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Wikipedia:Keyboard shortcuts

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The MediaWiki software contains many keyboard shortcuts. You can use them to access certain features of Wikipedia more quickly.

Using access keys

An Access Key allows a computer user to immediately jump to a specific part of a web page via the keyboard. In Wikipedia, Access Keys allow you to do a lot more—protect a page, show page history, publish your changes, show preview text, and so on. See the next section for the full list.

Most web browsers require holding down one or two "modifier" keys to use an access key. Different web browsers invoke access keys in different ways. Please use the list below to determine the appropriate key combination for your browser and system:

Browser Operating system Instructions
Google Chrome
Opera 15+
Chrome OS
hold Alt or Alt+⇧ Shift or Alt+Control+⇧ Shift, [1] press access key
Linux hold Alt+⇧ Shift, press access key
macOS hold Control+⌥ Option, press access key
Firefox Windows, Linux hold Alt+⇧ Shift, press access key
macOS hold Control+⌥ Option, press access key
Internet Explorer
MS Edge
Windows hold Alt, press access key (in some versions you may then need to press ↵ Enter)
Safari macOS hold Control+⌥ Option, press access key
Windows hold Alt, press access key
Older browsers

List of access keys

Sortable list

Currently, in the a–z range, only a and o remain unassigned. p, v, w are assigned to multiple functions, depending on the context.

Key Function Context
f Move cursor to search box Site navigation
q Special pages Site navigation
r Recent changes Site navigation
u Upload file (only available to logged-in users) Site navigation
x Random article Site navigation
z Main Page Site navigation
. My user page Personal tools
l My watchlist (only available to logged-in users) Personal tools
n My talk Personal tools
y My contributions Personal tools
e Edit this page / view source (if you are blocked or the page is protected from editing) Current page tools
v Edit with VisualEditor (if available, namespace must be: (Main), File, User, Category or Help) Current page tools
g Open associated Wikidata item Current page tools
h View history Current page tools
j What links here Current page tools
k Related changes Current page tools
m Move page (only available to logged in users) Current page tools
p Printable version Current page tools
w Watch / unwatch page (only available to logged in users) Current page tools
t Switch to talk page Current page tools
* Purge the page's cache (only available to logged in users with the "Purge option" gadget) Current page tools
+ Start a new discussion Talk pages
c Switch to content page Talk pages
, Move cursor to edit box Editing page
b Move cursor to edit summary Editing page
i Flag edit as minor (only available to logged-in users, not IP users) Editing page
p Show preview Editing page
v Show changes Editing page
s Publish page Editing page
w Toggle “Watch this page” Editing page
d Delete / undelete current page Admin only
= Protect / unprotect current page Admin only

Display access keys

By modifying your user CSS file, access key shortcuts can be displayed before internal links on any Wikipedia page.

CSS with shortcuts shown on hover
Play the video to see how this CSS snippet works. The skin used here is Vector, but this will work for any skin.
a:hover[accesskey]:before {
    content: " " attr(accesskey) " ";
    text-transform: uppercase;
    white-space: pre;
    font-family: sans-serif;
    margin-right: 0.5ex;
CSS with shortcuts shown always
Adding this code displays the access keys on every Wikipedia page, as shown in this picture.
a[accesskey]:before {
    content: " " attr(accesskey) " ";
    text-transform: uppercase;
    white-space: pre;
    font-family: sans-serif;
    margin-right: 0.5ex;
CSS with shortcuts shown always with a box
This is identical to the above code except the access keys are displayed with boxes around them.
a[accesskey]:before {
    content: " " attr(accesskey) " ";
    text-transform: uppercase;
    white-space: pre;
    border: thin solid;
    font-family: sans-serif;
    text-decoration: underline overline;
    margin-right: 0.5ex;

This will not work in Internet Explorer versions lower than 8.0, since those browsers do not support the CSS selector used in these examples.

This also will not display the accesskeys provided by the VisualEditor (or the mw:2017 wikitext editor), such as 's' to publish the page, as those accesskeys are implemented differently.

Accessibility of access keys

Keyboard shortcuts, in the way they are implemented on Wikipedia, are useful for some users with disabilities and do not require JavaScript to work. At the same time, they are bothersome for some screen reader users because it interferes with the shortcuts of their screen reader. The best solution would be to have customizable keyboard shortcuts.

The accessibility of keyboard shortcuts (access keys) is a complicated matter. This feature, in its current implementation, was temporarily abandoned in WCAG 2.0, notably because it conflicts with the shortcuts of assistive technologies. Usage of access keys is currently discouraged in the online contents and applications.

But presence of access keys is also an Authoring Tool Accessibility Guidelines (ATAG) requirement—the ATAG approach is particularly relevant in Wikipedia's case—where this matter is looked into thoroughly. In particular, ATAG requires the possibility to customize shortcuts. This should be requested in bugzilla:477.

Currently, their presence in Wikipedia's interface can be problematic for some users and can be useful for others. But more importantly, it misleads developers into thinking that the interface is keyboard accessible. Requirements that need to be fulfilled for a website to be keyboard accessible are not related to keyboard shortcuts (G90, F42, SCR35, F58, F61).

Known issues: Gadgets which block keyboard shortcuts

  • Gadget WikEd blocks keyboard shortcut on Google Chrome and Firefox.

See also


  1. ^ For some keys (e.g. r), both Alt and Alt+⇧ Shift work; For other keys (e.g. f), only Alt+⇧ Shift works; For other keys (e.g. .), only Alt works.