Kathleen and May

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Cutty Sark
Kathleen & May moored on the River Torridge in Bideford, Devon
Career (UK) UK Civil Ensign
Name: Kathleen & May (1908-date)
Ordered: 1900
Builder: Ferguson and Baird
Laid down: 1900
In service: April 1900
Out of service: 1961
Reinstated: 1999
Homeport: Connah's Quay (1900-1908)
Youghal (1908-1931)
Appledore (1931-1961)
Bideford (1999-2012)
Liverpool (2012-present)
Status: Museum ship
Career (Wales)
Name: Lizzie May
Owner: Coppack Bros
Acquired: 1900
Homeport: Connah's Quay, Flintshire
Fate: Sold
Career (Ireland)
Name: Kathleen & May
Owner: Martin J Fleming
Acquired: 1908
Homeport: Youghal, Ireland
Fate: Sold
Career (England)
Name: Kathleen & May
Owner: Captain Jewell
Acquired: 1931
Homeport: Appledore, North Devon
Fate: Left in will
Career (England)
Name: Kathleen & May
Owner: Tommy Jewell
Acquired: 1945
Homeport: Appledore, North Devon
Fate: Hulk
Career (England)
Name: Kathleen & May
Owner: Maritime Trust
Acquired: 1970
Homeport: Gloucester Docks
Fate: Restoration
Career (England)
Name: Kathleen & May
Owner: Steve Clarke OBE
Acquired: 1999
Homeport: Bideford, North Devon
Liverpool
Fate: Operational
General characteristics
Class & type: Schooner
Tonnage: 136 GRT
Length: 98.4 ft (30.0 m)
Beam: 23.2 ft (7.07 m)
Speed: 17.15 knots (31.76 km/h)

The Kathleen and May is the last remaining British built wooden hull three masted top sail schooner. Registered in Bideford, North Devon, but presently based in Liverpool, she is listed as part of the National Historic Fleet.

History[edit]

She was built in 1900 by Ferguson and Baird at their Connah's Quay, Flintshire yard, for local shipping company Coppack Bros. Constructed with a doubled frame of oak, these were covered by 3 inches (76 mm) thick seasoned pitch pine planks, fastened to the frames with treenails and iron bolts. Equipped with the first known fitting of Appledore roller reefing, the sails are reefed by a ratchet lever that engaged the cogs on the Gaff boom, thereby winding the sail around it, and then locked to prevent the sail unwinding from the boom. Launched in April 1900 under Captain John Coppack, she was named Lizzie May after the Captain’s daughters.[1]

Placed to work on the Irish Sea, by 1908 she had sailed nearly 40,000 miles (64,000 km), when she was sold into the coal-shipping fleet of Martin J Fleming of Youghal, Ireland, and renamed the Kathleen and May after his daughters. Fleming modified her, adding before World War I both a longer lower yard to lengthen the middle sail, and a martingale was fitted to the bowsprit. She now plied her trade between Youghal and the ports of the Bristol Channel, as a coal lugger.[1]

In 1931 she was sold to Captain Jewell of Appledore, North Devon. ON arrival in her new home port, she was fitted with an 80 brake horsepower (60 kW) Beardmore diesel engine, and with her topsails removed her topmasts were reduced in height. After surviving the storms of February 1936, in 1937 she experienced engine trouble in sight of Youghal’s lighthouse, but managed to make port. In 1943, her engine was upgraded to a 125 brake horsepower (93 kW) Deutz diesel.[1]

After the death of Captain Jewell in 1945, she passed to his son Tommy.[1] In 1947 he had the martingale removed, but continued to ply her on the Irish Sea coal trade, which was now in severe decline.

Restoration[edit]

Restored bow sprit of Kathleen & May, beside the quay in Whitehaven

She was acquired by a film company in the early 1960s, used in a small number of films and then laid up in Southampton Water. Where she was spotted in 1966 by master mariner Capt WP (Paul) Davis, a James Fisher skipper. He sold most of his collection of vintage and veteran motor cars to raise the money to buy her. With a crew of one ( a retired agricultural engineer - McKenzie (Ken) Morgan), Paul sailed her around the coast to Appledore, she was berthed on the mud in the estuary outside the port (to avoid port dues). Paul resigned his post with James Fisher and spent the next and five years working on the restoration of the schooner with the help of friends, financed by the sale of more of his collection of vintage cars and by occasion work conducting sea trials on new vessels for Appledore shipbuilders. Paul's ambition was to restore her to working condition and then to ply the Bristol channel as a merchantman again. The job proved too big a challenge and he sold her to the Maritime museum in 1970. The Duke of Edinburgh in a bid to preserve a number of examples of Britain decaying maritime heritage set up the Maritime Trust in London. Subsequently bought by the Trust in 1970 and later moved to Gloucester Docks, they began restoring her as a typical West Country schooner.[1]

After the Maritime Trust failed to secure a £2 million National Lottery heritage fund bid, businessman Steve Clarke from Bideford, Devon bought her. Towed by sea to Bideford, in February 1999 she was hauled out of the water by two 1,000 tonnes (1,100 tons) heavy lift mobile cranes, and placed on to the disused Brunswick Wharf at East-the-Water.[2] 70% of the original planking was stripped from the frames, enabling most of her internal timbers to later be refitted. While the stern of the ship was stripped down to the keels, the reconstruction of the bow required the replacement of 6.5 tonnes (6.4 long tons; 7.2 short tons) of sacrificial oak timber. Once the frames were refitted, the residual surviving parts of the original frames were steam cleaned at 3000psi, to kill fungal spores.[1]

After equipping the ship with a 400 brake horsepower (300 kW) Detroit diesel ex-lifeboat engine, the single prop was replaced by a pair of hydraulically driven props. The ship now carries enough fuel to do 2,000 miles (3,200 km) under engine power alone. Redecked with new seasoned timbers, she was given a second refit, with all masts and rigging restored to the originally constructed and researched 1900 specification. On completion, she underwent a rigid MCA CAT2 inspection.[1]

As a result of his efforts in restoring Kathleen and May, now councillor Steve Clarke was awarded the OBE in 2008.

Present[edit]

A restored Kathleen & May returns to Cardiff Bay in 2003, with the St David's Hotel & Spa in the background

Based in Bideford on the River Torridge, since her restoration Kathleen & May now regularly sails across the Bristol Channel and the Irish Sea. She has returned to Youghal, attended various festivals, and sailed across the Bay of Biscay to Bilbao as the paid guest of the Guggenheim museum.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "History". Kathleen & May. Retrieved 11 April 2011. 
  2. ^ "Meeting at Bideford, Saturday 24th February 2001". swmaritime.org.uk. 24 February 2001. Retrieved 11 April 2011. 

External links[edit]