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Mission type Communication
Operator Gazprom Space Systems
COSPAR ID 2012-070A
Mission duration 15 years (planned)
11 years (expected after launch failure)
Spacecraft properties
Bus Spacebus 4000C3
Manufacturer Thales Alenia Space
Launch mass 5,250 kilograms (11,570 lb)
Power 10800
Start of mission
Launch date 8 December 2012, 13:13:43 (2012-12-08UTC13:13:43Z) UTC
Rocket Proton-M/Briz-M
Launch site Baikonur 200/39
Contractor ILS
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Geostationary
Longitude 55° East
Band 46 J band (IEEE Ku band)

Yamal-402 is a Russian geostationary communications satellite. It was launched on 8 December 2012, 13:13:43 UTC from Site 200/39 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.[1] It was built by Thales Alenia Space, and is based on the Spacebus 4000C3 satellite bus. It is equipped with 46 J band (IEEE Ku band) transponders.[2] It has a design life of 15 years, but reducing to 11 years expected after launch partial failure.[3]

Launch problem[edit]

In February 2009, Gazprom Space Systems announced a contract with Thales Alenia Space for two satellites: Yamal-401 and Yamal-402.[4] This was the first time a foreign supplier would build a satellite for internal Russian market. After much lobby from local industry, the contract for the bus and integration of Yamal-401 is cancelled and awarded to ISS Reshetnev, but Thales is allowed to keep the payload supply.[5][6][7]

On November 6, 2012, the satellite arrives at the launch site of Baikonur. [8] On December 8, 2012 13:13:43 UTC a Proton-M/Briz-M launches Yamal-402 to a geostationary transfer orbit. [9] The same day, Khrunichev Center and International Launch Services reported an anomaly during the launch in which the Briz-M stage failed 4 minutes before scheduled shut down on its fourth burn.[10][11]

On December 10, specialists from Thales Alenia Space carried out maneuvers to bring the satellite into its designated orbit after a premature separation from Briz-M. [12][13] On 15 December 15, Yamal-402 was taken to its planned geostationary orbit at the altitude of 36,000 km following a series of four adjustment operations.[14] The satellite lost 4 years of fuel to compensate for lower than expected orbit injection.[15]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "December 2012 Launch Calendar". Spaceflight101. 
  2. ^ "Yamal-402 at SatBeams". SatBeams. 
  3. ^ "Yamal-402 at Gunter's Space Page". Gunter's Space Page. 
  4. ^ Krebs, Gunter Dirk (2016-04-17). "Yamal 202, 204". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2016-07-20. 
  5. ^ Krebs, Gunter Dirk (2016-04-17). "Yamal 202, 204". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2016-07-20. 
  6. ^ Pillet, Nicolas. "Yamal-400 : le succès français" [Yamal-400 the French success]. Kosmonavtika (in French). Retrieved 2016-07-20. 
  7. ^ "Thales Alenia Space announces start of Yamal-400 programme". Thales Alenia Space. 2010-05-28. Archived from the original on 2016-08-22. Retrieved 2016-07-25.  (dead link: archived version )
  8. ^ "Yamal-402 satellite arrives at Baikonur launch site". Thales Alenia Space. 2012-11-06. Retrieved 2016-07-25. 
  9. ^ Pillet, Nicolas. "Proton-M 8 décembre 2012" [December 8, 2012 Proton-M]. Kosmonavtika (in French). Retrieved 2016-07-20. 
  10. ^ "ILS Declares Proton Launch Anomaly". ILS. 8 December 2012. 
  11. ^ Bergin, Chris (8 December 2012). "ILS Proton-M launches with Yamal-402 satellite". NASA Spaceflight. 
  12. ^ "Thales Makes Second Attempt to Adjust Yamal Orbit". RIA Novosti. 10 December 2012. 
  13. ^ "Thales Alenia Space statement concerning Yamal-402 satellite". Thales Alenia Space. 2012-12-10. Archived from the original on 2017-02-21. Retrieved 2016-07-25.  (dead link: archived version )
  14. ^ "Troubled Russian Satellite Reaches Designated Orbit". RIA Novosti. 15 December 2012. 
  15. ^ Krebs, Gunter Dirk (2016-04-17). "Yamal 402". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2016-07-20. 

External links[edit]