Westminster College Gymnasium
Westminster College Gymnasium
View from the east
|Location||Westminster College campus (CF Lampkin Dr.), Fulton, Missouri|
|Area||less than one acre|
|Architectural style||Classical Revival|
|NRHP Reference #||68000030|
|Added to NRHP||May 23, 1968|
|Designated NHL||May 2, 1968|
Westminster College Gymnasium is a historic athletic building on the campus of Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri. The building is famous for being the site of Winston Churchill's March 5, 1946 "Sinews of Peace" speech, in which he coined the phrase "Iron Curtain" to characterize the growing Cold War. In 1968, the gymnasium was designated a National Historic Landmark.
Description and history
The Westminster College Gymnasium stands prominently on the western edge of the greensward created by the CF Lampkin Drive, a loop road providing access to a portion of the college's campus. It is a two-story brick building, 80 by 155 feet (24 m × 47 m), with Classical Revival features. The front is five bays wide, with the center three projecting. The bays of the central portion are articulated by fluted Corinthian pilasters, and are topped by tall decorative parapet. Windows on the upper floor are set in round-arch windows, while those in the first floor are regular sash. The interior of the building is arranged with a central lobby flanked by office wings, and the gymnasium arena occupying most of the rear of the structure. The interior, in particular the gym space, has been relatively little altered since its construction, which was in 1928-29.
Westmister College decided to invite Winston Churchill to make a speech on its campus in 1946, during a planned trip. Churchill's agreement was secured through the work of Major General Harry Vaughan, a Westminster alumnus on the staff of United States President Harry S. Truman. Churchill agreed, and the speech he delivered in March 5, before a crowd of 2,000 in this gym, has since been immortalized for its dramatic description of the political climate in Europe. He stated that
 The speech focused on the United Nations, nuclear proliferation and expansionist activities of the Soviet Union. Although the speech was initially not well received, it was one of the first high-profile expressions of the growing Cold War environment, and the "Iron Curtain" phrase eventually became a useful metaphor for the division of Europe during that period.
Westminster College maintains a museum devoted to Churchill in another building.
- List of National Historic Landmarks in Missouri
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Callaway County, Missouri
- National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Westminster College Gymnasium". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-06-18.
- Stephen Lissandrello (April 3, 1975). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination: Westminster College Gymnasium" (pdf). National Park Service.
Media related to Westminster College Gymnasium (Fulton, Missouri) at Wikimedia Commons
- Photographs of the Westminster College Gymnasium at the National Park Service's NRHP database