|City||New York, New York|
|Broadcast area||New York metropolitan area|
|Frequency||91.5 MHz FM|
|Branding||Radio New York|
Public Radio International
|Owner||NYC Media |
(New York City Department of Information Technology and Telecommunications)
First air date
|November 1938 (Apex band) |
1942 (FM band)
Former call signs
Call sign meaning
|W New York Education|
|HAAT||281 meters (922 ft)|
|Website||Radio New York|
WNYE (91.5 MHz) is a non-commercial educational FM radio station licensed to New York City. The station is operated, along with WNYE-TV (channel 25), by NYC Media, a division of the Mayor's Office of Media and Entertainment. Studios are located at the City University of New York's Graduate Center at 365 Fifth Avenue, and the transmitter is at the former Condé Nast Building.
As of August 31, 2015 WNYE aired adult album alternative music by simulcasting WFUV weekdays from 6 a.m. to 10 a.m. On weekday late mornings and afternoons, the station airs news programming from NPR and other public radio organizations. That includes the NPR news show "All Things Considered," "Here and Now" from WBUR-FM in Boston and "1A," a news and interview program from WAMU in Washington, D.C. Late nights, music programs are heard including the "World Cafe" from WXPN Philadelphia, "Afropop Worldwide" from Public Radio International and "Echoes" which specializes in ambient and electronic music. Evenings and weekends are devoted to ethnic programming for the Greek, Irish, Croatian, Haitian, Slavic and Brazilian communities.
Because its funding comes from the City of New York, WNYE is different from most non-commercial radio stations in that it does not ask for listener donations and it airs no fund drives.
Establishment as AM Apex station WCNY
Organized radio broadcasting was introduced in the United States in the early 1920s, and by the mid-1930s the standard AM broadcast band was considered to be too full to allow any meaningful increase in the number of stations. Looking to expand the number of available frequencies, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) began to issue licenses to parties interested in testing the suitability of using higher transmitting frequencies between roughly 25 and 44 MHz. These stations were informally known as "Apex" stations, due to the tall height of their transmitter antennas, which were needed because coverage was primarily limited to local line-of-sight distances. These original Apex stations operated under experimental licenses, and like standard broadcasting stations used amplitude modulation (AM) transmissions.
After monitoring the first group of Apex stations assignments, the FCC realized that, due to the strengthening of the ionosphere during periods of high solar activity, at times the lower end of the VHF frequencies would produce strong, and undesirable, skywave signals that were heard as far way as Australia. This determination led to the FCC moving the developing broadcasting service stations to higher frequencies that were less affected by solar influences. In October 1937, the FCC announced a sweeping allocation of frequency assignments that included a band for Apex stations, consisting of 75 channels with 40 kHz separations, and spanning from 41.02 to 43.98 MHz. In addition, in January 1938 the band's first 25 channels, from 41.02 to 41.98 MHz, were reserved for non-commercial educational stations. (Although there had been stations operated by educational institutions on the standard AM band since the early 1920s, at this time there was not a separate license classification for them.)
WNYE began broadcasting as an AM Apex station on 41.10 MHz in November 1938 with the call sign WCNY, giving it an earlier starting date than any other FM station in New York City. It was the second educational Apex station, preceded only by WBOE (now WCPN) in Cleveland, Ohio. The station's original studios and transmitter were located at the Brooklyn Technical High School, and it served as a laboratory for developing programming for the city's public school system, and was known as the High School of the Air. Later its broadcasts were expanded to include adult learning, community-interest and ethnic programming. On October 25, 1939 the station's call letters were changed to WNYE, because the original call sign was considered to be too similar to WNYC, the New York City-owned municipal station.
Conversion to FM
At the time the Apex band was established the FCC noted that "The Commission at an early date will consider carefully the needs and requirements for high-frequency broadcast stations using both conventional [AM] modulation and frequency modulation". The commission's studies soon found significant advantages to FM transmissions over the Apex AM signals, with sound quality, and especially resistance to interference from static, including from lightning, found to be far superior for FM. In May 1940, the FCC decided to authorize an FM broadcast band, effective January 1, 1941, operating on 40 channels spanning 42–50 MHz, with the first five channels reserved for educational stations. This new assignment also resulted in the elimination of the Apex band, and the Apex stations were informed that they needed to either go silent or convert to FM. Prior to switching over to FM, WNYE received a series of special authorizations that permitted it to continue to use its Apex AM transmitter until June 29, 1941.
In 1942 WNYE made the conversion to FM transmissions, now broadcasting at 42.1 MHz. Three years later the FCC announced that, due to interference concerns, it was reallocating the current FM "low band" frequencies to other services, and existing FM band stations would be relocated to 88-106 MHz (later expanded to 108 MHz). In July 1946 the FCC directed that FM stations currently operating on 42-44 MHz would have to move to new frequencies by the end of the year, and WNYE's assignment was changed to 44.9 MHz, although it was also reported that instead of making this short-term adjustment the station planned to stay silent until it was ready to begin operations on the new FM band, where it was initially assigned to 91.7 MHz. A subsequent reallocation in the fall of 1947 moved WNYE to its current frequency of 91.5 MHz.
In April 1967, the Board of Education added a television station, WNYE-TV (channel 25), also broadcasting classroom instruction programs and other educational shows.
In December 2004, the Department of Education transferred the WNYE-FM-TV licenses to the New York City Department of Information Technology and Telecommunications. This integrated WNYE-FM-TV's operations with those of the city-owned cable television services CUNY-TV and Crosswalks Television Network, to form NYC Media. WNYE's format remained largely unchanged at that time, but in March 2007 the station was rebranded as "Radio New York, WNYE 91.5 FM". On February 11, 2008, station management announced a partnership with Seattle station KEXP-FM to produce a new format branded as "Radio Liberation", featuring indie rock music simulcast from KEXP. The format started on March 24, 2008, replacing a number of NPR, BBC and Public Radio International shows.
In 2009 it launched its digital programming with a new transmitter located at the Condé Nast Building (4 Times Square). In the early 2010s, WNYE carried New York Islanders hockey games, simulcast with WRHU in Hempstead, New York. On June 1, 2011 KEXP was replaced with "The Alternate Side" from Fordham University's WFUV. It featured indie rock and alternative rock programming. This ended on August 21, 2015.
- According to the Engineering details for WNYE in their license application at the Federal Communications Commission, April 2009.
- Scott Fybush. "Site of the Week 5/18/18: WNYE and CUNY-TV, New York". fybush.com.
- "WNYE 91.5 FM Schedule". www1.nyc.gov. Retrieved 2015-09-02.
- "Upper Bands Set Aside for Television", Broadcasting, November 1, 1937, pages 60-61.
- "Ultra-high Waves Granted Educators", Broadcasting, February 1, 1938, page 17.
- Broadcasting Yearbook 1977 pg. C-144
- "Radio and Education" (photograph caption), Broadcasting, April 1, 1939, page 74.
- "Radio and Education", Broadcasting, October 15, 1939, page 74.
- "FCC Order No. 67", Federal Register, May 25, 1940, page 2011.
- "FCC Order No. 69" Federal Communications Commission, May 22, 1940.
- FCC History Cards for WCNY/WNYE (Federal Communications Commission)
- "FCC Allocates 88-106 mc Band to FM" by Bill Bailey, Broadcasting, July 2, 1945, pages 13-14.
- "FCC Allocations Order Text", Broadcasting, July 2, 1945, pages 64-68.
- "Filling in the Spectrum", Television Digest and FM Reports, July 20, 1946, page 1.
- "FCC Orders Cessation of FM Broadcasts in Low Band", Service Bulletin of the FREC, January 1947, page 3.
- "New Frequency Assignments for FM Stations in the United States", Broadcasting, June 23, 1947, page 38.
- "KEXP and Radio New York liberate listeners from the norm" (Press release). Pyramid Communications. 2008-02-11. Archived from the original on 2008-02-14. Retrieved 2008-02-18.
- "Air raid", Time Out New York, Issue 651, Mar 19–25, 2008.
- "Indie scene can be heard now on WNYE", Daily News, March 23, 2008.
- "Mayor Bloomberg, DoITT commissioner Cosgrave, and NYC Media Group president Arick Wierson launch new transmitter site for WNYE 91.5 FM Radio New York at 4 Times Square", press release PR-109-09, City of New York. March 5, 2009.
- "The Alternate Side Debuts On WNYE June 1", thealternateside.org, June 1, 2011.
- "WFUV Dissolves The Alternate Side" by Lance Venta, August 20, 2015 (radioinsight.com).
- 91.5 FM Radio New York, official home page.
- WNYE in the FCC's FM station database
- FCC History Cards for WNYE (covering WCNY / WNYE from 1938-1981)
- WNYE on Radio-Locator
- WNYE in Nielsen Audio's FM station database
- "New York, New York: 1923-1924, 1937 to date", Public School Broadcasting to the Classroom, by Carroll Atkinson, 1942, pages 11–18.