Pakistan Day

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Pakistan Day
یوم پاکستان
Two JF-17 Thunders.jpg
Two JF-17 Thunder fighter jets flown at the Joint Inter-Services parade in Islamabad on 23 March 2007.
Official name Urdu: یوم پاکستان
lit. Youm-e-Pakistan[Note 1]
Observed by  Pakistan
Significance Commemoration of Pakistan Resolution and Constitution
Celebrations Full Joint Inter-Services military parade, conferring of national decorations
Observances Pakistan (Diplomatic missions of Pakistan in other countries)
Date 23 March
Next time 23 March 2016 (2016-03-23)
Frequency annual

Pakistan Day (Urdu: یوم پاکستان, lit. Youm-e-Pakistan) or Pakistan Resolution Day, also Republic Day, is a national holiday in Pakistan to commemorate the Lahore Resolution of 1940[1] and the adoption of the first constitution of Pakistan during the transition of the Dominion of Pakistan to the Islamic Republic of Pakistan on 23 March 1940 making Pakistan the world's first Islamic republic.[2] Republic Day parade by the armed forces is a common celebration for the event.[3]

The day is celebrated in the memory to commemorate the event when the Muslim League drafted the political resolution at the Minar-e-Pakistan (lit. Pakistan Tower) that called for establishing the independent federation of four provinces located in north-western region of British India on 23 March 1940.[4][5]

Reaching the national concession on 23 March 1956 to promulgate the first set of the Constitution of Pakistan, it marked the successful constitutional transition of Pakistan from the dominion to Islamic Republic— the world's first Islamic republic.[2][6] Since then, the day is celebrated annually at the national level as a public holiday and the joint inter-services commonly holds a military parade for the celebration of the event.[3][7]

History[edit]

Main articles: Lahore Resolution and Iqbal Park
Group photo of Muhammad Ali Jinnah (in center) and other Founding Fathers of Pakistan in Lahore, c. 1940.

The Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park in Lahore, Punjab, that lasted from 22 March till 24 March 1940.[8] During this event, the Muslim League led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah and other Founding Fathers narrated the events regarding the differences between Hindus and Muslims, and moved the historical resolution that cemented the formation of a nation-state in the subcontinent as Pakistan, even though it did not actually mention Pakistan at all.[8]

The resolution was passed on 23 March and had its signatures from the Founding Fathers of Pakistan.[8] The reads as:

After achieving independence on 14 August 1947 from the aftermaths of violent partition of British India, Pakistan was formed as a constitutional monarchy with George VI as head of state and Muhammad Ali Jinnah as Governor-General of Pakistan.[9] With no constitution in effect, the country was governed based on the modified colonial 1935 Act of Government of India.[10] While Pakistan's Independence Day celebrates its freedom from British Rule, the Republic Day celebrates of coming into force of its constitution.[11]

Works and efforts by Basic Principles Committee drafted the basic outlines of the constitution in 1949.[11] After many deliberations and years of some modifications, the first set of the Constitution of Pakistan was enforced in the country on 23 March 1956.[11] This marked the country's successful transition from Dominion to Islamic Republic.[11] The Governor-General was replaced with President of Pakistan as ceremonial head of state.[11]

Celebrations[edit]

Main celebration is held in Islamabad– the capital of Pakistan.[12] The President of Pakistan is usually the chief guest; also the attended in public are Prime Minister of Pakistan alongside with the Cabinet ministers, military chiefs of staff, and chairman joint chiefs.[13]

A full inter-services joint military parade is rehearsed and broadcast live by the news media in all over the country.[13]

The celebrations regarding the holiday include a full military and civilian parade in the capital, Islamabad.[3] These are presided by the President of Pakistan and are held early in the morning.[13] After the parade,the President confers national awards and medals on the awardees at the Presidency.[13] Wreaths are also laid at the mausoleums of Muhammad Iqbal and Muhammad Ali Jinnah founder of Pakistan.[3] In very rare times and significance, foreign dignitaries have been invited to attend the military parade.[14] From the timeline of 1956-2000, the following foreign dignitaries who have attended parade are:

Year Foreign dignitary
Chief Guest
Country Notes
1985 General Rudini[14] Indonesia Indonesia Chief of staff of Indonesian Army
1996 Cassam Uteem[14] Mauritius Mauritius President of Mauritius

Galleries[edit]

See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Official name is (Urdu: Urdu: یوم پاکستان‎, lit. Youm-e-Pakistan) or Pakistan Day in English. The day is also commemorate Pakistan Resolution Day, Republic Day (Urdu: يوم جمهوريه) or as Joint Inter-Services parade. Unofficially, the day is also known as 23 March
Citations
  1. ^ Stacy Taus-Bolstad (April 2003). Pakistan in Pictures. Twenty-First Century Books. p. 49. ISBN 978-0-8225-4682-5. Retrieved 22 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b John Stewart Bowman (2000). Columbia chronologies of Asian history and culture. Columbia University Press. p. 372. ISBN 978-0-231-11004-4. Retrieved 22 March 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d Agencies (March 23, 2012). "Nation celebrates Pakistan Day today". The Nation. 
  4. ^ Olson, Gillia (2005). "Holidays". Pakistan : a question and answer book. Mankato, Minn.: Capstone Press. ISBN 0736837574. 
  5. ^ al.], Sarina Singh ... [et (2008). Pakistan & the Karakoram Highway. (7th ed. ed.). Footscray, Vic.: Lonely Planet. ISBN 1741045428. 
  6. ^ Rizvi, Hasan Askari (23 March 2015). "Pakistan and March 23" (Special works published by Dr. H.A. Rizvi). Express Tribune, Rizvi. Express Tribune. Retrieved 23 March 2015. 
  7. ^ DAWN.com (23 March 2015). "Pakistan holds first Republic Day parade in seven years". Dawn News, 2015. Dawn. Retrieved 23 March 2015. 
  8. ^ a b c d Staff works (1 June 2003). "Lahore Resolution". http://storyofpakistan.com/. Islamabad, Pakistan: Story of Pakistan press. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  9. ^ Post Independence Problems. "Post Independence Problems". http://storyofpakistan.com/. Post Independence Problems. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  10. ^ Gerges, James Wynbrandt ; foreword by Fawaz A. (2008). A brief history of Pakistan. New York: Facts On File. ISBN 081606184X. 
  11. ^ a b c d e Story of Pakistan release. "The Constitution of 1956". http://storyofpakistan.com/. Story of Pakistan release. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  12. ^ Staff work (22 March 2015). "Preparations complete for Pakistan Day parade on March 23". NewsTribe, 2015. NewsTribe. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  13. ^ a b c d DAWN.com (24 March 2015). "Pakistan holds first Republic Day parade in seven years". Dawn Newspapers, 2015. Dawn Newspapers. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  14. ^ a b c Dawn.com (24 March 2015). "Relive Pakistan Day: 1940 – 2000". Dawn archives, 2015. Dawn archives. Archived from the original on 24 March 2015. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 

External links[edit]