Alexander von Humboldt (ship)

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Tall Ship Alexander von Humboldt, all 25 sails up
Alexander von Humboldt – all 25 sails set
Career (Germany)
Name: Reserve Sonderburg
Ordered: 1906
Builder: AG Weser, Bremen, Germany
Yard number: 155
Launched: 10 September 1906
Out of service: 1985
Status: sold
Career (Germany)
Name: Alexander von Humboldt
Namesake: Alexander von Humboldt
Owner: Deutsche Stiftung Sail Training
Christened: 20 May 1988
Acquired: 1985
Homeport: Bremerhaven
Identification: IMO number: 8626886
Call sign: DFAW
MMSI number: 211227250
Status: sold
Career (Bahamas)
Name: Alexander von Humboldt
Acquired: December 2011
In service: February 2012
Homeport: Freeport
Identification: IMO number: 8626886
MMSI number: 211227250
Career (Antigua and Barbuda)
Name: Alexander von Humboldt
In service: early 2013
Homeport: St. John’s
Identification: IMO number: 8626886
Call sign: V2YK6
MMSI number: 211227250
Career (Germany)
Name: Alexander von Humboldt
In service: 2013
Homeport: Bremerhaven
Identification: IMO number: 8626886
Call sign: DHVH2
MMSI number: 211227250
Status: docked
General characteristics
Displacement: 396 metric tons
Length: 62.55 m (205.2 ft)
Beam: 8.02 m (26.3 ft)
Draft: 4.8 m (16 ft)
Installed power: 375 kW
Propulsion: sail; auxiliary MAN Diesel engine
Sail plan: 25 sails; 1,036 m2 (11,150 sq ft) sail area
Complement: 60 (25 crew + 35 trainees)

Alexander von Humboldt is a German sailing ship originally built in 1906 by the German shipyard AG Weser at Bremen as the lightship Reserve Sonderburg. She was operated throughout the North and Baltic Seas until being retired in 1986. Subsequently she was converted into a three masted barque by the German shipyard Motorwerke Bremerhaven and was re-launched in 1988 as Alexander von Humboldt.

History[edit]

Planned and ordered in 1906 as a reserve lightvessel (to stand in for other lightvessels during scheduled yard maintenance), the ship was launched on 10 September 1906 at AG Weser with the yard number 155 as the first of its class. Its hull was that of a sailing ship, as was common in this class, with the beacon mast in place of the main mast. There is no clear record whether she was christened Reserve Fehmarnbelt (after her first station) or Reserve Sonderburg, as both names are documented. On the ship's bell appears only Reserve; a first home port at Sonderburg (today Sønderborg, Denmark) is most likely. From 1920 to 1945 the ship was home ported at Kiel-Holtenau and served in many locations, but mainly along Baltic shores.

She was installed in 1945 as a permanent replacement for the bombed and damaged light vessel Kiel. In the spring of 1957 she was rammed by a Swedish freighter and sank; she was raised and after a two-year overhaul returned to service in 1959.

During the summer of 1967 her location was upgraded to a lighthouse and she returned to stand-by reserve for North Sea deployment. Eventually she was assigned as permanent replacement for the retired Amrumbank. Being supplanted again by a fully automated light vessel – and following another collision and overhaul in Wilhelmshaven – she was towed to Bremerhaven and named Confidentia.

Alexander von Humboldt[edit]

A newly established foundation, the Deutsche Stiftung Sail Training or DSST [German Sail Training Foundation], bought the vessel and transformed it into a tall ship according to the plans of Polish naval architect Zygmunt Choreń. On 30 May 1988 she was christened Alexander von Humboldt after the celebrated German explorer. In a historical reference to the sailing ships of the Rickmers shipping company of Bremen, her hull was painted green. Green sails were installed as a marketing tool for advertising campaigns by the ship's sponsor, the German brewery Beck's.

"Alex", as she was called by her crew, served as a sail training ship and was the flagship of DSST. She traveled over 300,000 nautical miles (560,000 km) in 20 years (equal to 14 times around the equator). High points every year were tall ships' races and winter cruises to the Canary Islands in the North Atlantic Ocean. During summer months she sailed in the North and Baltic Seas.

Her longest cruise was a voyage in commemoration of Alexander von Humboldt's expedition to South America and the Caribbean. On 19 January 2006, Alex rounded Cape Horn under sail, following the route of the legendary tall ships of the 19th and early 20th century in celebration of her centenary year.

In October 2011 she was taken out of service for DSST and replaced by the newly built Alexander von Humboldt II. She was sold and relocated to the Bahamas in early 2012. In early 2013 she was sailed back to Europe, as the anticipated cruise business in the Caribbean did not materialize; as of November 2013 the hull has been repaired and repainted, but bowthruster and main propeller have been permanently removed. The masts have also been removed, and the hull is for sale.[1]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.nordsee-zeitung.de/bremerhaven_artikel,-%E2%80%9EAlex%E2%80%9C-als-Kneipe-im-Hafen-_arid,962372.html

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 54°30′N 10°18′E / 54.500°N 10.300°E / 54.500; 10.300