|Cultural origins||1960s, France|
Zeuhl (pronounced [tsɔɪl] or [d͡zøːl]) is a style of progressive rock that originates in France in the 1960s. According to Pitchfork's Dominique Leone, the style is "about what you'd expect an alien rock opera to sound like: massed, chanted choral motifs, martial, repetitive percussion, sudden bursts of explosive improv and just as unexpected lapses into eerie, minimalist trance-rock.
The term means celestial in Kobaïan, the constructed language created by Christian Vander of the band Magma. Originally applied solely to the music of Magma, the term "zeuhl" was eventually used to describe the similar music produced by French bands beginning in the 1970s.
- Wagner, Jeff (2010). Mean Deviation: Four Decades of Progressive Heavy Metal. Bazillion Points Books. p. 242. ISBN 978-0-9796163-3-4.
- "Pitchfork: Album Reviews: Magma: K.A". Retrieved 2010-02-08.
- Stump, Paul (July 1995). "Different Drummer: Magma – interview with Christian Vander, page 3 (dead link)". The Wire. Retrieved 2009-10-16.
- Culshaw, Peter (1 October 2009). "Magma interview for Celestial Mass". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 2009-10-16.
- Anderston, Chris (2010). "A many-headed beast: progressive rock as European meta-genre". Popular Music. Cambridge University Press. 29 (10): 417–435. JSTOR 40926943. doi:10.1017/S0261143010000450.
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