Buad, Rawis, Kawayan
Town of Zumarraga
Map of Samar with Zumarraga highlighted
|Region||Eastern Visayas (Region VIII)|
|District||2nd district of Samar|
|• Mayor||Myrna O. Tan|
|• Total||38.55 km2 (14.88 sq mi)|
|Population (2015 census)|
|• Density||420/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Dialing code||+63 (0)55|
|Income class||5th municipal income class|
|Electorate||11,415 voters as of 2016|
- San Isidro
- Poblacion 1 (Barangay 1)
- Poblacion 2 (Barangay 2)
- Igpit opol
The town of Zumaraga has been known for quite a number year before some other towns in Samar were recognized. This was because of flourishing, fishing industry in the town.
This started with a small settlement of a few villagers who came they were their families form Leyte. They discovered the place while they were on their fishing trips and were overtaken by storm that they anchored took refuge on the place now known as “Rawes”. To their amazement they found the place good for settlement, naturally pleasing due to the presence of bamboos. So when they returned to settle they named the place “Kawayan”.
These villagers became prosperous because of the abundance of fishes on the waters which surrounded the islands. It as for this reason that may people from neighboring places flocked for some fishing business. The first to come were the Ferreras form Leyte.
The news of this rich fishing village reached the ears of the Moro pirates so they extended their piracy to Visayan waters. To keep them safe, the natives built strong stone fortifications on the top of the hill overlooking the whole town. Today, these fortifications still remain to be viewed by the generation, a symbol of unity of our forefathers, for without their unity these would not have been built.
Nobody could tell the exact date of the coming of the Spaniards to the islands, but in 1848 a Spanish friars was sent to the place. It was said that with their coming, they already found the natives to obey and follow the laws of their local self-governing body which ruled the village. The name of the place was already “Buad” derived from the local dialect “Binuwaaran” a term for the digging made by wild pigs. Later on the birth peace known the first municipal primary of the birthplace of the first Spanish priest, Rev. Fr. Martin Yepes who was born in Zumaraga, a town in Spain.
On March 13, 1863, the town became an independent parish by virtue of a decree of the King of Spain. 1869, issued on Oct. 12, 1865, confirming the town as a parish under a certain diocese. The parahish priest then had its jurisdiction over the islands of Buad and daram including Paranas.
With the coming of the Spanish friars, came educational, spiritual and moral upliftment on the part of the natives. As such, these attracted the people from the neighboring towns and provinces. Foremost of the immigrants were the Zetas from Palo, Leyt, the Astorgas from Barugo, Leyte, the villalors from Cariga, Leyte, The Dazas, the Magas and Narios from Catbalogan, Samar, the Carcellars, Zosas, Versosas and Castillos.
A well organized local government as established with the executive known as “Capitan”. The early capitanes in the order of succession were: Tenorio RFerrer (Capitan Toyang), Nepomuceno Zeta (capitan Sinoy), Nicolas Custodio (Capitan Colas), Salvador Zeta (Captain Badoy), Brigido Heal (Capitan Bido), Tomas Bello, Hilario Villaflor and Agustin Astorga. These town officials were appointed by the Gobernadorcillo upon the recommendation of the parish priest who also served as the local “Inspector”. Much had happened during the Spanish era but no record exists showing some evidence. However, tales and riddles of our great grandfathers are told and retold from generations to generation.
Americans came. Changes were made from the national to local levels. Free election was introduced. The local town executive became known as “Presidente”. The presidents in the order of their tenure of office were: Mario Maga, 1910; luis Villaflor, 1911; Lucio Mijares, 1913; Leodergario Carcellar, 1914; Enrique Nario, 1916; Benito Astorga, 1920; Enrique Nario, 1926; and Rodrigo Daza, 1931.
Growth of population increased chiefly by the immigrants from neighboring places. With the increased of population followed an increased in industry and business particularly in fishing. It was during this rapid development that the wharf and a part of the break water “Sea wall” was constructed. The most illustrious son of Zumaraga, the late Hon. Pedro R. Arteche, represented his people in the constitutional convention in 1936, who subsequently occupied the gubernatorial seat of the provinces of Samar. During this period the elected town executive were known as “Mayor”. The elected town mayors up to the outbreak of the second World War were: 1936-1938 Maayor: Emilio Zeta; Vice-mayor: Leodegario Carcellar; 1939-Mayor: Francisco Zosa; Vice-mayor: Francisco Castillo.
Naturally after the war, destructions were evident but the local government tried its very best to reconstruct all that were damaged. Efforts were made by the local town officials to make the better Zumaraga before the war, the best. Significant public works improvements were made. Worthy of mention were the commenting of streets the establishment of the Puericculture Center, putting up an electric light, a Public market, and the construction of additional pre-fab, Marcos type and the Bagong Lipunan buildings. A private Catholic High School was established by few civic-spirited citizens, duly recognized by the government and is presently solving the needs of the youth of the town and its vicinity, for secondary education. The edifice of the Roman Catholic Church which is the material symbol of undying filial live, faith and devotion towards Christianity and to its most honored Patron St. Anthony of Padua, had been built centuries ago, is now being re-constructed. Such project has been attributed to different priest assigned, the Parish Council and the generosity of the Zumaraganhons now residing in Manila, Cebu, Iligan, Tacloban City, and Catbalogan who have prospered in their own lines of profession and industry and through the collective efforts of all Zumaraganhons.
The present municipal administration under the energetic leadership of Mayor Bibiano Z. Letaba has done tangible progress as regards cleanliness and peace and order. The municipality is also at present the recipient of several National projects in conformity with the goals and objectives of the New Society. Especially to improve and better the life of the common man.
|Population census of Zumarraga|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority |
- "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 15 May 2013.
- "Province: Samar (Western Samar)". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 15 May 2013.
- "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Census of Population (2015): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Census of Population and Housing (2010): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007): Total Population by Province, City and Municipality (Report). NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011.
- "Province of Samar (Western Samar)". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Philippine Census Information
- Local Governance Performance Management System
|Daram / Zumarraga Channel||Villareal Bay / Calbiga|
|Villareal Bay / Pinabacdao|