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Zeuhl (pronounced [tsɔɪl] or [d͡zøːl]) means celestial in Kobaïan,[1] the constructed language created by Christian Vander of the band Magma.[2] Originally applied solely to the music of Magma, the term "zeuhl" was eventually used to describe the similar music produced by French bands,[3] beginning in the mid-1970s.[citation needed]


  1. ^ Stump, Paul (July 1995). "Different Drummer: Magma – interview with Christian Vander, page 3". The Wire. Retrieved 2009-10-16. 
  2. ^ Culshaw, Peter (1 October 2009). "Magma interview for Celestial Mass". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2009-10-16. 
  3. ^ Buckley, Peter (2003). The rough guide to rock. Rough Guides. pp. 629–630. ISBN 1-84353-105-4. 
  4. ^ "Pitchfork: Album Reviews: Magma: K.A". Retrieved 2010-02-08.