||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (December 2008)|
|Intercommunality||Canton of Rosheim|
|• Mayor (2001–2008)||François Schreiber|
|Area1||28.89 km2 (11.15 sq mi)|
|• Density||57/km2 (150/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||67368 / 67530|
|Elevation||230–1,052 m (755–3,451 ft)|
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The village was first mentioned in 1059, in Latin in the ordnance survey of Heinrich IV. The area rose to prominence in the 13th century when a number of castles were built. Many such as Château du Birkenfels stand but are in ruins today. It was built by Burkhard Berger, a vassal of the bishop of Strasbourg. The castle's position allowed surveillance of the old Roman road running from Mont Sainte-Odile to Champ du Feu and the valley of the Bruche.
The castle belonged to the Berger family who ruled Ottrott until 1532, then power fell to the Mundolsheim family until the French Revolution. The castle fell into ruins after the Thirty Years' War and was taken over by the town of Obernai, becoming part of the continuous forest between Obernai and Bernardswiller.
- Château du Birkenfels, (13th century)
- Château de Dreistein, (13th century)
- Château du Hagelschloss, (13th century)
- Château de Kagenfels, (13th century)
- Château de Koepfel
- Château de Lutzelbourg, (13th century)
- Château de Rathsamhausen, (13th century - (15th century)
- Château de Windeck, (13th century - (14th century)
- Chapelle Saint Nicolas (17th century)
- Église Saints Simon et Jude, Built 1771.
- Mont Sainte-Odile
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- (French) Official website
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