Worlaby

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Worlaby
St Clement's Church, Worlaby - geograph.org.uk - 131411.jpg
St Clement's Church, Worlaby
Worlaby is located in Lincolnshire
Worlaby
Worlaby
Location within Lincolnshire
Population547 (2011)
OS grid referenceTA012137
• London145 mi (233 km) S
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBrigg
Postcode districtDN20
Dialling code01652
PoliceHumberside
FireHumberside
AmbulanceEast Midlands
EU ParliamentYorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Lincolnshire
53°36′40″N 0°28′01″W / 53.611°N 0.467°W / 53.611; -0.467Coordinates: 53°36′40″N 0°28′01″W / 53.611°N 0.467°W / 53.611; -0.467

Worlaby is a village and civil parish in North Lincolnshire, England, 6 miles (10 km) south-west from Barton-Upon-Humber and 5 miles (8 km) north-east from Brigg. The population of the civil parish at the 2011 census was 547.[1][not in citation given] It lies on the B1204, and to the east of the River Ancholme. It is one of the five Low VillagesSouth Ferriby, Horkstow, Saxby All Saints, Bonby, and Worlaby – between Brigg and the River Humber, named so because of their position below the northern edge of the Lincolnshire Wolds.[2] Worlaby was previously part of South Humberside administrative district, and before that, the North Lindsey division of Lindsey, Lincolnshire.

History[edit]

According to A Dictionary of British Place Names, Worlaby derives from an combination of an Old English person name and Old Scandinavian 'by', meaning "a farmstead or a village of a man called Wulfric".[3]

In the Domesday Book the village is listed as "Uluricebi" or "Wirichebi". Worlaby was in the Yarborough Hundred of the North Riding of Lindsey. It contained 24.4 households, one villager, 36 freemen, seven ploughlands, and 40 acres (0.2 km2) of meadow. The settlement was under the manor of Barnetby le Wold with Earl Harold as its lord in 1066, transferred in 1086 after the Norman Conquest to William son of Nigel, with Hugh d'Avranches, Earl of Chester as Tenant-in-chief to the king William I.[4]

In 1872 White's Directory reported that Worlaby had a population of 557 within a parish of 3,210 acres (13 km2) that comprised mostly "rich areas or cars extending westward to the navigable river Ancholme, and partly on the Wold hill, on the east side of the village". The parish land was a holding of the Duchy of Lancaster, [providing income for the Privy Purse of the sovereign]. Worlaby was the seat of the Belasyse family, particularly John Belasyse (1614 – 1689), the second son to Thomas, the first Viscount Fauconberg. John Belasyse was created first Baron Belasyse of Worlaby (or Worletby) in 1644, and was first lord of the treasury to James II. Seen as being a conspirator in the fictitious Popish Plot, he was "attained, and confined for several years in the Tower". John Belasyse's hospital, founded in 1663 to house poor widows, in 1872 endowed each inmate with £3.10s. yearly, a blue gown, and half a chaldron (a volume measure), of coal, the gift of an estate at Holme in Nottinghamshire, then belonging to the trustees of the Duke of Newcastle (Newcastle upon Tyne). A further allowance to the alms-people was £4.10s. yearly from £100 left for the purpose through an 1812 benefaction.[5]

The chancel of St Clement's Church was rebuilt in 1837, the rest of the church "an ancient structure". The church in 1872 contained seating for 150. Within was noted a tablet to Captain A. F. C. Webb, who fell at the 1854 Battle of Inkerman. The incumbency was a vicarage at a value of £378 yearly, and included 13 acres (0.05 km2) of glebe land—an area of land used to support a parish priest—and a residence which was built in 1860 at a cost of £900. There existed a Wesleyan and a Primitive Methodist chapel; that for the Wesleyans was built in 1858 for £300. A new schoolroom was erected in 1871 for about £800. The Worlaby post office dispatched and received mail through Brigg.[5]

Professions and trades listed for 1872 included the parish incumbent, the parish curate, the parish clerk & sexton, a schoolmaster who was also the sub-postmaster, a veterinary surgeon, a wheelwright, a blacksmith, a skin dealer, a cattle dealer, two tailors, one of whom was also a grocer, a further grocer, a shopkeeper, two shoemakers, a bricklayer, a brickmaker, a coal dealer & carter, a corn miller, a licensed hawker, a farrier & castrator, a market gardener, ten farmers, and two carriers—horse drawn wagon operators carrying goods and sometimes people between places of trade—operating between the village and Barton-upon-Humber, Brigg, Caistor and Hull.[5]

Landmarks[edit]

The original 13th- to 14th-century Grade II listed parish church dedicated to St Clement[6][7] was re-built between 1873 and 1877, although the early Norman piers of the nave, windows and Late Saxon tower arch were re-used.[8] The churchyard contains the war grave of a Second World War Home Guard volunteer.[9]

Other listed buildings include Worlaby Hospital,[10] originally almshouses founded by John Belasyse, 1st Baron Belasyse of Worlaby, and built in 1663 for four poor women.[8][11]

Worlaby Carrs[edit]

To the west of the village to the River Ancholme is Worlaby Carrs, an area of arable land converted by Defra to wet grassland as sanctuary for wintering fowl.[12][13] In early 2011 a proposal to site a wind farm on the Carrs met with local opposition.[14][15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 4 June 2016.
  2. ^ Worlaby - North Lincolnshire, Northlincs.com. Retrieved 21 June 2011
  3. ^ Mills, Anthony David (2003); A Dictionary of British Place Names, Oxford University Press, revised edition (2011), p.510. ISBN 019960908X
  4. ^ Worlaby, Domesdaymap.co.uk. Retrieved 21 June
  5. ^ a b c White, William (1872), Whites Directory of Lincolnshire, p.549
  6. ^ St Clement's Church, Churchtrails.com. Retrieved 21 June 2011
  7. ^ Church History, Genuki. Retrieved 21 June 2011
  8. ^ a b Cox, J. Charles (1916) Lincolnshire p. 344; Methuen & Co. Ltd
  9. ^ CWGC Casualty details, Cwgc.org
  10. ^ The Old Almshouses, British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 21 June 2011
  11. ^ The History of Parliament: the House of Commons, 1660-1690, edited by Basil Duke Henning, Haynes Publishing (1983) ISBN 0-436-19274-8. Retrieved 21 June 2011
  12. ^ Worlaby Carrs, Defra.gov.uk. Retrieved 21 June 2011
  13. ^ Worlaby Carrs, Geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 21 June 2011
  14. ^ Worlaby Turbine, Worlaby.org.uk. Retrieved 21 June 2011
  15. ^ "Villagers sign petition to stop wind turbine being built at wildlife haven", This is Scunthorpe 11 February 2011. Retrieved 21 June 2011

Further reading[edit]

  • Machin, Nannette (1989) Worlaby: A Miscellany of a North Lincolnshire Village, Between 1870-1970
  • Machin, Nanette. (1990) One hundred years of Worlaby school

External links[edit]