Australia national cricket team

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Australia
Insignia on the baggy green
Insignia on the baggy green
Test status acquired 1877
First Test match v England at Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, 15–19 March 1877 (scorecard)
Captain Michael Clarke (Test)
George Bailey (ODI and T20)
Coach Darren Lehmann
Official ICC Test, ODI and T20I ranking 1st (Test)
1st (ODI)
5th (T20I) [1]
Test matches
– This year
767
4
Last Test match v South Africa in South Africa, March 2014
Wins/losses
– This year
360/203
3/1
As of 23 January 2014[1]

The Australian cricket team is the national cricket team of Australia. It is the joint oldest team in Test cricket, having played in the first Test match in 1877.[2] The team also plays One Day International cricket and Twenty20 International, participating in both the first ODI, against England in the 1970–71 season[3] and the first Twenty20 International, against New Zealand in the 2004–05 season,[4] winning both games. The team draws its players from teams playing in the Australian domestic competitions – the Sheffield Shield, the Australian Domestic One-Day Series and the Big Bash League.

The Australian team has played 767 Test matches, winning 360, losing 203, drawing 202 and tying two.[5] Australia is ranked the number-one team overall in Test cricket in terms of overall wins, win-loss ratio and wins percentage. As at 20 June 2014, Australia is ranked first in the ICC Test Championship on 123 rating points alongside South Africa, leading them by 1/4 of a point.[6]

Australia has played 830 ODI matches, winning 509, losing 282, tying nine and with 30 ending in no-result.[7] They have led the ICC ODI Championship since its inception for all but a period of 48 days in 2007. Australia have made record six World Cup final appearances (1975, 1987, 1996, 1999, 2003 and 2007) and have won the World Cup a record four times in total; 1987 Cricket World Cup, 1999 Cricket World Cup, 2003 Cricket World Cup and 2007 Cricket World Cup. Australia is the first team to appear in 4 consecutive World Cup finals (1996, 1999, 2003 and 2007), surpassing the old record of 3 consecutive World Cup appearances by West Indies (1975, 1979 and 1983).

The team was undefeated in 34 consecutive World Cup matches until 19 March at the 2011 Cricket World Cup where Pakistan beat them by 4 wickets.[8] Australia have also won the ICC Champions Trophy twice – in 2006 and in 2009 – making them the first and the only team to become back to back winners in the Champions Trophy tournaments. The team has also played 39 Twenty20 Internationals,[9] making the final of the 2010 ICC World Twenty20, which they lost to England.

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

The Australian team that toured England in 1878.

The Australian cricket team participated in the first Test match at the MCG in 1877, defeating an English team by 45 runs, with Charles Bannerman making the first Test century, a score of 165 retired hurt. Test cricket, which only occurred between Australia and England at the time, was limited by the long distance between the two countries, which would take several months by sea. Despite Australia's much smaller population, the team was very competitive in early games, producing stars such as Jack Blackham, Billy Murdoch, Fred "The Demon" Spofforth, George Bonnor, Percy McDonnell, George Giffen and Charles "The Terror" Turner. Most cricketers at the time were either from New South Wales or Victoria, with the notable exception of George Giffen, the star South Australian all-rounder.

A highlight of Australia's early history was the 1882 Test match against England at The Oval. In this match Fred Spofforth took 7/44 in the game's fourth innings to save the match by preventing England from making their 85-run target. After this match The Sporting Times, a major newspaper in London at the time, printed a mock obituary in which the death of English cricket was proclaimed and the announcement made that "the body was cremated and the ashes taken to Australia." This was the start of the famous Ashes series in which Australia and England play a Test match series to decide the holder of the Ashes. To this day, the contest is one of the fiercest rivalries in sport.

Golden Age[edit]

The so-called 'Golden Age' of Australian test cricket occurred around the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, with the team under the captaincy of Joe Darling, Monty Noble and Clem Hill winning eight of ten tours it participated in between the 1897–98 English tour of Australia and the 1910–11 South African tour of Australia. Outstanding batsman such as Joe Darling, Clem Hill, Reggie Duff, Syd Gregory, Warren Bardsley and Victor Trumper, brilliant all-rounders including Monty Noble, George Giffen, Harry Trott and Warwick Armstrong and excellent bowlers including Ernie Jones, Hugh Trumble, Tibby Cotter, Bill Howell, Jack Saunders and Bill Whitty, all helped Australia to become the dominant cricketing nation for most of this period.

Victor Trumper became one of Australia's first sporting heroes, and was widely considered Australia's greatest batsman before Bradman and one of the most popular players. He played a record (at the time) number of tests at 49, and scored 3163 (another record) runs at a high for the time average of 39.04. His early death in 1915 at the age of 37 from kidney disease caused national mourning. The Wisden Cricketers' Almanack, in its obituary for him, called him Australia's greatest batsman: "Of all the great Australian batsmen Victor Trumper was by general consent the best and most brilliant."[10]

The years leading up to the start of World War I were marred by conflict between the players, led by Clem Hill, Victor Trumper and Frank Laver, the Australian Board of Control for International Cricket (formed in 1905), led by Peter McAlister, who were attempting to gain more control of tours from the players. This led to six leading players (the so-called "Big Six") walking out on the 1912 Triangular Tournament in England, with Australia fielding what was generally considered a second-rate side. This was the last series before the war, and no more cricket was played by Australia for eight years, with Tibby Cotter being killed in Palestine during the war.

Cricket between the wars[edit]

Test cricket resumed in the 1920/21 season in Australia with a touring English team, captained by Johnny Douglas losing all five Tests to Australia, captained by the "Big Ship" Warwick Armstrong. Several players from before the war, including Warwick Armstrong, Charlie Macartney, Charles Kelleway, Warren Bardsley and the wicket-keeper Sammy Carter, were instrumental in the team's success, as well as new players Herbie Collins, Jack Ryder, Bert Oldfield, the spinner Arthur Mailey and the so-called "twin destroyers" Jack Gregory and Ted McDonald. The team continued its success on the 1921 Tour of England, winning three out of the five Tests in Warwick Armstrong's last series. The side was on the whole inconsistent in the latter half of the 1920s, losing its first home Ashes series since the 1911–12 season in 1928–29.

The Bradman Era[edit]

The 1930 Tour of England heralded a new age of success for the Australian team. The team, led by Bill Woodfull – the "Great Un-bowlable" – featured legends of the game including Bill Ponsford, Stan McCabe, Clarrie Grimmett and the young pair of Archie Jackson and Don Bradman. Bradman was the outstanding batsman of the series, scoring a record 974 runs, including one century, two double centuries and one triple century, a massive score of 334 at Leeds which including 309 runs in a day. Jackson died of tuberculosis at the age of 24 three years later, after playing eight tests. The team was widely considered unstoppable, winning nine of its next ten Tests.

The 1932–33 England tour of Australia is considered one of the most infamous episodes of cricket, due to the England team's use of bodyline, where captain Douglas Jardine instructed his bowlers Bill Voce and Harold Larwood to bowl fast, short-pitched deliveries aimed at the bodies of the Australian batsmen. The tactic, although effective, was widely considered by Australian crowds as vicious and unsporting. Injuries to Bill Woodfull, who was struck over the heart, and Bert Oldfield, who received a fractured skull (although from a non-Bodyline ball), exacerbated the situation, almost causing a full-scale riot from the 50 000 fans at the Adelaide Oval for the Third Test. The conflict almost escalated into a diplomatic incident between the two countries, as leading Australian political figures, including the Governor of South Australia, Alexander Hore-Ruthven, protested to their English counterparts. The series ended in a 4–1 win for England, but the Bodyline tactics used were banned the year after.

The Australian team managed to overcome the damaging series, winning their next tour of England in 1934. The team was led by Bill Woodfull on his final tour, and was notably dominated by Ponsford and Bradman, who twice put on partnerships of over 380 runs, with Bradman once again scoring a triple-century at Leeds. The bowling was dominated by the spin pair of Bill O'Reilly and Clarrie Grimmett, who took 53 wickets between them, with O'Reilly twice taking seven wicket hauls.

Sir Donald Bradman is widely considered the greatest batsman of all time.[11][12] He dominated the sport from 1930 until his retirement in 1948, setting new records for the highest score in a test innings (334 vs England at Headingley in 1930), the most number of runs (6996), the most number of centuries (29), the most number of double centuries and the greatest Test and first-class batting averages. His record for the highest Test batting average – 99.94 – has never been beaten. It is almost 40 runs above the next highest average. He would have finished with an average of over 100 runs per innings if he had not been dismissed for a duck in his last Test. He was knighted in 1949 for services to cricket. He is generally considered one of Australia's greatest sporting heroes.

Test cricket was again interrupted by war, with the last Test series in 1938 made notable by Len Hutton making a world record 364 for England, with Chuck Fleetwood-Smith conceding 298 runs in England's world record total of 7–903. Ross Gregory, a notable young batsman who played two Tests before the war, was killed in the war.

Cricket after World War II[edit]

The team continued its success after the end of the Second World War, with the first Test (also Australia's first against New Zealand) being played in the 1945–46 season against New Zealand. Australia was by far the most successful team of the 1940s, being undefeated throughout the decade, winning two Ashes series against England and its first Test series against India. The team capitalised on its ageing stars Bradman, Sid Barnes, Bill Brown and Lindsay Hassett while new talent, including Ian Johnson, Don Tallon, Arthur Morris, Neil Harvey, Bill Johnston and the fast bowling pair of Ray Lindwall and Keith Miller, who all made their debut in the latter half of the 1940s, and were to form the basis of the team for a good part of the next decade. The team that Don Bradman led to England in 1948 gained the moniker The Invincibles, after going through the tour without losing a single game. Of 31 first-class games played during the tour, they won 23 and drew 8, including winning the five match Test series 4–0, with one draw. The tour was particularly notable for the Fourth Test of the series, in which Australia won by seven wickets chasing a target of 404, setting a new record for the highest runchase in Test cricket, with Arthur Morris and Bradman both scoring centuries, as well as for the final Test in the series, Bradman's last, where he finished with a duck in his last innings after needing only four runs to secure a career average of 100.

Australia was less successful in the 1950s, losing three consecutive Ashes series to England, including a horrendous 1956 Tour of England, where the 'spin twins' Laker and Lock destroyed Australia, taking 61 wickets between them, including Laker taking 19 wickets in the game (a first-class record) at Leeds, a game dubbed Laker's Match.

However, the team rebounded to win five consecutive series in the latter half of the 1950s, first under the leadership of Ian Johnson, then Ian Craig and Richie Benaud. The series against the West Indies in the 1960–61 season was notable for the Tied Test in the first game at The Gabba, which was the first in Test cricket. Australia ended up winning the series 2–1 after a hard fought series that was praised for its excellent standards and sense of fair-play. Stand-out players in that series as well as through the early part of the 1960s were Richie Benaud, who took a then-record number of wickets as a leg-spinner, and who also captained Australia in 28 Tests, including 24 without defeat; Alan Davidson, who became the first player to take 10 wickets and make 100 runs in the same game in the first Test, and was also a notable fast-bowler; Bob Simpson, who also later captained Australia for two different periods of time; Colin McDonald, the first-choice opening batsman for most of the 1950s and early '60s; Norm O'Neill, who made 181 in the Tied Test; Neil Harvey, towards the end of his long career; and Wally Grout, an excellent wicket-keeper who died at the age of 41.

1970s and onward[edit]

The Centenary Test was played in March 1977 at the MCG to celebrate 100 years since the first Test was played. Australia ended winning by 45 runs, an identical result to the first Test match.[13]

In May 1977 Kerry Packer announced he was organising a breakaway competition – World Series Cricket (WSC) – after the Australian Cricket Board (ACB) refused to accept Channel Nine's bid to gain exclusive television rights to Australia's Test matches in 1976. Packer secretly signed leading international cricketers to his competition, including 28 Australians. Almost all of the Australian Test team at the time were signed to WSC – notable exceptions including Gary Cosier, Geoff Dymock, Kim Hughes and Craig Serjeant – and the Australian selectors were forced to pick what was generally considered a third-rate team from players in the Sheffield Shield. Former player Bob Simpson, who had retired 10 years previously after a conflict with the board, was recalled at the age of 41 to captain Australia against India. Jeff Thomson was named deputy in a team that included seven debutants. Australia managed to win the series 3–2, mainly thanks to the batting of Simpson, who scored 539 runs, including two centuries; and the bowling of Wayne Clark, who took 28 wickets. Australia lost the next series—against the West Indies, which was fielding a full team—3–1, and also lost the 1978–79 Ashes series 5–1, the team's worst Ashes result in Australia. Graham Yallop was named as captain for the Ashes, with Kim Hughes taking over for the 1979–80 tour of India.Rodney Hogg still managed to take 41 wickets in his debut series, an Australian record. WSC players returned to the team for the 1979–80 season after a settlement between the ACB and Kerry Packer. Greg Chappell was reinstated as captain.

The underarm bowling incident of 1981 occurred when, in a ODI against New Zealand, Greg Chappell instructed his brother Trevor to bowl an underarm delivery to New Zealand batsman Brian McKechnie, with New Zealand needing a six to tie off the last ball. The aftermath of the incident soured political relations between Australia and New Zealand, with several leading political and cricketing figures calling it "unsportsmanlike" and "not in the spirit of cricket".

Australia continued its success up until the 1980s, built mainly around Bob Simpson, the Chappell brothers, Dennis Lillee, and Rod Marsh. The 1980s was a period of relative mediocrity after the turmoil caused by the Rebel Tours of South Africa and the subsequent retirement of several key players. The rebel tours were funded by the South African Cricket Board to compete against its national side, which had been banned—along with many other sports, including Olympic athletes—from competing internationally, due to the South African government's racist apartheid policies. Some of Australia's best players were poached: Graham Yallop, Carl Rackemann, Terry Alderman, Rodney Hogg, Kim Hughes, John Dyson, Greg Shipperd, Steve Rixon and Steve Smith amongst others. These players were handed three-year suspensions by the Australian Cricket Board which greatly weakened the player pool for the national sides, as most were either current representative players or on the verge of gaining honours.

Under the captaincy of Allan Border and the new fielding standards put in place by new coach Bob Simpson, the team was restructured and gradually rebuilt their cricketing stocks. Some of the rebel players returned to the national side after serving their suspensions, including Trevor Hohns, Carl Rackemann and Terry Alderman. During these lean years, it was the batsmen Border, David Boon, Dean Jones, the young Steve Waugh and the bowling feats of Alderman, Bruce Reid, Craig McDermott, Merv Hughes and to a lesser extent, Geoff Lawson who kept the Australian side afloat.

With the emergence of players such as Ian Healy, Mark Taylor, Geoff Marsh, Mark Waugh, Greg Matthews, Damien Martyn and Matthew Hayden in the late 1980s, Australia was on the way back from the doldrums. Winning the Ashes in 1989, the Australians got a roll on beating Pakistan, Sri Lanka and then followed it up with another Ashes win on home soil in 1991. The Australians went on to the West Indies and had their chances but ended up losing the series. However they bounced back and beat the Indians in their next Test series. With the retirement of the champion but defensive 'Captain Grumpy', Allan Border, a new era of attacking cricket had begun under the leadership of firstly Mark Taylor and then Steve Waugh.

The 1990s and early 21st century were arguably Australia's most successful period, unbeaten in all Ashes series played bar the famous 2005 series and achieving a hat-trick of World Cups. This success has been attributed to the restructuring of the team and system by Border, successive aggressive captains, and the effectiveness of several key players, most notably Glenn McGrath, Shane Warne, Justin Langer, Matthew Hayden, Steve Waugh, Adam Gilchrist and Ricky Ponting. Following the 2006/07 Ashes series which Australia won 5 nill, Australia slipped in the rankings after the retirements of a key players. They went on to lose 3 Ashes series on the bounce to the English, 2009, 2010/11 and 2013. In the 2013/14 Ashes series Australia again defeated England 5 nill and have climbed back to 3rd on the ICC International Test Rankings. In February & March 2014 Australia beat the number 1 team in the world South Africa 2–1 and were re-ranked number 2 in the world. As of 2014 Australia are also ranked 1st on the ICC International One Day Rankings.

Team colours[edit]

For Test matches, the team wears Cricket Whites, with an optional sweater or sweater-vest with a green and gold V-neck for use in cold weather. The sponsor's (currently Commonwealth Bank for Home Test matches and Victoria Bitter for Away Test matches) logo is displayed on the right side of the chest while the Cricket Australia coat-of-arms is displayed on the left. If the sweater is being worn the coat-of-arms is displayed under the V-neck and the sponsor's logo is again displayed on the right side of the chest.[14] The baggy green, the Australian cricket cap, is considered an essential part of the cricketing uniform and as a symbol of the national team, with new players being presented with one upon their selection in the team. The helmet also prominently displays the Australian cricketing coat-of-arms. At the end of 2011,ASICS was named the manufacture the whites and limited over uniforms from Adidas, with the ASICS logo being displayed on the shirt and pants. Players may choose any manufacturer for their other gear (bat, pads, shoes, gloves, etc.).

In One Day International cricket and Twenty20 International cricket, the team wears uniforms usually coloured green and gold, the national colours of Australia. There have been a variety of different styles and layouts used in both forms of the limited-overs game, with coloured clothing (sometimes known as "pyjamas") being introduced for World Series Cricket in the late 1970s. The sponsors' logos (the Carlton Mid for Home ODIs, KFC for Home Twenty20s and Victoria Bitter for Away ODIs and Away Twenty20) are prominently displayed on the shirts and other gears. The Current Home ODI Kit consists of green as the primary colour and gold as the secondary colour. The Away Kit is the opposite of the Home Kit with gold as the primary colour and green as the secondary colour. The Home Twenty20s uniform consists of navy blue with the natural colours of Australia, green and gold strips.[15]

Players[edit]

This is a list of every player to have played for Australia in the last year, and the forms of the game in which they have played.

For the 2012–13 season Cricket Australia's National Selection Panel (NSP) have announced 17 players contracted to the national side from which selectors choose Test, One-Day and Twenty20 International teams. Salaries are based on a player ranking system decided by the NSP as well as match fees, tour fees and prize money for on-field success. The base retainer for the lowest ranked player is A$230,000 in 2012–13[16] Uncontracted players remain eligible for selection and can be upgraded to a Cricket Australia contract if they gain regular selection. The players contracted for the 2012–13 season are shown in bold.

Key

  • S/N Shirt number
Name Age Batting style Bowling style State Forms S/N[17]
Test and ODI Captain; middle-order batsman
Michael Clarke 33 Right-handed Left-arm orthodox New South Wales Test, ODI 23
Twenty20 Captain and ODI Vice-Captain; Lower middle-order batsman
George Bailey 31 Right-handed Right-arm medium Tasmania Test, ODI, Twenty20 2
Test Vice-Captain; Wicket-keeper
Brad Haddin 36 Right-handed New South Wales Test, ODI, Twenty20 57
Opening Batsman
Phillip Hughes 25 Left-handed Right-arm off spin South Australia Test, ODI 64
Chris Rogers 36 Left-handed Right-arm leg spin Victoria Test
David Warner 27 Left-handed Right-arm leg spin New South Wales Test, ODI, Twenty20 31
Nic Maddinson 22 Left-handed Left-arm orthodox New South Wales Twenty20 53
Shane Watson 33 Right-handed Right-arm medium fast Queensland Test, ODI, Twenty20 33
Higher middle-order batsmen
Alex Doolan 28 Right handed Right-arm fast medium Tasmania Test
Aaron Finch 27 Right-handed Left-arm orthodox Victoria ODI, Twenty20 16
Usman Khawaja 27 Left-handed Right-arm medium Queensland Test 1
Shaun Marsh 31 Left-handed Left-arm orthodox Western Australia Test, ODI, Twenty20 9
Lower middle-order batsmen
Adam Voges 35 Right-handed Left-arm orthodox Western Australia ODI 24
Steven Smith 25 Right-handed Right-arm leg spin New South Wales Test, ODI 49
Wicket-keepers
Matthew Wade 26 Left-handed Right-arm medium fast Victoria ODI, Twenty20 13
All-rounders
Ashton Agar 20 Left-handed Left-arm orthodox Western Australia Test
James Faulkner 24 Right-handed Left-arm fast medium Tasmania Test, ODI, Twenty20 44
Moises Henriques 27 Right-handed Right-arm fast medium New South Wales Twenty20 21
Glenn Maxwell 25 Right-handed Right-arm off spin Victoria ODI, Twenty20 28
Nathan Coulter-Nile 26 Right-handed Right-arm fast Western Australia Test, ODI, Twenty20 6
Ben Cutting 27 Right-handed Right-arm fast medium Queensland Twenty20 5
Dan Christian 31 Right-handed Right-arm medium fast Queensland ODI, Twenty20 34
Pace bowlers
Mitchell Johnson 32 Left-handed Left-arm fast Western Australia Test, ODI, Twenty20 25
Jackson Bird 27 Right-handed Right-arm fast medium Tasmania Test 22
Josh Hazlewood 23 Left-handed Right-arm fast medium New South Wales ODI, Twenty20 38
Clinton McKay 31 Right-handed Right-arm fast medium Victoria ODI, Twenty20 27
James Pattinson 24 Left-handed Right-arm fast Victoria Test, ODI 19
Peter Siddle 29 Right-handed Right-arm fast medium Victoria Test 10
Mitchell Starc 24 Left-handed Left-arm fast medium New South Wales Test, Twenty20 56
Ryan Harris 34 Right-handed Right-arm fast medium Queensland Test 45
Spin Bowlers
Fawad Ahmed 32 Right-handed Right-arm leg spin Victoria ODI, Twenty20 80
Xavier Doherty 31 Left-handed Left-arm orthodox Tasmania ODI, Twenty20 3
Nathan Lyon 26 Right-handed Right-arm off spin South Australia Test 67
James Muirhead 20 Right-handed Right-arm leg spin Victoria Twenty20 18

Coaching staff[edit]

Test match records[edit]

Team[edit]

  • Australia have been involved in the only two Tied Tests played. The first occurred against the West Indies at Brisbane in December 1960.[19] The Second occurred against India at Madras in September 1986.[20]
  • Australia are the most successful Test team in cricketing history. They have won more than 350 Test matches at a rate of almost 47%. The next best performance is by South Africa at 36%.[21]
  • Australia's largest victory in a Test match came on 24 February 2002. Australia defeated South Africa by an innings and 360 runs in Johannesburg.[22]
  • Australia holds the record for most consecutive wins with 16. This has been achieved twice; from October 1999 to February 2001, and from December 2005 to January 2008 and both have broken by Indian Cricket team.[23]
  • Australia shares the record for most consecutive series victories winning 9 series from October 2005 to June 2008. This record is shared with England.[24]
  • Australia have won the ICC Test Championship 6 times since it started – 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008.[citation needed]
  • Australia's highest total in a Test match innings was recorded at Kingston, Jamaica against the West Indies in June 1955. Australia posted 758/8 in their first innings with five players scoring a century.[25]
  • Australia's lowest total in a Test match innings was recorded at Birmingham against England in May 1902. Australia were bowled all out for 36.[26]
  • Australia are the only team to have lost a Test after enforcing the follow-on, having been the losing side in all three such matches:[27]
  • Australia became the first team in Test history to declare in their first innings and then lose by an innings against India in March 2013.[28]

Appearances[edit]

Batting[edit]

  • Charles Bannerman faced the first ball in Test cricket, scored the first runs in Test cricket and scored the first test century and half-century.[citation needed]
  • Charles Bannerman also scored 67.34% of the Australian first innings total in match 1. This record remains to this day as the highest percentage of an innings total that has been scored by a single batsman.[29]
  • Ricky Ponting has scored the most runs for Australia in Test match cricket with 13,291 runs. Allan Border in second with 11,174 runs in 265 innings while Steve Waugh has 10,927 in 260 innings.[30]
  • Ricky Ponting is the first ever Australian batsman in history to pass 12,000 and 13,000 Test runs.
  • Matthew Hayden holds the record for the most runs in a single innings by an Australian with 380 in the first test against Zimbabwe at Perth in October 2003.
  • Donald Bradman holds the record for the highest average by an Australian (or any other) cricketer with a remarkable average of 99.94. Bradman played 52 tests and struck 29 centuries and 13 fifties in them.[31]
  • Ricky Ponting holds the record for the most centuries by an Australian cricketer with 41. Former Australian captain Steve Waugh is in second position with 32 centuries from 260 innings.[32]
  • Allan Border holds the record for the most fifties by an Australian cricketer with 63 in 265 innings.[32]
  • Adam Gilchrist holds the record of 2nd fastest hundred and fastest hundred by an Australian. He also holds the record of most successful keeper and took as many catches for Australia and second only to South Africa's Boucher.[32]
  • Glenn McGrath holds the record for the most ducks by an Australian cricketer with 35 in 138 innings.[33]

Bowling[edit]

  • Billy Midwinter picked up the first five-wicket haul in a test innings in match 1.[34]
  • Fred Spofforth performed Test cricket's first hat-trick by dismissing Vernon Royle, Francis McKinnon and Tom Emmett in successive balls.[35]
  • Fred Spofforth also took the first 10-wicket match haul in Test cricket.[35]
  • Shane Warne holds the record for the most wickets by an Australian cricketer with 708 wickets in 145 Test matches.[36]
  • Arthur Mailey holds the record for the best bowling figures in an innings by an Australian cricketer with 9/121 against England in February 1921.[37]
  • Bob Massie holds the record for the best bowling figures in a match by an Australian cricketer with 16/137 against England in June 1972. That was also his first match for Australia.[38]
  • JJ Ferris holds the record for the best bowling average by an Australian bowler, taking 61 wickets at 12.70 in his career.[38][39]
  • Clarrie Grimmett holds the record for the most wickets in a test series with 44 against South Africa in 1935–36.[40]

Fielding and wicketkeeping[edit]

  • Jack Blackham performed the first stumping in Test cricket in match 1.[34]
  • Mark Waugh holds the record for the most catches in a career by an Australian fielder with 181 in 128 matches.[41]
  • Adam Gilchrist holds the record for the most dismissals in a career by an Australian wicketkeeper with 416 in 96 matches

One Day International records[edit]

Team[edit]

  • Australia's highest total in a One Day International innings is 434/4 scored off 50 overs against South Africa at Johannesburg on 12 March 2006. This was a world record before the South Africans surpassed this score in the same match.[42]
  • Australia's lowest total in a One Day International innings is 70. This score has occurred twice. Once against New Zealand in 1986, and once against England in 1977.[43]
  • Australia's largest victory in a One Day International is 256 runs. This occurred against Namibia at the 2003 World Cup in South Africa.[44]
  • Australia have won the ICC ODI Championship 8 times since it started – 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2010.[citation needed]
  • Australia are the only team in the history of the World Cup to win 3 consecutive tournaments dated back in 1999, 2003 and 2007.
  • Australia were undefeated in the World Cup for a record 34 matches in the Tournament, the last time Australia were defeated in a World Cup match was back in 1999 against Pakistan, this streak was broken again by Pakistan in the 2011 Cricket World Cup.
  • Australia have won the most number of World Cups – 4.
  • In 2013-14 Ashes series, Australia had taken all 100 wickets on offer in the 5–0 sweep over England.[45]

Appearances[edit]

  • Ricky Ponting has played in the most One Day International matches for Australia, playing 362 matches.

Batting[edit]

  • Ricky Ponting has the most One Day International Runs by an Australian Batsman with 13,291 runs.
  • Ricky Ponting has the most One Day International Centuries by an Australian Batsman with 30 Centuries.
  • Ricky Ponting has the most One Day International fifties by an Australian Batsman with 79 One Day International fifties.
  • Ricky Ponting is the first Australian Batsman his history to pass 10,000 One Day International Runs.
  • Shane Watson has the highest individual "Not Out" score in an innings by an Australian Batsman with 185*.
  • Shane Watson has hit the most sixes in a single innings by an Australian with 15 sixes.

Bowling[edit]

  • Glenn McGrath has the most One Day International Wickets by an Australian bowler with 380 wickets.
  • Glenn McGrath has the best bowling figures by an Australian bowler 7/15.
  • Brett Lee has the most 5-wicket hauls by an Australian bowler with 9 times (5 wickets or more).

Fielding and wicket-keeping[edit]

  • Adam Gilchrist has most dismissals by an Australian Wicket-keeper with 470.
  • Adam Gilchrist has the most catches taken by an Australian Wicket-keeper with 416 catches.
  • Adam Gilchrist has the most stumpings made by an Australian Wicket-keeper with 54 stumpings.
  • Ricky Ponting has the most catches by a fielder 154 catches.

Tournament history[edit]

A red box around the year indicates tournaments played within Australia

ICC World Cup[edit]

World Cup record
Year Round Position GP W L T NR
England 1975 Runners-up 2/8 5 3 2 0 0
England 1979 Round 1 6/8 3 1 2 0 0
England 1983 Round 1 6/8 6 2 4 0 0
IndiaPakistan 1987 Champions 1/8 8 7 1 0 0
AustraliaNew Zealand 1992 Round 1 5/9 8 4 4 0 0
IndiaPakistanSri Lanka 1996 Runners-up 2/12 7 5 2 0 0
EnglandRepublic of IrelandNetherlandsScotlandWales 1999 Champions 1/12 10 7 2 1 0
KenyaSouth AfricaZimbabwe 2003 Champions 1/14 11 11 0 0 0
West Indies Cricket Board 2007 Champions 1/16 11 11 0 0 0
India Sri Lanka Bangladesh 2011 Quarter-finals 5/14 7 4 2 0 1
Australia New Zealand 2015 Qualified
England 2019 Qualified
Total 4 Titles 10/10 76 55 19 1 1

Twenty20 World Cup[edit]

World Twenty20 record
Year Round GP W L T NR
South Africa 2007 Semi-finals 3/12 6 3 3 0 0
England 2009 Round 1 11/12 2 0 2 0 0
West Indies Cricket Board 2010 Runners-up 2/12 7 6 1 0 0
Sri Lanka 2012 Semi-finals 3/12 6 4 2 0 0
Bangladesh 2014 Super 10 8/16 4 1 3 0 0
India 2016
Australia 2020
Total 0 Titles 5/5 25 14 11 0 0

ICC Champions Trophy[edit]

Champions Trophy record
Year Round Position GP W L T NR
Bangladesh 1998 Quarter-finals 6/9 1 0 1 0 0
Kenya 2000 Quarter-finals 5/11 1 0 1 0 0
Sri Lanka 2002 Semi-finals 4/12 3 2 1 0 0
England 2004 Semi-finals 3/12 3 2 1 0 0
India 2006 Champions 1/12 5 4 1 0 0
South Africa 2009 Champions 1/8 5 4 0 0 1
England 2013 Round 1 7/8 3 0 2 0 1
Total 2 Titles 6/6 21 12 7 0 2

Commonwealth Games[edit]

Commonwealth Games record
Year Round Position GP W L T NR
Malaysia 1998 Runners-up 2/16 5 4 1 0 0
Total 0 Titles 1/1 5 4 1 0 0

Under the Southern Cross I Stand[edit]

The team song is "Under the Southern Cross I Stand", which is sung by the players after every victory and "treated with reverential consideration and respect" within the team.[46] The official lyrics are as follows, though when it is sung by the players, the word "little" in the last line is replaced by "bloody" or an expletive.

Under the Southern Cross I Stand
A sprig of wattle in my hand,
A native of my native land,
Australia you little beauty.[47]

The authorship of this "Under the Southern Cross I Stand" is credited to former wicketkeeper Rod Marsh, who was apparently inspired by Henry Lawson's 1887 poem, "Flag of the Southern Cross".[46] Marsh initially had the role of leading the team in singing it, and on his retirement he passed it on to Allan Border. The other players to have taken on the role are David Boon (when Border took over the captaincy), Ian Healy (on Boon's retirement), Ricky Ponting (on Healy's retirement), Justin Langer (when Ponting took over the captaincy). The role was then passed on to Michael Hussey, who took it on when Langer retired in January 2007. At Hussey's retirement on 6 January 2013, he announced that he would be handing the duties over to Nathan Lyon.[48]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Records | Results Summary". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "1st Test: Australia v England at Melbourne, Mar 15–19, 1877 | Cricket Scorecard". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  3. ^ "Only ODI: Australia v England at Melbourne, Jan 5, 1971 | Cricket Scorecard". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  4. ^ "Only T20I: New Zealand v Australia at Auckland, Feb 17, 2005 | Cricket Scorecard". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  5. ^ "Records | ESPN Cricinfo". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  6. ^ ICC Rankings, accessed on 20 june 2014
  7. ^ "Records | One-Day Internationals | ESPN Cricinfo". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  8. ^ "World Cup day 29 as it happened". BBC News. 19 March 2011. 
  9. ^ "Records | ESPN Cricinfo". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  10. ^ "Victor Trumper | Cricket Players and Officials". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  11. ^ mohankaus (17 January 2009). "ICC's "Best Ever" batsmen and bowlers!". i3j3Cricket :: A blog for fans of Indian cricket... Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  12. ^ "The 10 Greatest Batsmen Ever". World Cricket Watch. 15 October 2009. Archived from the original on 11 February 2011. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  13. ^ Remembering the 1977 Centenary Test – The Roar. Published 1 November 2009. Retrieved 4 May 2011.
  14. ^ CBC News http://www.cbc.ca/gfx/images/sports/photos/2010/12/27/ponting-ricky101227getty.jpg |url= missing title (help). 
  15. ^ "ASICS unveil new uniforms – Cricket Australia". Cricket.com.au. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  16. ^ "Cricket Australia announces 2012–13 contracted player list". Bradman Foundation. 3 July 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  17. ^ "ODI/Twenty20 shirt numbers". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  18. ^ "Ali de Winter named Australia bowling coach". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 3 August 2012. 
  19. ^ "1st Test: Australia v West Indies at Brisbane, Dec 9–14, 1960 | ESPN Cricinfo". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  20. ^ "1st Test: India v Australia at Chennai, Sep 18–22, 1986 | ESPN Cricinfo". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  21. ^ "CricInfo Test Results by Country page". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  22. ^ "1st Test: South Africa v Australia at Johannesburg, Feb 22–24, 2002 | ESPN Cricinfo". Content-aus.cricinfo.com. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  23. ^ "Records | ESPN Cricinfo". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  24. ^ "Records | ESPN Cricinfo". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  25. ^ "5th Test: West Indies v Australia at Kingston, Jun 11–17, 1955 | ESPN Cricinfo". Content-aus.cricinfo.com. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  26. ^ "1st Test: England v Australia at Birmingham, May 29–31, 1902 | ESPN Cricinfo". Content-aus.cricinfo.com. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  27. ^ "Tests – Victory after Following-On". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2 October 2009. 
  28. ^ "BBC Sport – India v Australia: Collapse helps hosts take 2–0 lead". BBC. 5 March 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  29. ^ "Batsmen Scoring more than 50% of Innings Total (where side dismissed)". Howstat!. Retrieved 30 December 2010. 
  30. ^ "Cricket Records | ESPN Cricinfo". Content-aus.cricinfo.com. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  31. ^ "Cricket Records | ESPN Cricinfo". Content-aus.cricinfo.com. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  32. ^ a b c "Cricket Records | Most fifties (and over) | ESPN Cricinfo". Content-aus.cricinfo.com. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  33. ^ "Cricket Records | ESPN Cricinfo". Content-aus.cricinfo.com. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  34. ^ a b "1st Test: Australia v England at Melbourne, Mar 15–19, 1877 | ESPN Cricinfo". Content-aus.cricinfo.com. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  35. ^ a b "Records | Hat-tricks | ESPN Cricinfo". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  36. ^ "Cricket Records | ESPN Cricinfo". Content-aus.cricinfo.com. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  37. ^ "4th Test: Australia v England at Melbourne, Feb 11–16, 1921 | ESPN Cricinfo". Content-aus.cricinfo.com. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  38. ^ a b "Cricket Records | ESPN Cricinfo". Content-aus.cricinfo.com. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  39. ^ "J.J. Ferris | ESPN Cricinfo". Content-www.cricinfo.com. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  40. ^ "Cricket Records | ESPN Cricinfo". Content-aus.cricinfo.com. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  41. ^ "Cricket Records | ESPN Cricinfo". Content-aus.cricinfo.com. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  42. ^ "5th ODI: South Africa v Australia at Johannesburg, Mar 12, 2006 | ESPN Cricinfo". Content-aus.cricinfo.com. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  43. ^ "Cricket Records | One-Day Internationals | ESPN Cricinfo". Content-aus.cricinfo.com. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  44. ^ "31st Match: Australia v Namibia at Potchefstroom, Feb 27, 2003 | ESPN Cricinfo". Content-aus.cricinfo.com. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  45. ^ = Aussies raise the bat, with the ball =
  46. ^ a b Stevenson, Andrew (2 January 2007). "Tune in for a new voice in victory". The Age (Australia). 
  47. ^ "Cricket Australia FAQ". Cricket.com.au. Archived from the original on 8 December 2010. Retrieved 30 December 2010. 
  48. ^ "Australia v Sri Lanka, 3rd Test, Sydney, 4th day Report : Retiring Hussey steers Australia to victory | Cricket News". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 

External links[edit]