Alash Autonomy

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Alash Autonomy
Алаш аутономиясы
Unrecognized state

1917–1920


Flag

Motto
Oyan, Qazaq!
Wake up, Kazakh!
Capital Semey
Languages Kazakh
Russian
Religion Sunni Islam
Government Republic
Chairman of Alash Orda Alikhan Bokeikhanov
Historical era World War I
 -  Established December 13, 1917
 -  Disestablished August 26, 1920
Future chairman of Alash Orda Alikhan Bokeikhanov (in the middle) with Akhmet Baytursinuli (left), and Mirjaqip Dulatuli (right) Orenburg 1913

Alash Autonomy (Kazakh: Алаш аутономиясы Alaş awtonomïyası; Russian: Алашская автономия Alashskaya avtonomiya) was a Kazakh state that existed between December 13, 1917 and August 26, 1920 on, approximately, the territory of the present-day Republic of Kazakhstan. The capital city was Semey, then known as "Alash-qala".

Vasile Balabanov was appointed governor and administrator or Kazakhstan (at that time known as Russian Turkestan) in 1905 and continued in that position until 1920. He fled the red army in 1920 going to China. China at that time considered him the current official of Kazakhstan.

The Alash Autonomy of 1917 was in name only. The actual control of Kazakhstan was by the white army and the appointed administrator who were in control until the red forces were able to take over in 1920.

The Alash Autonomy was proclaimed in December 1917. Alash leaders established Alash Orda, a Kazakh government, which was aligned with the White Army and fought against the Bolsheviks. The first legislation of the Alash government of June 11-24, 1918 is the following: "Agreed to invalidate all decrees issued by the Soviet authorities on the territory of the autonomous Alash. Chairman of Alash-Orda: Bokeikhanov, Members: Tynyshpaev, Gabbasov." In 1919, when the White forces were losing, Alash Autonomous government began negotiations with the Bolsheviks. In 1919–20 the Bolsheviks defeated the White Russian forces in the region and occupied Kazakhstan. On August 26, 1920, the Soviet government disbanded the Alash Autonomy, and established the Kyrgyz Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, which in 1925 changed its name to Kazak Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic and to Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic in 1936.

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