored 8,540 runs in 121 Test matches at an average of 50.23, including 24 centuries. As a captain, he won 27 of 50 Test matches and lost only 8. He also scored nearly 7,000 runs in One Day Internationals and more than 36,000 in first-class cricket. Knighted for his contributions to cricket, today Richards is an occasional cricket commentator and team mentor.

Early life[edit]

Richards was born to Malcolm and Gretel Richards in St. John's, Antigua, then part of the British Leeward Islands. He attended St. John's Boys School and then Antigua Grammar School on a scholarship.[8]

Richards discovered cricket at a young age. His brothers, Mervyn and Donald, both played the game, representing Antigua as amateurs, and they encouraged him to play. The young Viv initially practiced with his father and Pat Evanson, a neighbour and family friend, who had captained the Antigua side.[9]

Richards left school aged 18, securing employment at D'Arcy's Bar and Restaurant in St. John's. He joined St. John's Cricket Club and the owner of the restaurant where he worked, D'Arcy Williams, provided him with new whites, gloves, pads and a bat. After a few seasons with St. John's C.C., he joined Rising Sun Cricket Club, where he remained until his departure to play abroad.[10]

Cricket career[edit]

Richards made his first-class debut in January 1972 when he was 19.[11] He took part in a non-competition match, representing the Leeward Islands against the Windwards: Richards made 20 and 26.[12] His competitive debut followed a few days later. Playing in the domestic West Indian Shell Shield for the Combined Leeward and Windward Islands in Kingston, Jamaica versus Jamaica, he scored 15 and 32, top-scoring in the second innings in a heavy defeat for his side.[13]

By the time Richards was 22, he had played matches in the Antigua, Leeward Islands and Combined Islands tournaments. In 1973, his abilities were noticed by Len Creed, Vice Chairman at Somerset, who was in Antigua at the time as part of a West Country touring side.[14]

Move to England, 1973–1974[edit]

Richards relocated to the United Kingdom, where Creed arranged for him to play league cricket for Lansdown C.C. in Bath. He made his Lansdown debut, as part of the second XI, at Weston-super-Mare on 26 April 1973. Richards was also employed by the club as assistant groundsman to head groundsman, John Heyward, to allow him some financial independence until his career was established. After his debut he was promoted to the first team where he was introduced to the Lansdown all-rounder "Shandy" Perera from Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). Richards cites Perera as a major influence on his cricket development especially with regards to post-game analysis. He finished his first season at Lansdown top of the batting averages and shortly afterwards was offered a two-year contract with county side Somerset.[14]

Richards then moved to Taunton in 1974 in preparation for his professional debut with Somerset CCC where he was assigned living accommodation by the club; a flat-share with two other county players: Ian Botham and Dennis Breakwell. On 27 April 1974 Richards made his Benson & Hedges Cup debut for Somerset against Glamorgan in Swansea; after the game Somerset skipper Brian Close arranged a player's ovation for Richards in recognition of his playing and contribution to the victory. Richards was awarded Man of the Match.[14][15]

Test debut to international stardom, 1975–1984[edit]

Richards made his Test match debut for the West Indian cricket team in 1974 against India in Bangalore. He made an unbeaten 192 in the second Test of the same series in New Delhi. The West Indies saw him as a strong opener and he kept his profile up in the early years of his promising career.

In 1975 Richards helped the West Indies to win the inaugural Cricket World Cup final, a feat he later described as the most memorable of his career.[16] He starred in the field, running out Alan Turner, Ian Chappell and Greg Chappell. The West Indies were again able to win the following World Cup in 1979, thanks to a Richards century in the final at Lord's, and Richards believes that on both occasions, despite internal island divisions, the Caribbean came together.[17] He was until 2005 the only man to score a century and take 5 wickets in the same one-day international, against New Zealand at Dunedin in 1986–87. He rescued his side from a perilous position at Old Trafford in 1984 and, in partnership with Michael Holding, smashed 189 to win the game off his own bat.

1976 was perhaps Richards' finest year: he scored 1710 runs, at an astonishing average of 90.00, with seven centuries in 11 Tests. This achievement is all the more remarkable considering he missed the second Test at Lord's after contracting glandular fever; yet he returned to score his career-best 291 at the Oval later in the summer. This tally stood as the world record for most Test runs by a batsman in a single calendar year for 30 years until broken by Mohammad Yousuf of Pakistan on 30 November 2006.

Richards had a long and successful career in the County Championship in England, playing for many years for Somerset. In 1983, the team won the NatWest Trophy, with Richards and close friend Ian Botham having a playful slugging match in the final few overs.

West Indies captain, 1984–1991[edit]

Richards captained the West Indies in 50 Test matches from 1984 to 1991. He is the only West Indies captain never to lose a Test series, and it is said that his fierce will to win contributed to this achievement. His captaincy was, however, not without controversy: one incident was his aggressive, "finger-flapping" appeal leading to the incorrect dismissal of England batsman Rob Bailey in the Barbados Test in 1990, which was described by Wisden as "at best undignified and unsightly. At worst, it was calculated gamesmanship".[18] This behaviour would nowadays be penalised according to Section 2.5. of the Rules of Conduct of the ICC Code of Conduct.[19]

During a match against Zimbabwe during the 1983 Cricket World Cup, Richards returned to the crease after a stoppage for bad light and accidentally took strike at the wrong end, which remains a very rare occurrence.[20]

However, despite his totemic presence at the club, over time his performances declined as he devoted most of his time to international cricket. The county finished bottom of the County Championship in 1985, and next to bottom in 1986. New team captain Peter Roebuck became the centre of a major controversy when he was instrumental in the county's decision not to renew the contracts of Richards and compatriot Joel Garner for the 1987 season, whose runs and wickets had brought the county much success in the previous eight years. Somerset proposed to replace the pair with New Zealand batsman Martin Crowe. Consequently, Ian Botham refused a new contract with Somerset in protest at the way his friends Richards and Garner had been treated and he promptly joined local rivals Worcestershire. After many years of bitterness over the event and the eventual removal of Roebuck from the club, Richards was eventually honoured with the naming of a set of entrance gates and a stand after him at the County Ground, Taunton.

After his sacking from Somerset, Richards spent the 1987 season in the Lancashire League playing as Rishton CC's professional,[21] in preparation for the West Indies tour the following season. Richards returned to county cricket for the 1990 season towards the end of his career to play for Glamorgan, helping them to win the AXA Sunday League in 1993.

After cricket[edit]

Richards being interviewed after a cricket match in 2006

Richards refused a "blank-cheque" offer to play for a rebel West Indies squad in South Africa during the Apartheid era in 1983, and again in 1984.

Richards is frequently heard on BBC's Test Match Special (TMS).[22]

Richards was featured in the 2010 documentary movie Fire in Babylon and spoke about his experiences playing for the West Indies.

Richards joined the Delhi Daredevils as their Mentor in The Indian Premier League in 2013.

Richards also mentored the Quetta Gladiators in the 2016 and 2017 Pakistan Super League.[23]

Personality and playing style[edit]

Quiet and self-contained away from the pitch,[1] Richards was a very powerful right-handed batsman with an extremely attacking style, "possibly the most destructive batsman the sport has ever seen".[1] He was also an excellent fielder and a more than competent off-spin bowler. He is often regarded as the most physically devastating and exciting batsman that ever played the game by cricketers, journalists, fans and others alike,[24][25] and played his entire 17-year career without a helmet.[24][25][26]

His fearless and aggressive style of play, and relaxed but determined demeanor made him a great crowd favourite and an intimidating prospect for opposition bowlers all over the world. The word "swagger" is frequently used to describe his batting style.[1][27][28] His batting often completely dominated opposing bowlers.[27][28] He had the ability to drive good-length balls from outside off-stump through midwicket, his trademark shot, and was one of the great exponents of the hook shot.[29]

Viv Richards was notorious for punishing bowlers that dared to sledge him.[citation needed] So much so, that many opposing captains banned their players from the practice.[citation needed] However playing for Somerset in a county game against Glamorgan, Greg Thomas attempted to sledge Richards after he had played and missed at several balls in a row. He sarcastically informed Richards: "It's red, round and it's about five ounces, in case you were wondering." Richards then hammered the next delivery for 6, straight out of the stadium and into a nearby river. Turning back to the bowler, he commented: "You know what it looks like, now go and find it."[30]

Hitting Across the Line[edit]

In 1981, Richards published his autobiography entitled Hitting Across the Line. In the book, Richards describes how his whole life revolved around sports, cricket in particular. Of special interest is his technique, expressed by the title of the book. To hit across the line of the ball is considered taboo, and dangerously risky. However, Richards' explanation of the conditions in which he played cricket in Antigua as a child, explains how this technique came to be.

Legacy and achievements[edit]

Richards remains one of only four non-English cricketers to have scored 100 first-class centuries, the others being Australian Donald Bradman, New Zealander Glenn Turner and Pakistani Zaheer Abbas.[31]

He was chosen as a Wisden Cricketer of the Year for 1977.

In 2000, Richards was named by a 100-member panel of experts one of the five Wisden Cricketers of the Century. He received 25 votes, behind Sir Donald Bradman (100 votes), Sir Garfield Sobers (90 votes), Sir Jack Hobbs (30 votes) and Shane Warne (27 votes).

Place in cricket history[edit]

In 2000, Richards was named one of the five Wisden Cricketers of the Century, coming fifth behind Sir Donald Bradman, Sir Garfield Sobers, Sir Jack Hobbs and Shane Warne in the poll of 100 international cricket experts appointed by Wisden Cricketers' Almanack.[32]

Several prominent personalities including former cricketer Imran Khan and writer John Birmingham are of the opinion that Richards was the best ever batsman against genuine fast bowling.[27][33] For Barry Richards, Ravi Shastri and Neil Fairbrother, he has been cited as the best batsman they personally witnessed.[34][35][36] Wasim Akram rates Richards the greatest batsman he ever bowled to, ahead of Sunil Gavaskar and Martin Crowe.[37] Crowe himself rates Richards as the best batsman he played against, along with Greg Chappell.[38] Arguably the two greatest spinners ever, Muthiah Muralitharan and Shane Warne both idolize Richards. Murali idolized Richards in his years growing up, while Warne rates him the greatest batsman "for me", and overall just after Bradman.[39]

The ICC came out with their rankings for the best batsmen and bowlers in the history of the game for both the longer and shorter versions. The ratings for Test Cricket had Vivian Richards ranked 6th after Sir Donald Bradman, Sir Len Hutton, Sir Jack Hobbs, Ricky Ponting and Peter May.[40] The ODI ratings placed Richards in 1st followed by Zaheer Abbas and Greg Chappell.[41] These rankings were based on the level achieved by the batsmen at their respective peaks.

He was voted the greatest cricketer since 1970 in a poll, ahead of Ian Botham and Shane Warne.[42] That poll saw both Botham and Warne vote for Richards, and in the opinions of both, Richards is the greatest batsman they ever saw. In 2006, in a study done by a team of ESPN's Cricinfo magazine, Richards was again chosen the greatest ODI Batsman ever.[43] Former cricketer Derek Pringle also rates Richards to be the best batsman ever in the history of Limited Overs Cricket.[44]

Statistical summary[edit]

Richards' Test career batting chart

In his Test career, he scored 8,540 runs in 121 Test matches at an average of 50.23 (including 24 centuries). Richards also scored 5 centuries in World Series Cricket between 1977–79. These are not recognised by the ICC as "official" Test centuries. Richards won 27 of 50 matches as a Test captain, and lost only 8. He is also the scorer of the equal second fastest-ever Test century, from just 56 balls against England in Antigua during the 1986 tour.[45] He hit 84 sixes in Test cricket. His highest innings of 291 is equal seventh (along with Ramnaresh Sarwan) on the list of West Indies' highest individual scores.[46]

International records[edit]

  • In 1986, Richards became the first batsman to score a Test century at a strike rate of over 150.[47]
  • For some years, Richards held the world record for the fastest century in Test history.(56 balls); he now holds the record jointly with holder with Misbah-ul-Haq.[48]
  • Richards set a record for being the fastest batsman to 1,000 ODI runs (21 innings); this record has subsequently been equaled by Kevin Pietersen, Babar Azam, Jonathan Trott and Quinton de Kock in just 21 innings.[49]
  • He along with Michael Holding set the record for the highest ever 10th wicket partnership in ODI history.(106*)[50]
  • He also holds the record for the highest individual ODI score when batting at number 4 position(189*)[51]
  • He became the first player to score a fifty and to take a five wicket haul in the same ODI. He also became the first cricketer to score a century as well as to take a five wicket haul in the same ODI match[52][53]
  • Richards was the first player to complete the double of scoring 1000 runs and taking 50 wickets in ODI history.[54]

Honours[edit]

The Sir Vivian Richards Stadium in 2012

In 1994, Richards was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) for services to cricket.[55] In 1999, he was made a Knight of the Order of the National Hero (KNH) by his native country Antigua and Barbuda.[56]

The Sir Vivian Richards Stadium in North Sound, Antigua, is named in his honour. It was built for use in the 2007 Cricket World Cup. The ground has hosted three Test matches, as well as a number of One-Day Internationals and T20 Internationals.[57][58][59]

Football[edit]

Some writers contend that Richards also played international football for Antigua and Barbuda, appearing in qualifying matches for the 1974 World Cup.[60] However, he does not appear in recorded line-ups for these matches.[61]

Personal life[edit]

Richards and his wife Miriam have two children: Matara, who currently lives in Toronto, Canada, and Mali, who has also played first-class cricket. Richards is also godfather to Ian Botham's son, Liam.[62][63]

Richards had a brief relationship with Indian actress Neena Gupta,[64] with whom he has a daughter, fashion designer Masaba Gupta,[65] born in 1989.[66]

He is a supporter of Liverpool F.C. in English football's Premier League.[67]

International record[edit]

ODI 5 Wicket hauls[edit]

# Figures Match Opponent Venue City Country Year
1 5/41 129  New Zealand Carisbrook Dunedin New Zealand 1987
2 6/41 171  India Feroz Shah Kotla Delhi India 1989

International awards[edit]

One Day International Cricket[edit]

Man of the Match awards[edit]

S No Opponent Venue Date Match Performance Result
1 England North Marine Road Ground, Scarborough 26 August 1976 119* (133 balls, 20x4, 1x6)  West Indies won by 6 wickets.[68]
2 England Lord's, London 28 August 1976 97 (96 balls, 10x4) ; 1 Ct.  West Indies won by 36 runs.[69]
3 England Lord's, London 23 June 1979 138* (157 balls, 11x4, 3x6) ; 10-0-35-0, 1 Ct.  West Indies won the 1979 Cricket World Cup.[70]
4 Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne 9 December 1979 153* (130 balls, 16x4, 1x6) ; 1 Ct.  West Indies won by 80 runs.[71]
5 Pakistan National Stadium, Karachi 21 November 1980 8-0-24-2 ; 36 (48 balls)  West Indies won by 4 wickets.[72]
6 Pakistan Jinnah Stadium, Sialkot 5 December 1980 8-0-53-2 ; 83* (94 balls: 8x4, 2x6)  West Indies won by 7 wickets.[73]
7 Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney 27 January 1982 70 (88 balls, 4x4, 1x6) ; 10-0-48-2, 1 Ct.  West Indies won by 18 runs.[74]
8 India Kennington Oval, London 15 June 1983 119 (146 balls, 6x4, 1x6) ; DNB  West Indies won by 66 runs.[75]
9 Australia Lord's, London 18 June 1983 DNB ; 95* (117 balls, 9x4, 3x6)  West Indies won by 7 wickets.[76]
10 Pakistan Kennington Oval, London 22 June 1983 1 Ct. ; 80* (96 balls, 11x4, 1x6)  West Indies won by 8 wickets.[77]
11 India Keenan Stadium, Jamshedpur 7 December 1983 149 (99 balls, 20x4, 3x6) ; 1-0-8-0  West Indies won by 104 runs.[78]
12 Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne 8 January 1984 53 (62 balls, 6x4) ; 6-1-24-1  West Indies won by 27 runs.[79]
13 Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne 22 January 1984 106 (95 balls, 12x4, 1x6) ; 10-0-51-2  West Indies won by 26 runs.[80]
14 Pakistan WACA Ground, Perth 4 February 1984 5-0-24-0, 1 Ct. ; 40 (47 balls, 5x4)  West Indies won by 7 wickets.[81]
15 England Old Trafford, Manchester 31 May 1984 189 (170 balls, 21x4, 5x6) ; 11-1-45-2  West Indies won by 104 runs.[82]
16 Sri Lanka Brisbane Cricket Ground, Brisbane 12 January 1985 98 (98 balls, 6x4, 3x6) ; 10-0-45-2, 1 Ct.  West Indies won by 90 runs.[83]
17 Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney 15 January 1985 10-0-41-1 ; 103* (122 balls, 7x4, 1x6)  West Indies won by 5 wickets.[84]
18 Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne 20 January 1985 74 (61 balls, 7x4, 1x6) ; 10-0-43-2, 1 Ct.  West Indies won by 65 runs.[85]
19 New Zealand Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney 9 March 1985 DNB ; 51 (61 balls, 4x4, 1x6)  West Indies won by 6 wickets.[86]
20 Pakistan Jinnah Stadium, Gujranwala 27 November 1985 2-0-16-0 ; 80* (39 balls, 10x4, 4x6)  West Indies won by 8 wickets.[87]
21 Pakistan Arbab Niaz Stadium, Peshawar 2 December 1985 66 (39 balls, 5x4, 4x6) : DNB  West Indies won by 40 runs.[88]
22 England Kensington Oval, Bridgetown 19 March 1986 62 (53 balls, 7x4, 2x6) ; DNB, 1 Ct.  West Indies won by 135 runs.[89]
23 India Sharjah Cricket Stadium, Sharjah 30 November 1986 62 (58 balls, 5x4, 3x6) ; DNB  West Indies won by 33 runs.[90]
24 England Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne 30 January 1987 6.3-1-16-0 ; 58 (84 balls, 5x4, 2x6)  West Indies won by 6 wickets.[91]
25 New Zealand Carisbrook, Dunedin 18 March 1987 119 (113 balls, 10x4, 4x6) ; 10-0-41-5  West Indies won by 95 runs.[92]
26 Sri Lanka National Stadium, Karachi 13 October 1987 181 (125 balls: 16x4, 4x6) ; 8-0-22-0  West Indies won by 191 runs.[93]
27 India Nehru Stadium, Guwahati 23 December 1987 41 (52 balls, 1x4, 1x6) ; 9-0-37-1  West Indies won by 52 runs.[94]
28 India Madhavrao Scindia Cricket Ground, Rajkot 5 January 1988 8-0-42-3, 1 Ct. ; 110* (77 balls, 7x4, 7x6)  West Indies won by 6 wickets.[95]
29 India Sharjah Cricket Stadium, Sharjah 13 October 1989 10-0-44-2 ; 34 (33 balls, 4x4, 1x6)  West Indies won by 5 wickets.[96]
30 India Feroz Shah Kotla, Delhi 23 October 1989 44 (42 balls, 3x4, 1x6) ; 9.4-0-41-6, 1 Ct.  West Indies won by 20 runs.[97]
31 India Wankhede Stadium, Bombay 30 October 1989 4-0-21-0, 3 Ct. ; DNB  West Indies won by 8 wickets.[98]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  74. ^ "1981-1982 Benson & Hedges World Series Cup - 4th Final - Australia v West Indies - Sydney". HowStat. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  75. ^ "1983 Prudential World Cup - 14th Match - India v West Indies - London". HowStat. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  76. ^ "1983 Prudential World Cup - 19th Match - Australia v West Indies - London". HowStat. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  77. ^ "1983 Prudential World Cup - 2nd Semi-Final - Pakistan v West Indies - London". HowStat. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  78. ^ "1983-1984 India v West Indies - 4th Match - Jamshedpur". HowStat. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  79. ^ "1983-1984 Benson & Hedges World Series Cup - 1st Match - Australia v West Indies - Melbourne". HowStat. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  80. ^ "1983-1984 Benson & Hedges World Series Cup - 9th Match - Australia v West Indies - Melbourne". HowStat. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  81. ^ "1983-1984 Benson & Hedges World Series Cup - 14th Match - Pakistan v West Indies - Perth". HowStat. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  82. ^ "1984 England v West Indies - 1st Match - Manchester". HowStat. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  83. ^ "1984-1985 Benson & Hedges World Series Cup - 4th Match - Sri Lanka v West Indies - Brisbane". HowStat. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  84. ^ "1984-1985 Benson & Hedges World Series Cup - 6th Match - Australia v West Indies - Sydney". HowStat. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  85. ^ "1984-1985 Benson & Hedges World Series Cup - 9th Match - Australia v West Indies - Melbourne". HowStat. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  86. ^ "1984-1985 Benson & Hedges World Championship - 12th Match - New Zealand v West Indies - Sydney". HowStat. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  87. ^ "1985-1986 Pakistan v West Indies - 1st Match - Gujranwala". HowStat. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  88. ^ "1985-1986 Pakistan v West Indies - 3rd Match - Peshawar". HowStat. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  89. ^ "1985-1986 West Indies v England - 3rd Match - Bridgetown, Barbados". HowStat. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  90. ^ "1986-1987 Champions Trophy - 3rd Match - India v West Indies - Sharjah". HowStat. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  91. ^ "1986-1987 Benson & Hedges World Series Cup - 9th Match - England v West Indies - Melbourne". HowStat. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  92. ^ "1984-1985 Benson & Hedges World Championship - 12th Match - New Zealand v West Indies - Sydney". HowStat. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  93. ^ "1987-1988 Reliance World Cup - 7th Match - Sri Lanka v West Indies - Karachi". HowStat. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  94. ^ "1987-1988 India v West Indies - 2nd Match - Guwahati". HowStat. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  95. ^ "1983 Prudential World Cup - 14th Match - India v West Indies - London". HowStat. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  96. ^ "1989-1990 Champions Trophy - 1st Match - India v West Indies - Sharjah". HowStat. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  97. ^ "1989-1990 MRF World Series (Nehru) Cup - 8th Match - India v West Indies - Delhi". HowStat. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  98. ^ "1989-1990 MRF World Series (Nehru) Cup - 2nd Semi-Final - India v West Indies - Mumbai (Bombay)". HowStat. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 

Sources[edit]

  • Martin-Jenkins, C. (1983) The Cricketer Book of Cricket Disasters and Bizarre Records, Century Publishing: London. ISBN 0-7126-0191-0.
  • McDonald, Trevor (1984). Viv Richards: The Authorised Biography. Sphere. ISBN 0722157274. 
  • Richards, Viv; Foot, David (1982). Viv Richards (autobiography). Star. ISBN 0352312084. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Deryck Murray
West Indies Test cricket captains
1980–1990
Succeeded by
Desmond Haynes
Preceded by
Desmond Haynes
West Indies Test cricket captains
1991
Succeeded by
Richie Richardson