371 series

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371 series
image
371 series on an Asagiri service, October 2009
In service March 1991–Present
Manufacturer Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Nippon Sharyo
Number built 7 vehicles (1 set)
Number in service 7 vehicles (1 set)
Formation 7 cars
Fleet numbers X1
Operator JR Central
Depot(s) Shizuoka
Specifications
Car length 21,250 mm (69 ft 9 in) (end cars)
20,000 mm (65 ft 7 in) (intermediate cars)
Width 2,900 mm (9 ft 6 in)
Doors Sliding plug doors (1 per side)
Maximum speed 120 km/h (75 mph)
Traction system Resistor control + field system superimposed field excitation control
Electric system(s) 1,500 V DC
Current collection method C-PS27A single-arm pantograph
Safety system(s) ATS-PT
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)

The 371 series (371系?) is an electric multiple unit (EMU) train operated by Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central) in Japan since 1991, and formerly used on Asagiri limited express services until March 2012.[1]

Design[edit]

The lone 7-car 371 series set was built jointly by Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, and Nippon Sharyo.[2]

Operations[edit]

Up until 16 March 2012, the 371 series set was used alongside the two Odakyu 20000 series RSE EMUs on Asagiri services run jointly by Odakyu Electric Railway and JR Central between Odakyu's Tokyo terminus at Shinjuku and JR Central's Numazu Station in Shizuoka Prefecture via the Gotemba Line. From 17 March, the 371 series and 20000 series trains were replaced by Odakyu 60000 series MSE EMUs on these services.

Services[edit]

371 series (right) and Odakyu 20000 series RSE (left) EMUs on Asagiri services, April 2008
  • Asagiri (until March 2012)
  • Home Liner Numazu
  • Home Liner Hamamatsu
  • Home Liner Shizuoka

In June 2012, the 371 series set was used on additional Rapid services on the Gotemba Line connected with a series of hiking events.[3]

Formation[edit]

The one 7-car set, X1, is formed as follows.[4] The two Green (first class) cars, 3 and 4, are bilevel cars.[1]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Designation Mc M' ThsD ThsD M M' Mc
Numbering KuMoHa 371-101 MoHa 370-101 SaRoHa 371-101 SaRoHa 371-1 MoHa 371-201 MoHa 370-1 KuMoHa 371-1

Cars 1, 5, and 7 are each fitted with one C-PS27A single-arm pantograph.[1]

Interior[edit]

Standard class cars have regular 2+2 seating. The two bilevel cars have Green (first class) accommodation on the upper decks with 2+1 seating, and standard-class accommodation on the lower decks, also with 2+1 seating.[1]

History[edit]

The 371 series set entered service on 16 March 1991.[4] From 24 June 1997, car 7 was made no-smoking, and from 18 March 2007, all cars were made no-smoking.[4] From 6 November 2006, the original PS24A pantographs were replaced with C-PS27A single-arm pantographs.[1][4]

The 371 series was withdrawn from Asagiri services following its last run on 16 March 2012. It was subsequently re-employed as a special charter train for use from autumn 2012.[5]

Future plans[edit]

The train is scheduled to be withdrawn from service after a final run on 30 November 2014.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e JR全車輌ハンドブック2009 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2009]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 2009. pp. 163–164. ISBN 978-4-7770-0836-0. 
  2. ^ Saka, Masahiro (March 2014). "JR第1世代の車両・現況と概要" [JR 1st-generation rolling stock: Current situation and overview]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (in Japanese) (Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun) 43 (359): p.22. 
  3. ^ "JR東海371系 臨時快速に使用" [JR Central 371 series to be used on additional Rapid services]. Tetsudo Hobidas (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing. 30 May 2012. Retrieved 1 June 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c d JR電車編成表 2011夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2011]. Japan: JRR. May 2010. p. 117. ISBN 978-4-330-21211-1. 
  5. ^ 「371系」来春引退 JR東海の特急「あさぎり」 [JR Central 371 series Asagiri limited express to be withdrawn next spring]. @Shizuoka (in Japanese). Japan: The Shizuoka Shimbun and Shizuoka Broadcasting System. 18 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2011. 
  6. ^ "JR東海371系、11月引退へ - 臨時急行「御殿場線80周年371」号でラストラン" [JR Central 371 series to be retired in November]. Mynavi News (in Japanese). Japan: Mynavi Corporation. 20 October 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 

External links[edit]