Encinitas, California

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Encinitas, California
City
City of Encinitas
Aerial view of part of old town Encinitas showing Moonlight Beach on the left. Parallel with the shore is Historic Coast Highway 101, also parallel and further inland is Interstate 5 in California
Aerial view of part of old town Encinitas showing Moonlight Beach on the left. Parallel with the shore is Historic Coast Highway 101, also parallel and further inland is Interstate 5 in California
Official seal of Encinitas, California
Seal
Location of Encinitas within San Diego County, California
Location of Encinitas within San Diego County, California
Encinitas, California is located in USA
Encinitas, California
Encinitas, California
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°2′40″N 117°16′18″W / 33.04444°N 117.27167°W / 33.04444; -117.27167Coordinates: 33°2′40″N 117°16′18″W / 33.04444°N 117.27167°W / 33.04444; -117.27167
Country  United States
State  California
County San Diego
Incorporated October 1, 1986[1]
Government
 • Mayor Teresa Barth[2]
Area[3]
 • Total 19.990 sq mi (51.772 km2)
 • Land 18.812 sq mi (48.722 km2)
 • Water 1.178 sq mi (3.050 km2)  5.89%
Elevation 82 ft (25 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 59,518
 • Density 3,000/sq mi (1,100/km2)
Demonym Encinitan
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 92007, 92023-92024
Area code(s) 760, 442
FIPS code 06-22678
GNIS feature ID 1652705
Website www.cityofencinitas.org

Encinitas is a coastal beach city in San Diego County, California. Located within Southern California, it is approximately 25 miles (40 km) north of San Diego in North County and about 95 miles (153 km) south of Los Angeles. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 59,518, up from 58,014 at the 2000 census. The largest single industry in the city is the growing of ornamental flowers, particularly poinsettias.

History[edit]

Encinitas is a Spanish name meaning "little oaks".[4]

The city was incorporated after a majority vote of 69.3% in 1986[5] from the communities of historic Encinitas, new Encinitas (Village Park, etc.), Leucadia, Cardiff-by-the-Sea and Olivenhain. These communities retain their identities and distinctive flavors.

Communities[edit]

Encinitas can be divided into five areas:

  • Old Encinitas: a small beachside area featuring a mix of businesses and housing styles. The Encinitas welcome arch, the famous surf break Swamis, and the early 20th century La Paloma Theater are located here. Old Encinitas is divided from New Encinitas by a low coastal ridge.
  • New Encinitas: a newer region which features golf courses, many shopping centers, and composed of larger tract homes.
  • Olivenhain: a semi-rural region in eastern Encinitas, composed of mostly single family homes, an active 4-H Club, and several private equestrian facilities. Olivenhain connects to Rancho Santa Fe via Encinitas Blvd.
  • Leucadia: a coastal community of the city. Leucadia features tree-lined streets and boulevards. The community features art galleries, unusual stores, and restaurants, along with single family homes.
  • Cardiff-by-the-Sea: Encinitas' southernmost oceanfront community, which features streets named after British cities and classical composers, the Lux Art Institute, and the San Elijo Campus of Mira Costa College.

Geography[edit]

Aerial view of San Elijo Lagoon

Encinitas is located at 33°2′40″N 117°16′18″W / 33.04444°N 117.27167°W / 33.04444; -117.27167.[6] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.0 square miles (52 km2). 18.8 square miles (49 km2) of it is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) of it (5.89%) is water. The city's elevation ranges between sea level and 180 feet (55 m) above sea level.

Encinitas lies on rugged coastal terrain. The city is bisected by a low lying coastal ridge that separates New and Old Encinitas. In the north of the city, the coast rises in elevation and the land is raised up in the form of many coastal bluffs. The city is surrounded by Batiquitos Lagoon and San Elijo Lagoon to the north and south, respectively.

Climate[edit]

Encinitas has a very mild, Mediterranean climate. Average daily high temperature is 72 °F (22 °C). Temperatures below 40 °F (4 °C) and above 85 °F (29 °C) are rare. Average rainfall is about 10 inches (250 mm) per year. The wet season lasts during the winter and spring, when temperatures are usually cool. Average daytime temperatures hit 65F in winter and spring, when rain and marine layer (fog) are common (May Gray/June Gloom). Nighttime lows range from 45-55F. The dry season lasts from summer through fall, with average daytime temperatures ranging from 75-85F, and nighttime lows being from the upper 50s-60sF. Ocean water temperatures average 60F in winter, 64F in spring, 70F in summer, and 66F in fall.

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[7] reported that Encinitas had a population of 59,518. The population density was 2,977.5 people per square mile (1,149.6/km²). The racial makeup of Encinitas was 51,067 (85.8%) White, 361 (0.6%) African American, 301 (0.5%) Native American, 2,323 (3.9%) Asian, 91 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 3,339 (5.6%) from other races, and 2,036 (3.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8,138 persons (13.7%).

The Census reported that 58,990 people (99.1% of the population) lived in households, 123 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 405 (0.7%) were institutionalized.

There were 24,082 households, out of which 6,997 (29.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 12,113 (50.3%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,950 (8.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 981 (4.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,359 (5.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 169 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 6,303 households (26.2%) were made up of individuals and 2,118 (8.8%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45. There were 15,044 families (62.5% of all households); the average family size was 2.98.

The population was spread out with 12,285 people (20.6%) under the age of 18, 3,767 people (6.3%) aged 18 to 24, 16,584 people (27.9%) aged 25 to 44, 19,239 people (32.3%) aged 45 to 64, and 7,643 people (12.8%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.5 years. For every 100 females there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.3 males.

There were 25,740 housing units at an average density of 1,287.7 per square mile (497.2/km²), of which 15,187 (63.1%) were owner-occupied, and 8,895 (36.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.3%. 39,101 people (65.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 19,889 people (33.4%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 58,014 people, 22,830 households, and 14,291 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,035.6 inhabitants per square mile (1,172.1/km²). There were 23,843 housing units at an average density of 1,247.6 per square mile (481.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.60% White, 0.59% Black or African American, 0.46% Native American, 3.10% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 6.28% from other races, and 2.85% from two or more races. 14.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 22,830 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 33.4% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 99.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $63,954, and the median income for a family was $78,104 (these figures had risen to $79,714 and $104,775 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[9]). Males had a median income of $51,132 versus $38,606 for females. The per capita income for the city was $34,336. About 3.8% of families and 7.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.9% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture[edit]

Downtown Encinitas, California

Regular events[edit]

  • The Annual April Street Fair: annual 2-day street fair is held every April in downtown Encinitas
  • The Annual Encinitas Environment Day: held on the 2nd Sunday of June- environmentally-themed games and entertainment for families.[10]
  • The Annual Fall Festival: formerly known as the Poinsettia Festival, held each November in downtown Encinitas.
  • The Annual OktoberFest: held the third Sunday in September to coincide with the start of the Oktoberfest celebrations in Germany. This is the only community event in Encinitas that takes place in Olivenhain.
  • Classic Car Cruise Nights: classic cars line Coast Highway 101 in downtown Encinitas on the 3rd Thursday of each month, May–September.[11]
  • The Wavecrest Woodie Meet: takes place once a year on the third Saturday of September at Moonlight State Beach. It is the largest rally of wooden bodied vehicles in the world and it is free to the public and to participants.
  • Wellness Week: annual week-long immersion into healthful practices to help with New Year's resolutions.
  • Salute to Education: Encinitas Chamber of Commerce Salute to Education event that is held each year in June honoring local teachers and students for their outstanding efforts during the current school year. This event is hosted each year by Rancho Santa Fe Security Systems.

Surfing Madonna[edit]

Main article: Surfing Madonna

In 2011 Mark Patterson and Robert Nichols illegally installed a 10 by 10 feet (3 m × 3 m) mosaic of a surfing Virgin de Guadalupe on the north concrete support wall of the train bridge on Encinitas Boulevard, leading to a battle over whether it should be removed or preserved. It was christened the Surfing Madonna by the media and public.[12][13]

Museums and other points of interest[edit]

Built in the late 1920s, the boathouses are historic landmarks in Encinitas

The Lux Art Institute and San Dieguito Heritage Museum are located in Encinitas. Other points of interest include the San Diego Botanic Garden, Self-Realization Fellowship temple and Hermitage, historic La Paloma Theater, Moonlight Beach, and one of California's classic downtowns along historic Coast Highway 101. Surfing is a popular activity in Encinitas, particularly at Swami's, which is rated in the top 5 surf locations in the world and is mentioned in a verse of The Beach Boys' song "Surfin' U.S.A."

Government[edit]

The D Street overlook

The city is currently governed by a five-member city council, elected at-large to staggered four-year terms at two-year intervals, with a mayor chosen by, and from, the city council members.

In elections held in November 2012, Encinitas voted yes on ballot measures to allow them directly elect its mayor, with term lengths of two years, rather than the mayor being chosen by members of the city council, for one year terms. The first such direct election for mayor will take place in 2014.

In the state legislature Encinitas is located in the 38th Senate District, represented by Republican Mark Wyland, and in the 76th Assembly District, represented by Republican Rocky Chavez. Federally, Encinitas is located in California's 49th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +14[14] and is represented by Republican Darrell Issa.

Education[edit]

School districts[edit]

Visual Art schools[edit]

Colleges[edit]

  • California Institute for Human Science
  • Mira Costa College, San Elijo Campus
  • St. Katherine College

High schools[edit]

Middle schools[edit]

Elementary schools[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Current residents[edit]

Former residents[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ http://www.nctimes.com/news/local/encinitas/encinitas-council-picks-barth-as-new-mayor/article_0b974553-b48f-53d6-9248-99e0b6097aea.html
  3. ^ U.S. Census
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 119. 
  5. ^ Legendary Locals of Encinitas. Arcadia Publishing. 2012. p. 35. ISBN 9781467100090. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Encinitas city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ADPTable?_bm=y&-context=adp&-qr_name=ACS_2007_3YR_G00_DP3YR3&-ds_name=ACS_2007_3YR_G00_&-tree_id=3307&-redoLog=false&-_caller=geoselect&-geo_id=16000US0622678&-format=&-_lang=en
  10. ^ "Encinitas Environmental Day". Retrieved December 21, 2012. 
  11. ^ "2012 ENCINITAS CLASSIC CAR NIGHTS". Retrieved December 9, 2012. 
  12. ^ Surfing Madonna mosaic draws mass following. Associated Press. BakersfieldNow.com. June 7, 2011.
  13. ^ Surfing Madonna mosaic in Southern California draws mass following. Julie Watson. Associated Press. Oakland Tribune. June 7, 2011. The Surfing Madonna - more correctly known as the "Save the Ocean Mosaic" is now re-installed on the wall of Cafe Ipe at the corner of Jasper Street and Pacific Coast Highway in Leucadia, CA 92024
  14. ^ "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008". The Cook Political Report. Retrieved January 5, 2012. 
  15. ^ Barnes, Mike (November 26, 2012). "Actress Bobbi Jordan Dies at 75, She had a stint on "General Hospital" in the 1970s and appeared in the Lucille Ball musical "Mame."". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 8, 2012. 
  16. ^ "Indian sitar maestro Ravi Shankar dies". BBC News. 
  17. ^ [1]
  18. ^ http://ci.encinitas.ca.us/index.aspx?page=205

External links[edit]