1964–1965 New York World's Fair New York State Pavilion

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
1964–1965 New York World's Fair New York State Pavilion
Flushing Meadows Corona Park.jpg
New York State Pavilion
1964–1965 New York World's Fair New York State Pavilion is located in New York City
1964–1965 New York World's Fair New York State Pavilion
Location Flushing Meadows – Corona Park, Flushing, New York
Coordinates 40°44′38.5″N 73°50′39.9″W / 40.744028°N 73.844417°W / 40.744028; -73.844417Coordinates: 40°44′38.5″N 73°50′39.9″W / 40.744028°N 73.844417°W / 40.744028; -73.844417
Area less than one acre
Built 1962–1964
Architect Johnson, Philip, Lev Zetlin
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 09000942[1]
Added to NRHP November 20, 2009

1964–1965 New York World's Fair New York State Pavilion is a historic world's fair pavilion at Flushing Meadows – Corona Park in Flushing, Queens, New York. The New York State Pavilion was designed for the 1964 New York World's Fair by architects Philip Johnson and Lev Zetlin, and built between 1962 and 1964.

Architecture[edit]

The pavilion consists of three components of reinforced concrete and steel construction: the "Tent of Tomorrow", Observation Towers, and "Theaterama".[2]

Shadow of a commercial jetliner crosses the pavilion in 1981.

'Tent of Tomorrow'[edit]

The "Tent of Tomorrow" is elliptical in plan, and its sixteen 100-foot reinforced concrete piers once supported the largest cable suspension roof in the world. The main floor of the Tent was a large scale design of a Texaco highway map of New York State, made of terrazzo. An idea floated after the fair to use the floor for the World Trade Center didn't materialize. Once the red ceiling tiles were removed from the pavilion in the late 1970s, the terrazzo floor was subject to the elements of weather and was ruined.[2]

Observation Towers[edit]

The Observation Towers are three concrete towers, with the tallest at 226 feet (69 metres) high. The towers have observation platforms which were once accessed by two "Sky Streak capsule" elevators attached to the tallest (western) tower. The southern tower has a platform height of 85 feet (26 metres) and the northern tower is at 160 feet (49 metres).[2]

'Theaterama'[edit]

"Theaterama" was originally a single drum-shaped volume of reinforced concrete. Additions to the original structure were made from 1992 to 1993 and from 2008 to 2009. The Theaterama is home to the Queens Theatre, a performing arts center which produces and presents theatre and dance, as well as children's and cultural programming.[2]

Some parts of the Pavilion complex are actively being used, while other parts are abandoned ruins, used only as scenic backdrops.

After the fair[edit]

The New York State Pavilion was retained for future use after the fair closed, but found no residual use other than as TV and movie sets, such as an episode of McCloud; for The Wiz; for the music video for They Might Be Giants' Don't Let's Start; and part of the setting (and the plot) for Men in Black. As of 2014, it remains an abandoned and badly neglected relic, with its roof gone and the once bright floors and walls almost faded away. After the red ceiling tiles were removed from the pavilion in the late 1970s for safety reasons, the Texaco terrazzo floor map of New York State was subject to the elements of weather and was ruined.

For the 50th anniversary of the World's Fair, on April 22, 2014, the long-shuttered New York State Pavilion was opened to the public for three hours from 11am to 2pm. Because of the pavilion's state of decay, visitors were required to wear hardhats.[3]

Restoration plans[edit]

Some conservation and restoration efforts were demonstrated in 2008 by researchers from the University of Pennsylvania, and a handful of local groups are advocating to raise funds to complete the restoration of the terrazzo floor. The pavilion was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2009.[1]

In the fall of 2013, New York City's Department of Parks and Recreation announced plans to restore the pavilion with new landscaped paths and event spaces at an estimated cost of $73 million, as opposed to the $14 million cost to demolish the structure.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]