Pioneer in New York Harbor
|Owner:||South Street Seaport Museum|
|Completed:||1885, Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania|
|Refit:||1895 (sloop->schooner); around 1930 (outfitted w/engine & downrigged); 1966 (schooner rig restored, hull rebuilt)|
|Tonnage:||43 gross tons|
|Length:||102 ft (31 m) overall|
|Beam:||21 feet 6 inches (6.6 m)|
|Height:||76.6 ft (23.3 m)|
|Draft:||12 ft (3.7 m) w/centerboard, 4.5 ft (1.4 m) w/o|
|Propulsion:||Sail; auxiliary diesel engine|
|Sail plan:||Two-masted schooner, 2,737 square feet (254.3 m2) total sail area|
|Notes:||Originally iron-hulled; currently steel-hulled with iron frames|
Pioneer was built in Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania in 1885 as a cargo sloop. She was the first of only two American cargo sloops ever built with a wrought iron hull. After ten years of service in the Delaware Bay, she was re-rigged as a schooner for easier handling.
In 1930, the Pioneer was sold to a buyer in Massachusetts. By this point, she had been fitted with an engine and no longer being used as a sailing vessel. She was sold again in 1966 to Russell Grinnell, Jr. of Gloucester for use in his dock building business. Grinnell restored Pioneer's schooner rig and rebuilt her hull in steel plating, leaving the iron frame intact. Upon his death in 1970, he donated Pioneer to the South Street Seaport Museum.
The crew is a combination of professionals and volunteers.
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