Saxby All Saints

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Saxby All Saints
A bright spring day on a country churchyard, surrounded by mature trees.  The church nave is on the extreme left, and at the far end is tall, square, tower capped by a pointed wooden roof, not quite a spire, and with pinacles on all 4 corners.  A bold white clockface is on the tower.  The church has an ope porch, with pillars of wood.  Dark, old, gravestones are scattered in the green grass.
All Saints' Church
A pair of whitewashed cottages, with pantiled roofs, widely spaced along a road.  the nearer one has a red gate and a small pantiled outhouse.  A huge oak, in full leaf, stands behind the further one.
Main street
Saxby All Saints is located in Lincolnshire
Saxby All Saints
Saxby All Saints
 Saxby All Saints shown within Lincolnshire
Population 237 
OS grid reference SE991165
   – London 150 mi (240 km)  s
District North Lincolnshire
Shire county Lincolnshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Postcode district DN20
Police Lincolnshire
Fire Lincolnshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament Gainsborough
List of places
UK
England
Lincolnshire

Coordinates: 53°38′10″N 0°30′08″W / 53.636045°N 0.502343°W / 53.636045; -0.502343

Saxby All Saints is a village and civil parish in North Lincolnshire, England.[1] It is situated 6 miles (9.7 km) north from Brigg and 4 miles (6.4 km) south-west from Barton upon Humber.

Saxby All Saints is a conservation area,[2] and one of the five Low VillagesWorlaby, Bonby, Saxby All Saints, Horkstow and South Ferriby, between Brigg and the River Humber – so-called because of their position below the northern edge of the Lincolnshire Wolds, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.[3][4]

History[edit]

According to Mills, Saxby probably either derives its name from a "farmstead or village of a man called Saksi", an Old Scandinavian person name, or from "Saksar" (Saxons).[5]

The village appears in the Domesday survey as "Saxebi", in the Yarborough Hundred of the North Riding of Lindsey. It comprised 10 households, with 8 villagers, 2 freemen, 3 fisheries, and 7½ ploughlands. The lords in 1066 were Siward and Thorgisl. By 1086 the land had passed to Roger as Lord of the Manor, with Ivo Taillebois as Tenant-in-chief.[6][7]

In 1885 Kelly's noted Saxby as a "small but very pleasant village", 4 miles (6.4 km) north-west from Elsham railway station and near the Ancholme navigation. Parish population in 1881 was 337. It describes the 2,322 acres (9.4 km2) parish land as producing chiefly wheat, oats and barley, with "good" pasture, and being half of "fine chalk subsoil and highly fertile" and half, at Saxby Carrs, consisting of "clay subsoil, of rather black nature". The village contained a post office, six farmers, a blacksmith, wheelwright, bricklayer, miller – at Saxby Mill – and a Co-operative society. Carriers from Worlaby to Barton and Brigg passed through the village daily. Noted was a National School for 90 pupils, with an average attendance of 60, which was supported by the trustees of the late John Hope Barton.[8]

By 1905 a joiner, builder, shoemaker and a carrier were further trades in the village, and a reading room, opened in 1882, was noted, with Henry John Hope Barton esq. J.P. of Saxby Hall, son of John Hope Barton, as lord of the manor and landowner. The National School had become a Public Elementary School. A drinking fountain had been erected at the centre of the village in 1897 to commemorate the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria, and in memory of a Frederick Horsley. Parish area had risen to 2,389 acres (9.7 km2) which included 17 acres (0.07 km2) of water. Population by 1901 had dropped to 291.[9] In 1913 Saxby's Henry John Hope Barton became High Sheriff of Lincolnshire.[10] By 1921 village population had dropped to 278, and in 1933 there were six farmers, one of whom was at Saxby Mill, a joiner, grocer, boot repairer, carrier and blacksmith. Parish area was 2,386 acres (9.7 km2), with 20 acres (0.08 km2) of water.[11]

In July 1906 folk song collectors Percy Grainger and Lucy Broadwood collected the song "Died of Love", or "A brisk young Lad he courted me", from Saxby bailiff Joseph Taylor. The song was noted in Broadwood's English Traditional Carols and Songs, published in 1908, although the first verse was altered to suit perceived public taste. Grainger later supplied a piano accompaniment to the song, using Taylor's melody, which was published in 1912. "Died of Love" was the base for Grainger's "Rufford Park Poachers" in his Lincolnshire Posy suite.[12][13][14]

Landmarks[edit]

Saxby’s parish church is dedicated to All Saints and is a Grade II listed building. It was built by George Gilbert Scott between 1845–49, with its pyramid-roofed tower, described by Pevsner as "less correct" and "looks as if it was meant for a town hall", added by in 1873 by Neville. All Saints style is late 13th-century and includes north aisle stained glass by Charles Eamer Kempe, added in 1876.[15] The limestone ashlar church has a Westmorland slate roof, a three-bell tower with Crocketed pinnacles, and an embattled parapet. The interior comprises a chancel of three bays and a nave of five bays, with monuments to the Barton family.[16] Kelly's describes the church as "a beautiful edifice" with an 1871 "excellent organ" and church plate from the 16th century. A church clock was added to the tower by the parishioners in 1893, to commemorate the coming of age of Henry John Hope Barton, and the 1904 chancel screen was carved in the village. The church register dates from 1719. The living included a rectory and glebe lands, the gift of the Barton family and estate.[4][8][9]

The Queen Victoria limestone column monument and drinking trough, with its waterspout a carved lion's head, also commemorates Frederick Horsley "Having been for 42 years the faithful and respected steward of this Estate". The monument is Grade II listed.[17]

Saxby Hall is a brick-built Grade II listed early 19th-century remodelled 18th-century building,[18] with its west wing remaining from the earlier structure.[15] It was the home of the Barton family.[8][9]

Further listed landmarks are the middle to late 18th-century brick-built Saxby Manor,[19] the 1853 yellow-brick Old Rectory,[20] and the 17th-century Lodge Cottage and Ivy House with barn, all on Main Street,[21][22] and the mid-19th-century Saxby Bridge, on North Carr Lane, which spans the River Ancholme.[23]

Community[edit]

tall, thin gothic revival memorial.  A tall round pillar on a square base in a residential area, a bungalow discretely behind a hedge.  Behind the pillar is a neatly clipped hedge and a tall, green conifer.
Queen Victoria memorial

Village population in 1991 was 220 and has changed little since.[2]

The ecclesiastical parish is also Saxby All Saints, part of the Saxby (Plurality) group of the Deanery of Yarborough. The 2013 incumbent is The Revd David Rowett.[24]

The village lies on the Brigg to Immingham and South Ferriby to Scunthorpe bus routes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish councils". North Lincolnshire Council. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "SAXBY ALL SAINTS CONSERVATION AREA APPRAISAL". North Lincolnshire Council. p. 5. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  3. ^ "Saxby All Saints". Northlincs.com. Hub computer services. Retrieved 9 May 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Saxby All Saints Local History Pack". North Lincolnshire Council. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  5. ^ Mills, Anthony David (2003); A Dictionary of British Place Names, p.  407, Oxford University Press, revised edition (2011). ISBN 019960908X
  6. ^ "Documents Online: Saxby All Saints, Lincolnshire", Great Domesday Book, Folio: 350v; The National Archives. Retrieved July 2012
  7. ^ "Saxebi". Domesday Map. Retrieved 9 May 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire with the port of Hull 1885, p. 611
  9. ^ a b c Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire 1905, p. 486
  10. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28701. p. 2058. 18 March 1913. Retrieved 6 March 2011.
  11. ^ Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire 1933, p. 468
  12. ^ Music and British Culture: 1785 – 1914 ; Essays in Honour of Cyril Ehrlich, (ed. Cyril Ehrlich; Christina Bashford; Leanne Langley), Oxford University Press (21 December 2000), p. 363. ISBN 019816730X
  13. ^ De Val, Dorothy: In Search of Song: The Life and Times of Lucy Broadwood, p. 170, Ashgate (1 July 2011). ISBN 0754654087
  14. ^ Wind Band Activity in and Around New York Ca. 1830–1950 (ed. Frank J. Cipolla; Donald Hunsberger), Alfred Publishing (12 January 2006), p. 83. ISBN 0739038923
  15. ^ a b Nikolaus Pevsner|Pevsner, Nikolaus; Harris, John; The Buildings of England: Lincolnshire p. 349; Penguin, (1964); revised by Nicholas Antram (1989), Yale University Press. ISBN 0300096208
  16. ^ Historic England. "Church of All Saints, Saxby All Saints (1103702)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  17. ^ Historic England. "Monument and Drinking Trough, Saxby All Saints (1103703)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  18. ^ Historic England. "Saxby Hall, Saxby All Saints (1103704)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  19. ^ Historic England. "Saxby Manor, Saxby All Saints (1288272)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  20. ^ Historic England. "The Old Rectory, Saxby All Saints (1346855)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  21. ^ Historic England. "Lodge Cottage, Saxby All Saints (1215043)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  22. ^ Historic England. "Ivy House, Saxby All Saints (1215021)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  23. ^ Historic England. "Saxby Bridge, Saxby All Saints (1346856)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  24. ^ "Ecclesiastical parish details". Diocese of Lincoln. Retrieved 9 May 2013. 

External links[edit]