|town sign at its western border, as seen from I-8|
|San Diego County and the state of California|
|• Total||26.785 sq mi (69.373 km2)|
|• Land||26.781 sq mi (69.363 km2)|
|• Water||0.004 sq mi (0.010 km2) 0.01%|
|Elevation||1,841 ft (561 m)|
|• Density||530/sq mi (210/km2)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|ZIP codes||91901, 91903|
|GNIS feature ID||1660247|
The location of Alpine is not precisely defined, since it is an unincorporated area. According to the United States Geological Survey (USGS) Alpine is located at (32.8350521, -116.7664109), which is near the intersection of Alpine Boulevard and Tavern Road. This is approximately where most maps place Alpine. Kumeyaay tribes are indigenous to the area, and the Ewiiaapaayp Band and Viejas Band of Kumeyaay Indians both are headquartered in Alpine.
According to the United States Census Bureau Alpine is located at (32.834563, -116.770615). This is approximately 1,200 feet (370 m) west of the USGS location. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 26.8 square miles (69 km2), 99.99% land and 0.01% water.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Alpine had a population of 14,236. The population density was 531.5 people per square mile (205.2/km²). The racial makeup of Alpine was 12,424 (87.3%) White, 167 (1.2%) African American, 222 (1.6%) Native American, 319 (2.2%) Asian, 39 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 576 (4.0%) from other races, and 489 (3.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2,081 persons (14.6%).
The Census reported that 14,098 people (99.0% of the population) lived in households, 136 (1.0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 2 (0%) were institutionalized.
There were 5,248 households, out of which 1,932 (36.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 3,120 (59.5%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 515 (9.8%) had a female householder with no husband present, 268 (5.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 283 (5.4%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 39 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,048 households (20.0%) were made up of individuals and 433 (8.3%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69. There were 3,903 families (74.4% of all households); the average family size was 3.09.
The population was spread out with 3,403 people (23.9%) under the age of 18, 1,164 people (8.2%) aged 18 to 24, 3,133 people (22.0%) aged 25 to 44, 4,583 people (32.2%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,953 people (13.7%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.9 years. For every 100 females there were 97.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.6 males.
There were 5,536 housing units at an average density of 206.7 per square mile (79.8/km²), of which 3,597 (68.5%) were owner-occupied, and 1,651 (31.5%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.3%. 9,935 people (69.8% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 4,163 people (29.2%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 13,143 people, 4,775 households, and 3,652 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 489.1 inhabitants per square mile (188.9/km²). There were 4,958 housing units at an average density of 184.5 per square mile (71.2/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 90.78% White, 0.83% African American, 1.17% Native American, 1.98% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 2.86% from other races, and 2.18% from two or more races. 10.22% of the population were Hispanic (U.S. Census) or Latino of any race.
There were 4,775 households out of which 36.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.5% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.5% were non-families. 17.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 26.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 99.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.6 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $61,832, and the median income for a family was $69,821. Males had a median income of $51,444 versus $31,891 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $29,523. About 4.9% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.6% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.
In the state legislature Alpine is located in the 36th Senate District, represented by Republican Dennis Hollingsworth, and in the 77th Assembly District, represented by Republican Joel Anderson. Federally, Alpine is located in California's 52nd congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +9 and is represented by Republican Duncan D. Hunter.
- U.S. Census
- William Bright; Erwin Gustav Gudde (30 November 1998). 1500 California place names: their origin and meaning. University of California Press. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-520-21271-8. Retrieved 20 January 2012.
- "Geographic Names Information System". United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Tribal Governments by Area." National Congress of American Indians. (retrieved 5 June 2010)
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Archived from the original on 19 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-10.