Moyie (sternwheeler)

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Moyie.gif
SS Moyie in 1898
Career (Canada) Canadian Red ensign 1921
Name: Moyie
Launched: October 22, 1898
In service: 1898-1957
Fate: Restored and made a National Historic Site
General characteristics
Length: 161.7 ft (49.3 m)
Beam: 30.1 ft (9.2 m)
Speed: 12 knots
Official name: S.S. Moyie National Historic Site of Canada
Designated: 1958
This article is about a lake steamer in British Columbia. For other uses, see Moyie (disambiguation)

The Moyie is a paddle steamer sternwheeler that worked on Kootenay Lake in British Columbia, Canada from 1898 until 1957.

After her nearly sixty years of service, she was sold to the town of Kaslo and restored. Today she is a National Historic Site of Canada[1][2] and the world's oldest intact passenger sternwheeler.[3]

History[edit]

The Moyie was built in prefabricated sections in Toronto, Ontario and was originally intended for service on the Stikine River as part of an "all Canadian" water and rail route to the goldfields during the Klondike Gold Rush. However, when the project failed for the lack of a railway, the Moyie and her sister ship, the Minto were put into service on Arrow Lakes and Kootenay Lake in the Kootenays of southern British Columbia.

Moyie and Kuskanook racing on Kootenay Lake (1908)

She was launched and christened at Nelson on October 22, 1898 and embarked on her maiden voyage on December 7,[4] connecting with a new line of the Canadian Pacific Railway, which ran from Lethbridge, Alberta and through the Crows Nest Pass to Nelson.[4] The Moyie soon became a favourite with passengers, featuring a large and elegantly appointed dining saloon, a luxurious smoking lounge, private ladies' saloon and comfortable overnight cabins, all richly decorated in gold leaf.[5]

As the major vessel on Kootenay Lake, she was dubbed the "Crow Boat" and was the queen of the lake during the boom years of the early 1900s when the population of the Kootenay's was expanding and there was increased demand for passenger and freight services. During this period, the Moyie was joined by many other large and luxurious sternwheelers, among them the CPR's Kuskanook, which arrived in 1906 and the Bonnington, launched in 1911. These large and richly appointed vessels were part of the CPR's plan to develop the area into a major tourism center and the railway also built a grand resort hotel in the town of Balfour. However, the onset of World War I put an end to many of the CPR's grand dreams for the West Kootenays and one by one, the other sternwheelers were taken off of the route and the hotel at Balfour was closed.

CPR hotel at Balfour (1918)

After the war, the Moyie remained in almost constant service, continuing as a relief vessel, towing barges and hauling supplies such as lumber or coal. She was also used for pleasure excursions and on holidays like Victoria Day could be seen on the lake traveling from Nelson to Procter hung with streamers and bunting and carrying 200 passengers.

Through the next 40 years, her route and purpose changed very little and by the 1930s the CPR had retired its other vessels and she continued on alone, accompanied only by her relief ship, the Granthall. On Arrow Lakes, her sister ship, the Minto was enjoying a similarly long and prestigious career, running until April 24, 1954.[4]

Final voyage[edit]

The Moyie's last run was on April 27, 1957. She ran her regular 87-mile-long route, stopping at towns and landings such as Riondel, Ainsworth, Kaslo, Lardeau, and Argenta. At each stop she was greeted by tearful residents who honored her many years of service by farewell banners, songs and wreaths. At Argenta, she left to the sad strains of "Auld Lang Syne". At Kaslo, the stores were closed and a banner read, "Better lo'ed ye ne'er will be. Will ye no come back again?"[3] When her last journey was finished, she pulled into the wharf at Procter.[4]

Restoration[edit]

In the town of Kaslo although no longer the boomtown that it once was, the 700 residents decided that they wanted to provide the Moyie's final home. The CPR was agreeable to the plan and sold her to the town for C$1. The Kootenay Lake Historical Society was formed and $15,000 was raised to finance the initial phase of her restoration. Today, she has been restored to her original operating condition and sits on a concrete berth at the end of Front Street in Kaslo. As the last surviving passenger sternwheeler of her era, she receives thousands of visitors every year and has been made a National Historic Site and is a well-known British Columbia landmark.

Further reading[edit]

  • Robert Turner (1984 and 1998). Sternwheelers & Steam Tugs, An Illustrated History of the Canadian Pacific Railway's British Columbia Lake & River Service. Sono Nis Press. ISBN 0-919203-15-9.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  • Robert Turner (1991). The SS Moyie, Memories of the Oldest Sternwheeler. Sono Nis Press. ISBN 1-55039-013-9. 
  • Art Downs (1972). Paddlewheels on the Frontier, Volume Two. Sidney, B.C. : Gray’s. ISBN 0-88826-033-4. 

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ S.S. Moyie. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
  2. ^ Kaslo Info Net. "SS Moyie National Historic Site". Archived from the original on 2007-06-17. Retrieved 2007-07-02. 
  3. ^ a b Kootenay Lake Historical Society. "SS Moyie National Historic Site". Retrieved 2007-07-02. 
  4. ^ a b c d Downs, Art (1971). Paddlewheels on the Frontier Volume 1. Foremost Publishing. pp. 51, 52. ISBN 0-88826-033-4. 
  5. ^ Crowsnest Pass. "SS Moyie, a brief history". Retrieved 2007-07-02. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°54′42″N 116°54′08″W / 49.9117°N 116.9023°W / 49.9117; -116.9023