St Bartholomew's Church, Welby
|OS grid reference|
|• London||100 mi (160 km) S|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Welby is an English village and civil parish in the South Kesteven district of Lincolnshire. The population of the civil parish was 169 in 82 households at the 2011 census. It lies 4.5 miles (7 km) north-east of Grantham and 0.5 miles (0.8 km) east of the old Roman road Ermine Street. The neighbouring villages are Aisby, Oasby, and Heydour.
According to A Dictionary of British Place Names, Welby means a "farmstead or village by a spring or stream", combining the Old English "wella" for a stream, with Old Scandinavian "by" for a "farmstead, village or settlement".
Welby is recorded in the 1086 Domesday account as "Wellebi", within two manors in the Threo Hundred of Kesteven. The first manor held 57 households, 7 villeins, 4 smallholders, 37 freemen, a priest, a church, a meadow of 160 acres (0.6 km2), and woodland of 150 acres (0.6 km2). In 1066 Queen Edith was Lord of the Manor, this transferred to William I in 1086, who also became tenant in chief. The second Domesday entry shows a manor with 3 villagers, 5 freemen and 4 ploughlands, with a meadow 53 acres (0.2 km2), and woodland of 80 acres (0.3 km2), with the lord in 1066 being Aethelstan, son of Godram. In 1086 the lordship was transferred to Ranulf, with Guy of Craon becoming tenant in chief.
Welby's Grade I listed Anglican parish church is dedicated to St Bartholomew the Apostle. The church originates from the 13th century and is mainly Early English, but with a Perpendicular clerestory and porch. In 1873 the north aisle was extended and the chancel rebuilt by J. H. Hakewill, who matched the Early English style. Within the porch is a 14th-century stone tomb cover with relief depictions of a woman's head and shoulders, within a quatrefoil recess, along with a shrouded baby. It was originally sited in the graveyard.
In 1885 Kelly's Directory reported a Wesleyan chapel, built in 1866, and a school and four almshouses founded in 1780 by William Welby; a further school for 70 pupils had been built in 1869. The main crops grown were wheat, barley, oats and turnips, within a parish area of 2,661 acres (11 km2). The 1881 population was 390. The lord of the manor and owner of the parish land was Sir William Earle Welby-Gregory DL, JP, of Denton Hall. Kellys also noted two public houses, the Red Lion and Waggon and Horses, 12 farmers, 4 graziers, a butcher, shoemaker, shopkeeper, carrier, coal dealer, wheelwright, beer retailer, harness maker and a blacksmith.
The village road sign includes images of St Bartholomew's Church and of a cricketer; Welby has a village cricket team.
Welby's present-day public house is the Crown and Anchor.
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 June 2016.
- Mills, Anthony David (2003); A Dictionary of British Place Names, pp. 487 and 520, Oxford University Press, revised edition (2011). ISBN 019960908X.
- "Documents Online: Welby", Great Domesday Book, Folio: 337v, 367v; The National Archives. Retrieved 5 July 2012
- "Welby". Retrieved 5 July 2012
- Historic England. "Church of St Bartholomew (1253411)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 6 August 2011.
- Cox, J. Charles (1916) Lincolnshire p. 331; Methuen & Co. Ltd.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; Harris, John; The Buildings of England: Lincolnshire p. 704; Penguin, (1964); revised by Nicholas Antram in 1989, Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-09620-8.
- Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire with the port of Hull 1885, p. 701.
- Historic England. "The Old Rectory (1253292)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 6 August 2011.
- "Welby D C C", Diocese of Lincoln. Retrieved 6 August 2011
- Media related to Welby, Lincolnshire at Wikimedia Commons