Pakistan Day

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Not to be confused with Independence Day (Pakistan).
Pakistan Day
Two JF-17 Thunders.jpg
Two JF-17 Thunder aircraft at the Joint Services Parade in 2007
Observed by  Pakistan
Type National
Celebrations Parades, conferring of national medals
Date 23 March
Next time 23 March 2015 (2015-03)
Frequency annual

Pakistan Day (Urdu: یوم پاکستان, lit. Youm-e-Pakistan) or Pakistan Resolution Day, also Republic Day, is a national holiday in Pakistan to commemorate the Lahore Resolution of 1940[1] and the adoption of the first constitution of Pakistan during the transition of the Dominion of Pakistan to the Islamic Republic of Pakistan on 23 March 1956 making Pakistan the world's first Islamic republic.[2] Republic Day parade by the armed forces is a common celebration for the event.[3]

History[edit]

Pakistan obtained its independence from the British Raj on 14 August 1947. 23 March was originally supposed to commemorate the adoption of the first constitution of Pakistan and thus the declaration of Pakistan as a republic. However, Field Marshal Ayub Khan abrogated the constitution and declared martial law. Khan's regime, in order to justify celebrating the national day, changed it to commemorate the 1940 landmark, during which All-India Muslim League passed the Lahore Resolution which later cemented the formation of a new nation in the sub-continent as Pakistan, even though it did not actually mention Pakistan at all. The Muslim League annual conference was held from 22–24 March 1940 and the Lahore Resolution was passed on 23 March.

Celebrations[edit]

The celebrations regarding the holiday include a full military and civilian parade in the capital, Islamabad.[3] These are presided by the President of Pakistan and are held early in the morning. After the parade, the President confers national awards and medals on the awardees at the Presidency. Wreaths are also laid at the mausoleums of Muhammad Iqbal and Muhammad Ali Jinnah.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stacy Taus-Bolstad (April 2003). Pakistan in Pictures. Twenty-First Century Books. p. 49. ISBN 978-0-8225-4682-5. Retrieved 22 March 2011. 
  2. ^ John Stewart Bowman (2000). Columbia chronologies of Asian history and culture. Columbia University Press. p. 372. ISBN 978-0-231-11004-4. Retrieved 22 March 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c Agencies (March 23, 2012). "Nation celebrates Pakistan Day today". The Nation. 

External links[edit]