Walker County Jane Doe

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Walker County Jane Doe
Digital image created from study of morgue photographs to depict an estimation of the victim in life
A forensic facial reconstruction of Walker County Jane Doe created by the NCMEC
Born1960 - 1966 (approximate)
StatusUnidentified for 38 years, 9 months and 17 days
DiedNovember 1, 1980 (aged 14 - 20)
Cause of deathHomicide by ligature strangulation
Body discoveredNovember 1, 1980 Huntsville, Walker County, Texas, United States 30°46′12″N 95°38′24″W / 30.770025°N 95.6401154°W / 30.770025; -95.6401154Coordinates: 30°46′12″N 95°38′24″W / 30.770025°N 95.6401154°W / 30.770025; -95.6401154
Resting placeOakwood Cemetery, Huntsville, Walker County, Texas, United States
30°43′38″N 95°32′33″W / 30.7272°N 95.5424°W / 30.7272; -95.5424 (approximate)
Known forCurrently unidentified victim of homicide
Height5 ft 6 in (1.68 m) (approximate)
Weight108 lb (49 kg)
WebsiteFacebook Walker County Jane Doe webpage

Walker County Jane Doe is the name given to an unidentified murder victim and victim of an unsolved crime whose body was discovered on November 1, 1980, in Huntsville, Texas. She was aged between 14 and 20 at the time of her death, and her body was discovered within hours of her sexual assault, rape, and murder.

Despite initial efforts to discover both her identity and that of her murderer(s), the investigation into Walker County Jane Doe's murder gradually became a cold case.[1] Nonetheless, the case remains open, and numerous efforts have been made to determine the identity of the decedent, including several forensic facial reconstructions of how she may have appeared in life.[2][3][4][5]

This unidentified decedent became known as Walker County Jane Doe due to the county in which her body was discovered and where she was later buried in a donated casket.[6]

Discovery[edit]

On November 1, 1980, the nude body of a girl estimated to be between the ages of 14 and 20[7] was discovered by a truck driver who had been driving past the Sam Houston National Forest. She was lying face-down in an area of grass approximately 20 feet (6.1 m) from the shoulder of Interstate Highway 45, and just two miles north of Huntsville.[3][8][9] This motorist called police at 9:20 a.m. to report his discovery.[2]

The decedent had been deceased for approximately six hours, thus placing her time of death around 3:20 a.m. A rectangular brown pendant containing a smoky blue or brown glass colored stone on a thin gold chain necklace was found around her neck.[10][9] Her ears were pierced, although no earrings were found in her ears nor at the crime scene.[2] High-heeled red leather sandals with light brown straps, which investigators would subsequently discover the girl had been seen carrying while alive, were also recovered from the scene, although the remainder of her clothing was missing.[6]

Autopsy[edit]

Walker County Jane Doe was approximately five feet six inches in height, weighed between 105 and 120 pounds,[11][n 1] and was described by the Harris County Medical Examiner as being a "well-nourished" individual.[6] Her eyes were hazel,[3] and her hair was approximately 10 inches in length and light brown in color, with what has been described as a possible reddish tint, although her hair bore no evidence of having received color treatment.[9] The decedent's fingernails were bare, and her toenails had been painted pink.[6] Distinctive features upon her body were a vertical scar measuring one and a half inches[14] at the edge of her right eyebrow and the fact that her right nipple was inverted.[6][4][15][16] Due to the general condition of the decedent's body, including her overall health, nutrition and the excellent dental care she had received in life,[15] Walker County Jane Doe may have hailed from a middle-class household.[17]

The cause of death was certified by the coroner to be asphyxia[18] due to ligature strangulation,[19] possibly inflicted via a pantyhose,[3] fragments of which—along with the decedent's underwear—were found inside the victim's vaginal cavity.[15] The pantyhose and underwear had likely been placed inside the girl's vaginal cavity in an attempt to prevent her body from bleeding as she was transported to the site of her discovery as the girl had been sexually assaulted with a large blunt instrument[15] both vaginally and anally, and these acts had occurred prior to her death.[2][4][20][15] It is unknown if the girl had actually been conventionally raped, as no biological evidence attesting to this form of assault was discovered either at the crime scene or in the subsequent coroner's examination of her body.[6][n 2] Furthermore, the girl had also been the recipient of a severe beating which had been inflicted prior to her death as many bruises were evident across her body, with her lips and right eyelid in particular being extensively swollen. In addition, the right shoulder of the decedent's body bore a deep and visible bite mark.[15]

Additional facial reconstruction of Walker County Jane Doe

Investigation[edit]

Sightings[edit]

Following exhaustive witness appeals and extensive media accounts regarding this murder, numerous individuals (all of whom are now deceased) informed investigators they had seen a teenage girl matching the decedent's description within the 24 hours prior to her murder. These individuals include the manager of a South End Gulf station and two employees at the Hitch 'n' Post truck stop, all of whom described this girl as wearing blue jeans, a dirty yellow pullover, and a white knit sweater with noticeably large pockets which extended past her waist. This girl had been carrying red leather strapped high heel sandals.[2][22]

According to the first witness, the girl—appearing somewhat disheveled[6]—had arrived at the South End Gulf station at approximately 6:30 p.m. on October 31. At this location, she had exited a blue 1973 or 1974 model Chevrolet Caprice with a light-colored top, which had been driven by a white male.[20][15] This witness stated the girl had asked for directions to the Texas Department of Corrections Ellis Prison Farm.[10][23] After receiving directions, the girl had left the Gulf station on foot, and was later seen walking north on Sam Houston Avenue.[6][n 3]

This same girl was later seen at the Hitch 'n' Post truck stop alongside Interstate 45,[23] where she again requested directions to the Texas Department of Corrections Ellis Prison Farm, claiming "a friend" was waiting for her at this location.[24] In response, a waitress drew a map providing directions to the prison farm which she then handed to the girl.[15] This waitress informed investigators that she had suspected the girl was a runaway, and that in their brief conversation, the girl had informed her she was from either Rockport or Aransas Pass, Texas. The girl had also claimed to this waitress that she was 19 years old; when the waitress had expressed doubts as to her claimed age and further asked if her parents knew her whereabouts, this girl had reportedly replied, "Who cares?"[25][n 4]

Ellis Prison Farm[edit]

Both inmates and employees of the Ellis Prison Farm were canvassed and shown mortuary photographs of the victim, although none were able to identify her.[6][2] Investigators also traveled to both the Rockport and Aransas Pass districts to converse with law enforcement personnel regarding any missing females whose physical description matched that of the decedent.[27] Staff at schools in both districts were also contacted by investigators for the same purpose, and numerous Texas high school books were searched for any female known to be missing whose physical features matched her description. All these lines of inquiry failed to bear fruition,[10] and no subsequent missing person reports pertaining to young Caucasian females have ever been matched to the decedent.[4]

Despite the fact police and media appeals in the towns of Rockport or Aransas Pass to discover the identity of Walker County Jane Doe failed to produce any fruitful leads as to her identity, it is believed the girl may have indeed hailed from the general region she had stated to the waitress at the Hitch 'n' Post truck stop the evening prior to her murder.[2]

Funeral[edit]

On January 16, 1981, Walker County Jane Doe was buried in the Adickes Addition at Oakwood Cemetery. Her burial followed an open-casket funeral, and the cemetery in which she was interred is located within the town where her body was found. She is buried beneath a tombstone donated by Morris Memorials; the inscription upon her tombstone reads, "Unknown white female. Died Nov. 1, 1980."[6]

"That person made a statement when they did that. Honestly, no one should ever be treated like that ... If we could positively identify the victim there is a very good chance we could identify the suspect. At this point, I'm willing to look anywhere. If there is a missing person from New York that looks like her, I'm willing to look at it."

Walker County Sheriff's Office Detective Thomas Bean referring to the murder of Walker County Jane Doe and the mindset of her murderer. March 4, 2018.[28]

Ongoing investigation[edit]

Further forensic analysis[edit]

The remains of Walker County Jane Doe were exhumed in 1999 in order to conduct a further forensic examination of her remains, including the obtaining of a DNA sample from her body.[6][29] This second forensic examination of her body revised the likely age of Walker County Jane Doe to be between 14 and 18 years old.[3][n 5]

In November 2015, the case was officially reopened by the Walker County Sheriff's Office.[22]

DNA testing has also been conducted upon the high-heeled red leather sandals found at the crime scene; the results of this testing remain undisclosed. Local police departments have also actively monitored other missing person reports for potential matches to the decedent.[3] Investigators have also reached out to the public via various online websites, news media and television networks in hopes of generating further leads of inquiry—all of which, to date, have been unsuccessful in identifying either Walker County Jane Doe or her murderer(s).[4]

Facial reconstructions[edit]

Several forensic facial reconstructions have been created to illustrate estimations of how Walker County Jane Doe may have looked in life. In 1990, forensic and portrait artist Karen T. Taylor created a composite drawing of Walker County Jane Doe in which she incorporated an estimation as to the appearance of the necklace she had been wearing. An investigator at the Walker County Sheriff's office has also created a facial rendering of the decedent.[32]

Karen Taylor has included this case in her book Forensic Art and Illustration, in which she confessed to having experienced difficulties in creating her sketch of the decedent as the only frontal photograph made available to her at the time was of one taken after the victim had received extensive reconstructive cosmetic treatment at the Huntsville Funeral Home in order for her facial features to be sufficient to be viewed in an open-casket funeral. Taylor further explained that a scaled photograph of the girl's necklace was not made available to her, and she was forced to guess at the size of this item of jewelry for the facial reconstruction she produced.[33]

An array of four unidentified young females whose faces have been forensically reconstructed—two of whom have since been identified.[34] Walker County Jane Doe is depicted second to the right

In more recent years, the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children has constructed and released two facial reconstructions of how Walker County Jane Doe may have appeared in life. The first facial reconstruction was released in 2012 and the second shortly after the 35th anniversary of her murder. This second facial reconstruction was created with the aid of studying mortuary photographs taken of the decedent.[3]

Other theories[edit]

"Cathleen"[edit]

In December 2015, a photograph surfaced of a white female, aged approximately 14 years old and 5 feet 4 inches in height and whose other physical characteristics also closely match those of Walker County Jane Doe. The girl depicted in the image is a possible runaway named "Cathleen" or "Kathleen" who may have hailed from Corpus Christi. This photograph emerged after a brother and sister reviewed a private collection of images taken of themselves—then aged 12 and 10—at a motel in Beeville, Texas in the summer of 1980. These siblings had encountered this girl at the motel in question and recall both that she may have lived with a couple at the time the image was taken, and that she had expressed her wishes to meet a friend from Sugarland Prison. Both of these siblings sincerely believe that Cathleen (or Kathleen) may actually be Walker County Jane Doe.

A photograph of this girl, plus additional details of her physical characteristics and the circumstances surrounding the caption of this image, currently exist upon the Facebook page "Who Was Walker County Jane Doe?" This image and details pertaining to its caption are accompanied by appeals to the public to help provide the girl's full name and origins—all of which can be anonymously submitted to law enforcement should the sender wish to do so. Primarily, appeals are made to any individual who attended any elementary or middle school within Corpus Christi in the 1960s and/or 1970s who may recognize the girl in this photograph. Cathleen (or Kathleen) was most likely born in 1966, although her precise year of birth is unknown.[35]

Gender of perpetrator[edit]

Some individuals have theorized that Walker County Jane Doe may have actually been assaulted and murdered by a female assailant as opposed to a male. This theory was initially suggested by a journalist named Michael Hargraves, who based this assumption upon the fact that no semen was found upon or within the body of Walker County Jane Doe, or at the actual crime scene, and that the only sexual assaults conclusively proven to have been committed upon the girl were performed by aggressively forcing an object or objects into her bodily orifices. Hargraves elaborated his theory by stating that men who commit crimes of a sexual nature are typically known to bite their victims upon sensitive areas of the body as opposed to the shoulder, as had occurred in this case.[36]

The act of male perpetrators of murders committed with a sexual motivation occasionally collecting souvenirs from their victims was also noted to be inconsistent with this case, as the necklace the girl had worn was still present upon her body.[15] However, the fact that it is unknown if Walker County Jane Doe had worn other items of jewelry at the time of her murder, and that her ears were pierced yet her earlobes held no earrings may negate this portion of Hargraves' theory.[6] Furthermore, most of the girl's clothing was missing from the crime scene.[6]

Links to other murders[edit]

A possibility exists that Walker County Jane Doe may have been murdered by the same perpetrator as a formerly unidentified murder victim, known as "Orange Socks", who was murdered almost exactly a year before Walker County Jane Doe and whose body was found in Georgetown, Texas.[n 6] Serial killer Henry Lee Lucas has been named as a possible suspect in this case,[6][20] although a bite mark found upon the girl's shoulder was inconsistent with Lucas's dentistry. No prime suspects have been named in this murder, although police have considered the possibility that the victim was murdered by a serial killer.[3][22]

In 2017, a theory arose that Walker County Jane Doe may have been killed by the same perpetrator known to have murdered three other females in 1980 whose bodies were also discarded alongside Interstate 45. Only one of these four victims has been identified, and all had been strangled. All four decedents have been described by investigators as being "high risk" victims.[37] One of these females, aged between 20 and 30, was located on October 15 in Houston. She was a black female with possible Asian heritage, and had died months prior to the discovery of her body.[38] The second female was also black; her body was discovered beneath a bridge in Houston. She was aged between 16 and 26 years old at the time of her murder.[39]

Exclusions[edit]

Information thus far compiled by the National Missing and Unidentified Persons System states the following individuals have been positively excluded as being Walker County Jane Doe.

Name Birth date Missing Date Location Age at time of murder of Walker County Jane Doe Circumstances
Joyce Brewer January 24, 1955 September 6, 1970 Grand Prairie, Texas 25 Brewer is believed to have run away from home with a boyfriend following an argument with her parents.[40]
Mary Trlica November 15, 1957 December 23, 1974 Fort Worth, Texas 22 Apparently abducted with two friends while Christmas shopping. Within days of Trlica's disappearance, a letter was mailed to her husband claiming she and her companions were traveling to Houston. This letter was written by a right-handed person, whereas Trlica was left-handed.[41]
Wendy Eaton May 26, 1959 May 17, 1975 Media, Pennsylvania 21 Eaton disappeared in Media, Pennsylvania while walking to purchase a gift for her brother. Her case remains unsolved.[42]
Maria Anjiras August 10, 1961 February 12, 1976 Norwalk, Connecticut 19 A girl who ran away from her home in 1976. Anjiras had taken money and personal possessions with her. Anjiras is known to have threatened to run away from home a few weeks prior to her disappearance, although on this occasion, her father had dissuaded her from doing so.[43]
Cindy King July 27, 1961 July 19, 1977 Grants Pass, Oregon 19 King disappeared in July 1977. She had worn a retainer when she disappeared and had a notable scar near one of her temples, like the Walker County Jane Doe.[44][45]
Tina Kemp October 20, 1964 February 3, 1979 Felton, Delaware 16 Last seen leaving her home after helping to hang the family laundry.[46] Kemp has never been heard from since, and is believed to have been murdered.[47]
Kimberly Rae Doss September 11, 1962 May 29, 1979 Jacksonville, Florida 18 Vanished while visiting a relative. Speculation remains she may have been abducted by a motorcycle gang, although no direct evidence exists to support this theory. Ross had markedly similar physical characteristics to Walker County Jane Doe.[48]
Angela Meeker July 9, 1965 July 7, 1979 Tacoma, Washington 15 Meeker vanished two days before her 14th birthday. She was last seen at a party. Her physical appearance is markedly similar to the Walker County Jane Doe.[49]
Karen Zendrosky September 2, 1963 October 23, 1979 Bordentown Township, New Jersey 17 Zendrosky disappeared from a now defunct bowling alley. Her disappearance remains unsolved, although investigators strongly suspect foul play in her case, believing the most likely location of Zendrosky's body to be a sludge pit located in Hamilton.[50]
Deborah McCall March 30, 1963 November 5, 1979 Downers Grove, Illinois 17 Last seen departing from her school in Downers Grove, Illinois. McCall had markedly similar physical characteristics as the decedent.[51]
Marie Blee April 16, 1964 November 21, 1979 Craig, Colorado 16 Blee was last seen at a party in the company of a male friend. Foul play is suspected to be the reason behind her disappearance.[52]
Kristy Lynn Booth December 26, 1960 February 2, 1980 Midland, Texas 19 A 19 year old waitress last seen at a nightclub. Investigators do not believe Booth left this nightclub willingly. Her vehicle was later found abandoned on South Highway 349.[53]
Rachael Garden December 30, 1964 March 22, 1980 Newton, New Hampshire 15 Likely abducted while walking from a store toward the home of a friend with whom she intended to spend the night. She was last seen talking to three male acquaintances of hers (one of whom later served a sentence for assault and rape)[54] who had been seated in a dark-colored vehicle.[55]
Laureen Rahn April 3, 1966 April 26, 1980 Manchester, New Hampshire 14 Rahn is believed to have been abducted either from or within the close proximities of her home on the evening of her disappearance. She did not take her purse, shoes or any additional clothing; likely indicating she had been abducted from her home via force or guile.[56]
Roxane Easland c. 1956 June 28, 1980 Anchorage, Alaska 24 A prostitute and erotic dancer who disappeared after leaving her apartment to meet with an unidentified male client on Northern Lights Boulevard.[57] She is believed to have been murdered by serial killer Robert Hansen.[58]
Carla Corley December 31, 1965 August 12, 1980 Birmingham, Alabama 14 Corley is believed to have been abducted from her home. Her mother discovered the family's front door ajar and evident signs of a struggle within their kitchen.[59] She was declared legally dead several years after her disappearance.[60]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Several sources specifically state the weight of Walker County Jane Doe to be 108 pounds.[12][13]
  2. ^ Contemporary paperwork pertaining to Walker County Jane Doe does not note any swabbing being conducted upon the decedent for fluid evidence such as saliva or semen.[21]
  3. ^ The Texas Department of Corrections Ellis Prison Farm is located approximately 14 miles (23 km) from where the body of Walker County Jane Doe body was subsequently discovered.[6]
  4. ^ Both of these eyewitnesses would positively identify the girl's body in the morgue; each conclusively stating she had been the individual who had asked them for specific directions the afternoon prior to the discovery of her body.[4][26]
  5. ^ Investigators have stated they believe the most likely age of Walker County Jane Doe to be between 14-and-a-half and 16-and-a-half years old.[30][31]
  6. ^ This decedent was identified in 2019 as 23-year-old Debra Jackson

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Walker County Detectives Say They Won't Give Up On 37-year-old Murder Mystery". KBTX-TV. March 4, 2018. Retrieved April 28, 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Sabawi, Fares (November 3, 2015). "East Texas sheriff hoping to identify dead woman". Corpus Christi Caller-Times. Retrieved November 7, 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Bellow, Nicole (November 4, 2015). "Detectives Hope New Composite of Murder Victim, will help Solve 35 Year Cold Case". KBTX News. ABC. Retrieved November 6, 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Detectives Try to Identify Unknown Girl Found Dead 35 Years Ago". ABC 13 Eyewitness News. Chicago, Illinois. ABC. November 3, 2015. Retrieved November 7, 2015.
  5. ^ "Walker County Detectives Say They Won't Give Up On 37-year-old Murder Mystery". KBTX-TV. March 4, 2018. Retrieved April 28, 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Case File: 91UFTX". The Doe Network. May 10, 2000. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  7. ^ Sharon, Keith (January 18, 2017). "This Accountant's Hobby? Identifying Missing People Through his Drawings". Orange County Register. Retrieved November 4, 2018.
  8. ^ Blaser, Aaron (November 3, 2015). "35-year-old murder case has possible ties to Rockport and Aransas Pass". KZTV10. CBS. Retrieved March 30, 2016.
  9. ^ a b c "Unidentified Decedent Notice" (PDF). www.harriscountytx.gov. Harris County Police Department. Retrieved October 2, 2014.
  10. ^ a b c Dier, Arden (November 4, 2015). "Texas Sheriff Trying to ID Girl Strangled 35 Years Ago". Newser. Retrieved November 7, 2015.
  11. ^ "The Doe Network: Case File 91UFTX: Walker County Jane Doe". The Doe Network. June 12, 2018. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  12. ^ "Walker County Cold Case". montgomerycountypolicereporter.com. Montgomery County Police Reporter. August 15, 2012. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  13. ^ "Detectives Hope New Composite of Murder Victim Will Help Solve 35 Year Cold Case". KBTX-TV. November 4, 2015. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  14. ^ "Walker County Cold Case". montgomerycountypolicereporter.com. Montgomery County Police Reporter. August 15, 2012. Retrieved October 2, 2014.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i Hargraves, Michael L. (2002). "Whose Child is This?".
  16. ^ "Walker County Cold Case". montgomerycountypolicereporter.com. Montgomery County Police Reporter. August 15, 2012. Retrieved October 2, 2014.
  17. ^ "Jane Doe 1980". missingkids.org. National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
  18. ^ "1980 Jane Doe Murder Case in Walker County". kstarcountry.com. November 3, 2015. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
  19. ^ "Walker County Detectives Say They Won't Give up on 37-year-old Murder Mystery". KBX-TV. March 4, 2018. Retrieved October 27, 2018.
  20. ^ a b c "Walker Texas Jane Doe November 1980". canyouidentifyme.org. 2012. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  21. ^ "Walker County Detectives Say They Won't Give up on 37-year-old Murder Mystery". KBX-TV. March 4, 2018. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
  22. ^ a b c Stark, Cody (November 6, 2015). "Sheriff's Office reopens 1980 murder investigation". The Item. Huntsville, Texas. Retrieved November 8, 2015.
  23. ^ a b "Walker County seeks assistance in finding identity of local Jane Doe". August 28, 2012. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  24. ^ "Police Seek Identity of 1980 Jane Doe Homicide Victim". Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  25. ^ "Texas DPS Unidentified Person Bulletin". November 30, 2012. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  26. ^ "The Doe Network: Case File 91UFTX: Walker County Jane Doe". The Doe Network. June 12, 2018. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  27. ^ "1980 Murder Case in Walker County". November 3, 2015.
  28. ^ "Walker County Detectives Say They Won't Give up on 37-year-old Murder Mystery". KBX-TV. March 4, 2018. Retrieved October 27, 2018.
  29. ^ "NamUs UP # 4630". www.namus.gov. National Missing and Unidentified Persons System. Retrieved June 27, 2014.
  30. ^ "Walker County Detectives Say They Won't Give Up On 37-year-old Murder Mystery". KBTX-TV. March 4, 2018. Retrieved October 20, 2018.
  31. ^ "The Doe Network: Case File 91UFTX: Walker County Jane Doe". The Doe Network. June 12, 2018. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  32. ^ "Texas DPS Unidentified Person Bulletin". Texas Department of Public Safety. November 20, 2012. Retrieved November 7, 2015.
  33. ^ Taylor, Karen T. Forensic Art and Illustration. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. ISBN 978-0-849-38118-8. Retrieved February 16, 2016.
  34. ^ "Miami County Sheriff's Office identifies 1981 cold case victim". April 11, 2018. Retrieved November 12, 2018.
  35. ^ "Walker County Jane Doe; a 36 year mystery". Missing Persons of America. October 25, 2016. Retrieved November 7, 2016.
  36. ^ "Walker County Cold Case". montgomerycountypolicereporter.com. Montgomery County Police Reporter. August 15, 2012. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  37. ^ White, Grace (February 27, 2017). "Could 4 women's murders on the N. Freeway be connected?". KHOU. Tegna. Retrieved January 3, 2018.
  38. ^ "477UFTX". The Doe Network. January 27, 2006. Retrieved January 3, 2018.
  39. ^ "NamUs UP # 4625". National Missing and Unidentified Persons System. October 15, 2008. Retrieved January 3, 2018.
  40. ^ "The Doe Network: Case File 1465DFTX: Joyce Brewer". The Doe Network. February 21, 2007. Retrieved December 16, 2016.
  41. ^ "The Doe Network: Case File 57DFTX: Mary Trlica". doenetwork.org. The Doe Network. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  42. ^ "Case File: Wendy Eaton". The Charley Project. March 10, 2016. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
  43. ^ "40 Years Later, Norwalk Police Still Looking for Missing Teen in Cold Case". Norwalk Daily Voice. March 9, 2016. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  44. ^ "Cindy King". missingkids.org. National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
  45. ^ "Cindy Irene King". charleyproject.org. The Charley Project. October 12, 2004. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  46. ^ "Tina Faye Kemp". charleyproject.org. The Charley Project. October 20, 2011. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
  47. ^ "Tina Kemp". National Center for Missing & Exploited Children. Retrieved December 11, 2017.
  48. ^ "The Doe Network: Case File 800DFFL: Kimberly Rae Doss". doenetwork.org. The Doe Network. June 6, 2017. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  49. ^ "The Doe Network: Case File 1351DFWA: Angela Meeker". The Doe Network. September 11, 2014. Retrieved December 16, 2016.
  50. ^ "Case File: Karen Lynn Zendrosky". The Charley Project. November 23, 2013. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  51. ^ "Deborah Mccall". missingkids.org. National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  52. ^ "The Doe Network: Case File 219DFCO: Marie Blee". The Doe Network. October 14, 2011. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
  53. ^ "The Doe Network: Case File 704DFTX: Kristy Booth". doenetwork.org. The Doe Network. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  54. ^ "The Charley Project: Rachael Elizabeth Garden". Charley Project. April 17, 2018. Retrieved November 11, 2018.
  55. ^ "The Charley Project: Rachael Elizabeth Garden". Charley Project. April 17, 2018. Retrieved November 11, 2018.
  56. ^ "Laureen Ann Rahn". charleyproject.org. The Charley Project. October 12, 2004. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  57. ^ Fair Game ISBN 978-1-852-86484-2 p. 188
  58. ^ "Case File: Roxane Easland". The Charley Project. June 14, 2015. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
  59. ^ "The Doe Network: 105DFAL: Carla Rebecca Corley". The Doe Network. October 15, 2015. Retrieved February 9, 2017.
  60. ^ "No Answers as Anniversary of Alabama Teen's Disappearance Approaches". NBC News. August 17, 2017. Retrieved November 11, 2018.

Cited works and further reading[edit]

  • Evans, Colin (1996). The Casebook of Forensic Detection: How Science Solved 100 of the World's Most Baffling Crimes. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ISBN 978-0-471-07650-6.
  • Finkelhor, David; Sedlak, Andrea; Hotaling, Gerald T. (1990). Missing, Abducted, Runaway, and Thrownaway Children in America. New York: Officers of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. ISBN 0-788-12651-2.
  • Halber, Deborah (2015). The Skeleton Crew: How Amateur Sleuths Are Solving America's Coldest Cases. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-1-451-65758-6.
  • Newton, Michael (2004). The Encyclopedia of Unsolved Crimes. New York: Facts on File. ISBN 978-0-816-07818-9.
  • Pettem, Silvia (2013). Cold Case Research: Resources for Unidentified, Missing, and Cold Homicide Cases. Boca Raton: CRC Press. ISBN 1-466-57053-9.
  • Strand, Ginger (2012). Killer on the Road: Violence and the American Interstate. Austin: University of Texas Press. ISBN 978-0-292-72637-6.
  • Taylor, Karen T. (2000). Forensic Art and Illustration. New York: CRC Press. ISBN 978-0-849-38118-8.

External links[edit]