Ananias of Damascus
|Ananias of Damascus|
Ananias restoring the sight of Saint Paul
Pietro da Cortona, 1631
|Born||Unknown (perhaps Damascus)|
|Major shrine||Surb Zoravor Church of Yerevan in Armenia.|
Ananias (// AN-ə-NY-əs; Ancient Greek: Ἀνανίας, same as Hebrew חנניה, Hananiah, "favoured of the LORD"), was a disciple of Jesus at Damascus mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles in the Bible, which describes how he was sent by Jesus to restore the sight of "Saul, of Tarsus" (known later as Paul the Apostle) and provide him with additional instruction in the way of the Lord.
According to Acts 9:10, Ananias lived in the city of Damascus. In Paul's speech in Acts 22, he describes Ananias as "a devout man according to the law, having a good report of all the Jews" that dwelt in Damascus (Acts 22:12). According to F. F. Bruce, this indicates that he was not one of the refugees from the persecution in Jerusalem described in Acts 8:1.
Healing of Saul
During his conversion experience, Jesus had told Paul (who was then called Saul) to go into the city and wait. Jesus later spoke to Ananias in a vision, and told him to go to the "street which is called Straight", and ask "in the house of Judas for one called Saul, of Tarsus". (Acts 9:11) Ananias objected that Saul had been persecuting "thy saints", but the Lord told him that Saul was "a chosen vessel unto me, to bear my name before the Gentiles, and kings, and the children of Israel". (Acts 9:15). When Ananias went in to Saul and laid his hands on him, the "scales" of dead tissue on the surface of his eyes fell off, and he looked up at Ananias. After additional instruction, Saul was baptized. (Acts 9:18; 22:16)
According to Catholic tradition, Ananias was martyred in Eleutheropolis. Ananias is also listed by Hippolytus of Rome and others as one of the Seventy Disciples whose mission is recorded in Luke 10:1-20.
F. F. Bruce suggests that Ananias "has an honoured place in sacred history, and a special claim upon the gratitude of all who in one way or another have entered into the blessing that stems from the life and work of the great apostle."
According to Roderick L. Evans in his book If They Be Prophets: An Examination of the Prophetic Office and Gift, Ananias was a prophet despite being mentioned as a disciple. In his opinion on New Testament prophets, Biblical figures who receive a message from God or reveal future events are considered prophets despite alternative titles such as apostle or disciple.
Edward Carus Selwyn who was an Anglican priest and theologian recognized Ananias as a prophet in his book St. Luke, the prophet as well as the seventy disciples and the apostles only with different tasks.
- House of Saint Ananias, the alleged house of Ananias in Damascus
- Greek lexicon G367, Hebrew lexicon H2608
- Ananias in Acts chapter 9 and chapter 22
- F. F. Bruce, Commentary on the Book of the Acts (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1964), 199.
also found on page 189 of the 1988 edition, ISBN 0-8028-2505-2.
- St. Ananias II
- Hippolytus, On the Seventy Apostles
see also Seventy Disciples for other lists.
- Bruce, Commentary on the Book of the Acts, 201.
also found on page 186 of the 1988 edition, ISBN 0-8028-2505-2.
- Martyrologium Romanum, 2004, Vatican Press (Typis Vaticanis), page 116.