N700 Series Shinkansen

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N700 series
JRC N700 series Z28.jpg
JR Central N700 series set Z28 on the Sanyo Shinkansen, April 2009
In service 2007–Present
Manufacturer Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Kinki Sharyo, Nippon Sharyo
Replaced 300 series, 500 series, 700 series
Constructed 2005–
Number in service 1,936 vehicles (131 sets) (as of 1 Oct 2013)[1]
Formation 8/16 cars per trainset
Capacity Tokaido/Sanyo 16-car sets (F, G, K, N, X, Z)
1,323 (200 Green + 1,123 Standard)
Sanyo/Kyushu 8-car sets (R, S)
546 (24 Green + 522 Standard)
Operator JR Central, JR Kyushu, JR West
Depot(s) Tokyo, Hakata, Osaka, Kumamoto
Line(s) served Kyushu Shinkansen, Tokaido Shinkansen, Sanyo Shinkansen, Hakata-Minami Line
Specifications
Car body construction Aluminium
Car length 25,000 mm (82 ft 0 in) (intermediate cars)
27,350 mm (89 ft 9 in) (end cars)
Width 3,360 mm (11 ft 0 in)
Height 3,600 mm (11 ft 10 in), 3,500 mm (11 ft 6 in) (end cars)
Maximum speed 270 km/h (168 mph) (Tokaido)
300 km/h (186 mph) (Sanyo)
260 km/h (162 mph) (Kyushu)
Weight 715 t (16-car set)[2]
Traction system 56 x 305 kW (409 hp)
Power output 17.08 MW (22,900 hp)
Acceleration 2.6 km/h/s
Electric system(s) 25 kV AC, 60 Hz overhead catenary
Current collection method Pantograph
UIC classification 2'2'+14*Bo'Bo'+2'2' (N, Z and G sets)
8*Bo'Bo' (R and S sets)
Braking system(s) Pneumatic, regenerative
Safety system(s) ATC-1, ATC-NS, KS-ATC (R and S sets only)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)

The N700 series (N700系?) is a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train with tilting capability developed jointly by JR Central and JR West for use on the Tokaido and Sanyo Shinkansen lines since 2007, and also operated by JR Kyushu on the Kyushu Shinkansen line.

N700 series trains have a maximum speed of 300 km/h (186 mph), and tilting of up to one degree allows the trains to maintain 270 km/h (168 mph) even on 2,500 m (8,200 ft) radius curves that previously had a maximum speed of 255 km/h (158 mph). Another feature of the N700 is that it accelerates quicker than other shinkansen trains, with a maximum acceleration rate of 2.6 km/h/s. This enables it to reach 270 km/h (170 mph) in only three minutes. Because of these improvements, trains can travel between Tokyo and Osaka on a Nozomi run in as little as 2 hours and 25 minutes (5 minutes faster than before).

Operations[edit]

N700 series trains gradually replaced 300, 500 and 700 series sets on Nozomi services, and by the end of February 2009, the N700 were responsible for 74 Nozomi services per day.[3] All Nozomi through runs (over the full route between Tokyo and Hakata) were scheduled to use the N700 exclusively by 2009. By 2011, all regularly scheduled Nozomi services, including runs limited only to the Tokaido Shinkansen, were operated by the N700.[4]

The N700 is also used on select Hikari services during the day, as well as some early-morning and late-night Kodama runs between Tokyo and Mishima/Hamamatsu.

Since March 2009, the N700 series trains have been equipped with wireless internet available for use between Tokyo and Shin-Osaka.[5]

Variants[edit]

  • N700 series: 81 x 16-car "Z" sets owned by JR Central, introduced from 1 July 2007
  • N700-1000 series "N700A": 16-car "G" sets owned by JR Central, introduced from 8 February 2013
  • N700-2000 series: 16-car "X" sets owned by JR Central, modified from original "Z" sets from 2013
  • N700-3000 series: 16 x 16-car "N" sets owned by JR West, introduced from 1 July 2007
  • N700-4000 series "N700A": 16-car "F" sets owned by JR West, introduced from December 2013
  • N700-5000 series: 16-car "K" sets owned by JR West, modified from original "N" sets from October 2013
  • N700-7000 series: 19 x 8-car "S" sets owned by JR West, introduced from 12 March 2011
  • N700-8000 series: 10 x 8-car "R" sets owned by JR Kyushu, introduced from 12 March 2011

16-car Z sets[edit]

Set Z15, June 2008
  • 81 sets, Z0–Z80

The prototype 16-car train (Z0) was delivered in March 2005 for extensive testing and endurance running. Cars 1 to 4 were built by Hitachi Ltd., cars 5 to 14 were built by Nippon Sharyo, and cars 15 and 16 were built by Kawasaki Heavy Industries.[6]

The first full-production Z set (Z1) was delivered to JR Central in April 2007, and trains entered revenue service on 1 July 2007, with eight daily Nozomi service runs. The final Z set, Z80, was delivered from Kawasaki Heavy Industries in February 2012.[7]

From fiscal 2013, the fleet of Z sets is scheduled to undergo modifications to incorporate some of the improvements featured in the later N700A series sets. Modified sets are re-designated "X" sets, with cars renumbered in the -2000 subseries. The sets are also identified by the addition of a small "A" added to the right of the bodyside "N700" logos.[8]

The prototype set Z0 remains as a JR Central test train with cars numbered in the -9000 series, and is not used in revenue service.

Formation[edit]

The 16-car Z sets, Z0–Z80, are formed as follows.[9]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Designation Tc M2 M'w M1 M1w M' M2k M1s M's M2s M'h M1 M1w M' M2w T'c
Numbering 783 787 786-500 785 785-300 786 787-400 775 776 777 786-700 785-600 785-500 786-200 787-500 784
Seating capacity 65 100 85 100 90 100 75 68 64 68 63 100 90 100 80 75

Cars 5 and 12 each have one single-arm pantograph.

Interior[edit]


Fleet list[edit]

Set No. Manufacturer Date delivered[10] Remarks
Z0 Hitachi/Kawasaki HI/Nippon Sharyo 12 March 2005 Pre-production set
Z1 Nippon Sharyo 17 April 2007 Full-production sets
Z2 Hitachi 9 May 2007
Z3 Nippon Sharyo 21 May 2007
Z4 Hitachi 16 June 2007
Z5 Nippon Sharyo 23 June 2007
Z6 Hitachi 5 September 2007
Z7 Nippon Sharyo 12 September 2007
Z8 Hitachi 31 October 2007
Z9 Nippon Sharyo 22 October 2007
Z10 Hitachi 6 December 2007
Z11 Nippon Sharyo 29 November 2007
Z12 Kawasaki HI 9 January 2008
Z13 Nippon Sharyo 16 January 2008
Z14 Hitachi 6 February 2008
Z15 Nippon Sharyo 21 February 2008
Z16 Hitachi 5 March 2008
Z17 Nippon Sharyo 8 May 2008
Z18 Hitachi 15 May 2008
Z19 Nippon Sharyo 12 June 2008
Z20 Hitachi 2 July 2008
Z21 Nippon Sharyo 17 July 2008
Z22 Hitachi 6 August 2008
Z23 Nippon Sharyo 27 August 2008
Z24 Hitachi 17 September 2008
Z25 Nippon Sharyo 3 October 2008
Z26 Kawasaki HI 16 November 2008
Z27 Nippon Sharyo 9 November 2008
Z28 Hitachi 21 December 2008
Z29 Nippon Sharyo 14 December 2008
Z30 Kawasaki HI 11 February 2009
Z31 Nippon Sharyo 24 January 2009
Z32 Nippon Sharyo 1 March 2009
Z33 Hitachi 15 April 2009
Z34 Nippon Sharyo 3 April 2009
Z35 Nippon Sharyo 13 May 2009
Z36 Kawasaki HI 26 August 2009
Z37 Nippon Sharyo 18 June 2009
Z38 Nippon Sharyo 24 July 2009
Z39 Nippon Sharyo 3 September 2009
Z40 Hitachi 8 July 2009
Z41 Nippon Sharyo 11 October 2009
Z42 Nippon Sharyo 14 November 2009
Z43 Hitachi 1 December 2009
Z44 Nippon Sharyo 17 December 2009
Z45 Hitachi 13 January 2010
Z46 Nippon Sharyo 27 January 2010
Z47 Hitachi 17 February 2010
Z48 Nippon Sharyo 1 March 2010
Z49 Nippon Sharyo 2 April 2010
Z50 Nippon Sharyo 9 May 2010
Z51 Nippon Sharyo 9 June 2010
Z52 Nippon Sharyo 10 July 2010
Z53 Hitachi 21 July 2010
Z54 Nippon Sharyo 18 August 2010
Z55 Nippon Sharyo 18 September 2010
Z56 Hitachi 1 October 2010
Z57 Nippon Sharyo 21 October 2010
Z58 Hitachi 10 November 2010
Z59 Nippon Sharyo 21 November 2010
Z60 Nippon Sharyo 22 December 2010
Z61 Hitachi 19 January 2011
Z62 Nippon Sharyo 28 January 2011
Z63 Hitachi 23 February 2011
Z64 Nippon Sharyo 3 March 2011
Z65 Nippon Sharyo 6 April 2011
Z66 Hitachi 20 April 2011
Z67 Nippon Sharyo 13 May 2011
Z68 Nippon Sharyo 15 June 2011
Z69 Nippon Sharyo 16 July 2011
Z70 Hitachi 3 August 2011
Z71 Nippon Sharyo 20 August 2011
Z72 Hitachi 7 September 2011
Z73 Nippon Sharyo 22 September 2011
Z74 Nippon Sharyo 24 October 2011
Z75 Hitachi 3 November 2011
Z76 Nippon Sharyo 23 November 2011
Z77 Nippon Sharyo 22 December 2011
Z78 Nippon Sharyo 29 January 2012
Z79 Hitachi 22 February 2012
Z80 Nippon Sharyo 1 March 2012

16-car G sets (N700-1000 series "N700A")[edit]

The N700-1000 series, or "N700A" (with "A" standing for "Advanced"), is a new version of the N700 series design delivered from August 2012, and entering revenue service from 8 February 2013.[11]

The new version is externally identical to the existing N700 series sets, with the addition of new "N700A" logos on each odd-numbered car.[12] The new trains will include modified brake discs, bogie vibration detection, and ATC improvements.[13]

Six "G" sets are scheduled to be introduced during fiscal 2012, replacing older 700 series sets, with seven more sets introduced during fiscal 2013.[14] A further 18 sets are on order by JR Central, to be delivered six sets per year between fiscal 2014 and 2016 at a cost of 88 billion yen.[15]

The first set, G1, was delivered to Hamamatsu in August 2012, with test running commencing on the Tokaido Shinkansen the following month.[16]

Formation[edit]

The 16-car G sets are formed as follows, with car 1 at the Shin-Osaka (western) end and car 16 at the Tokyo (eastern) end.[14]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Designation Tc M2 M'w M1 M1w M' M2k M1s M1sw M2s M'h M1 M1w M' M2w T'c
Numbering 783-1000 787-1000 786-1500 785-1000 785-1300 786-1000 787-1400 775-1000 776-1000 777-1000 786-1700 785-1600 785-1500 786-1200 787-1500 784-1000
Seating capacity 65 100 85 100 90 100 75 68 64 68 63 100 90 100 80 75
Facilities Toilets   Toilets / smoking room   Toilets   Toilets / smoking room Conductor's compartment Toilets Smoking room Toilets / multi-purpose compartment   Toilets   Toilets / smoking room  

Cars 5 and 12 each have one single-arm pantograph.

Interior[edit]

Internally, seats have new moquette seat covers, and LED lighting is used in toilets and washing areas.[14]

Fleet list[edit]

Set No. Manufacturer Date delivered[1] Remarks
G1 Nippon Sharyo 25 August 2012 Fiscal 2012 batch
G2 Hitachi 7 November 2012
G3 Nippon Sharyo 16 November 2012
G4 Nippon Sharyo 22 January 2013
G5 Hitachi 30 January 2013
G6 Nippon Sharyo 22 February 2013
G7 Hitachi 17 April 2013 Fiscal 2013 batch
G8 Nippon Sharyo 11 July 2013
G9 Nippon Sharyo 20 September 2013
G10
G11
G12
G13
G14 Fiscal 2014 batch
G15
G16
G17
G18
G19
G20 Fiscal 2015 batch
G21
G22
G23
G24
G25
G26 Fiscal 2016 batch
G27
G28
G29
G30
G31

16-car X sets (N700-2000 series)[edit]

The modified logo on the side of set X6, August 2013

These are former N700 series Z sets modified from fiscal 2013 onward to incorporate some of the design improvements featured in the later N700A series sets. Cars are renumbered in the -2000 subseries. The sets are also identified by the addition of a small "A" added to the right of the bodyside "N700" logos.[8]

All 80 Z sets in revenue service are scheduled to be modified to become X sets, with 32 sets to be modified during fiscal 2013, 37 sets to be modified during fiscal 2014, and the remaining 11 sets to be modified during fiscal 2015.[17]

Formation[edit]

The 16-car X sets are formed as follows.[17]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Designation Tc M2 M'w M1 M1w M' M2k M1s M's M2s M'h M1 M1w M' M2w T'c
Numbering 783-2000 787-2000 786-2500 785-2000 785-2300 786-2000 787-2400 775-2000 776-2000 777-2000 786-2700 785-2600 785-2500 786-2200 787-2500 784-2000
Seating capacity 65 100 85 100 90 100 75 68 64 68 63 100 90 100 80 75

Cars 5 and 12 each have one single-arm pantograph.[17]


16-car N sets (N700-3000 series)[edit]

JR West N700 series set N3 on the Sanyo Shinkansen, April 2009
  • 16 sets, N1–N16

The 16-car N sets are operated by JR West on Tokaido and Sanyo Shinkansen services. The first set, N1, was delivered in June 2007, entering service on 1 July 2007.[6] 16 sets were in service as of April 2010.[18]

The fleet of 16 "N" sets are scheduled to undergo modifications at Hakata Depot between fiscal 2013 and fiscal 2015 to add improved braking systems and other features incorporated in the later N700A series sets.[17] Three sets will be treated during fiscal 2013, eight sets will be treated in fiscal 2014, and the remaining five sets will be treated in fiscal 2015.[17] Modified sets are re-designated "K" sets, with cars renumbered in the -5000 subseries.[17]

Formation[edit]

The 16-car N sets are formed as follows.[9]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Designation Tc M2 M'w M1 M1w M' M2k M1s M's M2s M'h M1 M1w M' M2w T'c
Numbering 783-3000 787-3000 786-3500 785-3000 785-3300 786-3000 787-3400 775-3000 776-3000 777-3000 786-3700 785-3600 785-3500 786-3200 787-3500 784-3000
Seating capacity 65 100 85 100 90 100 75 68 64 68 63 100 90 100 80 75

Cars 5 and 12 each have one single-arm pantograph.


16-car F sets (N700-4000 series "N700A")[edit]

These are N700A series sets owned by JR West and classified N700-4000 series, with one set introduced in December 2013.[19]

Fleet list[edit]

As of 31 December 2013, the fleet consists of one set, based at Hakata Shinkansen Depot.[20]

Set No. Manufacturer Date delivered
F1 Hitachi 27 November 2013

16-car K sets (N700-5000 series)[edit]

These are former JR West N700 series N sets modified from October 2013 onward to incorporate some of the design improvements featured in the later N700A series sets.[17]

All 16 of the original N sets are scheduled to be modified, with three sets treated during fiscal 2013, eight sets in fiscal 2014, and the remaining five sets in fiscal 2015.[17]

Formation[edit]

The 16-car K sets are formed as follows.[17]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Designation Tc M2 M'w M1 M1w M' M2k M1s M's M2s M'h M1 M1w M' M2w T'c
Numbering 783-5000 787-5000 786-5500 785-5000 785-5300 786-5000 787-5400 775-5000 776-5000 777-5000 786-5700 785-5600 785-5500 786-5200 787-5500 784-5000
Seating capacity 65 100 85 100 90 100 75 68 64 68 63 100 90 100 80 75

Cars 5 and 12 each have one single-arm pantograph.[17]

Fleet list[edit]

As of 31 December 2013, the fleet consists of two modified sets, based at Hakata Shinkansen Depot.[20]

Set No. Manufacturer Date delivered Date converted
K1
K2
K3
K4 26 October 2013[20]
K5 20 December 2013[20]
K6
K7
K8
K9
K10
K11
K12
K13
K14
K15
K16

8-car S sets (N700-7000 series)[edit]

First N700-7000 series set, S1, on a test run on the Sanyo Shinkansen, April 2009
  • 19 sets, S1–S19

The N700-7000 series variant are 8-car sets operated by JR West on through-running Sakura and Mizuho services between Shin-Osaka and Kagoshima-Chūō on the Kyushu Shinkansen since 12 March 2011.[21] The pre-production set (S1) was delivered to Hakata Depot in October 2008. These trains do not feature the tilting mechanism of the earlier N700 trains, as they do not run on the Tokaido Shinkansen.[22]

External livery is shiraai (白藍?) pale blue intended to evoke the colour of traditional porcelain with indigo and gold bodyside lining.[21]

Full-production JR West sets were delivered to Hakata Depot from early April 2010.[23] The final S set, S19, was delivered to Hakata Depot in February 2012.[7]

Formation[edit]

The 8-car S sets, S1–S19, are formed as follows.[9]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Designation Mc M1 M' M2 M2w M's M1h M'c
Numbering 781-7000 788-7000 786-7000 787-7000 787-7500 766-7000 788-7700 782-7000
Seating capacity 60 100 80 80 72 36+24 38 56

Cars 2 and 7 each have one single-arm pantograph.

Interior[edit]

These sets feature a Green car saloon in half of one car (car 6) consisting of 24 seats (6 rows) arranged in 2+2 abreast configuration with 480 mm (19 in) wide seats and a seat pitch of 1,160 mm (46 in). Cars 4 to 8 (including half of car 6) are designated as "reserved seating" cars with 2+2 abreast configuration, 465 mm wide seats and a seat pitch of 1,040 mm. Cars 1 to 3 are "non-reserved seating" cars with 2+3 abreast configuration, 440 mm wide seats (460 mm in middle of 3-seat row) and a seat pitch of 1,040 mm.[21]

8-car R sets (N700-8000 series)[edit]

  • 10 sets, R1–R10

The N700-8000 series variant consists of ten 8-car sets operated by JR Kyushu alongside JR West N700-7000 series "S" sets on through-running Sakura and Mizuho services between Shin-Osaka and Kagoshima-Chūō on the Kyushu Shinkansen since 12 March 2011.[24]

External livery is identical to the N700-7000 series "S" sets.

The first set, R1, was delivered to Kumamoto Depot in July 2010.[25] Test running on the unopened section of the Kyushu Shinkansen began on 31 August 2010.[26]

Formation[edit]

The 8-car R sets are formed as follows.[27]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Designation Mc M1 M' M2 M2w M's M1h M'c
Numbering 781-8000 788-8000 786-8000 787-8000 787-8500 766-8000 788-8700 782-8000

Cars 2 and 7 each have one single-arm pantograph.

Interior[edit]

As with the JR West N700-7000 series sets, the R sets feature a Green car saloon in half of one car (car 6) consisting of 24 seats (6 rows) arranged in 2+2 abreast configuration. Cars 4 to 8 (including half of car 6) are designated as "reserved seating" cars with 2+2 abreast configuration. Cars 1 to 3 are "non-reserved seating" cars with 2+3 abreast configuration.[27]

N700-I Bullet[edit]

This is a proposed export version of the N700 series design announced by JR Central Chairman Yoshiyuki Kasai at an international high-speed railway symposium held in Nagoya on 16 November 2009.[28] Nominally specified as an 8-car set with a maximum operating speed of 330 km/h (205 mph), the train can be configured in lengths from 6 to 16 cars to suit customer requirements.[29][30]

High-speed trials[edit]

On 16 November 2009, JR Central conducted a late-night high-speed demonstration run using N700 series trainset Z0, recording a maximum speed of 332 km/h (206 mph) on the Tokaido Shinkansen between Maibara and Kyoto. The high-speed run was conducted as a demonstration for approximately 160 international guests attending a high-speed railway symposium in Nagoya.[31][32]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b JR電車編成表 2014冬 [JR EMU Formations - Winter 2014]. Japan: JRR. 1 December 2013. p. 112, 419-420. ISBN 978-4-330-42413-2. 
  2. ^ "N700系量産車" [N700 series production trains]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese) (Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd.) (556): p.13-20. August 2007. 
  3. ^ "Winter 2008/2009 Train Schedule Update (JR Central)". 17 October 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-20. [dead link]
  4. ^ "N700 Series Delivery Schedule". 26 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-01. [dead link]
  5. ^ Serkan Toto (9 March 2009). "Shinkansen bullet trains get wireless LAN with 2Mbps". Retrieved 13 April 2010. 
  6. ^ a b JR電車編成表 2009夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2009]. Japan: JRR. June 2009. ISBN 978-4-330-06909-8. 
  7. ^ a b "N700系Z80編成が搬入される" [N700 series set Z80 delivered]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 9 February 2012. Retrieved 10 February 2012. 
  8. ^ a b "東海道・山陽新幹線のラインアップ" [Tokaido & Sanyo Shinkansen Lineup]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese) (Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd.) 53 (632): p.12-13. December 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c JR電車編成表 2010夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2010]. Japan: JRR. May 2010. ISBN 978-4-330-14310-1. 
  10. ^ JR電車編成表 2013冬 [JR EMU Formations - Winter 2013]. Japan: JRR. November 2012. p. 111-112. ISBN 978-4-330-33112-6. 
  11. ^ "N700Aが営業運転を開始" [N700A enters revenue service]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 9 February 2013. Retrieved 9 February 2013. 
  12. ^ "N700Aのデザインについて" [Details of N700A design] (pdf). News release (in Japanese). Japan: Central Japan Railway Company. 25 July 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
  13. ^ "東海道・山陽新幹線車両 N700Aの概要及び投入計画について" [Outline of N700A Tokaido/Sanyo Shinkansen trains] (pdf). News release (in Japanese). Japan: Central Japan Railway Company. 30 May 2011. Retrieved 30 May 2011. 
  14. ^ a b c "新形新幹線「N700A」" [New "N700A" Shinkansen]. Japan Railfan Magazine (Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd.) 52 (619): p.42-46. November 2012. 
  15. ^ "JR東海 N700Aを追加投入" [JR Central to introduce additional N700As]. Tetsudo Hobidas (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing. 21 February 2013. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  16. ^ "N700Aが試運転で東京へ" [N700A test run to Tokyo]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 16 September 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2012. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "N700系0・3000番台を「N700A」タイプに改造" [N700-0 and N700-3000 series to be modified as "N700A" type]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese) (Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd.) 54 (633): p.64-65. January 2014. 
  18. ^ JR電車編成表 2012夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2012]. Japan: JRR. May 2012. ISBN 978-4-330-28612-9. 
  19. ^ "東海道・山陽新幹線車両 N700Aの投入およびN700系改造について" [Introduction of N700A series and modifications to N700 series on Sanyo/Tokaido Shinkansen]. News release (in Japanese). Japan: West Japan Railway Company. 21 December 2012. Retrieved 21 December 2012. 
  20. ^ a b c d "JR車両のうごき" [JR Rolling Stock Changes]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (in Japanese) (Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun) 43 (359): p.126. March 2014. 
  21. ^ a b c JR Kyushu: "新幹線の列車名決定!!" Retrieved on 26 February 2009. (Japanese)
  22. ^ Japan Railfan Magazine, December 2008 issue: "山陽・九州新幹線直通用車両 量産先行車", p.64-67
  23. ^ JR West press release: "山陽・九州新幹線直通用車両の量産車について" (23 March 2010). Retrieved 24 March 2010. (Japanese)
  24. ^ Morita, Masatsugu; Koizumi, Satoshi (2009). "Vehicle Systems and Electrical Equipment for Domestic Shinkansen Trains". Toshiba Review (in Japanese) (Toshiba) 64 (9): p21. Retrieved 14 July 2010. 
  25. ^ "N700系8000番台が熊本総合車両基地に搬入される" [N700-8000 series set delivered to Kumamoto Depot]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Koyusha Co., Ltd. 5 July 2010. Retrieved 14 July 2010. 
  26. ^ "九州新幹線,熊本—筑後船小屋間で試運転" [Test-running on Kyushu Shinkansen Between Kumamoto and Chikugo-Funagoya]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Koyusha Co., Ltd. 1 September 2010. Retrieved 1 September 2010. 
  27. ^ a b "N700系8000番台" [N700-8000 series]. Japan Railfan Magazine (Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd.) 50 (595): p.58–59. November 2010. 
  28. ^ Kobayashi, Seiichi (8 December 2009), "Bullet train export a JR Tokai priority", Asahi Shimbun, retrieved 15 December 2009 [dead link]
  29. ^ http://www.usjhsr.com/usjhsr/N700-I_Bullet.html
  30. ^ http://www.jterc.or.jp/koku/koku_semina/pdf/120113_morimura_pres.pdf
  31. ^ "東海道新幹線、332キロで試験運転 各国関係者にPR". Asahi Shimbun (in Japanese) (Japan). 17 November 2009. Retrieved 18 November 2009. [dead link]
  32. ^ "Foreign rail interests given high-speed run". The Japan Times (Japan). 18 November 2009. Retrieved 18 November 2009. 

External links[edit]