Andriy Slyusarchuk

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Andriy Slyusarchuk
Андрій Слюсарчук
Born (1971-05-10) May 10, 1971 (age 43)
Zhytomyr, Ukraine
Nationality Ukraine
Citizenship
Education the special care home school for mentally retarded infant orphans in the village of Hryshkivtsi (Berdychiv Raion of Zhytomyr Oblast),[1]
the specialty of plasterer-tiler-facing worker received at the Higher Vocational School of Railway Transport in Kozyatyn (Vinnytsia Oblast),[2]
the specialty of assistant foreman received at the Specialized Vocational School No 62 in Chervonohrad (Lviv Oblast)[3]
Employer V. Chornovol Lviv State Institute of Modern Technologies and Management,[4]
Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture,[5]
Lviv Polytechnic National University,[6]
P.L. Shupyk National Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education,[7]
A.P. Romodanov Institute of Neurosurgery,[5]
Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine[8]
Known for the project for establishing the National Institute of Brain,[9] extraordinary mnemonic abilities, illegal medical activities including surgical operations on brain all over Ukraine[7] in state and municipal hospitals alone[10]
Criminal charge
forgery of documents to pretend to hold academic degrees, illegal medical activities, murders, fraud[11]
Criminal penalty
8 years in prison[11]
Criminal status convicted and imprisoned[11]
Awards the 2011 Ukraine's State Prize awarded by Viktor Yanukovych for scientific achievements in the field of education[6][10]
Website
the World Neuro Center in Kharkiv

Andriy Tykhonovych Slyusarchuk (Ukrainian: Андрі́й Ти́хонович Слюсарчу́к) (born May 10, 1971 in Zhytomyr[12][13]) is a Ukrainian mnemonist who has claimed to be, among other things, a pilot of general aviation, psychotherapist,[14] Doctor of Sciences in medicine, psychiatrist, psychologist, and neurosurgeon.[15] He performed surgeries on brain all over Ukraine[7] in state and municipal hospitals alone[10] and was employed by the V. Chornovol Lviv State Institute of Modern Technologies and Management,[4] the Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture,[5] the P.L. Shupyk National Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education,[7] the A.P. Romodanov Institute of Neurosurgery,[5] the Lviv Polytechnic National University as a professor[6][16] as well as by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine as an adviser to Oleksandr Turchynov.[8][17]

He has also claimed to have set a number of unverified world records in memorizing data and figures such as Pi, while being able to perform highly complex computer-speed calculations mentally. Due to that, he is commonly known as "Doctor Pi"[citation needed].

By his claims, he managed to fool two Presidents of Ukraine, Viktor Yushchenko and Viktor Yanukovych.[18] In the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, his activities were called "the most large-scale fraud during the 20 years of independence of Ukraine."[19][20][21] On 14 February 2014, the Sykhiv Raion Court sentenced Slyusarchuk to eight years in prison.[11][22][23][24]

Career[edit]

Slyusarchuk started his education in the special care home school for mentally retarded infant orphans in the village of Hryshkivtsi (Berdychiv Raion of Zhytomyr Oblast).[1] He had many diagnoses including schizophrenia,[25] oligophrenia,[26] cerebral palsy,[27][28] hepatitis, nephropathy, etc.[29] However, later he, without special training, became a legitimate Doctor of Sciences in medicine, engaged in the treatment of his fellow citizens, including neurosurgical operations, conducted regular discussions on popular radio, appeared on television, gave numerous interviews, conducted public sessions on memorizing numbers, met the incumbent President of the State (who issued for Slyusarchuk the decree on establishing the National Institute of Brain), visited private clubs and meetings of Ukrainian nomenklatura, made friends among ministers, received the State Prize.[9] Concurrently he engaged in the quite purposeful, conscious activities for making forged documents, thinking over the ways to cheat public at chess and "numeric" shows, conducting medical procedures without the right to medical practice and without any proper expertise.[9]

Slyusarchuk often gave his interviews about the problems of science to major newspapers such as Trud: "As a teacher, as a psychiatrist, I can say pleno jure: today it is dependent children who are mostly taught in the universities of the country. All is about money, there is no natural scientific selection. And earlier, in the 1980s and '90s, you had to withstand intellectual contest. Today there is no necessity for it. Now a lot of mediocrities grind away at their studies. But with mother's and father's money, they manage to buy not only diplomas but also positions."[30]

Biography based on investigative journalism[edit]

On 10 May 1971, Andriy Tykhonovych Slyusarchuk was born in Zhytomyr.[12][13] His mother Natalia Tykhonovna Slyusarchuk, by then a 21-year-old resident of Zhytomyr, a woman with no education, left her newborn son in a maternity home and gave away him. She did not know the father of her child. The middle name in the birth certificate was recorded as "Tykhonovych" (Tykhon was the name of the Natalia Slyusarchuk’s father and grandfather of the child).[12][19]

From 1974 to 1987, he was hospitalized in the Zytomyr psychiatric hospital eight times.[26]

From 1980 to 1987 (from the 2nd to the 8th grade), he lived and studied in a special care home school for orphans and children deprived of parental care (in the town Hryshkivtsi of the Berdychiv Raion). There he received the certificate on the completion of his education in the institution.[2] Later, almost all the documents of his education at the school were destroyed, his birth date was replaced with 19 May 1974 in other documents, so negative responses were received to all official inquiries about the studying of the citizen Slyusarchuk Andriy Tykhonovych, born on 9 May 1971, in the school, allegedly on the basis of the archival documents.[3]

From 1987 to 1989, he studied in the 208th group of the inter-regional Higher Vocational School of Railway Transport (Kozyatyn, Vinnytsia Oblast) for the specialty of plasterer-tiler-facing worker.[2]

On 2 October 1989, according to the order No 31, he was transferred to the Specialized Vocational School No 62 in Chervonohrad (Lviv Oblast; in 1998, it was merged with the higher vocational school (HVC) No 67 of the plant "Change" into the HVC No 11), to the group No 74 (seamstresses). Teachers mentioned that there Slyusarchuk liked to walk with a briefcase and a stethoscope in the manner of a doctor and held sessions of hypnosis for money in a nearby school. On 1 June 1990, he received the document on the completion of his full course, where the profession reads "assistant foreman” but, contrary to the then rules, was not appointed to a specific work.[3]

In 1993, he tried to get job as a neurosurgeon at the hospital of Novoyavorivsk (Lviv Oblast) but was refused. Later, however, he engaged in medical practice elsewhere.[1]

On 27 July 1996, the first criminal action was brought against Slyusarchuk. The Zhydachiv Raion police station (Lviv Oblast) incriminated him a fraud and investigated the case for 8 years. The case was based on the fact that he gave a woman the fraudulent diagnosis of a fatal illness, promised to cure her with expensive drugs, took 665 US dollars from her, and disappered. The criminal action established the fact that he had the diploma of the M.I. Pirogov Vinnytsia Medical Institute.[31]

In 1999, he worked as a master teacher of the chair for engineering and pedagogical training at the Lviv Polytechnic National University for a little more than a half year.[32] According to his colleagues of the Lviv Polytechnic who met him there that year, he gave lectures on the discipline "psychology of management of people." His lectures were very popular, and students left their classes on other disciplines to listen to him. His lectures were attended even by teachers.[33]

On 17 July 2000, the second criminal action was brought against Slyusarchuk in Lviv. The statement to police was submitted by Oleg and Bogdana Gamalii who had paid 1500 dollars to Slyusarchuk for his treatment of their two little children. They got worse after his treatment. The action lasted for 5 years and later was stopped.[31]

From 2003 to 2006, he lived in a hostel of the Lviv Polytechnic National University where he forced students labelled with his fraudulent diagnoses to take psychotropic drugs. He demanded considerable sums for treatment from parents and threatened them with suicides of their children. He distributed drugs that were not approved in Ukraine for 4 thousand dollars per an ampoule.[34][35]

On 28 February 2006, he claimed to have set a record in memorizing the number of Pi.[36] Journalists of Ekspres and Moskovskij Komsomolets noted that Slyusarchuk at all his public performances was always attended by an assistant with a computer sitting not far from Slyusarchuk and, perhaps, had a micro earphone in his ear.[36][37]

From March 2006, he worked as an associate professor of the chair at the Chornovil Lviv State Institute of Modern Technologies and Management. In 2006, he was transferred to the position of professor at the chair of general legal disciplines.[34]

At the end of October 2008, the media announced he submitted documents for emigration to Canada where he had been offered the necessary basis for his studies impossible in Ukraine.[4][38][39][40]

From June 2008 to February 2010, he worked at the P.L. Shupyk National Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education[1] as a professor at the chair of neurosurgery.[7][25] The head of the chair Mykola Polishchuk made, he said, in his room an experiment in which Slyusarchuk read several pages of a special medical book handed to him by Polishchuk, recited them by heart and so was employed at the chair.[41] Slyusarchuk gave lectures about memory.[41] Polishchuk's colleagues, he said, found on Internet the dissertation of 2002 by Slyusarchuk, later in the Russian State Library in Moscow found the dissertation of 2000 by Nikolai Ershov and saw that the dissertations differed from one another in a title alone and had the same text.[29][41] Polishchuk wrote a report to the rector, and the order of dismissal of Slyusarchuk was issued.[41] The academic administration sent a request to the Higher Attestation Commission of the Ministry of Education of Russia, from whence the reply came: they have Slyusarchuk listed neither as a professor nor as a Doctor of Sciences.[29]

From September 2009 to June 2011, he was a professor at the Lviv Polytechnic National University[32] at the chair "Information Systems and Networks".[6][42]

From 9 December 2009 to 11 March 2010, he was the adviser to Oleksandr Turchynov[43] at the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine.[8][17] From 2009 to 2011, together with journalist Igor Yurchenko, he anchored socio-political program "Mind Games" on the radio "Era".[44]

On 22 December 2009, he discussed the issue on establishing the Institute of Brain in Ukraine with President of Ukraine Viktor Yushchenko[45] who that day released the Decree to establish it.[46][47][48] On 26 December 2009, the Mirror Weekly in the published interview with Slyusarchuk announced that he was offered to head the Institute of Brain and was given the hope to implement his plans.[44] As Slyusarchuk said in one of his interviews, the annual budget of the Institute was to amount to 500 million hryvnias.[49]

In 2010, the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine headed by Dmytro Tabachnyk conferred on him the professorship for the chair of neurosurgery at the A.P. Romodanov Institute of Neurosurgery[5] and gave him the document about his professorship.[37] To be more accurate, the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine did not confer the professorship on him but nostrificated his professorship allegedly conferred on him in Russia.[37] But later it was found out that he was given no professorship in Russia as well.[37] In 2010, he engaged in disaster medicine, performed surgical operations in various corners of Ukraine and made experiments on rats in his one-roomed apartment by using the help of his assistant Chervoniy, a neuromagnetic stimulator and other devices to influence behavioral patterns in the rats.[50] The newspaper that told about the devices called them a prototype of operational psychotropic weapon.[50]

On 25 May 2011, Dmytro Pavlychko, Levko Lukyanenko, Yuri Palchukovsky, Volodymyr Pylypchuk sent to President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych their appeal to immediately establish the Institute of Brain and invite Slyusarchuk to head the Institute because he announced his desire to leave Ukraine where he does not have the possibility to exercise his abilities. He stated that his main aim was the Institute of Brain with the clinic where he would be able "to engage specialists, to be active—have the possibility to be a scientist."[51] Establishing the Institute of Brain for Slyusarchuk was also lobbied by Anatoly Kashpirovsky[52] whom Slysarchuk called "my idol in the profession."[18]

On 9 June 2011, he was first criticized in the press, by the weekly 2000.[53]

On 30 September 2011, he was awarded the 2011 State Prize of Ukraine for "scientific achievements in the field of education" in consideration of a series of works "The complex of educational information technologies for presenting, memorizing and processing superlarge information objects in the learning process."[42][54]

From 6 October 2011, he was targeted by journalists of the Lviv newspaper Ekspres who published their first critical article about him "The sensational exposure of pseudoprofessor Pi"[2][55] followed by "The first victims of pseudoprofessor Pi,"[35] "Pseudodoctor Slyusarchuk kills people,"[31] "The cheap tricks of professor Pi,"[36] "The new victims of the pseudodoctor,"[56] "Pseudodoctor Slyusarchuk is in a trap,"[57] "Pseudodoctor Slyusarchuk buried his mother alive,"[12] "The pseudodoctor sows new deaths,"[3] "It is just a shock. The pseudodoctor kills the child of a priest,"[58] "The Pi record is cancelled,"[59] "The Pi record is falsified,"[60] "The secret protectors of Doctor Pi,"[18] "The pseudodoctor again took a scalpel in his arms,"[61] "The perverts of minister Tabachnyk,"[62] "The pseudodoctor, sex and drugs,"[63] "The grave sin of minister Tabachnyk,"[64] "The tree more new victims of the pseudodoctor (video),"[65] "The new altitudes of Doctor Pi,"[49] "The intelligentsia of the Lviv Oblast demand that Tabachnyk, who is an accessory of Doctor Pi, be relieved of his position,"[66] "The computer operator of Doctor Pi began to speak,"[67] "The new actions brought against the pseudodoctor,"[68] "A new death in the case of Doctor Pi,"[69] "The millions of Doctor Pi against Ekspres,"[70] The inquest brakes the action brought against Doctor Pi,"[71] "Doctor Pi is ignorant of even arithmetic,"[72] "Doctor Pi took money in amounts ranging up to dozens of thousands."[73] After publications in Ekspres, criminal actions were brought against Slyusarchuk.[74][75]

On 14 November 2011, he was detained for alleged fraud by the Berkut special squad.[54]

On 21 November 2011, he was informed that all of his records in memorizing Pi were canceled and removed from The Book of Records of Ukraine.[59][76][77]

From 2 February to 1 March 2012, he underwent forensic medical psychiatric examination in the Lviv Oblast Psychiatric Hospital.[78] The examination declared him partially sane and mentioned on his mental deviations to entitle a psychiatrist to supervise and treat him in a prison if and when needed.[79]

From 2 July to the fall of 2012, he was subjected to the second psychiatric examination by the Pavlov Psychiatric Hospital in Kiev.[80]

On 14 February 2014, the Sykhiv Raion Court sentenced Slyusarchuk to eight years in prison.[11][74] The judge read out 150 pages of his sentence based on 26 volumes of the criminal case.[81]

Biography based on Slyusarchuk's interviews[edit]

According to his birth certificate shown to journalists, he was born in the village of Tuğ, the Hadrut Rayon of the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic. His father was Mushegyan Vartan Aramovich, an ethnic Armenian. His mother, a Ukrainian, was Slyusarchuk Ruslana Tykhonovna. According to a reference, the Hadrut Rayon Civil Registry in 1984 changed his biographical particulars to his mother’s ones to meet the statement by his parents, so he became Slyusarchuk Andriy Tykhonovych.[29]

According to his interviews, he graduated from Vinnytsia secondary school at nine. His parents were medical professors: mother— a pediatrician, and father— a cardiac surgeon. They died in a car accident the same year he graduated from secondary school.[82]

In the 1980s, he became a victim of punitive psychiatry in the Soviet Union, often got his arms bent and was sent to a psychiatric hospital where he was tied to a bed, was pumped with psychotropic drugs and was injected with sulfozin. He was trying to think, move, get to know the world around him but could not when undergoing the inhibitory effect of drugs that he was being pumped with. The consultation between psychiatrists was convoked to decide what to do with him. They asked him various questions, for example, what books he was reading. He answered honestly he was reading medical literature, works of academician Ivan Pavlov and Vladimir Lenin. The consultation made the deadly decision to send him to an institution for mentally ill infant chronics.[83]

He was put into a Soviet orphanage. In there, the teachers failed to recognize his extraordinary abilities and his attempts to show more skill than an ordinary child were subject to multiple punishments. He was taught to behave the same way other children did. Andriy was trying to get back his documents certifying his secondary school graduation to further enter a higher educational institution, but for trying that he was stamped a 'mentally disordered', 'lunatic' child and punished even more. At 11 years old, he ran away from the orphanage.[82]

He was taught by using the book Your Abilities, Man presented to him by Soviet psychiatrist Andrei Snezhnevsky who examined him as a child.[84]

Upon arriving in Moscow, he entered a Gypsy environment, where he was accepted, fed, and taught to beg for money. At that time, he felt that was an environment he needed. There, he first learned about the phenomenon of Gypsy hypnotism and started to learn its use.

After about a year of life with the Gypsies, Andriy accidentally met an employee of the 2nd Moscow State Medical University. They became friends and that man started inviting Andriy to his place. Gradually Andriy told him his life story. With the help of that man Andriy was allowed to have an appointment with Yevgeniy Chazov, the Soviet Minister of Health Care at that time.

Under protectorate of Yevgeniy Chazov at the age of 12, Andriy Slyusarchuk entered Russian State Medical University, general therapy faculty. His further specialization was neurosurgery under guidance of professor Gusev, E.I. (Гусев Е.И.). His teachers were famous neuro-scientists like Karlov V.A. (Карлов В.А.), Konovalov A.N., Vein A.M. (Вейн А.М.).[82]

He claimed to have graduated from the Russian National Research Medical University with an Honorable Diploma at 18.

And immediately after that by a decision of Scientific Council Andriy was directed to the postgraduate course, without the usually required internship.

Some dates (according to the press information):

In June 2009, after claiming to have set a new world record for memorizing pi by being able to recite randomly selected sequences from the first 30 million places of pi, Mr. Slyusarchuk was officially congratulated by the President of Ukraine Viktor Yuschenko. A possibility of financing a dedicated research center for development of Slyusarchuk's methodology had been discussed.[85][86]

On December 22, 2009, a press release has been issued by the press relations department of President of Ukraine, which announced that Viktor Yushchenko met with Andriy Slyusarchuk and discussed the establishing of the Institute of Brain Studies. The aim of the Institute is to ensure a complex approach to detecting and medication of the brain diseases, introduction of the contemporary methods of their prevention and treatment. The President has marked the importance of scientific studies of human brain and the significance of practical use of achieved results in education, medicine, social sphere. Taking into account the aims and directions of activity of the established Institute, conducting of such studies and measures will allow to solve, in particular, the issues of fighting the narcotic and alcohol dependence, as well as other complex social problems. President has issued a Decree, which makes provisions for establishment of Institute of Brain Studies, as a main research institution, which determines the top priority directions of brain study, conducting fundamental and applied scientific research in neurology, psychiatry, psychology and neuro-rehabilitation, development, introduction and realization of the programs of research into brain functioning, new technologies in this sphere. The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine is charged with ensuring the solution of all the legal and other issues related to establishing of Institute of Brain Studies, accordingly to the legislative procedure, within one month from the issue of Decree.[87][88][89][90]

Slyusarchuk claims his unique memorizing skills are based on a set of techniques including mental associations between figures, images, words, numbers (i.e. mnemonics) and an innate photographic memory of everything he concentrates on. The scientists participating at the verification of Mr. Slyusarchuk's records said that "...the mnemonic technique implied can be used by any person...".[14]

A February 2010 article in Novaya newspaper mentions that a student of Andriy Slyusarchuk (Alexander Chervonyi) also claims that he was able to reproduce many of his master's claimed memory performances, including recitation of any randomly selected sequences from the first 5 million decimal places of pi.[50]

He lately took interest in chess.[91] In April 2011, he defeated the chess program Rybka in an exhibition Match in Kiev, blindfolded.[92] On 26 May 2011, Slyusarchuk said he memorized 2600 books on practice and theory of chess when preparing to play the game with Rybka.[83] The newspaper Trinidad and Tobago Guardian published the article about Slyusarchuk’s victory over Rybka under the title "Oh, the wonders of gullibility" and cited from the Internet-based chess newspaper Chess Today the following passage, "What can help [to prove that it was a mystification] are Slyusarchuk’s numerous absurd statements which show his complete ignorance of chess—quite unforgivable for a guy who has read, as is claimed, more than 2000 chess books within several months!"[93]

According to Slyusarchuk's friend journalist Igor Yurchenko, no one argues that Slyusarchuk plays chess better than a world champion or even a grandmaster. Slyusarchuk all the time stressed that this was by no means a chess event but a demonstration of memory abilities. Sponsors bought Slyusarchuk a heavy-duty computer, which played every day dozens, if not hundreds, of games with another computer as top-class as the former one. He memorized the protocols of these games. It is keeping many thousands of chess battles in his head that helped him defeat the Rybka-4. Yurchenko believes Slyusarchuk has just recited one of memorized games.[94]

Pi figure[edit]

Slyusarchuk claims to have set a number of records in memorizing large volumes of digital data, sequences of geometrical figures, as well as words and other information. In particular, he claims to have memorized 1 million digits of pi figure.[95]

By 2008 he claimed to remember 2,000,000 decimal places of pi, as well as around 7,000 volumes of text. By 2009 the number of volumes remembered increased to 15.000.[15]

By June 2009 he claimed to have set a new record by memorizing the first 30 million places of pi, which were printed in 20 volumes of text.[96][97][98] Although he did not recite all 30 million digits that he claimed to have memorized, he was able to recite randomly selected sequences from within the first 30 million places of pi.

Since reciting 30 million digits of π at one digit a second would take almost a year (347 days) if you did it non-stop 24 hours a day, seven days a week, a following approach had been applied to verify the record: during demonstrations Mr. Slyusarchuk is being randomly asked to tell the digits of pi printed on certain pages and locations of the 20 volume printout, which is grouped into orderly arranged tables. He successfully went through this kind of test multiple times. Demonstrations had been witnessed by respectable scientists and heads of sub-departments in Universities. Book of Records of Ukraine (Книга рекордів України) lists the members of commission witnessing his demonstration.[95] They are country-wide recognized scientists on the top positions in National Universities and Institutes.

By October 2010 Mr. Slyusarchuk claimed to remember 200 million decimal places of pi.[99]

None of his claimed Pi records is accepted by the official Pi World Ranking List [100] or the Guinness Book of Records since no real independent test of his pi knowledge was possible ever.

Mr. Slyusarchuk is known for his hypnotic skills as well. In particular, he claims to be able to hypnotize people so as to not feel pain, e.g. when exposed to burns.[101]

Another TV show presented him hypnotizing students of L'viv University of Modern Technologies (Львівський державний інститут новітніх технологій та управління ім. В. Чорновола). Those under hypnotic influence could eat onions believing those were apples.[101]

He also demonstrated hypnotizing a salesman in a shop to take a 1 hryvnia bill from him, believing this to be a 500 hryvnia banknote.[101]

When trying to show exceptional Chess position memory on TV (memorizing all pieces on 80 boards), he was criticized by a chess master invited to the event (Grigoriy Timoshenko), who said he was 99.9% sure that Slyusarchuk's performance was faked.[102] An article in The New York Times called Slyusarchuk "an Illusionist".[103]

He was also officially invited to participate in the World Memory Championships, where his feats would have been tested by independent international arbiters. He was promised $40,000 if he broke the accepted memory records, but he refused to go there.

Suspicion of forgery and fraud[edit]

On 6 October 2011, journalists of the Lviv newspaper Ekspres published their first critical article about Slyusarchuk "The sensational exposure of pseudoprofessor Pi",[2][55] exposing him as a forger and fraudster, and continued to dig into his forgery and fraud in their subsequent articles "The first victims of pseudoprofessor Pi,"[35] "Pseudodoctor Slyusarchuk kills people,"[31] "The cheap tricks of professor Pi,"[36] "The new victims of the pseudodoctor,"[56] "Pseudodoctor Slyusarchuk is in a trap,"[57] "Pseudodoctor Slyusarchuk buried his mother alive,"[12] "The pseudodoctor sows new deaths,"[3] "It is just a shock. The pseudodoctor kills the child of a priest,"[58] "The Pi record is cancelled,"[59] "The Pi record is falsified,"[60] "The secret protectors of Doctor Pi,"[18] "The pseudodoctor again took a scalpel in his arms,"[61] "The perverts of minister Tabachnyk,"[62] "The pseudodoctor, sex and drugs,"[63] "The grave sin of minister Tabachnyk,"[64] "The tree more new victims of the pseudodoctor (video),"[65] "The new altitudes of Doctor Pi,"[49] "The intelligentsia of the Lviv Oblast demand that Tabachnyk, who is an accessory of Doctor Pi, be relieved of his position,"[66] "The computer operator of Doctor Pi began to speak,"[67] "The new actions brought against the pseudodoctor,"[68] "A new death in the case of Doctor Pi,"[69] "The millions of Doctor Pi against Ekspres,"[70] "The inquest brakes the action brought against Doctor Pi,"[71] "Doctor Pi is ignorant of even arithmetic,"[72] "Doctor Pi took money in amounts ranging up to dozens of thousands."[73]

A reference received from the Russian National Research Medical University and published by Ekspres testifies that Slyusarchuk is not a doctor — he never graduated from the Russian National Research Medical University[57][104][105]

On 27 October 2011, Ekspres published the reference provided by the Russian National Research Medical University to testify that Slyusarchuk did not study at the university.[57] On 10 January 2012, Ekspres provided the video of a brain surgery with the participation of Slyusarchuk as an operating surgeon surrounded by his assistants in the operating room.[65] The video shows that Slyusarchuk wipes his scalpel with cotton-wool and puts the cotton-wool in the brain of the person.[65] On 14 March 2012, Ekspres published the interview with Andriy Novosad, who told his interviewers that he worked as a computer operator for Slyusarchuk and wrote for him a computer program tested by Slyusarchuk along with radio accessories in his manipulations with the number of Pi.[67]

Novosad also made articles published under the name of Slyusarchuk. Slyusarchuk told where to look for the material on the Internet, Novosad used to find and print out it all. Slyusarchuk took it to where he went to. Later Slyusarchuk came with the material covered with crossings-out and told how to move paragraphs from several articles into one. Novosad again recombined it all and made a slightly changed text out of it. Paragraphs of several articles by other authors were to be merged and sighed with the name of Andriy Slyusarchuk.[67]

After the accusations in Ekspres had been published and gained wide publicity, Andriy Slyusarchuk publicly denied them and pleaded himself not guilty in a number of interviews to other press sources. He announced that he had resorted to court and applied to General Prosecutor of Ukraine in order to clarify the situation and officially disprove the statements made by Ekspres.[106][107]

On 14 November 2011, under the pressure of press (particularly Ekspres), the Ukrainian police had detained him for the period of investigation on suspicion of forgery and fraud.[108]

In the process of investigation, the high officials of the Ministry of Education and Science, Youth and Sport of Ukraine, including several directors of departments of the Ministry, as well as the vice-minister, had officially announced to press on various occasions, that all the documents and scientific titles of Andriy Slyusarchuk are valid, according to the Ukrainian legislation and procedures. As per their statements, major parts of Slyusarchuk's scientific works would not be disclosed, as they are classified and fall under the category of State secrets privilege both in Ukraine and Russia.[16][104][109][110][111]

Paradoxically, the same people who once admired Andriy Slyusarchuk and invited him to work for them told at the trial it was namely they who noticed that he was not a professional medic. Moreover, many of them lowly hushed up the reason why they did not hasten reporting it, while he continued to perform neurosurgeries in hospitals.[112]

From 2 February to 1 March 2012, Slyusarchuk underwent forensic medical psychiatric examination in the Lviv Oblast Psychiatric Hospital.[78] The examination suggested that court declare Slyusarchuk partially sane as having "mixed personality disorder with a predominance of dissocial, hysterical and narcissistic radicals on residual organic background."[9] According to Alexander Soroka’s commentary, it means that Slyusarchuk has mental deviations but is responsible for his actions, and if the person is declared partially sane and sentenced to imprisonment, he will be supervised and treated by a psychiatrist in a prison when needed.[79] The conclusions of the examination was questioned by Ukrainian psychiatrist Semyon Gluzman, who said, "If Doctor Pi begins to testify, a lot of compromising materials on the powerful of the world can appear. But in this way, it all can be attributed to his mental illness. I saw many performances of Slyusarchuk on television, listened to his speeches on radio and did not notice any signs of mental illness."[79] Gluzman added that no one of his notable colleagues suspected Slyusarchuk to be a mentally ill person.[79]

However, he was subjected to the second psychiatric examination by the Pavlov Psychiatric Hospital in Kiev from 2 July to the fall of 2012.[80] The head of the Department for Public Affairs at the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, Volodymyr Polishchuk said that "independent examination is conducted to check the mental health of Slyusarchuk, as well as his possible psychic and hypnotic abilities".[113] The strategy of the former lawyers of Slyusarchuk was based on his presumed mental inadequacy.[114] He had disagreements with his lawyers over the strategy of the defence.[114] In his final speech at the trial, Slyusarchuk said, "The logic of such "expert opinions" is simple: in order just to diminish the defendant's attempts of adducing evidence in his own defence, to force court and public not to believe a single word said by him, he is declared to be out of his mind. The true value of such "examinations" is known because since the times of the USSR punitive psychiatry has been a trusted servant for the NKVD and later for the KGB."[115]

According to investigators, he graduated from no universities and had as a background a care home school and Chervonohrad sewing vocational school as well as treatment in the Zhytomyr psychiatric hospital, but due to his forged diplomas, he was working in the field of neurosurgery and holding senior positions for a long time.[112]

According to a former agent of the USSR secret services who knew Slyusarchuk by sight, we most likely face a product of the secret pilot projects of the KGB. The former agent says he knows that there was such a secret program: full orphans who showed unusual abilities were recruited throughout the Soviet Union to try to make supermen of them. Many could not withstand experiments on their brain and died. Slyusarchuk was lucky to survive. The former agent believes that Slyusarchuk himself participated in the secret pilot projects and received professorship for his participation. His medical knowledge is derived from books, it is the result of terrible memory Sliusarchuk really has. All university diplomas that he told about is no more than a legend, in which he himself eventually seemed to believe. Documents about him are stored in the archives of the KGB, from which they will never be obtained.[116]

According to Slyusarchuk, his case was fabricated by the Prosecutor General's Office of Ukraine and the Security Service of Ukraine. In 2005, he accidentally marred his original diploma of the Russian National Research Medical University. In this connection, he wrote an official statement, paid for the procedure, and a month later, the head of the archive gave him a duplicate, for which he signed in the registry. In Moscow, he saw his personal file in the archives and made a copy from his original student's record-book. He does not know where it all has gone but he forged no documents. In 2003, he met agents of the Federal Security Service of Russia (FSB), with whom he made an agreement that he shall not disclose the results of his scientific works and to that end gave them a written undertaking, about which he provided a document to the Ukrainian part. In 2011, the scandal arose around him, he traveled to Moscow, to his former curator of the FSB to get help. But he was told that they would confirm his education and academic degrees if he cooperates. He refused.[112]

The interrogated head of the university’s archive testified that Andriy Slyusarchuk in 2005 came to her with his marred diploma (his first name, middle name and last name could be seen well) and submitted a statement to give him a duplicate. Verifying this statement, the woman turned to the registry for issuing diplomas and to other documents, found the proper last name in them, wrote a reference and submitted it to the rector to subscribe to. He subscribed to the reference with his appended instructions: "Give in due procedure". It turns out, the Moscow medical university proves and, at the same time, disproves the fact that the defendant studied and received his diploma in the university.[29]

According to an announcement by the Minister of the Ministry of Education and Science, Youth and Sport of Ukraine Dmytro Tabachnyk at his press conference on 16 December 2011, the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation admitted its mistakes committed when it had issued to Andriy Slyusarchuk a duplicate of the diploma on his graduating from a Russian medical institute of higher education.[54] At the press conference, Slyusarchuk’s diplomas including a duplicate of one of them and the information about them were publicized as the scans of the documents.[117]

Conclusions and sentence[edit]

In the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, Slyusarchuk's activities were called "the most large-scale fraud during the 20 years of independence of Ukraine."[19][20][21] According to the UNIAN, Slyusarchuk is an unprecedented example of fraud against government agencies.[118] In 2012, the Ukrainsky Medychny Chasopys (the Ukrainian Medical Journal) published the conclusions on his case under the title "Head doctors who let the person without medical training into operating room should be held criminally responsible."[10] In the publication, Ukrainian psychiatrist Semyon Gluzman expressed his opinion that Andriy Slyusarchuk just skillfully took advantage of the situation in the country. And if he had chosen the specialty of not neurosurgeon but psychiatrist or hygienist, he would have very quickly become, say, the President of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, and now anyone would not have anything to discuss. It is no secret to anyone that Ukraine has hundreds of people with the degree of Doctor of Sciences and with expertise that is equal to Slyusarchuk’s one but they have an officially defended doctoral dissertation.[10]

In the same publication, Olga Bogomolets, a Ukraine's honoured doctor with the degree of Doctor of Sciences in medicine, expressed her opinion that the admission of a person without medical training to operating table was a violation of law, which clearly regulated, who, when and where can be engaged in medical practice. The head doctor of a medical establishment is obliged to supervise observing this procedure. Thus, head doctors who violated the law must be held accountable.[10] However, all the head doctors escaped criminal responsibility and Slyusarchuk alone did not.

On 14 February 2014, the Sykhiv Raion Court sentenced Slyusarchuk to eight years in prison. The court found him guilty of 5 cases of illegal medical activities, 2 cases of murder by negligence—those of 52-year-old Lozovoy and three-year-old Daniil Prokopchuk of Ternopil region. He was found guilty of knowingly using forged documents and of 5 cases of appropriation of another's property by deception and by breach of confidence (fraud). The court also upheld the claims of civilian victims. Slyusarchuk shall be obliged to reimburse the money that victims paid him for their treatment, about 40 thousand dollars. Also, the defendant shall pay 70 thousand hryvnias of moral compensation to the family of deceased Lozovoy and 30 thousand hryvnias to each of other four victims.[11] In total, Slyusarchuk has to pay over 500 thousand hryvnias of compensation to the bilked and 44 thousand hryvnias more for the welfare of the state.[74][118] The court found Slyusarchuk’s diplomas on receiving higher medical education in the Moscow and Vinnytsia medical universities to be falsified.[74][118]

In his five-bedded prison cell furnished with a table, a washstand, a toilet, bookshelves, a TV set, and a radio set, he reads books on medicine, the Criminal Code, and the Criminal Procedure Code.[119] In September 2014, Slyusarchuk dismissed his lawyers and told them that for money he paid for their services he could instead buy ten diplomas more in addition to those he has now. In his words, the legal defence does their job poorly and he distrusts them. He hopes to appeal against the judgment at the regular session of the Lviv Oblast Appeal Court scheduled for 1 October 2014.[120]

State awards[edit]

The President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych by issuing the Decree No 960/2011 as of 30 September 2011 awarded Slyusarchuk the 2011 State Prize of Ukraine for "scientific achievements in the field of education" in consideration of a series of works "The complex of educational information technologies for presenting, memorizing and processing superlarge information objects in the learning process."[54]

The research covers technologies of inputting super large volumes of information into electronic databases and its subsequent playback. Some of its parts on which Slyusarchuk worked have the stamp "secret".[33] The part presented by Slyusarchuk was closed to the contributors to other parts of the research, so they submitted the reference alone that the results of Slyusarchuk's part were published in Russia and are secret.[121]

The research was voted by the academic administration of the Lviv Polytechnic National University to be nominated for the State Prize[33] and was nominated for it by the academic senate of this university.[32] Afterwards the issue was considered in Kiev by the commission of scientists from all over Ukraine.[33]

As a State Prize laureate, Slyusarchuk was to receive one hundred and fifty thousand hryvnias but could not after being detained for alleged fraud by the Berkut special squad on 14 November 2011.[54] The Decree on awarding the State Prize to him is unrevoked, counts his name among other laureates' ones[122] and specifies his credentials as a professor of the chair "Information Systems and Networks" at the Lviv Polytechnic National University, Doctor of Sciences in medicine.[6][42]

Documentaries[edit]

Dozens of documentaries and TV programs were made about Andriy Slyusarchuk.[123] In 2008, BBC shot a documentary about him.[40] In 2009, the STB Channel showed the documentary Pravyla Zhyttya. Povelyteli Svidomosti (The Rules of Life. The Rulers of Consciousness).[101] In 2012, the HTH Channel showed the documentary by Oleg Vasilevsky Nezbagnenna Afera Doktora π (The Incredible Fraud of Doctor Pi).[124][125] On 26 December 2012, the ТСН showed the documentary "Ukrainskiе Sensatsyi" Rascryli Vse Tainy "Doktora Pi" ("The Ukrainian Sensations" Discovered All the Secrets of "Doctor Pi").[126]

References[edit]

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