Wedding of Prince Albert, Duke of York, and Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Wedding of Prince Albert, Duke of York, and Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
Wedding of George VI and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon.png
Wedding photo with the Duke of York wearing RAF full dress in the rank of group captain.
Date26 April 1923, 11:30 GMT
LocationWestminster Abbey, London, England
ParticipantsPrince Albert, Duke of York
Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
Members of the British Royal Family and guests

The wedding of Prince Albert, Duke of York, and Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon took place on 26 April 1923 at Westminster Abbey.

Courtship and proposals[edit]

Prince Albert, Duke of York—"Bertie" to the family—was the second son of King George V. He was second in line to succeed his father, behind his elder brother the Prince of Wales. He initially proposed to Elizabeth in 1921, but she turned him down, being "afraid never, never again to be free to think, speak and act as I feel I really ought to".[1] When he declared he would marry no one else, his mother, Queen Mary, visited Glamis to see for herself the girl her son wanted to marry. She became convinced that Elizabeth was "the one girl who could make Bertie happy", but nevertheless refused to interfere.[2] At the same time, Elizabeth was courted by James Stuart, Albert's equerry, until he left the prince's service for a better-paid job in the American oil business.[3]

In February 1922, Elizabeth was a bridesmaid at the wedding of Albert's sister, Princess Mary, to Viscount Lascelles.[4] The following month, Albert proposed again, but she refused him once more.[5] Eventually, in January 1923, Elizabeth agreed to marry Albert, despite her misgivings about royal life.[6]

Wedding[edit]

Combined coat of arms of Albert and Elizabeth, the Duke and Duchess of York

Prince Albert, Duke of York, and Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon were married on 26 April 1923 in Westminster Abbey. The couple's wedding rings were crafted from 22 carat Welsh gold from the Clogau St David's mine in Bontddu. In the following years, the use of Clogau Gold within the wedding rings of the royal family became a tradition.[7] In an unexpected and unprecedented gesture,[8] Elizabeth laid her bouquet at the Tomb of The Unknown Warrior on her way into the Abbey,[9] in memory of her brother Fergus.[10] Ever since, the bouquets of subsequent royal brides have traditionally been laid at the tomb, though after the wedding ceremony rather than before.[11]

Lady Elizabeth was attended by eight bridesmaids:[12]

The newly formed British Broadcasting Company had wanted to record and broadcast the event on radio, but the Chapter vetoed the idea (although the Dean, Herbert Edward Ryle, was in favour).[13] Albert's freedom in choosing Elizabeth, not a member of a royal family, though the daughter of a peer, was considered a gesture in favour of political modernisation; previously, princes were expected to marry princesses.[14]

The event was not broadcast on the radio due to the Archbishop of Canterbury's concern "that men might listen to it in public houses".[11]

Wedding attire[edit]

Bride's dress[edit]

Elizabeth's wedding dress was made from deep ivory chiffon moire, embroidered with pearls and a silver thread.[15] It was intended to match the traditional Flanders lace provided for the train by Queen Mary.[15] Elizabeth's dress, which was in the fashion of the early 1920s, was designed by Madame Handley-Seymour, dressmaker to Queen Mary.[16] Its design was reportedly based on a dress created by Jeanne Lanvin and was "suggestive of a medieval Italian gown".[16][17] Elizabeth chose not to wear a tiara, and instead a chaplet of leaves secured the veil.[16]

A strip of Brussels lace, inserted in the dress, was a Strathmore family heirloom. A female ancestor of the bride wore it to a grand ball for "Bonnie Prince Charlie", Charles Edward Stuart.[18]

The silver leaf girdle had a trail of spring green tulle, trailing to the ground; silver and rose thistle fastened it. According to an era news article: "In the trimming the bride has defied all old superstitions about the unluckiness of green."[18] Elizabeth wore "an orange blossom wreath", which featured "white roses of York".[19] The dress had two trains: "one fastened at the hips, the other floating from the shoulders".[20]

Unlike more recent dresses, details of this one were publicly revealed in advance of the wedding day.[18] However, the dress was worked on until the last possible opportunity: the day before the wedding, Elizabeth divided her time between the wedding rehearsal and her dressmakers.[21]

A prototype of the wedding dress was sold at an auction in 2011 for £3,500. It was one of the three initial designs prepared for the wedding and the one used for the final design.[22]

Groom's uniform[edit]

Prince Albert wore RAF full dress in the rank of group captain, his senior service rank at the time of his marriage.[11]

Honeymoon[edit]

Upon their marriage, Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon was styled Her Royal Highness The Duchess of York.[23] Following a wedding breakfast at Buckingham Palace prepared by chef Gabriel Tschumi, they honeymooned at Polesden Lacey, a manor house in Surrey, and then went to Scotland, where she caught "unromantic" whooping cough.[24]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ezard, John (1 April 2002), "A life of legend, duty and devotion", The Guardian, p. 18
  2. ^ Airlie, Mabell (1962), Thatched with Gold, London: Hutchinson, p. 167
  3. ^ Shawcross, pp. 133–135
  4. ^ Shawcross, pp. 135–136
  5. ^ Shawcross, p. 136
  6. ^ Longford, Elizabeth (1981), The Queen Mother, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, p. 23
  7. ^ Peskoe, Ashley (31 March 2011). "No Wedding Ring for Future King". Retrieved 8 October 2018.
  8. ^ Shawcross, p. 177
  9. ^ Vickers, Hugo (2006), Elizabeth: The Queen Mother, Arrow Books/Random House, p. 64, ISBN 978-0-09-947662-7
  10. ^ Rayment, Sean (1 May 2011). "Royal wedding: Kate Middleton's bridal bouquet placed at Grave of Unknown Warrior". The Telegraph. Retrieved 20 August 2012.
  11. ^ a b c "George VI's wedding". BBC. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  12. ^ "The Queen Mother in pictures". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
  13. ^ Reith, John (1949), Into the Wind, London: Hodder and Staughton, p. 94
  14. ^ Roberts, pp. 57–58; Shawcross, p. 113
  15. ^ a b Bousfield, Arthur; Toffoli, Garry (26 September 2002). Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother, 1900-2002: The Queen Mother and Her Century. Dundurn Press Ltd. p. 40. ISBN 978-1-55002-391-6. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
  16. ^ a b c Bowles, Hamish (25 April 2011). "The Hamishsphere: A Vogue History of Royal Wedding Dresses". Vogue. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
  17. ^ "Royal Weddings In Vogue". British Vogue. 16 May 2018. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  18. ^ a b c Bronner, Milton (24 April 1923). "Medieval gown for Lady Betty". The Toledo News-Bee. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
  19. ^ "Royal Wedding Traditions". The Royal Family. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  20. ^ "Royal Wedding Dresses throughout history". The Royal Family. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  21. ^ "Dull grey skies and raw winds for Royal wedding". The Evening Independent. St. Petersburg FL. Associated Press. 25 April 1923. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
  22. ^ "Queen Mother's prototype wedding dress sold in Bristol". BBC. 1 February 2011. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  23. ^ Shawcross, p. 168
  24. ^ Letter from Albert to Queen Mary, 25 May 1923, quoted in Shawcross, p. 185

References[edit]