New York State Department of Transportation
The headquarters of the NYSDOT in Colonie
|Preceding agencies||New York State Department of Public Works
New York State Department of Highways
|Headquarters||50 Wolf Road, Colonie, NY
|Annual budget||$7.4 billion|
|Department executive||Joan McDonald, Commissioner|
|Key document||Transportation Law|
The New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT) is the department of the New York state government responsible for the development and operation of highways, railroads, mass transit systems, ports, waterways and aviation facilities in the U.S. state of New York.
This transportation network includes:
- A state and local highway system, encompassing over 110,000 miles (177,000 km) of highway and 17,000 bridges.
- A 5,000 mile (8,000 km) rail network, carrying over 42 million short tons (38 million metric tons) of equipment, raw materials, manufactured goods and produce each year.
- Over 130 public transit operators, serving over 5.2 million passengers each day.
- Twelve major public and private ports, handling more than 110 million short tons (100 million metric tons) of freight annually.
- 456 public and private aviation facilities, through which more than 31 million people travel each year. It owns two airports, Stewart International Airport near Newburgh, and Republic Airport on Long Island. Stewart is currently leased to the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey.
Its regulations are compiled in title 17 of the New York Codes, Rules and Regulations.
The history of the New York State Department of Transportation and its predecessors spans over two centuries:
- In 1781, the Office of Surveyor General was reorganized from its colonial Dutch and English beginnings to survey lands that had been vested in the state during and following the Revolutionary war.
- In 1810, the Erie Canal Commission was established to build the Erie Canal, and afterwards the canal commissioners oversaw maintenance and enlargement of the canals
- In 1848, the Office of State Engineer and Surveyor succeeded the Surveyor General's Office.
- In 1878, the Superintendent of Public Works took over the duties of the canal commissioners.
- In 1907, the Public Service Commission assumed responsibility for the economic and safety regulation of privately operated transportation; railroad and bus safety inspection; and, approval for the installation of protection for or elimination of at-grade rail highway crossings.
- In 1908, the New York State Department of Highways was established by the Highway Act. It was headed by a three-member Highway Commission, appointed in 1909.
- In 1911, the Highway Commission was abolished, and was succeeded by a State Superintendent of Highways.
- In 1927, the Department of Public Works took over the duties of the State Engineer and Surveyor, unifying responsibility for highways, canals and public buildings,
- In 1967, the New York State Department of Transportation was formed to deal with the state's complex transportation system, and absorbed among others the Department of Public Works.
The department comprises 11 regional offices and 68 county transportation maintenance residencies. Tioga County was moved to adjacent region in August 2007, Wayne County was moved from Region 3 to Region 4 in the late 1990s.
NYSDOT regions and the counties they serve are:
- Region 1 (Capital District): Albany, Essex, Greene, Rensselaer, Saratoga, Schenectady, Warren, Washington (Offices in Schenectady)
- Region 2 (Mohawk Valley): Fulton, Hamilton, Herkimer, Madison, Montgomery, Oneida (Offices in Utica)
- Region 3 (Central New York): Cayuga, Cortland, Onondaga, Oswego, Seneca, Tompkins (Offices in Syracuse)
- Region 4 (Finger Lakes): Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Ontario, Orleans, Wayne, Wyoming (Offices in Rochester)
- Region 5 (Western New York): Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Niagara (Offices in Buffalo)
- Region 6 (Central Southern Tier): Allegany, Chemung, Schuyler, Steuben, Tioga, Yates (Offices in Hornell)
- Region 7 (North Country): Clinton, Franklin, Jefferson, Lewis, St. Lawrence (Offices in Watertown)
- Region 8 (Hudson Valley): Columbia, Dutchess, Orange, Putnam, Rockland, Ulster, Westchester (Offices in Poughkeepsie)
- Region 9 (Southern Tier): Broome, Chenango, Delaware, Otsego, Schoharie, Sullivan, (Offices in Binghamton)
- Region 10 (Long Island): Nassau, Suffolk (Offices in Hauppage)
- Region 11 (New York City): Bronx, Kings, New York, Queens, Richmond (Offices in Long Island City, Queens)
- "State Workforce Chart". 2008-09 Financial Plan First Quarterly Update. New York State Division of the Budget. Retrieved September 9, 2008.
- "Overview". Spending by Agency. New York State Division of the Budget. July 30, 2008. Retrieved September 8, 2008.
- Transportation Law § 11. "There shall be in the state government a department of transportation. The head of the department shall be the commissioner of transportation, [...]"