Aschbach, Bas-Rhin

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Aschbach
Street Art in Aschbach
Street Art in Aschbach
Coat of arms of Aschbach
Coat of arms
Aschbach is located in France
Aschbach
Aschbach
Coordinates: 48°56′07″N 7°59′03″E / 48.9353°N 7.9842°E / 48.9353; 7.9842Coordinates: 48°56′07″N 7°59′03″E / 48.9353°N 7.9842°E / 48.9353; 7.9842
Country France
Region Alsace
Department Bas-Rhin
Arrondissement Wissembourg
Canton Soultz-sous-Forêts
Intercommunality Hattgau et environs
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Paul Heintz
Area1 4.32 km2 (1.67 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 667
 • Density 150/km2 (400/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 67012 / 67250
Elevation 137–178 m (449–584 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Aschbach is a French commune in the Bas-Rhin department in the Alsace region of north-eastern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aschbachois or Aschbachoises.[1]

Geography[edit]

Aschbach is located some 13 km south by south-east of Wissembourg and 8 km east of Soultz-sous-Forêts. Access to the commune is by the D245 road from Stundwiller in the south passing through the village and continuing north to Seebach. With exception of a small band of forest on the western border the commune is entirely farmland.[2]

The Seebach river forms the eastern border of the commune as it flows south to join the Seltzbach at Buhl. An unnamed stream rises in the centre of the commune and flows south-east through the village to join the Seebach on the south-eastern border.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

In the 14th century Aschbach was the property of the Diocese of Speyer (Germany). Under the Ancien Régime Aschbach, Stundwiller, and Oberroedern formed the Superior Court with their church at Stundwiller. These three villages were merged in 1974 but Aschbach was separated again in 1988.

According to the cadastral plan of 1839 there were buildings built close together and also other places which were marshlands. The school was built in 1833, an oratory at a place called Kreutzfeld dates to 1864, and the church was built in 1871.

The village suffered terrible damage in the Second World War and reconstruction gave the village a new look with a larger and more open built-up area. The presbytery was built in 1950.[3]

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Aschbach
Blazon:

Sable, three bends wavy of Or.



Administration[edit]

The Town Hall

List of Successive Mayors[4]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2014 Gérard Strasser
2014 2020 Paul Heintz

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 667 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
307 602 649 780 871 820 736 772 745
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
649 661 647 679 663 647 581 578 568
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
574 545 578 590 557 535 527 496 503
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
513 540 - 534 497 590 655 667 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Aschbach War Memorial
Population of Aschbach

Sites and monuments[edit]

The Church of the Immaculate Conception
The Farmhouse at 19 Grand Rue

Aschbach has four registrations as historical monuments. These are:

  • Parish Church of the Immaculate Conception (1871, 1908, 1928)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[5]
  • Farmhouse at 19 Grand Rue (18th-20th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6]
  • House and Farms (18th and 19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7]
  • The Village (14th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[3]

The Church of the Immaculate Conception has many items which are registered as historical objects. These are:

Aschbach Picture Gallery[edit]

Inside the Church

See also[edit]

External Links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Bas-Rhin (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00118787 Village (French)
  4. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  5. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00118789 Church of the Immaculate Conception (French)
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00118790 Farmhouse (French)
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00118788 Houses and Farms (French)
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM67005080 2 Monstrances (French)
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM67005079 Monstrance (French)
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM67005078 Cross: Christ on the Cross (French)
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM67005077 Painting: Saint Joseph with the child Jesus (French)
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM67005076 10 Statues (French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM67005075 Pulpit, 2 Confessionals, Baptismal fonts (French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM67005074 3 Altars, 3 Tabernacles, 3 Retables, stall, panelling (French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM67005073 Furniture (French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM67005081 Wayside Cross (French)