All Parties Hurriyat Conference

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The All Parties Hurriyat Conference (APHC) (formed March 10, 1993) by is a political front formed as an alliance of 26 political, social and religious organizations in Kashmir. It was formed for achieving the right of self-determination according to United Nations Security Council Resolution 47. "Hurriyat" in Koshur (as well as in Arabic, Urdu and Persian, from which the word is taken) means "liberty".[1][2][3] Ghulam Mohammad Safi was elected its leader in January 2010.[4]

Current members[edit]

At the time of formation All Parties Hurriyat Conference members included Yaseen Malik's Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF), Sheikh Yaqoob Jammu and Kashmir Peoples League (JKPL), Shabbir Shah's People's Democratic Front, Maulana Mohammad Abbas Ansari of Ittihadul Muslimeen, Shakeel Bakshi's Islamic Students League, Muslim Conference led Abdul Ghani Bhat. the Chairman of the J & K Awami Action Committee played an important role in forming the Conference. Current members include:

Number Name of the Party Leader
1 Aawami Action Committee Mirwaiz Umar Farooq
2 Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Conference Bilal Ghani Lone
3 Anjamani Auqafi Jama Masjid Mohammad Umar Farooq
4 Anjaman-e-Tablig-ul Islam Syed Qasim Shah Bukhari
5 Ummat Islami Qazi Ghulam Mohammad Islamabad Anantnag
6 Auquaf Jama Masjid Ghulam Muhammad Butt
7 Employees and Workers Confederation
8 Employees & Workers Confederation (Arsawi Group)
9 All Jammu & Kashmir Employees’ Confederation Ishtiaq Qadri
10 Jamiate Ulama-E-Islam Abdul Gani Azhari
11 Jamiat-e-Hamdania Moulana M. Yasin Hamdani
12 Jammu and Kashmir People's Conference Abdul Ghani Lone till 2002 assassination
13 Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front Muhammad Yasin Malik
14 Jammu and Kashmir Human Rights Committee Noor-Ul-Hassan
15 Jammu and Kashmir People's Basic Rights (Protection) Committee Mufti Bahauddin Farouqi
16 Liberation Council Azhar Bhat
17 Kashmir Bazme Tawheed Tajamul Bhat
18 Kashmir Bar Association Zaroon bhat
19 Muslim Khawateen Markaz Zaid Bhat
20 Muslim Conference Khokhar e aazam
21 Tehreek-e-Huriati Kashmiri Saqib Bhat
22 People's League Sheikh Yaqoob
23 Peoples Political Party Eng Hilal Ahmad War
24 Imam Ahmad Raza Islamic Mission Rafeeq Ahmad Mir
25 Saut-Ul-Aliya Moulana Abdul Rashid Dawoodi
26 Jammu and Kashmir People's Freedom League Muhammad Farooq Rehmani
27 Ittihadul Muslimeen Maulana Mohammad Abbas Ansari

Hurriyat Conference has 3 factions: Hurriyat led by SAS Geelani, Hurriyat led by Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, Hurriyat led by Shabir Shah, Azam Inquilabi & Nayeem KHan. JKLF is not part of these factions.

History Hurriyat Conference got split after the 2002 Assembly elections when some of its constituents allegedly participated in the Assembly elections violating the hurriyat constitution. From then there are two factions of Hurriyat conferences one led by the most popular resistance leader of Kashmir Syed Ali Shah Geelani and the other by Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, son of late Molvi Farooq who was assassinated in early nineties.

Hurriyat Conference again got split in 2014 with Shabir Shah, Nayeem Ahmed Khan and Azam Inquilabi creating their own faction due to ideological differences with Mirwaiz-Ghani Bhat-Bilal Lone faction.

Views on Right to Self-determination

All JKLF factions support the Right to Self-determination as per UN Security Council Resolution 47 (see above)

Hurriyat led by Shabir Shah, Nayeem Khan & Azam Inquilabi demand Right to Self-determination as per UN Security Council Resolution 47 (see above)

Hurriyat led by Syed Ali Geelani demands Right to Self-determination as per UN Security Council Resolution 47 (see above)

Hurriyat led by Mirwaiz Umar Farooq are unclear on the Right to Self-determination with Abdul Ghani Bhat repeatedly stating that the UN resolutions for Right to self-determination are dead. These views go against the Constitution of Hurriyat conference and are viewed by common Kashmiris as disempowerment of their rights. Bhat's views have snowballed into a major controversy and are one of the main reasons for the alienation of the Hurriyat conference from the common people.

Members of the Executive Council of the original APHC were:

Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front[edit]

In 2007 Yasin Malik and his party launched a peaceful campaign known as Safar-i-Azadi (Journey to Freedom).

Politics of Kashmir[edit]

Elections were held in Indian Jammu & Kashmir, which brought up the popular Muslim leader Sheikh Abdullah, Under the guidance of then District Magistrate Md. Ansar Ahmad.

See also[edit]


External links[edit]