371 series

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371 series
image
371 series on an Asagiri service, October 2009
In service March 1991 – November 2014
Manufacturer Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Nippon Sharyo
Number built 7 vehicles (1 set)
Formation 7 cars
Fleet numbers X1
Operator JR Central
Depot(s) Shizuoka
Specifications
Car body construction Steel
Car length 21,250 mm (69 ft 9 in) (end cars)
20,000 mm (65 ft 7 in) (intermediate cars)
Width 2,900 mm (9 ft 6 in)
Doors Sliding plug doors (1 per side)
Maximum speed 120 km/h (75 mph)
Traction system Resistor control + field system superimposed field excitation control
Electric system(s) 1,500 V DC
Current collection method C-PS27A single-arm pantograph
Safety system(s) ATS-PT
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)

The 371 series (371系?) is an electric multiple unit (EMU) train operated by Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central) in Japan between 1991 and 2014. Originally used on Asagiri limited express services in conjunction with Odakyu Electric Railway,[1] from 2012 until its withdrawal in 2014, the train was used on Gotemba Line excursion services.

Design[edit]

The lone 7-car 371 series set was built jointly by Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, and Nippon Sharyo.[2]

Operations[edit]

371 series (right) and Odakyu 20000 series RSE (left) EMUs on Asagiri services, April 2008

From its introduction on 16 March 1991 until 16 March 2012, the 371 series set was used alongside the two Odakyu 20000 series RSE EMUs on Asagiri services run jointly by the private railway operator Odakyu Electric Railway and JR Central between Odakyu's Tokyo terminus at Shinjuku and JR Central's Numazu Station in Shizuoka Prefecture via the Gotemba Line. In addition to the daytime Asagiri services, the train was also used on the following "Home Liner" limited-stop commuter services.[3]

  • Home Liner Numazu
  • Home Liner Hamamatsu
  • Home Liner Shizuoka

From 17 March, the 371 series and 20000 series trains were replaced by Odakyu 60000 series MSE EMUs on Asagiri" services.

From June 2012, the 371 series set was used on additional limited-stop "Rapid" services on the Gotemba Line connected with a series of hiking events.[4]

Formation[edit]

The one 7-car set, X1, was formed as follows.[3] The two Green (first class) cars, 3 and 4, were bilevel cars.[1]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Designation Mc M' ThsD ThsD M M' Mc
Numbering KuMoHa 371-101 MoHa 370-101 SaRoHa 371-101 SaRoHa 371-1 MoHa 371-201 MoHa 370-1 KuMoHa 371-1

Cars 1, 5, and 7 are each fitted with one C-PS27A single-arm pantograph.[1]

Interior[edit]

Standard class cars had regular 2+2 seating. The two bilevel cars had Green (first class) accommodation on the upper decks with 2+1 seating, and standard-class accommodation on the lower decks, also with 2+1 seating.[1]

History[edit]

The 371 series around 1991, with its original lozenge-type pantographs

The 371 series set entered service on 16 March 1991.[3] From 24 June 1997, car 7 was made no-smoking, and from 18 March 2007, all cars were made no-smoking.[3] From 6 November 2006, the original PS24A lozenge-type pantographs were replaced with C-PS27A single-arm pantographs.[1][3]

The 371 series was withdrawn from Asagiri services following its last run on 16 March 2012. It was subsequently re-employed as a special charter train for use from autumn 2012.[5]

The train was finally withdrawn from service after a final run on 30 November 2014.[6]

Future plans[edit]

In December 2014, it was announced that the private railway operator Fuji Kyuko planned to purchase the trainset, and reform it as a three-car set for use on Fujisan Tokkyu services later in fiscal 2015.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e JR全車輌ハンドブック2009 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2009]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 2009. pp. 163–164. ISBN 978-4-7770-0836-0. 
  2. ^ Saka, Masahiro (March 2014). JR第1世代の車両・現況と概要 [JR 1st-generation rolling stock: Current situation and overview]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (in Japanese) (Japan: Kotsu Shimbun) 43 (359): p.22. 
  3. ^ a b c d e JR電車編成表 2011夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2011]. Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. May 2010. p. 117. ISBN 978-4-330-21211-1. 
  4. ^ JR東海371系 臨時快速に使用 [JR Central 371 series to be used on additional Rapid services]. Tetsudo Hobidas (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing. 30 May 2012. Retrieved 1 June 2012. 
  5. ^ 「371系」来春引退 JR東海の特急「あさぎり」 [JR Central 371 series Asagiri limited express to be withdrawn next spring]. @Shizuoka (in Japanese). Japan: The Shizuoka Shimbun and Shizuoka Broadcasting System. 18 October 2011. Archived from the original on 20 October 2011. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  6. ^ 「あさぎり号」などで活躍…371系ラストラン [Last run for the 371 series - formerly active on "Asagiri"]. Yomiuri Online (in Japanese). Japan: The Yomiuri Shimbun. 1 December 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  7. ^ 富士急行,JR東海371系を購入 [Fuji Kyuko to puchase JR Central 371 series]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 16 December 2014. Retrieved 16 December 2014. 

External links[edit]